Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Maternal and child health journal
Introduction Unintended pregnancy during the postpartum period is common. The aim of this study was to describe contraceptive use among postpartum women and assess whether family planning counseling offered by health care providers during well-baby clinic visits increased use of modern contraceptive methods at 6 months following delivery. Methods Data comes from a cohort of women enrolled in a breastfeeding promotion trial in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo who reported being sexually active at 24-weeks post-partum. Modern contraceptive methods included intrauterine devices, injectables, implants, and contraception pills. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odd ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the impact of nurse counseling on use of modern birth control methods. Results Of 522 participants who reported being sexually active, 251 (48.0%) reported doing at least one thing to avoid pregnancy and were included in this analysis. Of these 251, 14.3% were using a modern contraceptive method, despite availability at the clinic. Discussion with a nurse about family planning was associated with increased odds of using modern birth control relative to other methods (OR 4.0, 95% CI 1.9, 8.6). Discussion Discussion of family planning with a nurse increased the odds of using a modern contraceptive among postpartum women. Integration of family planning counseling into postpartum services offers a potential avenue to increase modern contraceptive use among women with access.