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Effect of different irrigating protocols on push out bond strength of Resilon/Epiphany obturation system

Research paper by H.A. Farag, W.M. Etman; H.A. Alhadainy; A.M. Darrag

Indexed on: 02 Nov '16Published on: 03 Jul '15Published in: Tanta Dental Journal



Abstract

Publication date: Available online 28 June 2015 Source:Tanta Dental Journal Author(s): H.A. Farag , W.M. Etman , H.A. Alhadainy , A.M. Darrag Purpose To evaluate the effect of different root canal irrigating regimens on the push-out bond strength of RealSeal root canal obturation system. Materials and methods 16 mm ± 1 of roots of 70 freshly extracted single rooted human teeth were obtained and divided randomly into seven groups (n = 10) according to irrigation regimens throughout root canal preparation and final rinse: 1(DW–DW), 2(NaOCl–NaOCl), 3(NaOCl–MTAD), 4(NaOCl–EDTA), 5(CHX–CHX), 6(CHX–MTAD), 7(CHX–EDTA). All root canals of all groups were prepared using K3 root canal preparation system up to size #40/0.06 taper and filled using RealSeal Root canal obturation system. Two-millimeter thick horizontal sections from the coronal, middle and apical thirds of each root were sliced for the push-out bond strength measurement. Results In cervical sections the highest push-out bond strength value was recorded for NaOCl–MTAD (4.074 ± 2.524) followed by CHX–MTAD (3.795 ± 1.935), CHX–EDTA (2.659 ± 0.587), NaOCl–EDTA (2.404 ± 1.166), CHX–CHX (1.905 ± 0.573), NaOCl–NaOCl (1.690 ± 0.427) and the least value was recorded for DW–DW (0.791 ± 0.381) with statistical significant difference between groups (P < 0.001). In middle sections the highest value was recorded for CHX–MTAD (3.801 ± 0.186) followed by CHXEDTA (3.222 ± 0.148), NaOCl–MTAD (3.119 ± 0.306), NaOCl–EDTA (2.066 ± 0.805), CHX–CHX (1.624 ± 0.724), NaOCl–NaOCl (1.350 ± 0.539) while the lowest value was recorded for DW–DW (0.684 ± 0.382) with no statistical significant difference among groups (P = 0.067). In apical sections the highest value was recorded for groups NaOCl–MTAD (2.654 ± 0.733), CHX–MTAD (2.020 ± 1.5522), CHX–EDTA (1.878 ± 0.808), NaOCl–EDTA (1.763 ± 0.068), NaOCl–NaOCl (1.260 ± 0.846), CHX–CHX (1.175 ± 0.298) and the lowest value was recorded for DW–DW (0.631 ± 0.152) with statistical significant difference between groups (P = 0.006). Conclusion Whenever root canal obturation using RealSeal is decided, it is preferred to use NaOCl solution throughout instrumentation in association with MTAD as a final irrigant after instrumentation to obtain a the highest push-out bond strength to root canal dentin specially at the coronal sections that showed higher bond strength than middle and apical sections.