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Effect of exogenous estradiol Benzoate on uterine blood flow in postpartum dairy cows.

Research paper by Mohamed M Rawy, Shogo S Mido, Hossam H El-Sheikh Ali, Derar D Derar, Gaber G Megahed, Go G Kitahara, Takeshi T Osawa

Indexed on: 20 Mar '18Published on: 20 Mar '18Published in: Animal Reproduction Science



Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the uterine blood flow following estradiol benzoate administration in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows by trans-rectal color Doppler ultrasonography. Six healthy lactating Holstein-Friesian cows were examined daily for 10 days starting at 4 weeks postpartum. All the cows, which were clinically healthy based on vaginal mucus scoring and endometrial cytology, were examined by trans-rectal Doppler ultrasonography to measure pulsatility index (PI), resistance index (RI), time average maximum velocity (TAMAX), blood flow volume (BFV) and diameter in the uterine arteries ipsilateral and contralateral to the previously pregnant uterine horn. On the third day of the experiment, the six cows were administered 10 mg intramuscular injection of estradiol-17β (E).Blood samples were collected at the time of daily examination for the assessment ofEconcentrations.The PI and RI values decreased while TAMAX, BFV and diameter of uterine arteries increased in response toEadministration (P < 0.05).There was a high correlation between both the ipsilateral and contralateral uterine arteries for all variables that were studied(r = 0.860, P < 0.0001, r = 0.922, P < 0.0001, r = 0.651, P < 0.0001, r = 0.879, P < 0.0001, r = 0.861, P < 0.0001 for the PI, RI, TAMAX, BFV and uterine arteries diameter, respectively).In conclusion, the greater blood concentrations ofEmay be responsible for the greater TAMAX, BFV, increased diameters and decreased PI and RI of the uterine arteries during the puerperium in dairy cows. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.