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Effect of liposome‑mediated HSP27 transfection on collagen synthesis in alveolar type II epithelial cells.

Research paper by Haijing H Deng, Xuemin X Gao, Haibing H Peng, Jin J Wang, Xiaoli X Hou, Hong H Xu, Fang F Yang

Indexed on: 24 Mar '18Published on: 24 Mar '18Published in: Molecular medicine reports



Abstract

To investigate the effect of liposome Lipofectamine® 2000‑mediated HSP27 plasmid transfection in A549 human alveolar type II epithelial cell line on collagen synthesis during transforming growth factor‑β1 (TGF‑β1)‑induced type II epithelial cell transition to myofibroblasts. Cells were transfected with varying ratios of the Lipofectamine® 2000‑mediated heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) plasmid and the transfection efficiency was determined using flow cytometry. The maximum transfection efficacy was confirmed by laser confocal microscopy. HSP gene expression and the most efficient HSP27 plasmid were determined using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Western blot analysis was used to examine HSP27 and collagen expression levels. With a transfection efficiency of 83%, the 8 µg:20 µl ratio of liposome: Plasmid had the highest transfection levels. Among the four different interference sequences in the HSP27 plasmid, the D sequence had the highest interference effect with 70% silencing of the HSP27 gene. The expression of type I and III collagen in TGF‑β1‑induced transition of A549 human alveolar type II epithelial cell line to myofibroblasts was significantly downregulated by the successful transfection with HSP27‑interfering plasmid. The expression of type I and III collagen in the TGF‑β1‑induced transition of A549 cells to myofibroblasts was significantly downregulated by transfection of A549 cells with HSP27 plasmid D‑interfering sequence and optimal ratio of Lipofectamine® 2000 and HSP27 plasmid.