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Effects of Wnt/β-Catenin Signal Pathway Regulated by miR-342-5p Targeting CBX2 on Proliferation, Metastasis and Invasion of Ovarian Cancer Cells.

Research paper by Yan Y Dou, Fengxia F Chen, Yawan Y Lu, Huanhuan H Qiu, Hongmei H Zhang

Indexed on: 18 Jun '20Published on: 18 Jun '20Published in: Cancer management and research



Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effect of Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway mediated by miR-342-5p targeting CBX2 gene on the proliferation, metastasis, invasion and apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells, and to explore its related regulatory mechanism. Human normal ovarian epithelial cell line IOSE80, human ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3 and OVCAR3 were the subjects. Software were used to predict the binding site of miR-342-5p targeting CBX2 gene. The proliferation rate of ovarian cancer cells was detected by MTT method; the cell viability of each group was observed by colony formation test; the apoptosis of cells in each group was detected by flow cytometry; the invasive ability of cells was determined by transwell test, and the migration ability of cells was detected by scratch test. The mRNA expression levels of miR-342-5p, CBX2, Wnt1, β-catenin, C-myc and Cyclin D1 were measured by qRT-PCR. Also, Western blot was used to determine the protein expression levels of CBX2, Wnt1, β-catenin, C-myc and Cyclin D1. CBX2 was identified as the target gene of miR-342-5p. MTT test results showed that miR-342-5p could significantly inhibit the proliferation of SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells, colony formation assay results indicated that the viability of SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells transfected with miR-342-5p decreased significantly, and flow cytometry results suggested that miR-342-5p could promote the apoptosis of SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells. Also, the results of transwell showed that miR-342-5p could significantly inhibit the invasive ability of SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells, and the results of scratch assay suggested that miR-342-5p could significantly inhibit the migration of SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells. Moreover, qRT-PCR and Western blot results indicated that the mRNA and protein expression levels of CBX2, Wnt1, β-catenin, C-myc and Cyclin D1 decreased in SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells transfected with miR-342-5p, while the mRNA expression levels of miR-342-5p increased significantly (P<0.05). MiR-342-5p targeted gene is CBX2, which can significantly reduce the proliferation, invasion, migration and viability of ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV3 and OVCAR3, and promote their apoptosis. The mechanism may be related to the mediation of Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway and down-regulation of the related genes expression. © 2020 Dou et al.