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Effects of Pyrolysis Atmosphere and Temperature on Coal Char Characteristics and Gasification Reactivity

Research paper by Prof. Qinhui Wang, Rui Zhang, Prof. Zhongyang Luo, Prof. Mengxiang Fang, Kefa Cen

Indexed on: 09 Mar '16Published on: 19 Feb '16Published in: Energy Technology



Abstract

Coal chars are usually produced under complex atmospheres in industrial production. However, most of the research about char characteristics and gasification reactivity uses the coal char samples prepared under an inert atmosphere. In this study, the influences of the pyrolysis atmosphere and temperature on coal char characteristics and gasification reactivity were investigated. A Shanxi bituminous coal was pyrolyzed in a bubbling fluidized bed to produce char samples. A mixture of hydrogen (H2), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), and methane (CH4) was used as simulated pyrolysis gas (SPG). The coal was pyrolyzed in the SPG and N2 atmospheres, respectively. SEM, Raman spectroscopy, and FTIR spectroscopy were used to study the influences of the pyrolysis atmosphere and temperature on the coal char characteristics. The char–H2O and char–CO2 gasification reactivities were measured by using a modified thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) system. The experimental results indicate that the SPG atmosphere has no obvious influence on the coal char morphology, but it has significant influences on the carbon structures and surface chemical groups. The SPG char samples have lower gasification reactivity. The disproportionation reaction of CO, the decomposition reaction of CH4, and the loss of oxygen‐containing structures induced by H2 lead to a higher‐ordered degree of char, and the graphite generated from the disproportionation reaction and the decomposition reaction can decrease the specific surface area of the coal char. These two reasons result in the lower gasification reactivity of SPG char.