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Effects of meal palatability on postprandial sensations.

Research paper by T T Pribic, L L Hernandez, A A Nieto, C C Malagelada, A A Accarino, F F Azpiroz

Indexed on: 07 Nov '17Published on: 07 Nov '17Published in: Neurogastroenterology & Motility



Abstract

Food palatability has been shown to influence satiation and meal consumption; our aim was to determine its effects on postprandial satisfaction, ie digestive well-being (primary outcome), and homeostatic sensations (satiety, fullness).Randomized, cross-over trial comparing the postprandial responses to conventional (potato-cheese cream followed by vanilla cream) vs unconventional test meals (mixture of both creams) with identical composition and physical characteristics (color, texture, consistency, temperature) but distinctively different palatability. In 22 non-obese healthy men sensations were measured on 10 cm scales before and during the 60-min postprandial period (-5 to +5 score scales for palatability, satiety, well-being, and mood, and 0-10 score scales for fullness and discomfort). Comparisons between meals were performed with a 2-way repeated measures ANCOVA with premeal data as co-variate.As compared to the palatable conventional meal, the unconventional meal was rated unpalatable (-1.8 ± 0.4 score vs 2.8 ± 0.1 score potato cream and 2.9 ± 0.2 vanilla cream; P < .001 for both), induced significantly more fullness sensation [meal effect F (1, 19) = 7.389; P = .014] but had less effect on digestive well-being [meal effect F (1, 19) = 47.016; P < .001] and mood [meal-effect F (1, 19) = 6.609; P = .019]. The difference in satiety was not significantly different.Meal palatability influences the postprandial experience: it bears a direct relation to the hedonic response (well-being/mood) but an inverse relation to homeostatic sensations (fullness). These relations could be applicable to influence eating behavior, because at equal conditions, more palatable meals induce less fullness but more satisfaction, and vice-versa.