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Disubstituted octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrroles as orexin receptor modulators

Imported: 12 Feb '17 | Published: 14 Jul '15

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

Disubstituted octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole compounds are described, which are useful as orexin receptor modulators. Such compounds may be useful in pharmaceutical compositions and methods for the treatment of diseased states, disorders, and conditions mediated by orexin activity, such as insomnia.

Description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 13/503,231, filed Apr. 20, 2012, now U.S. Pat. No. 8,653,263, which is a national phase of International Application No. PCT/US2010/053606 filed Oct. 21, 2010, which claims benefit of priority under 35 U.S.C. §119(e) of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/254,509 filed Oct. 23, 2009, the entire disclosures or which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to certain disubstituted octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole compounds, pharmaceutical compositions containing them, methods of making them, and methods of using them for the modulation of the orexin receptor and for the treatment of disease states, disorders, and conditions mediated by orexin receptor activity.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Orexin (or hypocretin) signaling is mediated by two receptors and two peptide agonists. The two orexin peptides (orexin A and orexin B) herein after referred to as orexins, bind to two high affinity receptors, termed orexin-1 and orexin-2 receptors. The orexin-1 receptor is selective in favor of orexin A, while the orexin-2 receptor binds both orexins with similar affinities. The orexins, are cleavage products of the same gene, prepro orexin. In the central nervous system neurons expressing prepro-orexin, the precursor from which orexin is produced, are found in the periformical nucleus, the dorsal hypothalamus and the lateral hypothalamus (C. Peyron et al., J. Neurosci., 1998, 18(23), 9996-10015). Orexinergic cells in these nuclei project to many areas of the brain, extending rostrally to the olfactory bulbs and caudally to the spinal cord (van den Pol, A. N. et al., J. Neuroscience., 1999, 19(8), 3171-3182).

The broad CNS distribution of orexin projections and neurons expressing orexin receptors is suggestive of orexin involvement in a number of physiological functions including; feeding, drinking, arousal, stress, reward, metabolism and reproduction (T. Sakurai, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2007, 8(3), 171-181).

The targeted necrosis of cells expressing prepro-orexin suggests the most physiologically important roles of the orexins are likely to be effects on arousal, feeding and metabolism (J. Hara et al., Neuron, 2001, 30, 345-354). A prominent orexin neuronal projection via the vagus nerve probably mediates central orexin effects on cardiac parameters (W. K. Samson et al., Brain Res., 1999, 831, 248-253; T. Shirasaka et al., Am. J. Physiol., 1999, 277, R1780-R1785; C.-T. Chen et al., Am. J. Physiol., 2000, 278, R692-R697), gastric acid secretion and gastric motility (A. L. Kirchgessner and M.-T. Liu, Neuron, 1999, 24, 941-951; N. Takahashi et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 1999, 254, 623-627).

Several lines of evidence indicate that the orexin system is an important modulator of arousal. Rodents administered orexins intracerebroventricularly spend more time awake (Piper et al., J. Neurosci. 2000, 12, 726-730). Orexin-mediated effects on arousal have been linked to orexin neuronal projections to histaminergic neurons in the tuberomammillary nucleus (TMN) (Yamanaka et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 2002, 290, 1237-1245). TMN neurons express the orexin-2 receptor primarily, and the orexin-1 receptor to a lesser extent. Rodents whose prepro orexin gene has been knocked out, or whose orexigenic neurons have been lesioned, display altered sleep/wake cycles similar to narcolepsy (Chemelli et al., Cell 1999, 98, 437-451; Hara et al., 2001, supra). Dog models of narcolepsy have been shown to have mutant or non-functional orexin-2 receptors (Lin et al., Cell 1999, 98, 365-376). Human narcolepsy appears to be linked to deficient orexin signaling, likely related to immune ablation of orexinergic neurons in the lateral hypothalamus (Mignot et al., Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2001, 68: 686-699; Minot & Thorsby, New England J. Med. 2001, 344, 692), or, in rare cases, to mutations in the orexin-2 gene (Peyron et al., Nature Med. 2000, 6, 991-997). The disclosure that rats, dogs and humans treated with the dual orexin-1/2 receptor antagonist, ACT-078573 (Brisbare-Roch et al., Nature Medicine, 2007, 13, 150-155) exhibited decreased alertness together with characteristic clinical and EEG (electroencephalographic) signs of sleep provides evidence to support a role for the orexin system in the regulation of arousal, sleep and wake states. EEG data indicates that orexin-2 may be more important than orexin-1 in the modulation of sleep/wake (P. Malherbe et al., Molecular Pharmacology (2009) 76(3):618-31; C. Dugovic et al., J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 2009, 330(1), 142-151). Disorders of the sleep-wake cycle are therefore likely targets for orexin-2 receptor antagonist therapy. Examples of such disorders include sleep-wake transition disorders, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, jet-lag, disturbed sleep, and sleep disorders secondary to neurological disorders (e.g., manias, depressions, manic depression, schizophrenia, and pain syndromes (e.g., fibromyalgia, neuropathic pain).

The orexin system also interacts with brain dopamine systems. Intracerebroventricular injections of orexins in mice increase locomotor activity, grooming and stereotypy; these behavioral effects are reversed by administration of D2 dopamine receptor antagonists (Nakamura et al., Brain Research, 873(1), 181-7). Therefore, orexin-2 modulators may be useful to treat various neurological disorders; e.g., agonists or up-regulators to treat catatonia, antagonists or down-regulators to treat Parkinson's disease, Tourette's syndrome, anxiety, delerium and dementias.

Recent evidence indicates a role for orexin in the pathogenesis of Alzheimers disease (Kang et al, Science Express, 2009, 1-10). Brain interstitial fluid levels of amyloid-beta were demonstrated to fluctuate diurnally in both humans and rodents with sleep deprivation in rodents leading to significant increases in brain interstitial fluid levels of amyloid-beta. Infusion of a dual orexin antagonist in rodents suppressed interstitial levels of amyloid-beta and abolished the natural diurnal variation of amyloid-beta. The reduction of interstitial fluid amyloid-beta levels is correlated with reduced amyloid plaque formation, a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, and consequently the regulation of sleep time could potentially inhibit amyloid-beta aggregation and slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease.

Orexin neurons project to many regions of the brain associated with reward function (T. Sakurai, supra) and research, focusing on animal models of drug intake, reward, and reinstatement, has expanded the link between the orexin system and addiction. A comprehensive set of data suggest that drugs of abuse activate the orexin system, which in turn enhances drug reward or drug seeking (G. Aston-Jones et al., Neuropharmacology, 2009, 56 (Suppl 1) 112-121. Thus interactions between nicotine (J. K. Kane et al., Endocrinology, 2000, 141(10), 3623-3629; J. K. Kane et al., Neurosci. Lett., 2001, 298(1), 1-4), morphine (D. Georgescu, et al., J. Neurosci., 2003, 23(8), 3106-3111) and amphetamine (C. J. Winrow et al., Neuropharmacology, 2010, 58(1), 185-94) and the orexin system have been demonstrated. Additional studies from a number of laboratories have demonstrated an important relationship between the Orexin system and ethanol consumption. As examples, ethanol consumption in an alcohol-preferring strain of rat was shown to up regulate Orexin mRNA in the lateral hypothalamus and that an Orexin-1 receptor antagonist reduced operant responding for ethanol (Lawrence, et. al., Br. J. Pharmacol., 2006, 148, 752-759). Treatment with an orexin-1 antagonist has also been shown to decrease operant responding for ethanol (Richards, et. al., Psychopharmacology, 2008, 199 (1), 109-117). Other studies have demonstrated increased Fos activation of orexin neurons following contextual reinstatement to ethanol seeking (Dayas, et. al., Biol. Psychiatry, 2008, 63 (2), 152-157 and Hamlin, et. al., Neuroscience, 2007, 146, 525-536). Studies have also shown increased ethanol consumption following Orexin infusion into the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus or in the lateral hypothalamus (Schneider, et. al., Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res., 2007, 31(11), 1858-1865). These studies provide evidence that modulation of the Orexin system effects alcohol preference and therefore Orexin receptor antagonists are likely to be useful for the treatment of alcoholism.

Orexins and their receptors have been found in both the myenteric and submucosal plexus of the enteric nervous system, where orexins have been shown to increase motility in vitro (Kirchgessner & Liu, Neuron 1999, 24, 941-951) and to stimulate gastric acid secretion in vitro (Takahashi et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 1999, 254, 623-627). Orexin mediated effects on the gut may be driven by a projection via the vagus nerve (van den Pol, 1999, supra), as vagotomy or atropine prevent the effect of an intracerebroventricular injection of orexin on gastric acid secretion (Takahashi et al., 1999, supra). Orexin receptor antagonists or other down-regulators of orexin receptor-mediated systems are therefore potential treatments for ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea and gastroesophageal reflux.

Body weight may also be affected by orexin-mediated regulation of appetite and metabolism (T. Sakurai et al., Cell, 1998, 92(4), 573-585; T. Sakurai, Reg. Pept., 1999, 85(1), 25-30). Some effects of orexin on metabolism and appetite may be mediated in the gut, where, as mentioned, orexins alter gastric motility and gastric acid secretion. Orexin receptor antagonists therefore are likely to be useful in treatment of overweight or obesity and conditions related to overweight or obesity, such as insulin resistance, type II diabetes, hyperlipidemia, gallstones, angina, hypertension, breathlessness, tachycardia, infertility, sleep apnea, back and joint pain, varicose veins and osteoarthritis. Conversely, orexin receptor agonists are likely to be useful in treatment of underweight and related conditions such as hypotension, bradycardia, ammenorrhea and related infertility, and eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia.

Intracerebroventricularly administered orexins have been shown to increase mean arterial pressure and heart rate in freely moving (awake) animals (Samson et al., Brain Res. 1999, 831, 248-253; Shirasaka et al., Am. J. Physiol. 1999, 277, R1780-R1785) and in urethane-anesthetized animals (Chen et al., Am. J. Physiol. 2000, 278, R692-R697), with similar results. Orexin receptor agonists may therefore be candidates for treatment of hypotension, bradycardia and heart failure related thereto, while orexin receptor antagonists may be useful for treatment of hypertension, tachycardia and other arrhythmias, angina pectoris and acute heart failure.

From the foregoing discussion, it can be seen that the identification of orexin receptor modulators, in one embodiment modulators of the orexin-2 receptor, will be of great advantage in the development of therapeutic agents for the treatment of a wide variety of disorders that are mediated through these receptor systems.

Citation of a reference herein shall not be construed as an admission that such reference is prior art to the present invention. All publications referred to herein are incorporated by reference in their entireties.

Various small-molecule orexin receptor modulators have been reported e.g., N-aroyl cyclic amine derivatives (International Publication No. WO2003002561, Jan. 9, 3003), ethylene diamine derivatives (International Publication No. WO2003051872, Jun. 26, 2003), sulfonylamino-acetic acid derivatives (International Publication No. WO2004033418, Apr. 22, 2004), N-aryl acetyl cyclic amine derivatives (International Publication No. WO2004041791, May 21, 2004), diazepan derivatives (International Publication No. WO2007126935, Nov. 8, 2007), amidoethylthioether derivatives (International Publication No. WO2007126934, Nov. 8, 2007), 2-substituted proline bis-amide derivatives (International Publication No. WO2008008551, Jan. 17, 2008), bridged diazepan derivatives (International Publication No. WO2008008517, Jan. 17, 2008), substituted diazepan derivatives (International Publication No. WO2008008518, Jan. 17, 2008; US20080132490, WO2009058238), oxo bridged diazepan derivatives (International Publication No. WO2008143856, Nov. 27, 2008), 1,2-diamido ethylene derivatives (International Publication No. WO2009022311, Feb. 19, 2009), heteroaryl derivatives (International Publication No. WO20090163485, Jun. 25, 2009), methyl substituted piperidinyl derivatives (International Publication No. WO2009124956, Oct. 15, 2009), N,N-disubstituted-1,4-diazepane derivatives (Cox et al, Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 2009, 19(11), 2997-3001), Orexin/Hypocretin receptor ligands (Boss, et al., Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2009, 52(4), 891-903) 3,9-diazabicyclo[4.2.1]nonanes (Coleman et al, Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 2010, 20(14), 4201-4205), the dual orexin receptor antagonist, [(7R)-4-(5-Chloro-1,3-benzoxazol-2-yl)-7-methyl-1,4-diazepan-1-yl][5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]methanone, (Cox, et. al., Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2010 53 (14) 5320-5332), pyridazine carboxamide derivatives (International Publication No. WO2010051238), 2,5-disubstituted benzamide derivatives (International Publication No WO2010051237, May 6, 2010), isonicotinamides (International Publication No WO2010051236), heterocyclylbenzoylpiperazines derivatives (International Publication No WO201048012), substituted diazepane derivatives (International Publication No WO2010048017), substituted pyrrolidine derivatives (International Publication No WO2010048014), triazolylbenzoylpiperidine derivatives (International Publication No WO2010048010), triazolylbenzoylmorpholine derivatives (WO2010048013), conformationally restrained N,N disubstituted 1,4-diazapane derivatives (Coleman et al, Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 2010, 20(7), 2311-2315), tripyridyl carboxamide derivatives (International Publication No WO2010017260), imidazopyridylmethyl substituted piperidine derivatives (International Publication No WO2010072722), imidazopyrazine substituted piperidine derivatives (US2010160344, Jun. 24, 2010; US20100160345, Jun. 24, 2010; International Publication No WO2010060472, Jun. 3, 2010), N-{[(1R,4S,6R)-3-(2-pyridinylcarbonyl)-3-azabicyclo[4.1.0]hept-4-yl]methyl}-2-heteroarylamine derivatives (International Publication No WO2010063663), N-{[(1S,4S,6S)-3-(2-pyridinylcarbonyl)-3-azabicyclo[4.1.0]hept-4-yl]methyl}-2-heteroarylamine derivatives (International Publication No WO2010063662), imidazopyrimidine derivatives (International Publication No WO2010060471), and imidazopyrazine derivatives (International Publication No WO2010060470). There remains a need, however, for potent orexin receptor modulators with desirable pharmaceutical properties.

