Elastic properties of few unit cell thick superconducting crystals of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ

Research paper by Sudhir Kumar Sahu, Digambar Jangade, Arumugam Thamizhavel, Mandar M. Deshmukh, Vibhor Singh

Indexed on: 02 Feb '21Published on: 04 Oct '19Published in: Applied physics letters


Applied Physics Letters, Volume 115, Issue 14, September 2019. We present systematic measurements of the mechanical properties of few unit cell (UC) thick exfoliated crystals of a high-Tc cuprate superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ. We determine the elastic properties of these crystals by deformation using an atomic force microscope at room temperature. With the spatial measurements of local compliance and their detailed modeling, we independently determine the Young's modulus of rigidity and the prestress. The Young's modulus of rigidity is found to be in the range of 22 GPa–30 GPa for flakes with a thickness from ∼5 UC to 18 UC. The prestress spreads over the range of 5 MPa–46 MPa, indicating a run-to-run variation during the exfoliation process. The determination of Young's modulus of rigidity for thin flakes is further verified from the recently reported buckling technique.