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Effect of Ge substitution for Si on the anomalous magnetocaloric and magnetoresistance properties of GdMn2Si2 compounds

Research paper by Pramod Kumar, Niraj K. Singh, K. G. Suresh, A. K. Nigam, S. K. Malik

Indexed on: 15 Sep '06Published on: 15 Sep '06Published in: Physics - Materials Science



Abstract

The effect of Ge substitution on the magnetization, heat capacity, magnetocaloric effect and magnetoresistance of GdMn2Si2-xGex (x=0, 1, and 2) compounds has been studied. The magnetic transition associated with the Gd ordering is found to change from second order to first order on Ge substitution. Magnetic contributions to the total heat capacity and the entropy have been estimated. Magnetocaloric effect has been calculated in terms of adiabatic temperature change (deltaTad) as well as isothermal magnetic entropy change (deltaSM) using the heat capacity data. The temperature dependence of the magnetocaloric effect in all the three compounds have shown broad peaks. The maximum values of deltaSM and deltaTad for GdMn2Ge2 are found to be 5.9 J/kgK and 1.2 K, respectively. The magnetoresistance is found to be very large and positive with a maximum value of about 22% in the case of GdMn2Ge2. In the other two compounds also, the magnetoresistance is predominantly positive, except in the vicinity of the Gd ordering temperature. The anomalous nature of the magnetocaloric effect and the magnetoresistance has been attributed to the canted magnetic structure of these compounds.