Substituted diaza-bicyclic compounds have been reported as active central nervous system agents (International Publication No. WO2001081347, Nov. 1, 2001; US2002/0019388, Feb. 14, 2002), α7 acetylcholine receptor modulators (US2005/101602, May 12, 2005; US2005/0065178, Mar. 24, 2005 and Frost et al, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2006, 49(26), 7843-7853), proline transporter inhibitors for the treatment of cognitive impairment (WO2008067121, Jun. 5, 2008) and for improving cognition (WO 2006 124897, Nov. 23, 2006 and US20060258672, Nov. 16, 2006), as androgen receptor ligands for the treatment of androgen receptor associated conditions including cancer (WO2009081197, Jul. 2, 2009), and as histone deacetylase inhibitors for the treatment of cancers, neurodegenerative diseases and autoimmune diseases (WO20060123121, Nov. 23, 2006).

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Certain disubstituted octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole derivatives have been found to have orexin-modulating activity. Thus, the invention is directed to the general and preferred embodiments defined, respectively, by the independent and dependent claims appended hereto, which are incorporated by reference herein.

In one general aspect, the invention is directed to a chemical entity of Formula (I):

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wherein:
R1 is a member selected from the group consisting of:

    • A) phenyl substituted or unsubstituted with one or two Ra members, and substituted in the ortho position with Rb;
      • Ra is independently selected from the group consisting of: —H, halo, —C1-4alkyl, —C1-4alkoxy, and —NO2, wherein two adjacent Ra members may come together to form a six membered aromatic ring;
      • Rb is a member selected from the group consisting of:
        • a) halo, —C1-4alkoxy, —C1-4alkyl, —CF3, —OCF3, or —CN;
        • b) 5-membered heteroaryl ring containing one oxygen or one sulfur members;
        • c) 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring containing one, two or three nitrogen members, optionally containing one oxygen member, substituted or unsubstituted with halo or —C1-4alkyl; and
        • d) phenyl substituted or unsubstituted with halo, —CH3, or —CF3;
    • B) pyridine substituted or unsubstituted with one or two Rc members and substituted with Rd, wherein Rd is positioned adjacent to the point of attachment by R1;
      • Rc is C1-4alkyl;
      • Rd is a member selected from the group consisting of:
        • a) 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: 1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl, 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, 3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl, pyridinyl, 3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl; 1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl), phenyl, and pyrimidin-2-yl; and
        • b) —CF3, —Br, and —C1-4alkoxy;
    • C) 5-membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: 2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-yl, 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, oxazole, isoxazolyl, thiophen-2-yl, and furan-2-yl, each substituted with phenyl substituted or unsubstituted with —F; and
    • D) 5-13 membered aryl or heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: 3-methylfuran-2-yl, 9H-fluorene, quinoline, cinnoline; 3-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl, 8-[1,2,3]-triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-1-yl, 2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-5-yl, 1H-indol-7-yl, 4-fluoronaphthalen-1-yl, and naphthalen-1-yl;
      R2 is a member selected from the group consisting of:
    • A) 6-membered heteroaryl ring containing two nitrogen members substituted with one or more members independently selected from the group consisting of: halo, —C1-4alkyl, —CD3, -D, —C1-4alkoxy, cyclopropyl, morpholin-2-yl, —CO2C1-4alkyl, —CO2H, —CH2OH, —C(O)N(C1-4alkyl)2, —CF3, —CN, —OH, —NO2, —N(C1-4alkyl)2, phenyl, furan-2-yl, thiophen-2-yl, 1H-pyrazol-4-yl, and pyrrolidin-1-yl;
    • B) pyridine substituted with one or two members independently selected from the group consisting of: halo, —C1-4alkyl, —C1-4alkoxy, and —CF3;
    • C) 9-membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: benzooxazol-2-yl, 6-fluoro-1,3-benzothiazole, 1,3-benzothiazole, 6-methoxy-1,3-benzothiazole, 6-methyl-1,3-benzothiazole, 6-chloro-benzothiazol-2-yl, and 4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine;
    • D) 10-membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: quinoxalin-2-yl, 3-methylquinoxalin-2-yl, 6,7-difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl, 3-(trifluoromethyl)quinoxaline, quinoline, 4-methylquinoline, and 6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl; and
    • E) 4-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl or 2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one.
  • In another general aspect, the invention is directed to a chemical entity of Formula (II):

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wherein

  • R3 is phenyl substituted or unsubstituted with a member independently selected from the group consisting of: —C1-4alkoxy, and phenyl; and
  • R4 is a member selected from the group consisting of (5-trifluoromethyl)-pyridin-2-yl, (5-trifluoromethyl)-pyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, and quinoxalin-2-yl.

Further embodiments are provided by pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), and pharmaceutically active metabolites of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II).

In certain embodiments, the compound of Formula (I) or Formula (II) is a compound selected from those species described or exemplified in the detailed description below.

In a further aspect, the invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions for treating a disease, disorder, or medical condition mediated by orexin receptor activity, comprising an effective amount of at least one chemical entity selected from compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), and pharmaceutically active metabolites of Formula (I) or Formula (II).

Pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention may further comprise one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients.

In another aspect, the chemical embodiments of the present invention are useful as orexin receptor modulators. Thus, the invention is directed to a method for modulating orexin receptor activity, including when such receptor is in a subject, comprising exposing orexin receptor to an effective amount of at least one chemical entity selected from compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), and pharmaceutically active metabolites of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II).

In another aspect, the invention is directed to a method of treating a subject suffering from or diagnosed with a disease, disorder, or medical condition mediated by orexin receptor activity, comprising administering to the subject in need of such treatment an effective amount of at least one chemical entity selected from compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), and pharmaceutically active metabolites of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II). Additional embodiments of methods of treatment are set forth in the detailed description.

In another aspect, method of studying isotopically labeled compounds in metabolic studies (preferably with 14C), reaction kinetic studies (with, for example 2H or 3H), detection or imaging techniques [such as positron emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)] including drug or substrate tissue distribution assays, or in radioactive treatment of patients. For example, an 18F or 11C labeled compound may be particularly preferred for PET or an I123 for SPECT studies.

An object of the present invention is to overcome or ameliorate at least one of the disadvantages of the conventional methodologies and/or prior art, or to provide a useful alternative thereto. Additional embodiments, features, and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description and through practice of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The invention may be more fully appreciated by reference to the following description, including the following glossary of terms and the concluding examples. For the sake of brevity, the disclosures of the publications, including patents, cited in this specification are herein incorporated by reference.

As used herein, the terms “including”, “containing” and “comprising” are used herein in their open, non-limiting sense.

The term “alkyl” refers to a straight- or branched-chain alkyl group having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms in the chain. Examples of alkyl groups include methyl (Me, which also may be structurally depicted by the symbol, “I”), ethyl (Et), n-propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl (tBu), pentyl, isopentyl, tert-pentyl, hexyl, isohexyl, and groups that in light of the ordinary skill in the art and the teachings provided herein would be considered equivalent to any one of the foregoing examples.

The term “alkoxy” includes a straight chain or branched alkyl group with a terminal oxygen linking the alkyl group to the rest of the molecule. Alkoxy includes methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy, butoxy, t-butoxy, pentoxy and so on. “Aminoalkyl”, “thioalkyl”, and “sulfonylalkyl” are analogous to alkoxy, replacing the terminal oxygen atom of alkoxy with, respectively, NH (or NR), S, and SO2.

The term “cyano” refers to the group —CN.

The term “cycloalkyl” refers to a saturated or partially saturated, monocyclic, fused polycyclic, or spiro polycyclic carbocycle having from 3 to 12 ring atoms per carbocycle. Illustrative examples of cycloalkyl groups include the following entities, in the form of properly bonded moieties:

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A “heterocycloalkyl” refers to a monocyclic ring structure that is saturated or partially saturated and has from 4 to 7 ring atoms per ring structure selected from carbon atoms and up to two heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. The ring structure may optionally contain up to two oxo groups on sulfur ring members. Illustrative entities, in the form of properly bonded moieties, include:

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The term “aryl” refers to a monocyclic, or fused or spiro polycyclic, aromatic carbocycle (ring structure having ring atoms that are all carbon) having from 3 to 12 ring atoms per ring. (Carbon atoms in aryl groups are sp2 hybridized.) Illustrative examples of aryl groups include the following moieties:

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and the like.

The term “heteroaryl” refers to a monocyclic, fused bicyclic, or fused polycyclic aromatic heterocycle (ring structure having ring atoms selected from carbon atoms and up to four heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur) having from 3 to 12 ring atoms per heterocycle. Illustrative examples of heteroaryl groups include the following entities, in the form of properly bonded moieties:

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Those skilled in the art will recognize that the species of heteroaryl, cycloalkyl, aryl and heterocycloalkyl groups listed or illustrated above are not exhaustive, and that additional species within the scope of these defined terms may also be selected.

The term “halogen” represents chlorine, fluorine, bromine or iodine. The term “halo” represents chloro, fluoro, bromo or iodo.

The term “substituted” means that the specified group or moiety bears one or more substituents. The term “unsubstituted” means that the specified group bears no substituents. The term “optionally substituted” means that the specified group is unsubstituted or substituted by one or more substituents. Where the term “substituted” is used to describe a structural system, the substitution is meant to occur at any valency-allowed position on the system. In cases where a specified moiety or group is not expressly noted as being optionally substituted or substituted with any specified substituent, it is understood that such a moiety or group is intended to be unsubstituted.

The terms “para”, “meta”, and “ortho” have the meanings as understood in the art. Thus, for example, a fully substituted phenyl group has substituents at both “ortho” (O) positions adjacent to the point of attachment of the phenyl ring, both “meta” (m) positions, and the one “para” (p) position across from the point of attachment as illustrated below.

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To provide a more concise description, some of the quantitative expressions given herein are not qualified with the term “about”. It is understood that, whether the term “about” is used explicitly or not, every quantity given herein is meant to refer to the actual given value, and it is also meant to refer to the approximation to such given value that would reasonably be inferred based on the ordinary skill in the art, including equivalents and approximations due to the experimental and/or measurement conditions for such given value. Whenever a yield is given as a percentage, such yield refers to a mass of the entity for which the yield is given with respect to the maximum amount of the same entity that could be obtained under the particular stoichiometric conditions. Concentrations that are given as percentages refer to mass ratios, unless indicated differently.

The terms “buffered” solution or “buffer” solution are used herein interchangeably according to their standard meaning. Buffered solutions are used to control the pH of a medium, and their choice, use, and function is known to those of ordinary skill in the art. See, for example, G. D. Considine, ed., Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry, p. 261, 5th ed. (2005), describing, inter alia, buffer solutions and how the concentrations of the buffer constituents relate to the pH of the buffer. See also Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th ed., pp. 8-37 to 8-44. For example, a buffered solution is obtained by adding MgSO4 and NaHCO3 to a solution in a 10:1 w/w ratio to maintain the pH of the solution at about 7.5.

Any formula given herein is intended to represent compounds having structures depicted by the structural formula as well as certain variations or forms. In particular, compounds of any formula given herein may have asymmetric centers and therefore exist in different enantiomeric forms. All optical isomers and stereoisomers of the compounds of the general formula, and mixtures thereof, are considered within the scope of the formula. Thus, any formula given herein is intended to represent a racemate, one or more enantiomeric forms, one or more diastereomeric forms, one or more atropisomeric forms, and mixtures thereof. Furthermore, certain structures may exist as geometric isomers (i.e., cis and trans isomers), as tautomers, or as atropisomers.

The symbols custom character and custom character are used as meaning the same spatial arrangement in chemical structures shown herein. Analogously, the symbols custom character and custom character are used as meaning the same spatial arrangement in chemical structures shown herein.

