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Effects of direction on saccadic performance in relation to lateral preferences.

Research paper by T S TS Constantinidis, N N Smyrnis, I I Evdokimidis, N C NC Stefanis, D D Avramopoulos, I I Giouzelis, C N CN Stefanis

Indexed on: 26 Apr '03Published on: 26 Apr '03Published in: Experimental Brain Research



Abstract

A sample of 676 healthy young males performed visually guided saccades and antisaccades and completed the Porac-Coren questionnaire measuring lateral preferences. There was no difference in mean latency between rightward versus leftward saccades or for saccades executed in the left versus right hemispace. There was also no right/left asymmetry for individuals with left or right dominance as assessed by the lateral preferences questionnaire. The same results were observed for the latency of antisaccades and for the error rate in the antisaccade task. Finally, we did not confirm any substantial subpopulation of individuals with idiosyncratic left/right latency asymmetries that persisted both in the saccade and antisaccade task. These results suggest that neither latency nor antisaccade error rate are good indicators of lateral preferences in these tasks. Other oculomotor tasks might be more sensitive to hemifield differences, or cerebral hemispheric asymmetry is not present at the level of cortical organization of saccades and antisaccades.