Indexed on: 10 Apr '10Published on: 10 Apr '10Published in: Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme
Estrogens are known to stimulate the proliferation of human preadipocytes. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the increased cell growth by these steroids are poorly understood. In the present study, we have demonstrated that the proliferative effect of 17beta-estradiol involves the induction of both cell cycle gene expressions, c-myc and cyclin D1. Moreover, the mitogenic effects of 17beta-estradiol are suppressed by the pure antagonist ICI 182780 suggesting that estradiol action is mediated by estrogen receptor (ER). We have also shown that 17beta-estradiol is able to inhibit human preadipocyte apoptosis capacity as reflected by DNA fragmentation experiments and the mRNA expression of the pro- and antiapoptotic genes. Finally, 17beta-estradiol significantly induces both mRNA and protein expression of RIGF1 in human preadipose cells via ER and thus reinforces the signaling pathway of the proliferative factor, IGF1. Taken together, these data reinforce the concept of cross-talk between IGF1- and ER-signaling pathways in preadipocytes and indicate that IGFI may be a critical regulator of estrogen-mediated preadipose growth.