Indexed on: 12 Sep '18Published on: 12 Sep '18Published in: Medicine
This study investigated the effects of a short-term family-centered workshop for children with developmental delays.This study was conducted in a rehabilitation outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital. We recruited 30 children with developmental delays and their parents as the study group and 57 age- and sex-matched children with typical development and their parents as the control group. The workshop was conducted for the children with developmental delays and their parents in the form of one 2-hour session per week for 6 weeks by health and education professionals by using a family-centered multidisciplinary approach. The Mandarin-Chinese Communicative Developmental Inventory and Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-Second Edition were used to assess the communication and motor skills of the children with developmental delays. The parent form of the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument, Child Health Questionnaire, Pediatric Quality of Life (PedsQL) Inventory, and PedsQL Family Impact Module were administered to the parents of both groups.On study commencement, no significant differences were noted in functional performance and family impact between the children with developmental delays and those without delays. The children with developmental delays had lower health and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores than the children with typical development. Following the workshop, the study group exhibited significant improvements in physical health (94.2 vs 80.2, effect size: 1.00, P = .026), global function (94.8 vs 78.7, effect size: 0.88, P = .006), impact of the child's health on parental HRQOL (85.0 vs 70.4, effect size: 0.81, P = .043), and parental HRQOL (81.3 vs 65.0, effect size: 0.81, P = .015). No significant differences were recorded in function, health, HRQOL, or family impact between the children with developmental delays and those with typical development after 6 weeks.The multidisciplinary short-term family-centered workshop for children with developmental delays improved the children's physical health and global functional skills, and it reduced the impact of the child's health on parental HRQOL while also improving parental HRQOL.