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Effects of Stellate Ganglion Cryoablation on Subcutaneous Nerve Activity and Atrial Tachyarrhythmias in a Canine Model of Pacing-Induced Heart Failure.

Research paper by Richard S RS Shelton, Masahiro M Ogawa, Hongbo H Lin, Changyu C Shen, Johnson J Wong, Shien-Fong SF Lin, Peng-Sheng PS Chen, Thomas H TH Everett

Indexed on: 26 May '18Published on: 26 May '18Published in: JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology



Abstract

This study aimed to test the hypothesis that subcutaneous nerve activity (SCNA) can adequately estimate the cardiac sympathetic tone and the effects of cryoablation of the stellate ganglion in dogs with pacing-induced heart failure (HF). Recording of SCNA is a new method to estimate sympathetic tone in dogs. HF is known to increase sympathetic tone and atrial arrhythmias. Twelve dogs with pacing-induced HF were studied using implanted radiotransmitters to record the stellate ganglia nerve activity (SGNA), vagal nerve activity, and SCNA. Of these, 6 dogs (ablation group) underwent bilateral stellate ganglia cryoablation before the rapid ventricular pacing; the remaining 6 dogs (control group) had rapid ventricular pacing only. In both groups, SCNA was compared with SGNA and the occurrence of arrhythmias. SCNA invariably increased before the 360 identified atrial tachyarrhythmia episodes in the 6 control dogs before and after HF induction. SCNA and SGNA correlated in all dogs with an average correlation coefficient of 0.64 (95% confidence interval: 0.58 to 0.70). Cryoablation of bilateral stellate ganglia significantly reduced SCNA from 0.34 ± 0.033 μV to 0.25 ± 0.028 μV (p = 0.03) and eliminated all atrial tachyarrhythmias. SCNA can be used to estimate cardiac sympathetic tone in dogs with pacing-induced HF. Cryoablation of the stellate ganglia reduced SCNA and arrhythmia vulnerability. Copyright © 2018 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.