Additionally, any formula given herein is intended to refer also to hydrates, solvates, and polymorphs of such compounds, and mixtures thereof, even if such forms are not listed explicitly. Certain compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II) may be obtained as solvates. Solvates include those formed from the interaction or complexation of compounds of the invention with one or more solvents, either in solution or as a solid or crystalline form. In some embodiments, the solvent is water and then the solvates are hydrates. In addition, certain crystalline forms of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II) may be obtained as co-crystals. In certain embodiments of the invention, compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II) were obtained in a crystalline form. In other embodiments, crystalline forms of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II) were cubic in nature. In other embodiments, pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II) were obtained in a crystalline form. In still other embodiments, compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II) were obtained in one of several polymorphic forms, as a mixture of crystalline forms, as a polymorphic form, or as an amorphous form. In other embodiments, compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II) convert in solution between one or more crystalline forms and/or polymorphic forms.

Reference to a chemical entity herein stands for a reference to any one of: (a) the actually recited form of such chemical entity, and (b) any of the forms of such chemical entity in the medium in which the compound is being considered when named. For example, reference herein to a compound such as R—COOH, encompasses reference to any one of, for example, R—COOH(s), R—COOH(sol), and R—COO(sol). In this example, R—COOH(s) refers to the solid compound, as it could be for example in a tablet or some other solid pharmaceutical composition or preparation; R—COOH(sol) refers to the undissociated form of the compound in a solvent; and R—COO(sol) refers to the dissociated form of the compound in a solvent, such as the dissociated form of the compound in an aqueous environment, whether such dissociated form derives from R—COOH, from a salt thereof, or from any other entity that yields R—COO upon dissociation in the medium being considered. In another example, an expression such as “exposing an entity to compound of formula R—COOH” refers to the exposure of such entity to the form, or forms, of the compound R—COOH that exists, or exist, in the medium in which such exposure takes place. In still another example, an expression such as “reacting an entity with a compound of formula R—COOH” refers to the reacting of (a) such entity in the chemically relevant form, or forms, of such entity that exists, or exist, in the medium in which such reacting takes place, with (b) the chemically relevant form, or forms, of the compound R—COOH that exists, or exist, in the medium in which such reacting takes place. In this regard, if such entity is for example in an aqueous environment, it is understood that the compound R—COOH is in such same medium, and therefore the entity is being exposed to species such as R—COOH(aq) and/or R—COO(aq), where the subscript “(aq)” stands for “aqueous” according to its conventional meaning in chemistry and biochemistry. A carboxylic acid functional group has been chosen in these nomenclature examples; this choice is not intended, however, as a limitation but it is merely an illustration. It is understood that analogous examples can be provided in terms of other functional groups, including but not limited to hydroxyl, basic nitrogen members, such as those in amines, and any other group that interacts or transforms according to known manners in the medium that contains the compound. Such interactions and transformations include, but are not limited to, dissociation, association, tautomerism, solvolysis, including hydrolysis, solvation, including hydration, protonation, and deprotonation. No further examples in this regard are provided herein because these interactions and transformations in a given medium are known by any one of ordinary skill in the art.

In another example, a zwitterionic compound is encompassed herein by referring to a compound that is known to form a zwitterion, even if it is not explicitly named in its zwitterionic form. Terms such as zwitterion, zwitterions, and their synonyms zwitterionic compound(s) are standard IUPAC-endorsed names that are well known and part of standard sets of defined scientific names. In this regard, the name zwitterion is assigned the name identification CHEBI:27369 by the Chemical Entities of Biological Inerest (ChEBI) dictionary of molecular entities. As generally well known, a zwitterion or zwitterionic compound is a neutral compound that has formal unit charges of opposite sign. Sometimes these compounds are referred to by the term “inner salts”. Other sources refer to these compounds as “dipolar ions”, although the latter term is regarded by still other sources as a misnomer. As a specific example, aminoethanoic acid (the amino acid glycine) has the formula H2NCH2COOH, and it exists in some media (in this case in neutral media) in the form of the zwitterion +H3NCH2COO. Zwitterions, zwitterionic compounds, inner salts and dipolar ions in the known and well established meanings of these terms are within the scope of this invention, as would in any case be so appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art. Because there is no need to name each and every embodiment that would be recognized by those of ordinary skill in the art, no structures of the zwitterionic compounds that are associated with the compounds of this invention are given explicitly herein. They are, however, part of the embodiments of this invention. No further examples in this regard are provided herein because the interactions and transformations in a given medium that lead to the various forms of a given compound are known by any one of ordinary skill in the art.

Any formula given herein is also intended to represent unlabeled forms as well as isotopically labeled forms of the compounds. Isotopically labeled compounds have structures depicted by the formulas given herein except that one or more atoms are replaced by an atom having a selected atomic mass or mass number. Examples of isotopes that can be incorporated into compounds of the invention include isotopes of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, fluorine, and chlorine, such as 2H, 3H, 11C, 13C, 14C, 15N, 18O, 17O, 31P, 32P, 35S, 18F, 36Cl, 125I, respectively. Such isotopically labeled compounds are useful in metabolic studies (preferably with 14C), reaction kinetic studies (with, for example 2H or 3H), detection or imaging techniques [such as positron emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)] including drug or substrate tissue distribution assays, or in radioactive treatment of patients. In particular, an 18F or 11C labeled compound may be particularly preferred for PET or an I123 for SPECT studies. Further, substitution with heavier isotopes such as deuterium (i.e., 2H) may afford certain therapeutic advantages resulting from greater metabolic stability, for example increased in vivo half-life or reduced dosage requirements. Isotopically labeled compounds of this invention and prodrugs thereof can generally be prepared by carrying out the procedures disclosed in the schemes or in the examples and preparations described below by substituting a readily available isotopically labeled reagent for a non-isotopically labeled reagent.

When referring to any formula given herein, the selection of a particular moiety from a list of possible species for a specified variable is not intended to define the same choice of the species for the variable appearing elsewhere. In other words, where a variable appears more than once, the choice of the species from a specified list is independent of the choice of the species for the same variable elsewhere in the formula, unless stated otherwise.

By way of a first example on substituent terminology, if substituent S1example is one of S1 and S2, and substituent S2example is one of S3 and S4, then these assignments refer to embodiments of this invention given according to the choices S1example is S1 and S2example is S3; S1example is S1 and S2example is S4; S1example is S2 and S2example is S3; S1example is S2 and S2example is S4; and equivalents of each one of such choices. The shorter terminology “S1example is one of S1 and S2, and S2example is one of S3 and S4” is accordingly used herein for the sake of brevity, but not by way of limitation. The foregoing first example on substituent terminology, which is stated in generic terms, is meant to illustrate the various substituent assignments described herein. The foregoing convention given herein for substituents extends, when applicable, to members such as R1, R2, R3, R4, A, Ra, Rb, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, and Rk, and any other generic substituent symbol used herein.

Furthermore, when more than one assignment is given for any member or substituent, embodiments of this invention comprise the various groupings that can be made from the listed assignments, taken independently, and equivalents thereof. By way of a second example on substituent terminology, if it is herein described that substituent Sexample is one of S1, S2, and S3, this listing refers to embodiments of this invention for which Sexample is S1; Sexample is S2; Sexample is S3; Sexample is one of S1 and S2; Sexample is one of S1 and S3; Sexample is one of S2 and S3; Sexample is one of S1, S2 and S3; and Sexample is any equivalent of each one of these choices. The shorter terminology “Sexample is one of S1, S2, and S3” is accordingly used herein for the sake of brevity, but not by way of limitation. The foregoing second example on substituent terminology, which is stated in generic terms, is meant to illustrate the various substituent assignments described herein. The foregoing convention given herein for substituents extends, when applicable, to members such as R1, R2, R3, R4, A, Ra, Rh, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, and Rk, and any other generic substituent symbol used herein.

The nomenclature “Ci-j” with j>i, when applied herein to a class of substituents, is meant to refer to embodiments of this invention for which each and every one of the number of carbon members, from i to j including i and j, is independently realized. By way of example, the term C1-3 refers independently to embodiments that have one carbon member (C1), embodiments that have two carbon members (C2), and embodiments that have three carbon members (C3).

The term Cn-malkyl refers to an aliphatic chain, whether straight or branched, with a total number N of carbon members in the chain that satisfies n≦N≦m, with m≦n. Any disubstituent referred to herein is meant to encompass the various attachment possibilities when more than one of such possibilities are allowed. For example, reference to disubstituent -A-B—, where A≠B, refers herein to such disubstituent with A attached to a first substituted member and B attached to a second substituted member, and it also refers to such disubstituent with A attached to the second substituted member and B attached to the first substituted member.

According to the foregoing interpretive considerations on assignments and nomenclature, it is understood that explicit reference herein to a set implies, where chemically meaningful and unless indicated otherwise, independent reference to embodiments of such set, and reference to each and every one of the possible embodiments of subsets of the set referred to explicitly.

Some embodiments are given by compounds of Formula (I) where R1 is phenyl substituted with Ra, where Ra is —F, —I, —Cl, —OCH3, —OCH2CH3, —CH3, —CH(CH3)2, —C(CH3)3 or —NO2

In some of these embodiments, R1 is substituted phenyl wherein Rb is a —Br, —F, —I, —C1-4alkyl, —OCH3, —OCH2CH3, —CN, —CF3, or —OCF3.

In some of these embodiments, R1 is phenyl substituted with Ra, wherein Ra is —H, —F, —Cl, —CH3, —C(CH3)3, —OCH3, or —OCH2CH3, and Rb is —Br, —F, —I, —C1-4alkyl, —OCH3, —OCH2CH3, —CN, —CF3, or —OCF3.

In some of these embodiments, R1 is substituted phenyl where Rb is 2-thiophen-2-yl or 2-furan-2-yl.

In some of these embodiments, R1 is substituted phenyl where Rb is phenyl, 3-chlorophenyl, 4-fluorophenyl, 3-fluorophenyl, 4-methylphenyl, or 4-trifluoromethylphenyl.

In some of these embodiments, R1 is substituted phenyl where Rb is 1H-pyrrol-1-yl, 1H-pyrazol-1-yl, 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, 1H-imidazol-2-yl, 1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl, 1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl, 2H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl, 2H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl, 4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl, 4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl, 1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl, 1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl or 1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl.

In some of these embodiments, R1 is substituted phenyl, where Rb is pyridin-2-yl, 3-chloropyridin-2-yl, 3-fluoropyridin-2-yl, 3-methylpyridin-2-yl, 4-methylpyridin-2-yl, 5-methylpyridin-2-yl, 6-methylpyridin-2-yl, 2-pyridin-3-yl, or 2-pyrimidin-2-yl.

In some of these embodiments, R1 is substituted phenyl, where Rb is 3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl or oxazol-2-yl.

In some of these embodiments, R1 is phenyl substituted with Ra, where Ra is halo, —C1-4alkyl, or —C1-4alkoxy, and Rb is triazole or pyrimidine substituted or unsubstituted with halo or —C1-4alkyl.

In some of these embodiments, R1 is (1-methylethyl)-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-methyl-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 3-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 3-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4,5-dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-phenyl, 4,5-dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl, 5-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzo[1,3]dioxol-4-yl, 5-chloro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-iodo-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 1-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-2-yl, 2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl, 2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl, 2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)phenyl, 2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-fluoro-6-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 4,5-difluoro-2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)phenyl), 2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, 2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl, 3-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, 4-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl, 5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, or 5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl.

Some embodiments are given by compounds of Formula (I) where R1 is substituted pyridine, where Rd is —CF3, —Br, or —OCH2CH2CH3.

In some of these embodiments, wherein R1 is substituted pyridine, Rd is 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl, 4H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl, 3-methylpyridin-2-yl, or 3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl.

In some of these embodiments, wherein R1 is substituted pyridine, Rd is 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, or 2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl.

In some of these embodiments, wherein R1 is 1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl, 3-phenylthiophen-2-yl, 3-phenylfuran-2-yl, 5-phenyl-1,3-oxazol-4-yl, 5-phenylisoxazol-4-yl, 5-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl, 2-methyl-5-phenyl-thiazol-4-yl, or 5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl.

Some embodiments are given by compounds of Formula (I), where R1 is 3-methylfuran-2-yl, 9H-fluorene, quinoline, cinnoline; 3-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl, 8-[1,2,3]-triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-1-yl, 2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-5-yl, 1H-indol-7-yl, 4-fluoronaphthalen-1-yl, and naphthalen-1-yl and R2 is selected from the group consisting of 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl, quinoxaline, or 4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl.

Some embodiments are given by compounds of Formula (I), where R2 is pyrimidine substituted with —F, —Cl, -D, —CD3, —CH3, ethyl, isopropyl, propyl, tert-butyl, —CF3, —OCH3, —N(CH3)2, —CN, —OH, —CH2OH, —NO2, —CO2CH3, —CO2H, —C(O)N(CH3)2, phenyl, furan-2-yl, thiophen-2-yl, 1H-pyrazol-4-yl, cyclopropyl, pyrrolidin-1-yl, or morpholin-4-yl.

In some of these embodiments, R2 is 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl, 4-phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl, 4-furan-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl, 4-thiophen-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl, N,N,6-trimethyl-pyrimidin-4-amine, 4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylate, 4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid, 5-nitro-pyrimidin-2-yl, 6-methylpyrimidine-4-carboxylic acid, N,N-dimethyl-4-(triflouoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide, N,N,6-trimethylpyrimidine-carboxamide, 6-methylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile, 4,6-bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-ol, 4-(furan-2-yl)-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxy-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-ethyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-isopropyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-tertbutyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-cyclopropyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methyl-6-morpholin-4-ylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-trifluoromethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl, or 5-ethyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl.

