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DptR2, a DeoR-type auto-regulator, is required for daptomycin production in Streptomyces roseosporus.

Research paper by Feng F Wang, Ni-Ni NN Ren, Shuai S Luo, Xiao-Xia XX Chen, Xu-Ming XM Mao, Yong-Quan YQ Li

Indexed on: 29 Apr '14Published on: 29 Apr '14Published in: Gene



Abstract

Daptomycin, a novel cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic against Gram-positive bacteria, is produced by Streptomyces roseosporus. Though its biosynthetic mechanism, structural shuffling and fermentation optimization have been extensively studied, little is understood about its production regulation at the transcriptional levels. Here we reported that dptR2, encoding a DeoR-type regulator located close to the daptomycin biosynthesis gene cluster in S. roseosporus SW0702, is required for daptomycin production, but not for the expression of daptomycin gene cluster, suggesting that DptR2 was not a pathway-specific regulator. Furthermore, EMSA and qRT-PCR analysis suggested that DptR2 was positively auto-regulated by binding to its own promoter. Meanwhile, the binding sites on the dptR2 promoter were determined by a DNase I footprinting assay, and the essentiality of the inverted complementary sequences in the protected region for DptR2 binding was assessed. Our results for the first time reported the regulation of daptomycin production at the transcriptional level in S. roseosporus.