Indexed on: 01 Apr '17Published on: 01 Apr '17Published in: Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
The intercalation of [Ru(bpy)2(dppz)](2+) labeled as Ru(II) (bpy=2,2'-bipyridine and dppz=dipyrido[3,2,-a:2',3'-c]phenazine) into herring sperm DNA leads to the formation of emissive Ru(II)-DNA dyads, which can be quenched by TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) and sol-gel silica matrices at heterogeneous interfaces. The calcinations temperature exhibits a remarkable influence on the luminescence quenching of the Ru(II)-DNA dyads by TiO2 NPs. With increasing calcinations temperature in the range from 200 to 850°C, the anatase-to-rutile TiO2 crystal structure transformation increases the average particle size and hydrodynamic diameter of TiO2 and DNA@TiO2. The anatase TiO2 has the stronger ability to unbind the Ru(II)-DNA dyads than the rutile TiO2 at room temperature. The TiO2 NPs and sol-gel silica matrices can quench the luminescence of the Ru(II) complex intercalated into DNA by selectively capturing the negatively DNA and positively charged Ru(II) complex to unbind the dyads, respectively. This present results provide new insights into the luminescence quenching and competitive binding of dye-labeled DNA dyads by inorganic NPs.