In some of these embodiments, R2 is pyrimidine substituted with one or more —Cl, —F, —CH3, —CF3, —N(CH3)2, -D, or —CD3.

In some of these embodiments, R2 is 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl, N,N,6-trimethyl-pyrimidin-4-amine, 4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-ol, 5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxy-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-trifluoromethylpyrimidin-2-yl, or 4,6-bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl.

Some embodiments are given by compounds of Formula (I) where R2 is pyrazine or triazine substituted with one or more —CH3.

Some embodiments are given by compounds of Formula (I) where R2 is pyridine substituted with one or more —F, —OCH3, —OCH2CH3, —CH3, or —CF3.

In some of these embodiments, R2 is benzooxazol-2-yl, 2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one and 4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine and R1 is phenyl, substituted in the ortho position with Rb, where Rb is 2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl or 2-pyrimidin-2-yl.

Some embodiments are given by compounds of Formula (I) where R2 is quinoxalin-2-yl, 3-methylquinoxalin-2-yl, 6,7-difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl, 3-(trifluoromethyl)quinoxaline, 4-methylquinoline, or 6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl and R1 is phenyl substituted in the ortho position with Rb, where Rb is 2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl or 2-pyrimidin-2-yl.

Some embodiments are given by compounds of Formula (II) where R3 is biphenyl or 2-methoxyphenyl and R4 is (5-trifluoromethyl)-pyridin-2-yl, (5-trifluoromethyl)-pyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, or quinoxalin-2-yl.

Some embodiments are given by compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is 2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-methyl-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 3-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 3-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4,5-dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-phenyl, 4,5-dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl, 5-chloro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl, 2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl, 2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)phenyl, 2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-fluoro-6-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 4,5-difluoro-2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)phenyl), 2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, 2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl, 3-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, 4-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl, 5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, or 5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl and R2 is 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl, N,N,6-trimethyl-pyrimidin-4-amine, 4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-ol, 5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxy-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-trifluoromethylpyrimidin-2-yl, or 4,6-bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl.

Some embodiments are given by compounds of Formula (I) wherein R1 is 3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 6-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, or 3-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-pyridin-2-yl and R2 is 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, or 5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl.

Compounds of Formula (I) and Formula (II) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof are used, alone or in combination with one or more additional active ingredients, to formulate pharmaceutical compositions. A pharmaceutical composition therefore comprises an effective amount of at least one a compound of Formula (I) and Formula (II) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

The invention includes also pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds of Formula (I) and Formula (II), preferably of those described above and of the specific compounds exemplified herein, and methods of treatment using such salts.

A “pharmaceutically acceptable salt” is intended to mean a salt of a free acid or base of a compound represented by Formula (I) and Formula (II), that is non-toxic, biologically tolerable, or otherwise biologically suitable for administration to the subject. See, generally, G. S. Paulekuhn, et al., “Trends in Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient Salt Selection based on Analysis of the Orange Book Database”, J. Med. Chem., 2007, 50:6665-72, S. M. Berge, et al., “Pharmaceutical Salts”, J Pharm Sci., 1977, 66:1-19, and Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts, Properties, Selection, and Use, Stahl and Wermuth, Eds., Wiley-VCH and VHCA, Zurich, 2002. Examples of pharmaceutically acceptable salts are those that are pharmacologically effective and suitable for contact with the tissues of patients without undue toxicity, irritation, or allergic response. A compound of Formula (I) and Formula (II) may possess a sufficiently acidic group, a sufficiently basic group, or both types of functional groups, and accordingly react with a number of inorganic or organic bases, and inorganic and organic acids, to form a pharmaceutically acceptable salt.

bases, and inorganic and organic acids, to form a pharmaceutically acceptable salt.

Examples of pharmaceutically acceptable salts include sulfates, pyrosulfates, bisulfates, sulfites, bisulfites, phosphates, monohydrogen-phosphates, dihydrogenphosphates, metaphosphates, pyrophosphates, chlorides, bromides, iodides, acetates, propionates, decanoates, caprylates, acrylates, formates, isobutyrates, caproates, heptanoates, propiolates, oxalates, malonates, succinates, suberates, sebacates, fumarates, maleates, butyne-1,4-dioates, hexyne-1,6-dioates, benzoates, chlorobenzoates, methylbenzoates, dinitrobenzoates, hydroxybenzoates, methoxybenzoates, phthalates, sulfonates, xylenesulfonates, phenylacetates, phenylpropionates, phenylbutyrates, citrates, lactates, γ-hydroxybutyrates, glycolates, tartrates, methane-sulfonates, propanesulfonates, naphthalene-1-sulfonates, naphthalene-2-sulfonates, and mandelates.

When the compound of Formula (I) or Formula (II) contains a basic nitrogen, the desired pharmaceutically acceptable salt may be prepared by any suitable method available in the art, for example, treatment of the free base with an inorganic acid, such as hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid, sulfamic acid, nitric acid, boric acid, phosphoric acid, and the like, or with an organic acid, such as acetic acid, phenylacetic acid, propionic acid, stearic acid, lactic acid, ascorbic acid, maleic acid, hydroxymaleic acid, isethionic acid, succinic acid, valeric acid, fumaric acid, malonic acid, pyruvic acid, oxalic acid, glycolic acid, salicylic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, lauric acid, a pyranosidyl acid, such as glucuronic acid or galacturonic acid, an alpha-hydroxy acid, such as mandelic acid, citric acid, or tartaric acid, an amino acid, such as aspartic acid, glutaric acid or glutamic acid, an aromatic acid, such as benzoic acid, 2-acetoxybenzoic acid, naphthoic acid, or cinnamic acid, a sulfonic acid, such as laurylsulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, methanesulfonic acid, ethanesulfonic acid, any compatible mixture of acids such as those given as examples herein, and any other acid and mixture thereof that are regarded as equivalents or acceptable substitutes in light of the ordinary level of skill in this technology.

When the compound of Formula (I) or Formula (II) is an acid, such as a carboxylic acid or sulfonic acid, the desired pharmaceutically acceptable salt may be prepared by any suitable method, for example, treatment of the free acid with an inorganic or organic base, such as an amine (primary, secondary or tertiary), an alkali metal hydroxide, alkaline earth metal hydroxide, any compatible mixture of bases such as those given as examples herein, and any other base and mixture thereof that are regarded as equivalents or acceptable substitutes in light of the ordinary level of skill in this technology. Illustrative examples of suitable salts include organic salts derived from amino acids, such as N-methyl-D-glucamine, lysine, choline, glycine and arginine, ammonia, carbonates, bicarbonates, primary, secondary, and tertiary amines, and cyclic amines, such as tromethamine, benzylamines, pyrrolidines, piperidine, morpholine, and piperazine, and inorganic salts derived from sodium, calcium, potassium, magnesium, manganese, iron, copper, zinc, aluminum, and lithium.

The invention also relates to pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of the compounds of Formula (I) and Formula (II), and treatment methods employing such pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs. The term “prodrug” means a precursor of a designated compound that, following administration to a subject, yields the compound in vivo via a chemical or physiological process such as solvolysis or enzymatic cleavage, or under physiological conditions (e.g., a prodrug on being brought to physiological pH is converted to the compound of Formula (I) or Formula (II)). A “pharmaceutically acceptable prodrug” is a prodrug that is non-toxic, biologically tolerable, and otherwise biologically suitable for administration to the subject. Illustrative procedures for the selection and preparation of suitable prodrug derivatives are described, for example, in “Design of Prodrugs”, ed. H. Bundgaard, Elsevier, 1985.

Exemplary prodrugs include compounds having an amino acid residue, or a polypeptide chain of two or more (e.g., two, three or four) amino acid residues, covalently joined through an amide or ester bond to a free amino, hydroxy, or carboxylic acid group of a compound of Formula (I) or Formula (II). Examples of amino acid residues include the twenty naturally occurring amino acids, commonly designated by three letter symbols, as well as 4-hydroxyproline, hydroxylysine, demosine, isodemosine, 3-methylhistidine, norvalin, beta-alanine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, citrulline homocysteine, homoserine, ornithine and methionine sulfone.

Additional types of prodrugs may be produced, for instance, by derivatizing free carboxyl groups of structures of Formula (I) or Formula (II) as amides or alkyl esters. Examples of amides include those derived from ammonia, primary C1-6alkyl amines and secondary di(C1-6alkyl) amines. Secondary amines include 5- or 6-membered heterocycloalkyl or heteroaryl ring moieties. Examples of amides include those that are derived from ammonia, C1-3alkyl primary amines, and di(C1-2alkyl)amines. Examples of esters of the invention include C1-7alkyl, C6-7cycloalkyl, phenyl, and phenyl(C1-6alkyl) esters. Preferred esters include methyl esters. Prodrugs may also be prepared by derivatizing free hydroxy groups using groups including hemisuccinates, phosphate esters, dimethylaminoacetates, and phosphoryloxymethyloxycarbonyls, following procedures such as those outlined in Fleisher et al., Adv. Drug Delivery Rev. 1996, 19, 115-130. Carbamate derivatives of hydroxy and amino groups may also yield prodrugs. Carbonate derivatives, sulfonate esters, and sulfate esters of hydroxy groups may also provide prodrugs. Derivatization of hydroxy groups as (acyloxy)methyl and (acyloxy)ethyl ethers, wherein the acyl group may be an alkyl ester, optionally substituted with one or more ether, amine, or carboxylic acid functionalities, or where the acyl group is an amino acid ester as described above, is also useful to yield prodrugs. Prodrugs of this type may be prepared as described in Robinson et al., J Med. Chem. 1996, 39 (I), 10-18. Free amines can also be derivatized as amides, sulfonamides or phosphonamides. All of these prodrug moieties may incorporate groups including ether, amine, and carboxylic acid functionalities.

The present invention also relates to pharmaceutically active metabolites of the compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II), which may also be used in the methods of the invention. A “pharmaceutically active metabolite” means a pharmacologically active product of metabolism in the body of a compound of Formula (I) or Formula (II) or salt thereof. Prodrugs and active metabolites of a compound may be determined using routine techniques known or available in the art. See, e.g., Bertolini, et al., J Med. Chem. 1997, 40, 2011-2016; Shan, et al., J Pharm Sci. 1997, 86 (7), 765-767; Bagshawe, Drug Dev Res. 1995, 34, 220-230; Bodor, Adv Drug Res. 1984, 13, 224-331; Bundgaard, Design of Prodrugs (Elsevier Press, 1985); and Larsen, Design and Application of Prodrugs, Drug Design and Development (Krogsgaard-Larsen, et al., eds., Harwood Academic Publishers, 1991).

The compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II) and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs, and pharmaceutically active metabolites of the present invention are useful as modulators of the orexin receptor in the methods of the invention. As such modulators, the compounds may act as antagonists, agonists, or inverse agonists. The term “modulators” include both inhibitors and activators, where “inhibitors” refer to compounds that decrease, prevent, inactivate, desensitize or down-regulate orexin receptor expression or activity, and “activators” are compounds that increase, activate, facilitate, sensitize, or up-regulate orexin receptor expression or activity.

The term “treat” or “treating” as used herein is intended to refer to administration of an active agent or composition of the invention to a subject for the purpose of effecting a therapeutic benefit through modulation of orexin receptor activity. Treating includes reversing, ameliorating, alleviating, inhibiting the progress of, or lessening the severity of a disease, disorder, or condition, or one or more symptoms of such disease, disorder or condition mediated through modulation of orexin receptor activity. The term “subject” refers to a mammalian patient in need of such treatment, such as a human.

Accordingly, the invention relates to methods of using the compounds described herein to treat subjects diagnosed with or suffering from a disease, disorder, or condition mediated by orexin receptor activity, such as: disorders of the sleep-wake cycle, metabolic disorders, neurological disorders and other disorders (e.g., feeding, drinking, arousal, stress, addiction, metabolism and reproduction). Symptoms or disease states are intended to be included within the scope of “medical conditions, disorders, or diseases.”

Sleep disorders include, but are not limited to, sleep-wake transition disorders, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, jet-lag, disturbed sleep, and sleep disorders secondary to neurological disorders (e.g., manias, depressions, manic depression, schizophrenia, and pain syndromes (e.g., fibromyalgia, neuropathic).

Metabolic disorders include, but are not limited to, overweight or obesity and conditions related to overweight or obesity, such as insulin resistance, type II diabetes, hyperlipidemia, gallstones, angina, hypertension, breathlessness, tachycardia, infertility, sleep apnea, back and joint pain, varicose veins and osteoarthritis.

Neurological disorders include, but are not limited to, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Tourette's Syndrome, catatonia, anxiety, delirium and dementias.

Other disorders include, but are not limited to, ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea and gastroesophageal reflux.

