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DNA: a programmable force sensor.

Research paper by Christian C Albrecht, Kerstin K Blank, Mio M Lalic-Mülthaler, Siegfried S Hirler, Thao T Mai, Ilka I Gilbert, Susanne S Schiffmann, Tom T Bayer, Hauke H Clausen-Schaumann, Hermann E HE Gaub

Indexed on: 19 Jul '03Published on: 19 Jul '03Published in: Science



Abstract

Direct quantification of biomolecular interaction by single-molecule force spectroscopy has evolved into a powerful tool for materials and life sciences. We introduce an approach in which the unbinding forces required to break intermolecular bonds are measured in a differential format by comparison with a known reference bond (here, a short DNA duplex). In addition to a marked increase in sensitivity and force resolution, which enabled us to resolve single-base pair mismatches, this concept allows for highly specific parallel assays. This option was exploited to overcome cross-reactions of antibodies in a protein biochip application.