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Effects of a combination of sitagliptin plus metformin vs metformin monotherapy on glycemic control, β-cell function and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients.

Research paper by Giuseppe G Derosa, Anna A Carbone, Ivano I Franzetti, Fabrizio F Querci, Elena E Fogari, Lucio L Bianchi, Aldo A Bonaventura, Davide D Romano, Arrigo F G AF Cicero, Pamela P Maffioli

Indexed on: 12 Jun '12Published on: 12 Jun '12Published in: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice



Abstract

To evaluate the impact on glycemic control, insulin resistance, and insulin secretion of sitagliptin+metformin compared to metformin in type 2 diabetic patients.Patients were instructed to take metformin for 8 ± 2 months, then they were randomly assigned to sitaglipin 100 mg or placebo for 12 months. We evaluated at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months: body mass index (BMI), glycemic control, fasting plasma insulin (FPI), HOMA-IR, HOMA-β, fasting plasma proinsulin (FPPr), proinsulin/fasting plasma insulin ratio (Pr/FPI ratio), C-peptide, glucagon, adiponectin (ADN), and high sensitivity-C reactive protein (Hs-CRP). Before, and after 12 months since the addition of sitagliptin, patients underwent a combined euglycemic hyperinsulinemic and hyperglycemic clamp, with subsequent arginine stimulation.Both treatments similarly decreased body weight, and BMI; on the other hand, they both improved glycemic control, glucagon and HOMA-IR, but sitagliptin+metformin were more effective in reducing these parameters. Sitagliptin+metformin, but not placebo+metformin, decreased FPPr, FPPR/FPI ratio, and increased C-peptide values, even if no differences between the groups were recorded. Sitaglitin+metformin gave also a greater increase of HOMA-β, M value, C-peptide response to arginine and disposition index compared to placebo+metformin group.Other than improving glycemic control, sitagliptin+metformin also improved β-cell function better than metformin alone.