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[Effects of soil erosion and land use patterns on the characteristics of soil water and gas transport in the black soil region].

Research paper by Xu X Zhao, Jun J Fan, Wei W Fu

Indexed on: 13 Jun '20Published on: 13 Jun '20Published in: Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban



Abstract

Soil erosion is one of the main causes for the degradation of black soil in Northeast China. Understanding the differences of soil water and air transport under different land use patterns can provide scientific basis for efficient utilization and protection of soil and water resources in the black soil area. In this study, we examined the in-situ soil saturated hydraulic conductivity, air permeability and relative gas diffusion of 0-5 cm soil layer in three typical land use patterns (cropland, woodland, abandoned land) in the Northeast black soil area and explored the impacts of soil erosion and land use pattern on water and gas transport. Results showed that there were significant differences in soil water and air transport between different eroded croplands and between different land use patterns. Soil bulk density of serious erosion cropland was higher than that of other lands, and that of ungraded cropland was significantly lower than other lands. Compared with the ungraded cropland, soil bulk density in the light erosion cropland, the moderate erosion cropland and the serious erosion cropland increased by 12.7%, 17.6% and 39.2%, saturated hydraulic conductivity decreased by 84.4%, 53.7% and 12.7%, air permeability decreased by 94.6%, 64.4% and 14.0%, and relative gas diffusion decreased by 91.3%, 82.6% and 4.3%, respectively. The saturated hydraulic conductivity, air permeability and relative gas diffusion of pine forest decreased by 86.5%, 83.0% and 91.3% respectively compared with that of ungraded cropland, saturated hydraulic conductivity, air permeability and relative gas diffusion of sea-buckthorn forest decreased by 51.7%, 45.6% and 82.6%, and saturated hydraulic conductivity, air permeability and relative gas diffusion of abandoned land decreased by 16.2%, 1.4% and 73.9% respectively compared with that of ungraded cropland. In addition, the measured result of soil air permeability and relative gas diffusion could be used to estimate saturated soil hydraulic conductivity. Soil water and gas transport characteristics were significantly affected by soil erosion and land use pattern.