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Effects of age on sarcoplasmic reticulum properties and histochemical composition of fast- and slow-twitch rat muscles.

Research paper by D D Danieli-Betto, R R Betto, A A Megighian, M M Midrio, G G Salviati, L L Larsson

Indexed on: 01 May '95Published on: 01 May '95Published in: Acta physiologica Scandinavica



Abstract

Calcium release activity of sarcoplasmic reticulum and enzyme-histochemical properties were investigated in extensor digitorum longus (e.d.l.) and soleus muscles in young (4 months and old (24 months) male rats. With age, the caffeine threshold concentration for calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum of soleus skinned muscle fibres showed only minor modifications. On the other hand, in e.d.l. skinned muscle fibres, the caffeine threshold concentration decreased significantly (P < 0.05). The histochemical fibre type composition changed with age both in soleus and in e.d.l. muscles, showing a common transformation toward a more oxidative histochemical profile. In fact, in aged soleus, a significant (P < 0.05) increase was observed of type 1 fibres to represent almost the totality of the muscle fibres (more than 98%), while types 2C and 2A were reduced in proportion. In aged e.d.l. the percentage of type 1 (P < 0.05), 2A and 2X (a recently identified fourth component of the fast-twitch muscle types) fibres increased, with a reduction of type 2B (P < 0.01) fibres. The present results suggest that the changes in contractile properties of aged muscles may be related to the changes not only in fibre composition but also in the mechanism of calcium release from sarcoplasmic reticulum.