Indexed on: 26 Dec '19Published on: 25 Dec '19Published in: Journal of physical therapy science
[Purpose] We evaluated the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) and an ankle/foot orthosis (AFO) in hemiplegic patients exhibiting excessive plantar ﬂexion during the stance phase, associated with genu recurvatum. [Participants and Methods] In total, 12 stroke patients were recruited. We measured changes in knee and ankle joint angles, gait speed, and step and stride length during the gait cycle during barefoot walking, walking while wearing an AFO, and walking after FES application; we used a three dimensional gait analysis system. [Results] In terms of kinematic variables, FES walking was associated with significant increases in peak ankle dorsiflexion during swing, dorsiflexion angle at initial contact, peak ankle dorsiflexion during stance, knee angle at initial contact, and peak knee flexion in the loading response compared to AFO and barefoot walking. AFO walking was associated with a significant difference in peak ankle dorsiflexion during swing compared to barefoot walking. [Conclusion] FES afforded kinematic advantages to the ankle and knee joints compared to AFO in hemiplegic patients with a genu recurvatum gait. 2019©by the Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.