Dose-dense paclitaxel plus carboplatin vs . epirubicin and cyclophosphamide with paclitaxel as adjuvant chemotherapy for high-risk triple-negative breast cancer.

Research paper by Qing Q Li, Jiani J Wang, Yuxin Y Mu, Tongtong T Zhang, Ying Y Han, Jiayu J Wang, Qiao Q Li, Yang Y Luo, Fei F Ma, Ying Y Fan, Pin P Zhang, Binghe B Xu

Indexed on: 24 Sep '20Published on: 24 Sep '20Published in: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research


The objective of this open-label, randomized study was to compare dose-dense paclitaxel plus carboplatin (PCdd) with dose-dense epirubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel (ECdd-P) as an adjuvant chemotherapy for early triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). We included Chinese patients with high recurrence risk TNBC who underwent primary breast cancer surgery. They were randomly assigned to receive PCdd [paclitaxel 150 mg/m on d 1 and carboplatin, the area under the curve, (AUC)=3 on d 2] or ECdd-P (epirubicin 80 mg/m divided in 2 d and cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m on d 1 for 4 cycles followed by paclitaxel 175 mg/m on d 1 for 4 cycles) every 2 weeks with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) support. The primary endpoint was 3-year disease-free survival (DFS); the secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and safety. The intent-to-treat population included 143 patients (70 in the PCdd arm and 73 in the ECdd-P arm). Compared with the ECdd-P arm, the PCdd arm had significantly higher 3-year DFS [93.9% . 79.1%; hazard ratio (HR)=0.310; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.137-0.704; log-rank, P=0.005] and OS (98.5% . 92.9%; HR=0.142; 95% CI, 0.060-0.825; log-rank, P=0.028). Worse neutropenia (grade 3/4) was found in the ECdd-P than the PCdd arm (47.9% . 21.4%, P=0.001). PCdd was superior to ECdd-P as an adjuvant chemotherapy for early TNBC with respect to improving the 3-year DFS and OS. PCdd also yielded lower hematological toxicity. Thus, PCdd might be a preferred regimen for early TNBC patients with a high recurrence risk. Copyright © 2020 Chinese Journal of Cancer Research. All rights reserved.

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