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Electrodeposition of dendritic gold/silver nanaoparticles on disposable screen‐printed carbon electrode and its application of 4‐mercaptopyridine in in situ electrochemical surface‐enhanced Raman scattering

Research paper by Yuanjie Teng, Guocheng Ding, Wenhan Liu, Jiangmei Liu, Yonghui Nie, Pan Li

Indexed on: 18 Mar '16Published on: 15 Mar '16Published in: Surface and Interface Analysis



Abstract

Column electrodes pretreated through oxidation–reduction cycles were traditionally used in electrochemical surface‐enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). In this study, a disposable screen‐printed carbon electrode was introduced into in situ electrochemical SERS through the electrodeposition of dendritic gold/silver nanoparticles (Au/AgNPs) onto the surface of the carbon working electrode to induce the SERS enhancement effect on the electrode. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that dendritic Au/AgNPs nanostructures could be fabricated under appropriate electrodeposition conditions and could present a minimum SERS factor of 4.25 × 105. Furthermore, the absorbed behavior of 4‐mercaptopyridine was investigated under different potentials. The adsorption configuration was inferred to transform from ‘vertical’ to ‘lying‐flat’. The proposed new electrode combined with a portable Raman spectrometer could be useful in the identifying products or intermediates during electrochemical synthesis or electrochemical catalysis in in situ electrochemical SERS. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.