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Efficacy of photodynamic therapy against Streptococcus mutans biofilm: Role of singlet oxygen.

Research paper by Lama L Misba, Sahar S Zaidi, Asad U AU Khan

Indexed on: 24 Apr '18Published on: 24 Apr '18Published in: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology



Abstract

In photodynamic therapy (PDT), killing is entirely based on the ROS generation and among different types of ROS generated during PDT, singlet oxygen is considered as the most potential as illustrated in many studies and therefore it is predominantly responsible for photodamage and cytotoxic reactions. The aim of this study was to check whether singlet oxygen (Type II photochemistry) is more potential than free radicals (Type I photochemistry) against Streptococcus mutans biofilm. We have taken two phenothiazinium dyes i.e. toluidine blue O (TBO) and new methylene blue (NMB). TBO was found to have better antibacterial as well as antibiofilm effect than NMB. Antibacterial effect was evaluated by colony forming unit while antibiofilm action by crystal violet and congo red binding assays. We have also evaluated the disruption of preformed biofilm by biofilm reduction assay, confocal laser electron and scanning electron microscopy. More singlet oxygen production was detected in case of TBO than NMB while more Free radical (HO) was produced by NMB than TBO. TBO showed better antibacterial as well as antibiofilm effect than NMB so; we conclude that potency of a photosensitizer is correlated with the capability to produce singlet oxygen. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.