Effects of exposure to uncontrollable events as a function of achievement motivation and initial expectation of success

Research paper by Anthony H. Winefield, Philip J. Norris

Indexed on: 01 Sep '81Published on: 01 Sep '81Published in: Motivation and Emotion


Following different kinds of pretreatment on an instrumental task, subjects were required to undertake a cognitive task. Groups differed both in achievement motivation and in initial expectation of success. Predictions derived from the theory of achievement motivation provided a better description of the subjects' behavior than did a recent model of responses to uncontrollable outcomes that integrates reactance theory and the learned helplessness model.