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Dopexamine reverses the vasopressin-associated impairment in tissue oxygen supply but decreases systemic blood pressure in ovine endotoxemia.

Research paper by Martin M Westphal, Andreas Wilhelm AW Sielenkämper, Hugo H Van Aken, Henning Dirk HD Stubbe, Fritz F Daudel, Ralf R Schepers, Simone S Schulte, Hans-Georg HG Bone

Indexed on: 31 Aug '04Published on: 31 Aug '04Published in: Anesthesia and analgesia



Abstract

Since arginine vasopressin (AVP) may reduce cardiac output and, in proportion, oxygen delivery, we studied the efficacy of dopexamine (DPX) as an adjunct to AVP infusion. After 1 h of continuous AVP infusion (0.04 U/min) in healthy sheep (n = 7), DPX was additionally administered in incremental doses (1, 5, and 10 microg. kg(-1). min(-1); each dose for 30 min). After a 24-h period of recovery, endotoxin was continuously infused in the same sheep to induce and maintain a hypotensive/hyperdynamic circulation. After 16 h of endotoxemia, AVP and DPX were given as described previously. AVP infusion increased systemic vascular resistance index and decreased cardiac index in both healthy and endotoxemic conditions (P < 0.001 each). This was accompanied by an augmented pulmonary vascular resistance index in endotoxemia (159 +/- 13 dynes. cm(-5). m(-2) versus 202 +/- 16 dynes. cm(-5). m(-2)) and a decrease in oxygen delivery index (health: 842 +/- 66 mL. min(-2). m(-2) versus 475 +/- 38 mL. min(-2). m(-2); endotoxemia: 1073 +/- 49 mL. min(-2). m(-2) versus 613 +/- 44 mL. min(-2). m(-2)) and mixed venous oxygen content (health: 63% +/- 2% versus 47% +/- 2%; endotoxemia: 68% +/- 2% versus 51% +/- 3%; P < 0.001 each). Small doses of DPX (1 and 5 microg. kg(-1). min(-1)) improved not only the AVP-associated depressions in cardiac index, oxygen delivery index, and mixed venous oxygen content, but also the pulmonary vasopressive effect in both groups. While large-dose DPX (10 microg. kg(-1). min(-1)) also reduced mean pulmonary arterial pressure in endotoxemia (27 +/- 1 mm Hg versus 23 +/- 1 mm Hg; P < 0.05 versus baseline), mean arterial blood pressure decreased (105 +/- 4 mm Hg versus 80 +/- 3 mm Hg) and heart rate increased (84 +/- 4 bpm versus 136 +/- 9 bpm; P < 0.001 versus AVP alone), thereby limiting its therapeutic use.