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Early Diagnosis of the Cardiopulmonary Collapse Type of Amniotic Fluid Embolism with Obstetrical Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation during Elective Cesarean Section : A Case Report.

Research paper by Yuki Y Ishikawa, Yuki Y Hari, Chiaki C Murakami, Yasuhito Y Honda, Takuro T Oyama, Ryosuke R Kawanishi, Nami N Kakuta, Yoko Y Sakai, Takashi T Kaji, Yasuo M YM Tsutsumi, Katsuya K Tanaka

Indexed on: 08 May '20Published on: 08 May '20Published in: The journal of medical investigation : JMI



Abstract

Two types of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) have been described : cardiopulmonary collapse type and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) type, with the latter proposed as uterine type. This report describes a healthy 28-year-old woman who developed AFE during a cesarean section. Because of a previous cesarean section, the patient underwent an elective cesarean section, under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia, at 38 weeks of pregnancy. She began coughing 5 minutes after delivery of the fetus, subsequently becoming unconscious and developing glossoptosis and bradycardia. Her blood pressure decreased to 76/43 mmHg, and AFE was suspected. Her uterus was atonic, and she experienced persistent noncoagulant bleeding, with a final blood loss of 6300 ml. Considerable blood transfusion was required. The patient survived, and she and her baby were discharged without any sequelae on the eighth postoperative day. This patient met the Japanese criteria for clinical AFE, with an obstetrical DIC score of 21 meeting the criteria for obstetrical DIC. Early diagnosis and treatment likely resulted in patient survival. J. Med. Invest. 67 : 207-210, February, 2020.