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Double-Plug Autologous Osteochondral Transplantation Shows Equal Functional Outcomes Compared With Single-Plug Procedures in Lesions of the Talar Dome: A Minimum 5-Year Clinical Follow-up.

Research paper by Amgad M AM Haleem, Keir A KA Ross, Niall A NA Smyth, Gavin L GL Duke, Timothy W TW Deyer, Huong T HT Do, John G JG Kennedy

Indexed on: 21 Jun '14Published on: 21 Jun '14Published in: The American journal of sports medicine



Abstract

Autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) is used for large (>100-150 mm(2)) or cystic osteochondral lesions (OCLs) of the talus. Larger lesions may require using more than 1 graft to fill the defect. While patients with larger OCLs treated with microfracture exhibit inferior clinical outcomes, there is little evidence regarding the effect of lesion size and number of grafts required on clinical and radiological outcomes after AOT.Larger OCLs of the talar dome treated by double-plug AOT (dp-AOT) have inferior clinical and radiological MRI outcomes compared with smaller OCLs requiring single-plug AOT (sp-AOT).Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3.Fourteen consecutive patients with a large OCL (mean, 208 ± 54 mm(2)) treated using dp-AOT with a minimum 5-year follow-up were matched by age and sex to a control cohort of 28 patients who underwent sp-AOT for a smaller OCL (mean, 74 ± 26 mm(2)) over the same period. Functional outcomes were assessed both pre- and postoperatively using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and Short Form-12 (SF-12) general health questionnaire. Mean follow-up was 85 months (range, 65-118 months). Latest postoperative MRI was evaluated with modified magnetic resonance observation of cartilage repair tissue (MOCART) score.There was no significant difference between groups demographically (P > .05). All patients with dp-AOT and sp-AOT showed a significant pre- to postoperative increase in FAOS and SF-12 scores (P < .001). When comparing preoperative scores for both groups, there was no statistical significance between sp-AOT and dp-AOT scores (FAOS, P = .719; SF-12, P = .947). There was no significant difference in functional scores between the 2 groups postoperatively for both FAOS (P = .883) and SF-12 (P = .246). Mean MOCART scores did not exhibit any statistically significant difference between groups (P = .475). Two patients complained of knee donor site stiffness (4.8%), which later resolved.Patients with large OCLs treated using a dp-AOT procedure did not show inferior clinical or radiological outcomes compared with those treated with sp-AOT at a minimum 5-year follow-up. The dp-AOT procedure is as effective as sp-AOT in treating larger OCLs of the talar dome in the intermediate term, with similar high postoperative clinical and radiological outcomes.

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