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Effect of indium alloying on the charge carrier dynamics of thick-shell InP/ZnSe quantum dots.

Research paper by Nathaniel J NJ Freymeyer, Sophia M SM Click, Kemar R KR Reid, Matthew F MF Chisholm, Cara E CE Bradsher, James R JR McBride, Sandra J SJ Rosenthal

Indexed on: 03 May '20Published on: 03 May '20Published in: The Journal of chemical physics



Abstract

Thick-shell InP/ZnSe III-V/II-VI quantum dots (QDs) were synthesized with two distinct interfaces between the InP core and ZnSe shell: alloy and core/shell. Despite sharing similar optical properties in the spectral domain, these two QD systems have differing amounts of indium incorporation in the shell as determined by high-resolution energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy scanning transmission electron microscopy. Ultrafast fluorescence upconversion spectroscopy was used to probe the charge carrier dynamics of these two systems and shows substantial charge carrier trapping in both systems that prevents radiative recombination and reduces the photoluminescence quantum yield. The alloy and core/shell QDs show slight differences in the extent of charge carrier localization with more extensive trapping observed in the alloy nanocrystals. Despite the ability to grow a thick shell, structural defects caused by III-V/II-VI charge carrier imbalances still need to be mitigated to further improve InP QDs.