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Effects of serine protease inhibitors on accumulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in the lung induced by acute pancreatitis in rats

Research paper by Yoshiaki Okumura, Hisayuki Inoue, Yoshihide Fujiyama, Tadao Bamba

Indexed on: 01 Jun '95Published on: 01 Jun '95Published in: Journal of Gastroenterology



Abstract

The administration of a high-dose of a serine protease inhibitor is recommended in patients complicated by multiple organ failure (MOF), including adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), induced by acute pancreatitis. The accumulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) in affected organs is considered to be one of the causative factors of MOF. Adhesion to endothelial cells (EC), via adhesion molecules, and the transendothelial migration of PMN is closely associated with the accumulation of PMN. We examined the effects of two serine protease inhibitors, ulinastatin (UT) and gabexate mesilate (GM), on EC-PMN adhesion and transendothelial migration in human umbilical vein EC and51Cr-labeled PMN in vitro. EC-PMN adhesion, and the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) on EC induced by IL-1β and TNFα, were reduced by the pretreatment of EC with these inhibitors. The transendothelial migration of PMN stimulated by IL-8 was also inhibited by pretreating PMN with UT or GM. We also examined whether these inhibitors reduced PMN accumulation in the lung in rats with acute pancreatitis induced by a closed duodenal loop. The myeloperoxidase activity in and histological findings of the lung suggested that UT and GM reduced PMN accumulation. In conclusion, serine protease inhibitors may inhibit PMN accumulation in ARDS due to acute pancreatitis.