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Effect of preischemic treatment with fenofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α ligand, on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.

Research paper by Vivian V Boshra, Amal M AM Moustafa

Indexed on: 10 Feb '11Published on: 10 Feb '11Published in: Journal of Molecular Histology



Abstract

Liver ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a serious clinical problem. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) are important mediators in liver I/R injury. This study was designed to investigate the effect of preischemic treatment with fenofibrate (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor- α agonist) on the oxidative stress and inflammatory response to hepatic I/R injury in rats. Hepatic I/R was induced by clamping the blood supply of the left lateral and median lobes of the liver for 60 min, followed by reperfusion for 4 h. Each animal group was pretreated with a single dose of fenofibrate (50 mg/kg body weight) intraperitoneally 1 h before ischemia. At the end of reperfusion, blood samples and liver tissues were obtained to assess serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), TNF-α, hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase activity (SOD). Liver specimens were obtained and processed for light and electron microscopic study. Hepatic I/R induced a significant elevation of serum ALT and TNF-α with significant elevation of hepatic MDA and reduction of SOD activity. Histopathological examination revealed hepatic inflammation, necrosis and apoptosis. Preischemic treatment with fenofibrate at a dose of 50 mg/kg significantly attenuated the biochemical and structural alterations of I/R-induced liver injury.