In treatment methods according to the invention, an effective amount of a pharmaceutical agent according to the invention is administered to a subject suffering from or diagnosed as having such a disease, disorder, or condition. An “effective amount” means an amount or dose sufficient to generally bring about the desired therapeutic or prophylactic benefit in patients in need of such treatment for the designated disease, disorder, or condition. Effective amounts or doses of the compounds of the present invention may be ascertained by routine methods such as modeling, dose escalation studies or clinical trials, and by taking into consideration routine factors, e.g., the mode or route of administration or drug delivery, the pharmacokinetics of the compound, the severity and course of the disease, disorder, or condition, the subject's previous or ongoing therapy, the subject's health status and response to drugs, and the judgment of the treating physician. An example of a dose is in the range of from about 0.001 to about 200 mg of compound per kg of subject's body weight per day, preferably about 0.05 to 100 mg/kg/day, or about 1 to 35 mg/kg/day, in single or divided dosage units (e.g., BID, TID, QID). For a 70-kg human, an illustrative range for a suitable dosage amount is from about 0.05 to about 7 g/day, or about 0.2 to about 2.5 g/day.

Once improvement of the patient's disease, disorder, or condition has occurred, the dose may be adjusted for preventative or maintenance treatment. For example, the dosage or the frequency of administration, or both, may be reduced as a function of the symptoms, to a level at which the desired therapeutic or prophylactic effect is maintained. Of course, if symptoms have been alleviated to an appropriate level, treatment may cease. Patients may, however, require intermittent treatment on a long-term basis upon any recurrence of symptoms.

In addition, the active agents of the invention may be used in combination with additional active ingredients in the treatment of the above conditions. The additional active ingredients may be coadministered separately with an active agent of compounds of Formulas (I) and (II) or included with such an agent in a pharmaceutical composition according to the invention. In an exemplary embodiment, additional active ingredients are those that are known or discovered to be effective in the treatment of conditions, disorders, or diseases mediated by orexin activity, such as another orexin modulator or a compound active against another target associated with the particular condition, disorder, or disease. The combination may serve to increase efficacy (e.g., by including in the combination a compound potentiating the potency or effectiveness of an active agent according to the invention), decrease one or more side effects, or decrease the required dose of the active agent according to the invention.

The active agents of the invention are used, alone or in combination with one or more additional active ingredients, to formulate pharmaceutical compositions of the invention. A pharmaceutical composition of the invention comprises: (a) an effective amount of at least one active agent in accordance with the invention; and (b) a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

A “pharmaceutically acceptable excipient” refers to a substance that is non-toxic, biologically tolerable, and otherwise biologically suitable for administration to a subject, such as an inert substance, added to a pharmacological composition or otherwise used as a vehicle, carrier, or diluent to facilitate administration of a agent and that is compatible therewith. Examples of excipients include calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, various sugars and types of starch, cellulose derivatives, gelatin, vegetable oils, and polyethylene glycols.

Delivery forms of the pharmaceutical compositions containing one or more dosage units of the active agents may be prepared using suitable pharmaceutical excipients and compounding techniques known or that become available to those skilled in the art. The compositions may be administered in the inventive methods by a suitable route of delivery, e.g., oral, parenteral, rectal, topical, or ocular routes, or by inhalation.

The preparation may be in the form of tablets, capsules, sachets, dragees, powders, granules, lozenges, powders for reconstitution, liquid preparations, or suppositories. Preferably, the compositions are formulated for intravenous infusion, topical administration, or oral administration.

For oral administration, the compounds of the invention can be provided in the form of tablets or capsules, or as a solution, emulsion, or suspension. To prepare the oral compositions, the compounds may be formulated to yield a dosage of, e.g., from about 0.05 to about 100 mg/kg daily, or from about 0.05 to about 35 mg/kg daily, or from about 0.1 to about 10 mg/kg daily. For example, a total daily dosage of about 5 mg to 5 g daily may be accomplished by dosing once, twice, three, or four times per day.

Oral tablets may include a compound according to the invention mixed with pharmaceutically acceptable excipients such as inert diluents, disintegrating agents, binding agents, lubricating agents, sweetening agents, flavoring agents, coloring agents and preservative agents. Suitable inert fillers include sodium and calcium carbonate, sodium and calcium phosphate, lactose, starch, sugar, glucose, methyl cellulose, magnesium stearate, mannitol, sorbitol, and the like. Exemplary liquid oral excipients include ethanol, glycerol, water, and the like. Starch, polyvinyl-pyrrolidone (PVP), sodium starch glycolate, microcrystalline cellulose, and alginic acid are suitable disintegrating agents. Binding agents may include starch and gelatin. The lubricating agent, if present, may be magnesium stearate, stearic acid or talc. If desired, the tablets may be coated with a material such as glyceryl monostearate or glyceryl distearate to delay absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, or may be coated with an enteric coating.

Capsules for oral administration include hard and soft gelatin capsules. To prepare hard gelatin capsules, compounds of the invention may be mixed with a solid, semi-solid, or liquid diluent. Soft gelatin capsules may be prepared by mixing the compound of the invention with water, an oil such as peanut oil or olive oil, liquid paraffin, a mixture of mono and di-glycerides of short chain fatty acids, polyethylene glycol 400, or propylene glycol.

Liquids for oral administration may be in the form of suspensions, solutions, emulsions or syrups or may be lyophilized or presented as a dry product for reconstitution with water or other suitable vehicle before use. Such liquid compositions may optionally contain: pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients such as suspending agents (for example, sorbitol, methyl cellulose, sodium alginate, gelatin, hydroxyethylcellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, aluminum stearate gel and the like); non-aqueous vehicles, e.g., oil (for example, almond oil or fractionated coconut oil), propylene glycol, ethyl alcohol, or water; preservatives (for example, methyl or propyl p-hydroxybenzoate or sorbic acid); wetting agents such as lecithin; and, if desired, flavoring or coloring agents.

The active agents of this invention may also be administered by non-oral routes. For example, the compositions may be formulated for rectal administration as a suppository. For parenteral use, including intravenous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, or subcutaneous routes, the compounds of the invention may be provided in sterile aqueous solutions or suspensions, buffered to an appropriate pH and isotonicity or in parenterally acceptable oil. Suitable aqueous vehicles include Ringer's solution and isotonic sodium chloride. Such forms will be presented in unit-dose form such as ampules or disposable injection devices, in multi-dose forms such as vials from which the appropriate dose may be withdrawn, or in a solid form or pre-concentrate that can be used to prepare an injectable formulation. Illustrative infusion doses may range from about 1 to 1000 μg/kg/minute of compound, admixed with a pharmaceutical carrier over a period ranging from several minutes to several days.

For topical administration, the compounds may be mixed with a pharmaceutical carrier at a concentration of about 0.1% to about 10% of drug to vehicle. Another mode of administering the compounds of the invention may utilize a patch formulation to affect transdermal delivery.

Compounds of the invention may alternatively be administered in methods of this invention by inhalation, via the nasal or oral routes, e.g., in a spray formulation also containing a suitable carrier.

Exemplary compounds useful in methods of the invention will now be described by reference to the illustrative synthetic schemes for their general preparation below and the specific examples that follow. Artisans will recognize that, to obtain the various compounds herein, starting materials may be suitably selected so that the ultimately desired substituents will be carried through the reaction scheme with or without protection as appropriate to yield the desired product. Alternatively, it may be necessary or desirable to employ, in the place of the ultimately desired substituent, a suitable group that may be carried through the reaction scheme and replaced as appropriate with the desired substituent. Unless otherwise specified, the variables are as defined above in reference to Formula (I). Reactions may be performed between the melting point and the reflux temperature of the solvent, and preferably between 0° C. and the reflux temperature of the solvent. Reactions may be heated employing conventional heating or microwave heating. Reactions may also be conducted in sealed pressure vessels above the normal reflux temperature of the solvent.

Abbreviations and acronyms used herein include the following:

Term Acronym High-performance liquid chromatography HPLC Thin layer chromatography TLC Diisopropylethylamine DIPEA Tetrahydrofuran THF tert-Butylcarbamoyl BOC Carboxybenzyl CBz Dichloromethane DCM Trifluoroacetic acid TFA Acetic Acid HOAc N,N-Dimethylformamide DMF Methanol MeOH Isopropanol IPA Ethanol EtOH Acetonitrile ACN Ethyl Acetate EtOAc, or EA Triethylamine TEA 2-(1H-9-Azobenzotriazole-1-yl)-1,1,3,3- HATU tetramethylaminium hexafluorophosphate 1-Hydroxy-7-azabenzotriazole HOAT Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether MTBE N-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl)-N- EDCI ethylcarbodiimide [1,1′- PdCl2(dppf)-dcm adduct Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]palladium(II) Dichloride Dichloromethane Adduct

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Intermediate compounds of formulae (VIa) and (VIb) are readily prepared as outlined in Scheme A from a commercially available or synthetically accessible compound of formula (IV). Compounds of formula (VIa) are obtained by reacting a compound of formula (IV), where Ra2 is —H, halo, —C1-4alkyl, —C1-4alkoxy, —NO2, —NHCOCH3, or two Ra2 members may come together to form a 6-membered aryl ring, where X is C or N (with the proviso that only one X member can be N), with commercially available HET compounds of formula (V), where

HET is a 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring containing one to three nitrogen members, in the presence of copper(I)iodide, Cs2CO3 and N,N′-dimethylcyclohexane-1,2-diamine; in a solvent such as DMF or dioxane, at temperatures ranging from 60° C. to 100° C. (using conventional or microwave heating). One skilled in the art will recognize that 1,2,3-triazole can exist in two tautomeric forms defined as 2H-[1,2,3]triazole and 1H-[1,2,3]triazole thus accounting for the formation of two regioisomers.

Alternatively, compounds of formula (VIb) are prepared by the reaction of halobenzonitrile compounds of formula (VII) with HET, where HET is a 5-membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of triazole or pyrazole, in a solvent such as DMF and the like, in the presence of an inorganic base such as K2CO3 and the like, at temperatures ranging from 100° C. to 130° C. Subsequent hydrolysis of the nitrile using a base such as aqueous NaOH and the like, in a solvent such as methanol provides compounds of formula (VIb).

Compounds of formula (VIb) are also prepared by the reaction of halobenzonitrile compounds of formula (VII) with HET-Sn(alkyl)3, where HET-Sn(alkyl)3 is a commercially available or synthetically accessible trialkyltinheteroaryl compound, in a solvent such as DME, in the presence of a palladium catalyst such as Pd(PPh3)4, in the presence or absence of a catalytic amount of copper iodide, at temperatures ranging from 100° C. to 160° C., using conventional or microwave heating. Subsequent hydrolysis of the nitrile using a base such as aqueous NaOH and the like, in a solvent such as methanol provides compounds of formula (VIb).

Compounds of formula (VIb) are also prepared by the reaction of halobenzonitrile compounds of formula (VII) with HET-boronic acid, where HET-boronic acid is a commercially available or synthetically accessible heteroarylboronic acid, in a solvent such as DME, in the presence of a base such as NaHCO3, a palladium catalyst such as Pd(PPh3)4, at temperatures ranging from 80° C. to the reflux temperature of the solvent. Subsequent hydrolysis using a base such as aqueous NaOH and the like, in a solvent such as methanol provides compounds of formula (VIb).

Compounds of formula (I), where Rb2 is —I, are further elaborated to compounds of formula (I), where Rb2 is HET, where HET is a 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring containing one to three nitrogen atoms optionally containing one oxygen member. Reaction of compounds of formula (I), where Rb2 is —I, with HET-Sn(alkyl)3, where HET-Sn(alkyl)3 is a commercially available or synthetically accessible trialkyltinheteroaryl compound, in a solvent such as DME, in the presence of a palladium catalyst such as Pd(PPh3)4, in the presence or absence of a catalytic amount of copper iodide, at temperatures ranging from 100° C. to 160° C., using conventional or microwave heating, provides compounds of formula (I).

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According to Scheme B, compounds of formula (VIc) are obtained from compounds of formula (IV), by first converting a commercially available or synthetically accessible compound of formula (IV), where Ra2 is —H, halo, —C1-4alkyl, —C1-4alkoxy, —CF3, or —NO2, and where X is C or N (with the proviso that only one X may be N) to one of formula (IX) under esterification conditions, for example by treating an alcohol solution of a compound of formula (IV) with an acid. In a preferred method the compound of formula (IV) is dissolved in a solvent such as MeOH and treated with H2SO4 to afford a compound of formula (IX). A compound of formula (X) is obtained by reacting a suitable compound of formula (IX) with pinacol borane in the presence of a phosphine and a palladium catalyst, in the presence of an amine base, in a solvent such as THF, at temperatures ranging from room temperature to 70° C. In a preferred method the phosphine is tri(o-tolyl)phosphine, the palladium catalyst is Pd(OAc)2 and the amine base is triethylamine.

A compound of formula (VIc) is obtained by reacting a compound of formula (X) with a compound Rb2—Cl, where Rb2—Cl is a suitable commercially available or synthetically accessible 6-membered chloro-substituted heteroaryl compound, in the presence of a palladium catalyst, a base such as Na2CO3, and the like, in a solvent such as 2-methyl-tetrahydrofuran (2-methyl-THF), and the like, at temperatures ranging from room temperature to 80° C. In a preferred method the palladium catalyst is PdCl2(dppf)-dcm adduct, the base is Na2CO3 and the solvent is 2-methyl-THF. A compound of formula (VIc) is obtained from a compound of formula (XI) via ester hydrolysis. In a preferred method of hydrolysis, a compound of formula (XI) in methyl-THF is treated with aqueous NaOH to afford a compound of formula (VIc).

