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Effect of Extended Crop Rotations on Incidence of Black Dot, Silver Scurf, and Verticillium Wilt of Potato.

Research paper by Dennis A DA Johnson, Thomas F TF Cummings

Indexed on: 01 Feb '15Published on: 01 Feb '15Published in: Plant Disease



Abstract

Potato tubers were collected and evaluated for symptoms and signs of black dot, silver scurf, and Verticillium wilt to determine the effect of extended crop rotations on disease incidences in the Columbia Basin. Incidence of tubers with black dot collected from storage significantly decreased as the number of years between potato crops increased from 3 to 5 years and beyond and significantly increased as the number of previous potato crops increased to 16. The highest incidence of black dot (range of 73 to 98%) was from fields rotated out of potatoes for 1 to 3 years. The mean incidence of black dot was 56% for fields out of potatoes for 0 to 4 years and 12% for fields out of potatoes 5 and more years. A low incidence (0 to 9%) of black dot was detected at 15 years out of potatoes. Years out of potato and number of prior potato crops accounted for 71% of the variability associated with the incidence of black dot. Severity of black dot on tuber periderm peels significantly increased as incidence of tuber periderm peels with Colletotrichum coccodes increased. Coefficient of determination was 0.87 for log severity on regressed on black dot incidence. Incidence of silver scurf was highest from fields out of potatoes for 1 year. Incidence of silver scurf infected tubers significantly increased as the number of previous potato crops increased due to short rotations between potato crops. Incidence of tubers with Verticillium dahliae was not related to years between potato crops or number of previous potato crops. The present study confirmed that black dot can be reduced with rotations out of potatoes greater than 5 years.