Indexed on: 27 Jun '13Published on: 27 Jun '13Published in: Langmuir
This study investigates the effects of drop size and viscosity on spreading dynamics, including response time, maximum velocity, and spreading pattern transition, in response to various DC voltages, based on both experiment and theoretical modeling. It is experimentally found that both switching time (i.e., time to reach maximum wetted radius) and settling time (i.e., time to reach equilibrium radius) are proportional to 1.5th power of the effective base radius. It is also found that the maximum velocity is slightly dependent on drop size but linearly proportional to the electrowetting number. The viscosity effect on drop spreading is investigated by observing spreading patterns with respect to applied voltages, and the critical viscosity at which a spreading pattern changes from under- to overdamped response is obtained. Theoretical models with contact angle hysteresis predict the spreading dynamics of drops with low and high viscosities fairly well. By fitting the theoretical models to experimental results, we obtain the friction coefficient, which is nearly proportional to 0.6th power of viscosity and is rarely influenced by applied voltage and drop size. Finally, we find that drop viscosity has a weak effect on maximum velocity but not a clear one on contact line friction.