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According to SCHEME C, substituted heteroaryl compounds R2Cl of formula (XIVa) and (XVIb) are prepared from commercially available or synthetically accessible compounds of formula (XIIIa) or (XIIIb). Pyrimidols of formula (XIIIa) or formula (XIIIb) are commercially available or are prepared by reacting substituted alkyl malonates of formula (XII), where Re is halo, with urea in the presence of a base such as sodium ethoxide and the like; in a suitable solvent such as ethanol, at temperatures between room temperature and the reflux temperature of the solvent. Chlorination of commercially available pyrimidinols of formula (XIIIb) or synthetically accessible compounds of formula (XIIIa) using a chlorinating agent such as oxalyl chloride and the like; in a solvent such as CH2Cl2, in the presence of a base such as N,N-dimethylaniline and the like; at temperatures ranging between room temperature and the reflux temperature of the solvent provides chloropyrimidines of formula (XIVa) or (XIVb). Additionally, chloropyrimidines of formula (XIVa) or (XIVb) are further elaborated. Chloropyrimidines of formula (XIVa) or (XIVb) are reacted with Grignard reagents (RgMgBr) of formula (XV); in the presence of a catalytic amount of Fe(acac)3, in a solvent such as Et2O at 0° C., provides alkyl chloropyrimidines of formula (XVIa) or (XVIb).

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According to Scheme D, compounds of formula (XX) are obtained from synthetically accessible or commercially available 2-benzyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole by first protecting the secondary nitrogen of 2-benzyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole as a carbamate. In a preferred embodiment the carbamate is the tert-butylcarbamate (boc) which is introduced by treating 2-benzyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole with di-tert-butyl-dicarbonate, in a solvent such as DCM, affording compound (XVII). Compound (XVIII) is obtained from treating compound (XVII) with hydrogen gas, in the presence of a catalyst. In a particularly preferred embodiment the catalyst is Pd on carbon, in a solvent such as MeOH in the presence of AcOH. A compound of formula (XIX) is obtained by treating compound (XVIII) with a compound of formula R2Cl, where R2 is as defined in formula (I). Commercially available or synthetically accessible appropriately heteroaryl compounds of formula R2Cl are reacted with compound (XVIII) in the presence of a suitably selected tertiary organic or inorganic base such as Cs2CO3, Na2CO3, TEA, and the like; in a solvent such as DMF, dichloromethane, THF, n-butanol, and the like; at a temperature between room temperature and the reflux temperature of the solvent, using conventional or microwave heating, to afford compounds of formula (XIX). In a preferred embodiment the base is Cs2CO3 and the solvent is DMF. Removal of the tert-butylcarbamate (boc) in compounds of formula (XIX) is accomplished by using methods known to one skilled in the art, such as, HCl, TFA, or p-toluenesulfonic acid, in a solvent such as CH3OH, dioxane, or CH2Cl2. In a preferred embodiment, a compound of formula (XIX) is treated with TFA in DCM or HCl to afford a compound of formula (XX).

Compounds of formula (XX) are also obtained from 2-benzyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. Referring to Scheme D, 2-benzyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole is treated with R2Cl, where R2 is as defined in a compound of formula (I). Commercially available or synthetically accessible suitably substituted heteroaryl compounds of formula R2Cl are reacted with compound 2-benzyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole in the presence of a tertiary organic or inorganic base such as Cs2CO3, Na2CO3, TEA, and the like; in a solvent such as DMF, dichloromethane, THF, and the like; at a temperature between room temperature and the reflux temperature of the solvent to afford a compound of formula (XXI). In a preferred embodiment the base is Cs2CO3 and the solvent is DMF. A compound of formula (XX) is obtained by treating a compound of formula (XXI) with hydrogen gas, in the presence of a catalyst, in a solvent such as AcOH. In a preferred embodiment the catalyst is Pd on carbon.

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Referring to Scheme E, a compound of formula (I) is obtained from a compound of formula (XIX), (XX), or (XXI) by reacting a compound of formula (XIX), (XX), or (XXI) with a compound of formula R1CO2H under amide formation conditions. Compounds of formula R1CO2H, where R1 is as defined in formula (I), are commercially available, as described, or synthetically accessible appropriately substituted aryl or heteroaryl carboxylic acids. In a preferred embodiment a compound of formula (XIX), (XX), or (XXI), either as a free base or as an acid salt, is reacted with a compound of formula R1CO2H, in the presence of a dehydrating agent such as HOBt/EDAC, CDI, HATU, HOAT; a suitably selected base such as DIPEA, TEA, and the like; in an organic solvent or mixture thereof, such as toluene, acetonitrile, ethyl acetate, DMF, THF, methylene chloride, and the like; to afford a compound of formula (XXII), (XXIII) or (I). In a particularly preferred embodiment the dehydrating agent is HATU, and the base is DIPEA.

In an alternative embodiment, a compound of formula R1CO2H (as described above) may be first converted to a compound of formula R1COCl, or compound of formula R1COCl is a commercially available substituted aryl sulfonyl chloride. In a preferred embodiment, a compound of formula R1CO2H is treated with thionyl chloride in a solvent such as toluene to afford a compound of formula R1COCl. A compound of formula (I) is obtained by treating a compound of formula R1COCl with a compound of formula (XIX), (XX), or (XXI), a suitably selected tertiary organic base such as TEA, and the like, in a solvent such as dichloromethane, THF, and the like, at a temperature between room temperature and the reflux temperature of the solvent. A compound of formula (II) is obtained by treating a compound of formula R1SO2Cl with a compound of formula (XIX), (XXI), or (XXV), where R4 is (5-trifluoromethyl)-pyridin-2-yl, (5-trifluoromethyl)-pyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, or quinoxalin-2-yl; a suitably selected tertiary organic base such as TEA, and the like, in a solvent such as dichloromethane, THF, and the like, at a temperature between room temperature and the reflux temperature of the solvent.

Referring to Scheme E, one skilled in the art will recognize that the sequence of transformations shown in Schemes D and E may be reordered such that amide bond formation may be the initial reaction to give compounds of formulae (XXII) and (XXIII). Removal of the N-benzyl group from a compound of formulae (XXII) or removal of the carbamate from a compound of formula (XXIII) followed by the reaction with a compound R2Cl, where R2Cl is as described above gives a compound of formula (I).

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3-Fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoic acid and 2-fluoro-6-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoic acid are prepared according to SCHEME H. 3-Fluorophthalic anhydride was dissolved in a solvent such as MeOH, at temperatures ranging from room temperature to the reflux temperature of the solvent, to provide acid-esters (XXVIIa) and (XXIIb). Conversion of the acid to the acid chloride is accomplished under standard chlorination conditions. In a preferred method the acid is heated with oxalyl chloride in a solvent such as DCM. Subsequent reaction of the acid chloride with N-hydroxyacetamide in a solvent such as CH2Cl2 provides a mixture of esters (XXVIIIa) and (XXVIIIb). Finally, esters (XXVIIIa) and (XXVIIIb) are converted to a mixtue of esters (XXIXa) and (XXIXb) and acids (XXXa) and (XXXb) by treatment with a base, preferably sodium acetate, in the presence of a solvent, preferably t-BuOH.

Alternately, acid (XXXa) is prepared by first converting 2-fluoro-6-iodobenzoic acid to the acid chloride by reaction with a chlorinating agent such as oxalyl chloride, in a solvent such as DCM, with a catalytic amount of DMF, at a temperature of 0° C. Subsequent reaction of the acid chloride with N-hydroxyacetamide in a solvent such as CH2Cl2 provides (Z)—N′-((2-fluoro-6-iodobenzoyl)oxy)acetimidamide. 5-(2-Fluoro-6-iodophenyl)-3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazole is prepared by reacting (Z)—N′-((2-fluoro-6-iodobenzoyl)oxy)acetimidamide with sodium acetate, in a solvent such as tert-butanol, at temperatures ranging from 100° C. to 110° C. 3-Fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoic acid (XXXa) is prepared by reacting 5-(2-fluoro-6-iodophenyl)-3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazole with a grignard reagent such as i-PrMgCl, in a suitable solvent such as THF and the like, at a temperature of −78° C. Subsequent addition of CO2 gas, at a temperature of −78° C. provides 3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoic acid (XXXa).

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Deuterated pyrimidine compounds of formula (XXXII) are prepared according to Scheme H. Acetylacetone is reacted with an inorganic base such as K2CO3 in deuterated water, at temperatures ranging from 100° C. to 120° C. to provide 1,1,1,3,3,3,5,5-octadeuteriopentane-2,4-dione. 1,1,1,3,3,3,5,5-Octadeuteriopentane-2,4-dione is subsequently reacted with deuterated urea, in a solvent such as deuterated ethanol, 35% wt. DCl in D2O, at temperatures ranging from 90° C. to 100° C. to provide deuterated pyrimidinols of formula (XXXI). Chlorination under standard chlorinating conditions provides chlorodetuteratedpyrimidine compounds of formula (XXXII).

Compounds of formula (I) may be converted to their corresponding salts using methods known to those skilled in the art. For example, amines of formula (I) may be treated with trifluoroacetic acid (TFA), HCl, maleic acid, or citric acid in a solvent such as diethyl ether (Et2O), CH2Cl2, tetrahydrofuran (THF), or methanol (MeOH) to provide the corresponding salt forms. In a particularly preferred embodiment the acid is HCl and the solvent is isopropanol.

Compounds prepared according to the schemes described above may be obtained as single enantiomers, diastereomers, or regioisomers, by enantio-, diastero-, or regiospecific synthesis, or by resolution. Compounds prepared according to the schemes above may alternately be obtained as racemic (1:1) or non-racemic (not 1:1) mixtures or as mixtures of diastereomers or regioisomers. Where racemic and non-racemic mixtures of enantiomers are obtained, single enantiomers may be isolated using conventional separation methods known to one skilled in the art, such as chiral chromatography, recrystallization, diastereomeric salt formation, derivatization into diastereomeric adducts, biotransformation, or enzymatic transformation. Where regioisomeric or diastereomeric mixtures are obtained, single isomers may be separated using conventional methods such as chromatography or crystallization.

The following examples are provided to further illustrate the invention and various preferred embodiments.

EXAMPLES

Chemistry

In obtaining the compounds described in the examples below and the corresponding analytical data, the following experimental and analytical protocols were followed unless otherwise indicated.

Unless otherwise stated, reaction mixtures were magnetically stirred at room temperature (rt) under a nitrogen atmosphere. Where solutions were “dried,” they were generally dried over a drying agent such as Na2SO4 or MgSO4. Where mixtures, solutions, and extracts were “concentrated”, they were typically concentrated on a rotary evaporator under reduced pressure. Reactions under microwave irradiation conditions were carried out in a Biotage Initiator or CEM Discover instrument.

Normal-phase flash column chromatography (FCC) was performed on silica gel (SiO2) using prepackaged cartridges, eluting with the indicated solvents. Preparative reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was performed on a Gilson HPLC with an Xterra Prep RP18 or an XBridge C18 OBD (5 μm, 30×100 mm, or 50×150 mm) column, and a gradient of 10 to 99% acetonitrile/water (20 mM NH4OH) over 12 to 18 min, and a flow rate of 30 mL/min. Mass spectra (MS) were obtained on an Agilent series 1100 MSD using electrospray ionization (ESI) in positive mode unless otherwise indicated. Calculated (calcd.) mass corresponds to the exact mass. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra were obtained on Bruker model DRX spectrometers. The format of the 1H NMR data below is: chemical shift in ppm downfield of the tetramethylsilane reference (multiplicity, coupling constant J in Hz, integration).

Chemical names were generated using Chem Draw Ultra 6.0.2 (CambridgeSoft Corp., Cambridge, Mass.) or ACD/Name Version 9 (Advanced Chemistry Development, Toronto, Ontario, Canada).

Intermediate 1: 5-Fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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5-Fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid. To a solution of 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid (3.86 g, 14.65 mmol), 2H-[1,2,3]triazole (2.5 g, 36.2 mmol), Cs2CO3 (8.62 g, 24.5 mmol), trans-N,N′-dimethyl-cyclohexane-1,2-diamine (0.4 mL), CuI (244 mg) and DMF (13 mL) were added to a microwave ready vessel and heated to 100° C. for 10 min. The mixture was cooled, diluted with water, and extracted with EtOAc. The aqueous layer was acidified and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. Chromatography (DCM to 10% MeOH/1% HOAc/DCM) gave the product as a white powder (2.14 g, 71%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.91 (s, 2H), 7.76 (dd, J=8.9, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (dd, J=8.5, 2.9 Hz, 1H), 7.49-7.42 (m, 1H).

Intermediates 2-12 were prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1.

