Effect of Orifice Diameter on Bubble Generation Process in Melt Gas Injection to Prepare Aluminum Foams

Research paper by Jianyu Yuan, Yanxiang Li, Ningzhen Wang, Ying Cheng, Xiang Chen

Indexed on: 07 Mar '16Published on: 07 Mar '16Published in: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B


The bubble generation process in conditioned A356 alloy melt through submerged spiry orifices with a wide diameter range (from 0.07 to 1.0 mm) is investigated in order to prepare aluminum foams with fine pores. The gas flow rate and chamber pressure relationship for each orifice is first determined when blowing gas in atmospheric environment. The effects of chamber pressure (Pc) and orifice diameter (Do) on bubble size are then analyzed separately when blowing gas in melt. A three-dimensional fitting curve is obtained illustrating both the influences of orifice diameter and chamber pressure on bubble size based on the experimental data. It is found that the bubble size has a V-shaped relationship with orifice diameter and chamber pressure neighboring the optimized parameter (Do = 0.25 mm, Pc = 0.4 MPa). The bubble generation mechanism is proposed based on the Rayleigh–Plesset equation. It is found that the bubbles will not be generated until a threshold pressure difference is reached. The threshold pressure difference is dependent on the orifice diameter, which determines the time span of pre-formation stage and bubble growth stage.