Indexed on: 01 Jul '65Published on: 01 Jul '65Published in: Journal of Applied Mechanics and Technical Physics
Dynamic equations have been obtained for the two-point double correlations of the fluctuation velocities of a fluid and the particles suspended in it at low volume concentrations of the solid phase. In the case of uniform isotropic turbulence these equations can be considerably simplified. The final period of decay of isotropic turbulence has been studied in detail. At this stage in the case of high-inertia particles the inhomogeneous-fluid turbulence is similar to the turbulence of a homogeneous fluid (without particles) in the sense that the presence of the particles affects only the fluctuation energy but leaves unchanged the spatial scales of turbulence and the spatial energy spectrum function. The suspended particles lead to exponential damping of the turbulent pulsations.Little theoretical information is available on the hydrodynamics of a suspension of fine particles in a turbulent liquid or gas. Research has been mainly confined to the behavior of the individual particles in a given turbulence field . The problem of the turbulent motion of the mixture as a whole has been examined by Barenblatt , who derived the equations of motion of the mixture, using Kolmogorov's hypothesis to close them. Hinze  has also attempted to derive equations for turbulent pulsations of the mixture. However, as Murray showed , Hinze' s equations contradict Newton' s third law.The effect of suspended particles on the turbulence of a two-phase flow is governed by the noncorrespondence of the local velocities of the particles and the medium. The forces of resistance to the motion of the particles relative to the fluid lead to additional dissipation of fluctuation energy and decay of turbulence . On the other hand, if the averaged velocities of particles and medium do not correspond, the suspended particles may also have a destabilizing effect [5, 6], causing energy transfer from the averaged to the pulsating motion. Below we shall consider the case where the averaged velocities of the two phases coincide, i.e., we shall deal only with the first of the two above-mentioned effects.