Intermediate 2: 2-[1,2,3]Triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 2-iodobenzoic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid. Two products were formed in this reaction, 2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid and 2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-benzoic acid, as a result of the tautomeric forms of 1,2,3-triazole. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.91 (s, 2H), 7.85-7.82 (m, 1H), 7.75 (dd, J=8.1, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (td, J=7.7, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.60-7.55 (m, 1H).

Intermediate 3: 2-[1,2,3]Triazol-1-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was isolated from the synthesis of Intermediate 2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 6.70 (d, J=0.9 Hz, 1H), 6.50 (dd, J=7.7, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 6.30 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 1H), 6.24.6.18 (m, 1H), 6.17-6.11 (m, 1H), 6.01 (dd, J=7.8, 1.0 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 4: 4-Fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting for 4-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid in Step A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.93 (s, 2H), 7.88 (dd, J=8.7, 5.9 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (dd, J=9.2, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.38-7.30 (m, 1H).

Intermediate 5: 3-Fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting for 3-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid in Step A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.93 (s, 2H), 7.81 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.63-7.58 (m, 1H), 7.29 (td, J=8.9, 0.9 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 6: 4-Chloro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 4-chloro-2-iodo-benzoic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid in Step A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.93 (s, 2H), 7.84-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.59 (dd, J=8.3, 2.1 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 7: 5-Iodo-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 2-bromo-5-iodobenzoic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid in Step A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.09 (d, J=2.0, 1H), 8.03-7.97 (m, 1H), 7.95-7.86 (m, 3H), 7.53 (d, J=8.4, 1H).

Intermediate 8: 5-Methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting for 2-iodo-5-methyl benzoic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid in Step A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.87 (s 2H), 7.66 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1H), 7.53-7.46 (m, 1H), 2.45 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 9: 5-Chloro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 5-chloro-2-iodo-benzoic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid in Step A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.91 (s, 2H), 7.82-7.74 (m, 2H), 7.71-7.66 (m, 1H).

Intermediate 10: 5-Methoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting for 2-iodo-5-methoxy benzoic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid in Step A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.81 (s, J=6.4, 2H), 7.55 (d, J=8.8, 1H), 7.33 (d, J=2.9, 1H), 7.18 (dd, J=8.8, 2.9, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 11: 2-Methyl-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting for 2-iodo-6-methyl benzoic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid in Step A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.89 (s, 2H), 7.72 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (t, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 2.46 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 12: 2-Fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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Method A: The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 2-fluoro-6-iodo-benzoic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.96 (s, 2H), 7.87-7.82 (m, 1H), 7.70 (td, J=8.1, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (ddd, J=9.7, 8.4, 1.4 Hz, 1H).

Method B: 2-Fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid. To a 2 L, 3-necked, round-bottomed flask equipped with an overhead mechanical stirrer, thermocouple probe, heating mantle, reflux condenser, and nitrogen inlet were added 2-fluoro-6-iodobenzoic acid (127.6 g, 480 mmol), copper iodide (4.57 g, 24 mmol), and Cs2CO3 (312.6 g, 959 mmol). To these solids were added dioxane (640 mL), then water (2.6 mL, 144 mmol), then 1H-1,2,3-triazole (55.6 mL, 959 mmol), and finally trans-1,2-dimethylcyclohexane-1,2-diamine (15.1 mL, 96 mmol). The mixture was then warmed to 60° C. for 30 min, then to 83° C. for 30 min, and then to 100° C. for 3 h. After the 3 h at 100° C., the mixture was cooled and then 1 L of MTBE and 1 L of water were added. After vigorous mixing, the layers were separated and the bottom aqueous layer was acidified to pH 1.72 with ˜148 mL of concentrated hydrochloric acid. The aqueous was then extracted twice with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated to provide a dark oil. The oil was stirred overnight in EtOAc (450 mL) and the resulting precipitate was removed by filtration. The mother-liquors were concentrated to a brown solid (106.21 g, 75 wt % by quantitative HPLC, 79.7 g, 80%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.22-8.13 (bs, 2H), 7.84-7.80 (m, 1H), 7.74-7.65 (m, 1H), 7.50-7.41 (m, 1H).

Intermediate 13: 5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid

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Step A: 5-Fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid methyl ester. To a 500 mL round-bottomed flask was added 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid (23 g, 86.5 mmol) in methanol (230 mL). To the resulting solution was added conc. sulfuric acid (2.3 mL, 43.2 mmol). The reaction mixture was warmed to 65° C. and stirred for 15 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give crude product which was then was partitioned between EtOAc (250 mL) and a half sat. Na2CO3(aq) solution (250 mL). The layers were thoroughly mixed and then separated. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give a yellow oil (23 g, 95% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.94 (dd, J=8.7, 5.4 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (dd, J=9.0, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 6.93 (m, 1H), 3.94 (s, 3H).

Step B: 5-Fluoro-2-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)-benzoic acid methyl ester. To a 1 L round-bottomed flask equipped with a reflux condenser, temperature probe, and nitrogen line, was added 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid methyl ester (23 g, 82 mmol) in anhydrous THF (250 mL). Anhydrous triethylamine (34 mL, 246.4 mmol) was added and the resulting mixture was degassed with a nitrogen sparge for 5 minutes. Pinacol borane (17.9 mL, 123.2 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was degassed once more for 5 minutes. Lastly, tri(o-tolyl)phosphine (1.25 g, 4.1 mmol) and palladium acetate (461 mg, 2.053 mmol) were added. Again, the reaction mixture was degassed with a nitrogen sparge. The mixture was heated to 65° C. and stirred for 1 h. After cooling to room temperature, the reaction mixture was quenched with half sat. ammonium chloride solution (250 mL), and the resulting layers were separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with additional ethyl acetate (250 mL) and the combined organics were dried over magnesium sulfate. After filtration and concentration, the crude product was obtained as a yellow oil (23 g). The crude product was then slurried in 25% EtOAc/hexanes (250 mL). The resulting solids were not desired product and were removed by filtration. The resulting solution was then concentrated to a yellow oil (21 g, 75 wt % desired, 16.1 g actual product, 70% yield), which was used directly in the next step. By 1H-NMR, the crude product was also found to contain 14 wt % pinacol, 6.5 wt % ligand, and 4 wt % des-iodo starting material. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.61 (dd, J=9.5, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.45 (m, 1H), 7.21 (td, J=8.3, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 3.91 (s, 3H), 1.41 (s, 12H).

Step C: 5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid methyl ester. To a 250 mL round-bottomed flask, was added 5-fluoro-2-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)benzoic acid methyl ester (5.9 g, 21.06 mmol) in 2-methyl-THF (50 mL). To the resulting solution was added 2-chloropyrimidine (2.9 g, 25.28 mmol), sodium carbonate (6.7 g, 63.19 mmol), and water (17 mL). The mixture was degassed for 30 minutes. PdCl2(dppf)-dcm adduct (CAS#72287-26-4) (0.688 g, 0.843 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was degassed once more for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was warmed to 74° C. and stirred overnight. To the resulting solution was added diethyl ether (100 mL) and water (100 mL). The layers were thoroughly mixed then separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with additional diethyl ether (100 mL). The combined organics were dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to a brown crude material (5.85 g, 49% desired, 2.87 actual product). The crude product was further purified through recrystallization in 10% EtOAc/hexanes. The mixture was warmed to 70° C. and cooled slowly to room temperature. After filtration, the desired product was obtained as a brown solid (1.72 g actual product, 35% yield overall after recrystallization.) 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.78 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.09 (dd, J=8.7, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 7.39 (dd, J=8.6, 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.30-7.20 (m, 2H), 3.77 (s, 3H).

Step D: 5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid. To a solution of 5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylbenzoic acid methyl ester (1.72 g, 7.407 mmol) in 2-methyl-THF (20 mL) was added sodium hydroxide (0.74 g, 18.517 mmol) and water (20 mL). The mixture was heated to 72° C. and stirred for 2 h. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with additional MTBE. A 50% HCl(aq) solution was then dripped into the aqueous layer until a pH of 1 was reached. The resulting solids were filtered to provide the desired product as an off-white solid (1.34 g, 83% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.82 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 2H), 7.89 (dd, J=8.6, 5.4 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (dd, J=9.0, 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.39 (m, 2H).

Intermediate 14: 2-Fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid

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Step A: 2-Fluoro-6-iodo-benzoic acid methyl ester. To a 200 mL round-bottomed flask were added 2-fluoro-6-iodo-benzoic acid (7.5 g, 28.2 mmol), LiOH.H2O (1.42 g, 33.8 mmol), and THF (100 mL). The resulting mixture was warmed to 50° C. and stirred for 2 h. Dimethyl sulfate (4.03 mL, 42.3 mmol) was then added and the mixture was warmed to 65° C. After 2 h, the mixture was cooled to room temperature and NH4Cl(aq) (50 mL, 13 wt % solution) was added. The two resulting layers were thoroughly mixed and then separated. The organic layer was dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to a light brown oil (7.79 g, 99% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.68-7.60 (m, 1H), 7.15-7.06 (m, 2H), 3.98 (s, 3H).

Step B: 2-Fluoro-6-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)-benzoic acid methyl ester. To a 500 mL round-bottomed flask were added 2-fluoro-6-iodo-benzoic acid methyl ester (7.29, 26.0 mmol) and anhydrous THF (150 mL). This mixture was cooled to 0° C. and i-PrMgCl (13.7 mL, 2 M in THF, 27.3 mmol) was added dropwise. After 10 min, 2-isopropoxy-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (5.58 mL, 27.3 mmol) was added. The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature, and after 30 min NH4Cl(aq) (150 mL, 13 wt % solution) was added. The layers were mixed and then separated, and the aqueous layer was extracted with 100 mL of MTBE. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated to a final mass of 6.07 g (90% wt %, 75% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.47-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.17-7.11 (m, 1H), 3.92 (s, 3H), 1.36 (s, 12H).

Step C: 2-Fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid methyl ester. To a 250 mL round-bottomed flask under nitrogen were added 2-fluoro-6-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)-benzoic acid methyl ester (5.46 g, 19.5 mmol) in 2-methyl-THF (50 mL), 2-chloropyrimidine (2.68 g, 23.4 mmol), and sodium carbonate (6.2 g, 58.5 mmol) in water (17 mL). PdCl2(dppf)-dcm adduct (CAS#72287-26-4) (1.27 g, 1.56 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was warmed to 74° C. and stirred for 2.5 h. After cooling, the mixture was diluted with MTBE (50 mL) and water (80 mL). The layers were thoroughly mixed then separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with additional MTBE (100 mL). The combined organics were dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, concentrated and then purified by flash chromatography (0-25% EA/hexanes) to provide the title compound (1.72 g, 72 wt %, 30% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.79 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.15 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (td, J=8.1, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.28-7.20 (m, 2H), 3.92 (s, 3H).

Step D: 2-Fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid. To a solution of 2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid methyl ester (1.36 g, 5.85 mmol) in 2-methyl-THF (20 mL) was added sodium hydroxide (2 M in water, 9.3 mL, 18.6 mmol). The mixture was heated to 72° C. and stirred for 9 h. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer acified to pH 2 by dropwise addition of 50% HCl(aq) (3.1 mL). The resulting solids were stirred for 1 h, filtered, washed with water, MTBE, and heptanes, and then dried to provide the desired product as a white solid (1.12 g, 88% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.83 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.03 (dd, J=7.9, 0.8 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (td, J=8.1, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.40 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.34 (ddd, J=9.4, 8.4, 1.0 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 15: Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

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Step A. 5-Benzyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester. To a solution of 2-benzyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (5.62 g, 27.8 mmol) in DCM (100 mL) was added (Boc)2O (6.16 g, 28.2 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 24 hours at 23° C. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the resulting product was used in the next step without further purification. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C18H26N2O2, 302.41; m/z found, 303.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.36-7.20 (m, 5H), 3.61-3.46 (m, 4H), 3.24 (br s, 2H), 2.85-2.72 (m, 2H), 2.70-2.63 (m, 2H), 2.43-2.30 (m, 2H), 1.50-1.42 (s, 9H).

Step B: Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester. 5-Benzyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (19.85 g, 65.6 mmol), MeOH (200 mL), HOAc (3 mL) and 10% Pd/C Degussa type (400 mg) were charged to a Parr shaker vial and shaken for 3 days at 70 psi hydrogen gas. The resulting material was filtered through Celite® and concentrated. The crude mixture was purified by flash column chromatography (FCC), DCM to 10% MeOH/DCM containing 1% NH4OH, to afford the product. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C11H20N2O2, 212.29; m/z found, 213.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 3.60-3.55 (m, 2H), 3.38-3.25 (m, 4H), 2.95-2.86 (m, 4H), 1.47 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 16: (2-Fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone

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Method A:

Step A: 5-(2-Fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoyl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester. In a 3-neck round bottom 100 mL flask was added toluene (8.5 mL), aqueous sodium carbonate (1.42 g in 10.7 mL water), and Intermediate 15 (0.905 mg, 4.26 mmol). The biphasic mixture was cooled to 0° C. After cooling to 0° C., 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoyl chloride was poured over the stirring biphasic mixture of amine and aqueous sodium carbonate. An exotherm was observed. The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature. After 1 h, a sample of the organic layer was quenched into methanol and a small amount of acid chloride was determined to remain (observed as its methyl ester). Additional amine (˜50 mg) was added and the mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. At the end of this period, the layers were separated and 100 mL of methanol were added to the organic layer. The organic was concentrated and purified using flash column chromatography (FCC), gradient of 5-50% of a solution of 10% MeOH, 0.1% NH4OH in DCM/DCM. The desired fractions were combined and concentrated to provide a white foamy solid (1.327 g, 76.8%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H24FN5O3, 401.44, m/z found 346.2 [M+H-56]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.91-7.73 (m, 3H), 7.53-7.39 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.06 (m, 1H), 4.00-2.76 (m, 10H), 1.52-1.33 (m, 9H).

