Indexed on: 16 Feb '18Published on: 16 Feb '18Published in: Development (Cambridge, England)
Zebrafish regenerate cardiac tissue through proliferation of pre-existing cardiomyocytes and neovascularization. Secreted growth factors such as FGFs, IGF, PDGFs, and Neuregulin (Nrg) play essential roles in stimulating cardiomyocyte proliferation. These factors activate the Ras/MAPK pathway, which is finely controlled by the feedback attenuator Dual Specificity Phosphatase 6 (Dusp6), an ERK phosphatase. Here we show that suppressing Dusp6 function enhanced cardiac regeneration. Inactivation of Dusp6 by small molecules or by gene inactivation increased cardiomyocyte proliferation, coronary angiogenesis, and reduced fibrosis after ventricular resection. Inhibition of Erbb or Pdgf receptor signaling suppressed cardiac regeneration in wildtype zebrafish, but had a milder effect on regeneration inmutants. Moreover, in rat primary cardiomyocytes, NRG1 stimulated proliferation can be enhanced upon chemical inhibition of Dusp6 with BCI. Our results suggest that Dusp6 attenuates Ras/MAPK signaling during regeneration and suppressing Dusp6 can enhance cardiac repair.