Effects of Superconductivity and Charge Order on the sub-Terahertz reflectivity of La$_{1.875}$Ba$_{0.125-y}$Sr$_{y}$CuO$_4$

Research paper by M. Ortolani, P. Calvani, S. Lupi, U. Schade, A. Perla, M. Fujita, K. Yamada

Indexed on: 08 May '06Published on: 08 May '06Published in: Physics - Superconductivity


The reflectivity $R (\omega)$ of both the $ab$ plane and the c axis of two single crystals of La$_{1.875}$Ba$_{0.125-y}$Sr$_{y}$CuO$_4$ has been measured down to 5 cm$^{-1}$, using coherent synchrotron radiation below 30 cm$^{-1}$. For $y$ = 0.085, a Josephson Plasma Resonance is detected at $T \ll T_c$ = 31 K in $R_{c} (\omega)$, and a far-infrared peak (FIP) appears in the optical conductivity below 50 K, where non-static charge ordering (CO) is reported by X-ray scattering. For $y$ = 0.05 ($T_c$ = 10 K), a FIP is observed in the low-temperature tetragonal phase below the ordering temperature $T_{CO}$. At 1/8 doping the peak frequency scales linearly with $T_{CO}$, confirming that the FIP is an infrared signature of CO, either static or fluctuating.