Indexed on: 01 Jan '08Published on: 01 Jan '08Published in: Toxicology mechanisms and methods
ABSTRACT Coumarins, naturally occurring compounds derived from benzopyran, have recently been studied extensively for their antioxidant properties. A lot of coumarins have been isolated and identified from natural sources and many others have been synthesized. It is also known that pharmacological and biochemical properties and thus also therapeutic application of simple coumarins depend upon the pattern of their substitution. As a part of studies of biological effects, four naturally occurring coumarins and 18 synthesized analogs of several compounds were assayed for 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) scavenging activity. For this purpose the highly reliable DPPH test modified to be performed by sequential injection analysis (SIA) system was used. This in our laboratory-developed method was originally proposed for antioxidant screening of large series of plant extracts. In this assay, the DPPH test using the SIA method was used for fast and sensitive evaluation of EC(50) of coumarins. The evaluation of EC(50) of a single compound takes only 15 to 30 min. The structure-activity relationships of tested compounds are also established. The results verified 7,8-dihydroxy-4-methylcoumarins as excellent DPPH radical scavengers. Obtained results correspond with those of other studies and suggest the SIA procedure as a suitable method for fast and sensitive antioxidant analysis of various types of compounds.