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Effects of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia on sleep-related cognitions among patients with stable heart failure.

Research paper by Nancy S NS Redeker, Sangchoon S Jeon, Laura L Andrews, John J Cline, Vahid V Mohsenin, Daniel D Jacoby

Indexed on: 27 Jul '17Published on: 27 Jul '17Published in: Behavioral sleep medicine



Abstract

Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) improves insomnia and fatigue among chronic heart failure (HF) patients, but the extent to which sleep-related cognitions explain CBT-I outcomes in these patients is unknown. We examined the effects of CBT-I on sleep-related cognitions, associations between changes in sleep-related cognitions and changes in sleep and symptoms after CBT-I, and the extent to which cognitions mediated the effects of CBT-I.Stable New York Heart Association Class II-III HF patients (total n = 51; n = 26/51.0% women; M age = 59.1 ± 15.1 years).HF patients were randomized in groups to group CBT-I (n = 30) or attention control (HF self-management education) (n = 21) and completed actigraphy, the Insomnia Severity Index, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (DBAS) and Sleep Disturbance Questionnaires (SDQ), and self-reported fatigue, depression, anxiety, and sleepiness (baseline, immediately after treatment, six months). We used mixed effects modelling, mediation analysis with a bootstrapping approach, and Pearson correlations.There was a statistically significant group by time effect on DBAS. DBAS mediated the effects of CBT-I on insomnia severity and partially mediated CBT-I effects on fatigue. Improvements in dysfunctional cognitions were associated with improved sleep quality, insomnia severity, sleep latency and decreased fatigue, depression, and anxiety, with sustained effects at 6 months.Improvement in dysfunctional sleep-related cognitions is an important mechanism for CBT-I effects among HF patients who are especially vulnerable to poor sleep and high symptom burden.