Efficient $\ell_q$ Minimization Algorithms for Compressive Sensing Based on Proximity Operator

Research paper by Fei Wen, Yuan Yang, Peilin Liu, Rendong Ying, Yipeng Liu

Indexed on: 14 Mar '16Published on: 14 Mar '16Published in: Computer Science - Information Theory


This paper considers solving the unconstrained $\ell_q$-norm ($0\leq q<1$) regularized least squares ($\ell_q$-LS) problem for recovering sparse signals in compressive sensing. We propose two highly efficient first-order algorithms via incorporating the proximity operator for nonconvex $\ell_q$-norm functions into the fast iterative shrinkage/thresholding (FISTA) and the alternative direction method of multipliers (ADMM) frameworks, respectively. Furthermore, in solving the nonconvex $\ell_q$-LS problem, a sequential minimization strategy is adopted in the new algorithms to gain better global convergence performance. Unlike most existing $\ell_q$-minimization algorithms, the new algorithms solve the $\ell_q$-minimization problem without smoothing (approximating) the $\ell_q$-norm. Meanwhile, the new algorithms scale well for large-scale problems, as often encountered in image processing. We show that the proposed algorithms are the fastest methods in solving the nonconvex $\ell_q$-minimization problem, while offering competent performance in recovering sparse signals and compressible images compared with several state-of-the-art algorithms.