Indexed on: 28 May '05Published on: 28 May '05Published in: The American Journal of Pathology
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk for developing high-grade dysplasia and colorectal cancer. Animal IBD models that develop dysplasia and neoplasia may help elucidate the link between inflammation and colorectal cancer. Mdr1a-/- mice lack the membrane efflux pump p-glycoprotein and spontaneously develop IBD that can be modulated by infection with Helicobacter sp: H. bilis accelerates development of colitis while H. hepaticus delays disease. In this study, we determined if H. hepaticus infection could prevent H. bilis-induced colitis. Unexpectedly, a proportion of dual-infected mdr1a-/- mice showed IBD with foci of low- to high-grade dysplasia. A group of dual-infected mdr1a-/- animals were maintained long term (39 weeks) by intermittent feeding of medicated wafers to model chronic and relapsing disease. These mice showed a higher frequency of high-grade crypt dysplasia, including invasive adenocarcinoma, possibly because H. hepaticus, in delaying the development of colitis, allows time for transformation of epithelial cells. Colonic epithelial preparations from co-infected mice showed increased expression of c-myc (5- to 12-fold) and interleukin-1alpha/beta (600-fold) by real-time polymerase chain reaction relative to uninfected wild-type and mdr1a-/- animals. This animal model may have particular relevance to human IBD and colorectal cancer because certain human MDR1 polymorphisms have been linked to ulcerative colitis and increased risk for colorectal cancer.