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Effect of Splinting on Dimensional Accuracy of Impressions Made of Implants with Different Subgingival Alignments

Research paper by Elaheh Beyabanaki DDS, Ahmed Reza Shamshiri PhD, Marzieh Alikhasi DDS, MS, Abbas Monzavi DDS, MSc

Indexed on: 10 Mar '16Published on: 05 Oct '15Published in: Journal of Prosthodontics



Abstract

Placement of implants at deeper levels of gingiva is sometimes inevitable because of issues like esthetics or bone availability. The accuracy of impressions may be affected in these situations. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of splinting and length of impression copings on the accuracy of impressions made of deeply placed implants.A metal model with two parallel implants (Implantium; Dentium) was fabricated. One hundred and twenty impressions were made using the direct impression technique with and without splinting the impression copings (using short and long impression copings). Impressions were made of implants at three subgingival levels (1, 3, and 6 mm) using regular viscosity poly(vinyl siloxane). The impressions were poured with type IV dental stone. Displacements in the x, y, and z axes, as well as rotational discrepancies and interimplant distances were measured with a coordinate measuring machine. Data were analyzed with Kruskal‐Wallis, Mann‐Whitney, and nonparametric adjusted rank transform tests.There was less rotational displacement using longer impression copings at different subgingival positions of the implants, either with splinted or nonsplinted direct technique (p < 0.05). Also, the nonsplinted technique produced more accurate impressions at different apico‐coronal levels of implants than the splinted technique using short impression copings (p < 0.05).According to the findings of this study, longer impression copings yielded better results than shorter ones in both splinted and nonsplinted techniques. Also, nonsplinted short impression copings produced more accurate impressions than splinted short impression copings.