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Dynamic electrophysical characterization of rubidium polytungstate ceramics under fast humidity impact

Research paper by S. L. Bravina, N. V. Morozovsky, S. F. Solodovnikov, O. M. Basovich, E. G. Khaikina

Indexed on: 06 Dec '13Published on: 06 Dec '13Published in: Physics - Materials Science



Abstract

The electrophysical reaction of rubidium polytungstate Rb4W11O35 ceramics (RPTC) on fast humidity impact has been investigated by studying the influence of wet air pulse of 1-3 s of duration on the peculiarities of dynamic current-voltage (I-V-) and charge-voltage (Q-V-) loops and transient current-time (I-t-) curves. The revealed peculiarities of I-V- and Q-V-loops and I-t-curves for RPTC subjected to humidity impact were compared with similar ones observed for water damaged hydrogen-bounded ferroelectric triglicyne sulphate (TGS) crystals. The obtained data indicate at least two possible scenarios of polar reaction on the humidity impact, namely protonic/ionic space charge transfer and ferroelectric-like reversible polarization in surface conglomerate of RPTC disturbed by dipolar H2O adsorbate. Due to a high surface activity the RPTC can be considered as promising materials for creating humidity sensitive elements of environment monitoring systems. Direct humidity-to-frequency (time) conversion was realized by inserting metal-RPTC-metal humidity sensitive element in LC resonance or RC-relaxation frequency control circuits of generating units.