[Does diagnostic ureterorenoscopy increase the risk of bladder recurrence after total nephroureterectomy? A review of the literature].

Research paper by M M Baboudjian, E E Lechevallier, F F Michel, K K Ben Othman, T T Martin, E E Di Crocco, A A Akiki, S S Gaillet, V V Delaporte, G G Karsenty, R R Boissier

Indexed on: 21 Mar '19Published on: 09 Mar '19Published in: Progrès en Urologie


The objective of our study was to evaluate, in a review of the literature, the impact of diagnostic ureteroscopy before total nephroureterectomy (NUT) on the risk of bladder recurrence. We conducted a literature review in the Pubmed database in March 2018. Initial research identified 45 publications. Following full text screening, 9 studies were finally included, with a total of 1041 NUT with URS prior versus 2909 NUT alone. The primary endpoint was bladder recurrence. Secondary objectives were specific survival and overall survival. Bladder recurrence was reported in the 9 studies included. Diagnostic ureteroscopy was significantly associated with an increased risk of post-NUT bladder recurrence (HZ 1.42 [1.29-1.56], P<0.01). The specific survival and overall survival at 5 years, were reported in respectively 4 and 2 studies. There was no impact of the pre-NUT diagnostic URS on the specific survival (HZ 0.75 [0.54-1.03], P=0.08) or post-NUT overall survival (HZ 1.15 [0.68-1.96], P=0.59). The URS diagnostic before NUT for TVEUS is associated with a significant increase in the risk of postoperative bladder recurrence. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.