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Doubly loaded cycloSaligenyl-pronucleotides - 5,5'-Bis-(cycloSaligenyl-2',3'-dideoxy-2',3'-didehydrothymidine monophosphates).

Research paper by Nicolas N Gisch, Jan J Balzarini, Chris C Meier

Indexed on: 15 May '09Published on: 15 May '09Published in: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry



Abstract

Recently, we reported on 3,3'-bis-(cycloSaligenyl-2',3'-dideoxy-2',3'-didehydrothymidine monophosphates) (3,3'-bis-(cycloSal-d4TMPs) 4) as the first pronucleotides with a mask-to-drug ratio of 1:2 that is still a novelty in the field of pronucleotides. Here, we report on a new set of compounds of these unique type of cycloSaligenyl prodrugs 5 that bear a biaryl axis at the 5-position of the cycloSal residue. All compounds 5 showed pronounced in vitro activity against HIV-1 and HIV-2 in wild-type CEM cell cultures and better retained their antiviral activities in thymidine kinase-deficient CEM cells than the compound 4 series. Moreover, compound 5b is the first bis-(cycloSal-d4TMP) that even showed complete retention of antiviral activity in TK-deficient CEM cells. The complex hydrolysis behavior of 5 was investigated, and the proposed hydrolysis mechanism was proven by means of (31)P NMR spectroscopy and HPLC analysis.