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Effective and Low-Cost Saccharification of Pineapple Peel by Trichoderma viride Crude Extract with Enhanced β-Glucosidase Activity

Research paper by Janaína Marques de Almeida, Vanderlei Aparecido de Lima; Patrícia Carla Giloni de Lima; Adriana Knob

Indexed on: 22 Aug '16Published on: 01 Sep '16Published in: BioEnergy Research



Abstract

Abstract Efficient, low-cost enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass is essential for cost-effective production of bioethanol. The aim of this study was to establish a fungal fermentation-based strategy for the economic enzymatic conversion of pineapple peel into fermentable sugars. Trichoderma viride was grown on passion fruit peel in order to improve its β-glucosidase production, and a crude extract was then used to hydrolyze pineapple peel. The effects of medium pH, cultivation time, and passion fruit peel concentration on β-glucosidase production were evaluated using a central composite rotational design (CCRD) combined with response surface methodology (RSM). Optimal β-glucosidase activity of 2.40 U mL−1 was found after 6.5 days of cultivation in medium at pH 6.0, containing 2.0 % passion fruit peel. Saccharification of pineapple peel was also optimized by RSM and CCRD with respect to pH, temperature, β-glucosidase concentration, and reaction time and proceeded optimally at pH 4.0, 55 °C, with a β-glucosidase loading of 31.25 U g−1 dry feedstock and 75 h of reaction. Under these conditions, T. viride crude extract hydrolyzed pineapple peel with a glucose yield of 65.3 %. This study therefore presents passion fruit peel as an attractive raw material for the production of β-glucosidases. In addition, it describes an improved, effective, and low-cost enzymatic method for the production of fermentable sugars from pineapple peel, an abundant and inexpensive agro-industrial waste.AbstractEfficient, low-cost enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass is essential for cost-effective production of bioethanol. The aim of this study was to establish a fungal fermentation-based strategy for the economic enzymatic conversion of pineapple peel into fermentable sugars. Trichoderma viride was grown on passion fruit peel in order to improve its β-glucosidase production, and a crude extract was then used to hydrolyze pineapple peel. The effects of medium pH, cultivation time, and passion fruit peel concentration on β-glucosidase production were evaluated using a central composite rotational design (CCRD) combined with response surface methodology (RSM). Optimal β-glucosidase activity of 2.40 U mL−1 was found after 6.5 days of cultivation in medium at pH 6.0, containing 2.0 % passion fruit peel. Saccharification of pineapple peel was also optimized by RSM and CCRD with respect to pH, temperature, β-glucosidase concentration, and reaction time and proceeded optimally at pH 4.0, 55 °C, with a β-glucosidase loading of 31.25 U g−1 dry feedstock and 75 h of reaction. Under these conditions, T. viride crude extract hydrolyzed pineapple peel with a glucose yield of 65.3 %. This study therefore presents passion fruit peel as an attractive raw material for the production of β-glucosidases. In addition, it describes an improved, effective, and low-cost enzymatic method for the production of fermentable sugars from pineapple peel, an abundant and inexpensive agro-industrial waste.Trichoderma viride−1−1T. viride