Electrochemical Behavior of Al-B₄C Metal Matrix Composites in NaCl Solution.

Research paper by Yu-Mei YM Han, X-Grant XG Chen

Indexed on: 21 Sep '15Published on: 21 Sep '15Published in: Materials


Aluminum based metal matrix composites (MMCs) have received considerable attention in the automotive, aerospace and nuclear industries. One of the main challenges using Al-based MMCs is the influence of the reinforcement particles on the corrosion resistance. In the present study, the corrosion behavior of Al-B₄C MMCs in a 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution were investigated using potentiodynamic polarization (PDP) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. Results indicated that the corrosion resistance of the composites decreased when increasing the B₄C volume fraction. Al-B₄C composite was susceptible to pitting corrosion and two types of pits were observed on the composite surface. The corrosion mechanism of the composite in the NaCl solution was primarily controlled by oxygen diffusion in the solution. In addition, the galvanic couples that formed between Al matrix and B₄C particles could also be responsible for the lower corrosion resistance of the composites.