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Effects of ATP-sensitive potassium channel activators diazoxide and BMS-191095 on membrane potential and reactive oxygen species production in isolated piglet mitochondria.

Research paper by David W DW Busija, Prasad P Katakam, Nishadi C NC Rajapakse, Bela B Kis, Gary G Grover, Ferenc F Domoki, Ferenc F Bari

Indexed on: 29 Jun '05Published on: 29 Jun '05Published in: Brain Research Bulletin



Abstract

Mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mitoK(ATP)) channel openers protect the piglet brain against ischemic stress. Effects of mitoK(ATP) channel agonists on isolated mitochondria, however, have not been directly examined. We investigated the effects of K(ATP) channel openers and blockers on membrane potential and on the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in isolated piglet mitochondria. Diazoxide and BMS-191095, putative selective openers of mitoK(ATP), decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential (delta psi(m)). On a molar basis, diazoxide was less effective than BMS-191095. In contrast, diazoxide but not BMS-191095 increased ROS production by mitochondria. Since diazoxide also inhibits succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), we examined the effects of 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NPA), an inhibitor of SDH. 3-NPA failed to change the delta psi(m) but increased ROS production. Inhibitors of K(ATP) channels did not affect resting delta psi(m) or ROS production, but glibenclamide and 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD) blocked effects of diazoxide and BMS-191095 on delta psi(m) and diazoxide effects on ROS production. We conclude that BMS-191095 has selective effects on mitoK(ATP) channels while diazoxide also increases ROS production probably via inhibition of SDH.