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Effect of in ovo glyphosate injection on embryonic development, serum biochemistry, antioxidant status and histopathological changes in newly hatched chicks.

Research paper by Mohamed Ahmed MA Fathi, Ezaldeen E Abdelghani, Dan D Shen, Xin X Ren, Pengyuan P Dai, Zhaojan Z Li, Qian Q Tang, Yansen Y Li, Chunmei C Li

Indexed on: 01 Oct '20Published on: 28 Aug '19Published in: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition



Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the potential toxic effects of pure glyphosate or Roundup on hatchability, serum biochemistry and histopathological observation of the liver and kidney of newly hatched chicks. On day six, a total of 225 fertile eggs were obtained from Huafeng breeder hens. The eggs were randomly divided into three treatments: (a) the control group injected with deionized water, (b) the glyphosate group injected 10 mg pure glyphosate/Kg egg mass and (c) the Roundup group injected 10 mg the active ingredient glyphosate in Roundup /Kg egg. The results showed a decrease of hatchability rate in chicks treated with Roundup (66%). In addition, no significant change was observed in body weights, yolk sac weight and relative weight organs except the liver and kidney were significantly increased with groups treated with glyphosate and Roundup compared to the control group. The results showed that serum protein profiles were linearly significantly increased of serum phosphor, uric acid, aspirate aminotransferase, alanine transaminase and alkaline phosphatase in groups treated with Roundup , as well as the serum concentrations of triglyceride altered after treatment with glyphosate. Furthermore, oxidative stress was observed in the treated chicks, the glyphosate and Roundup induced changes of the content of malondialdehyde in both the liver and kidney, moreover decrease of glutathione peroxidase, total superoxide dismutase and catalase activity in the kidney tissue and serum. Additionally, changes also happened in the histomorphology of the liver and kidney tissue of the treated chicks. It can be concluded that Roundup as a probable decrease of hatchability. Exposure to glyphosate alone or Roundup caused liver and kidney histopathological alterations, serum parameters imbalances and oxidative stress, also induced a variety of liver and kidney biochemical alterations that might impair normal organ functioning in newly hatched chicks. © 2019 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.