Step B: (2-Fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone. 5-(2-Fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoyl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (1.3 g, 3.21 mmol) was taken up in DCM (6.0 mL) and TFA (3.0 mL) was added. The mixture was allowed to stir at rt for 1 hr. Solvent was removed and then taken back up in DCM and basified with 1N aq. NaOH. The layers were separated. The aqueous was extracted 2 more time with DCM (and a small amount of MeOH). The organics were combined, dried (Na2SO4), filtered, and concentrated to provide the desired free base product, (2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone, as a viscous/foamy residue that was found to be very hydroscopic (950.6 mg, 93.3%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C15H16FN5O, 301.32, m/z found 302.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.90-7.73 (m, 3H), 7.54-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.10 (m, 1H), 3.85-2.65 (m, 10H).

Method B:

Step A: 2-Fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (0.97 g, 4.71 mmol), hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (Intermediate 15, 1.0 g, 4.71 mmol), HATU (2.68 g, 7.06 mmol), in DMF (18.8 mL) was added DIEA (2.43 mL, 14.13 mmol). The mixture was stirred at rt for 1 hr. The mixture was diluted with EtOAc and washed with water. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc, the organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to provide the crude product. Purification (FCC) (5-50% of a solution 10% MeOH, 0.1% NH4OH in DCM/EtOAc over 25 minutes, and 50-100% from 25-35 minutes) provided 5-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoyl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (0.376 g, 19.5%).

Step B: (2-Fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone. The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 16, Method A, Step B.

Intermediate 17: Biphenyl-2-yl-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 16, Method B, substituting biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid for 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid in Step A.

Intermediate 18: [5-(2-Fluoro-phenyl)-2-methyl-thiazol-4-yl]-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 16, Method B, substituting 5-(2-fluoro-phenyl)-2-methyl-thiazole-4-carboxylic acid for 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C17H18FN3OS, 331.41, m/z found 332.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.54-7.45 (m, 1H), 7.40-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.21-7.10 (m, 2H), 3.79-3.70 (m, 1H), 3.61-3.50 (m, 2H), 3.22-3.13 (m, 1H), 3.12-3.05 (m, 1H), 3.03-2.94 (m, 1H), 2.85-2.45 (m, 8H).

Intermediate 19: (Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(5-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 16, Method B, substituting 5-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid for 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C17H19N5O, 297.36, m/z found 298.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.88-7.76 (m, 3H), 7.36-7.29 (m, 1H), 7.22-7.18 (m, 1H), 3.81-2.59 (m, 10H), 2.42 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 20: 2(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 16, Method B, substituting 2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid for 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C15H17N5O, 283.33, m/z found 284.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.99 (d, J=8.2, 1H), 7.55-7.51 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.36 (m, 2H), 3.99-2.42 (m, 11H).

Intermediate 21: (5-Fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 16, Method B, substituting 5-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (Intermediate 97) for 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C15H16FN5O, 301.32, m/z found 302.0 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.96 (dd, J=9.0, 4.8, 1H), 7.85-7.74 (m, 2H), 7.25-7.17 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.10 (m, 1H), 3.78-2.48 (m, 10H).

Intermediate 22: (4-Fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 16, Method B, substituting 4-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid for 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C15H16FN5O, 301.32, m/z found 302.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.90-7.72 (m, 3H), 7.43-7.35 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.08 (m, 1H), 3.81-3.62 (m, 2H), 3.39-2.56 (m, 8H).

Intermediate 23: 2-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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Method A:

Step A: 5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester. Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (1.20 g, 5.6 mmol), 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine (1.03 g, 7.2 mmol), Cs2CO3 (2.12 g, 6.5 mmol) and DMF (15 mL) were combined and heated to 100° C. for 24 hours. The reaction was then allowed to cool and water and EtOAc were added. The products were extracted into EtOAc, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated. The resulting crude mixture was purified by flash column chromatography (EA/hex) to give the title compound (1.27 g, 71%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C17H26N4O2, 318.42; m/z found, 319.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 6.25 (s, 1H), 3.85-3.75 (m, 2H), 3.69-3.46 (m, 4H), 3.38-3.20 (m, 2H), 2.94 (br s, 2H), 2.29 (s, 6H), 1.44 (s, 9H).

Step B: 2-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. 5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (0.92 g, 2.9 mmol), DCM (10 mL) and TFA (5 mL) were stirred at 23° C. for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated to remove the volatiles, diluted with EtOAc and 1N aq. NaOH, and extracted with EtOAc (3×). The organic fractions were dried and concentrated to give the title compound (0.61 g, 96%) that contained a small amount of DCM and was used as is. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C12H18N4, 218.30; m/z found, 219.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 6.27 (s, 1H), 3.81-3.70 (m, 2H), 3.55-3.48 (m, 2H), 3.16-3.07 (m, 2H), 2.94-2.78 (m, 4H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Method B:

Step A: 2-Benzyl-5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. To a 3 L, 3-necked, round-bottomed flask equipped with mechanical stirrer, reflux condenser, temperature probe, and nitrogen inlet, was added 2-benzyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (109 g, 538.8 mmol) in DMF (1.6 L). To the resulting solution were added 2-chloro-4,6-methylpyrimidine (76.8 g, 538.8 mmol) and Cs2CO3 (351.1 g, 1.08 mol). The heterogeneous mixture was heated to 100° C. and stirred for 15 h. After cooling to room temperature, the mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (1.5 L) and water (1.5 L). The layers were thoroughly mixed and separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with additional ethyl acetate (1.5 L). The combined organics were dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to a brown solid (160 g, 96% yield). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C19H24N4, 308.20; m/z found 309 [M+H]+. 1H-NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.32-7.26 (m, 4H), 7.25-7.20 (m, 1H), 6.27 (s, 1H), 3.81-3.73 (m, 2H), 3.58 (s, 2H), 3.54 (dd, J=11.4, 3.5 Hz, 2H), 2.95-2.86 (m, 2H), 2.80-2.68 (m, 2H), 2.47-2.40 (m, 2H), 2.35-2.24 (s, 6H).

Step B: 2-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole.HOAc. To a 4 L high pressure autoclave equipped with mechanical stirring, temperature probe, heating jacket, and gas inlet were added 5% Pd/C (66.9 g, Johnson Matthey 5R338, 56.8% H2O, 3.45 mol %) and a solution of 2-benzyl-5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (160 g, 519 mmol) and acetic acid (30 mL, 519 mmol) in ethanol (3.2 L). The mixture was stirred at 50° C. under 50 psi of H2(g) for 4 h. The catalyst was removed and the resulting solution was then concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the desired product as a white solid (144 g, quantitative yield) as the HOAc salt. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C12H18N4, 218.15; m/z found 219 [M+H]+. 1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.79-3.59 (m, 4H), 3.39 (m, 2H), 3.09-2.88 (m, 4H), 2.29 (s, 6H), 1.93 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 24: [4-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-6-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl]-dimethyl-amine

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Step A: Intermediate 24 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23, Method A, substituting (4-chloro-6-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-dimethyl-amine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A to afford 5-(2-dimethylamino-6-methoxy-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester.

Step B: [4-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-6-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl]dimethyl-amine. A mixture of 5-(2-dimethylamino-6-methoxy-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (700 mg) and TFA (10 mL) was stirred in dioxane (30 mL) at room temperature for 18 h. Then the acid and solvents were removed to yield the crude trifluoro acetic acid salt of the title compound (1.3 g). The crude was purified by flash column chromatography (FCC) using 0-10% MeOH (2 M NH3) and DCM (gradient) to yield pure title compound (155 mg, 30.4%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C13H21N5O, 263.34; m/z found 264.1 [M+H]+. The intermediate was used without further purification.

Intermediate 25: [6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl]-dimethyl-amine

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Step A: The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23, Method A, substituting (6-chloro-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-dimethyl-amine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A to afford 5-(6-dimethylamino-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester.

Step B: [6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl]-dimethyl-amine. A mixture of 5-(6-dimethylamino-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (600 mg) and TFA (10.0 mL) was stirred in dioxane (30.0 mL) at room temperature for 18 h. Then the acid and solvents were removed to yield the crude trifluoro acetic acid salt of the title compound (800 mg, 165%). The crude was purified by flash column chromatography (FCC) using 0-10% MeOH (2M NH3) and DCM (gradient) to yield pure title compound (260 mg, 53.5%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C13H18F3N5, 301.32; m/z found 302.2 [M+H]+The intermediate was used as such in the subsequent reactions.

Intermediate 26: 2-(4-Phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23, Method A, substituting 2-chloro-4-phenyl-pyrimidine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C29H26N4O, 266.35; m/z found, 267.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 6.78-6.70 (m, 1H), 6.55-6.49 (m, 2H), 5.97-5.82 (m, 3H), 5.60-5.47 (m, 1H), 2.30-2.20 (m, 2H), 2.02 (dd, J=11.6, 2.6 Hz, 2H), 1.58 (br s, 2H), 1.42 (br s, 2H), 1.23 (br s, 2H).

Intermediate 27: 2-(4-Methyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23, Method A, substituting 2-chloro-4-methyl-pyrimidine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C11H16N4, 204.28; m/z found, 205.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.20-8.12 (m, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 6.43-6.33 (m, 1H), 6.38 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 3.81-3.69 (m, 2H), 3.52 (dd, J=11.6, 3.2 Hz, 2H), 3.16 (dd, J=11.1, 6.5 Hz, 2H), 2.97-2.77 (m, 5H), 2.33 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 28: 2-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-benzooxazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23, Method A, substituting 2-chloro-benzooxazole for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C11H16N4, 229.28; m/z found, 230.15 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.43-7.33 (m, 1H), 7.29-7.22 (m, 1H), 7.120-7.13 (m, 1H), 7.05-6.98 (m, 1H), 3.89-3.77 (m, 2H), 3.55 (dd, J=10.9, 3.2 Hz, 2H), 3.25-3.15 (m, 2H), 3.02-2.90 (m, 2H), 2.88-2.79 (m, 2H).

Intermediate 29: 2-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-3-methyl-quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting 2-chloro-3-methyl-quinoxaline for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C15H18N4, 254.34; m/z found, 255.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.78 (dd, J=8.2, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (dd, J=8.3, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.59-7.54 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.43 (m, 1H), 3.78-3.69 (m, 2H), 3.58 (dd, J=11.0, 3.1 Hz, 2H), 3.18-3.12 (m, 2H), 2.99-2.90 (m, 2H), 2.81 (dd, J=11.6, 4.0 Hz, 2H), 2.75 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 30: 2-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-3-trifluoromethyl-quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl-quinoxaline for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C15H15F3N4, 308.31; m/z found, 309.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.00-7.89 (m, 1H), 7.83-7.70 (m, 2H), 7.60-7.52 (m, 1H), 3.81-3.73 (m, 2H), 3.61 (dd, J=11.3, 3.0 Hz, 2H), 3.18-3.13 (m, 2H), 2.99-2.92 (m, 2H), 2.78 (dd, J=11.6, 4.1 Hz, 2H).

Intermediate 31: 2-(6-Methyl-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting 4-chloro-6-methyl-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C12H15F3N4, 272.27; m/z found, 273.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 6.48 (s, 1H), 3.90-3.24 (m, 4H), 3.20-3.10 (m, 2H), 3.00 (br s, 2H), 2.82-2.75 (m, 2H), 2.39 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 32: 2-(4-Methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting 2-chloro-4-methoxy-pyrimidine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H16N4O, 220.27, m/z found 221.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.00 (d, J=6.0, 1H), 6.12 (d, J=6.0, 1H), 4.23 (s, 1H), 3.94 (s, 3H), 3.84-3.75 (m, 2H), 3.70-3.59 (m, 4H), 3.28-3.15 (m, 4H).

Intermediate 33: 2-(4-Trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 24, substituting 2-chloro-4-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H13F3N4, 258.25, m/z found 259.1 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.52 (d, J=4.9, 1H), 6.88-6.83 (m, 1H), 3.94-3.54 (m, 6H), 3.29-3.11 (m, 4H).

Intermediate 34: 2-(3,6-Dimethyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting 3-chloro-2,5-dimethyl-pyrazine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C12H18N4, 218.30, m/z found 219.2 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 10.13-9.85 (m, 1H), 7.89 (s, 1H), 3.71-3.40 (m, 6H), 3.17 (s, 4H), 2.54 (s, 3H), 2.39 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 35: 2-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting 2-chloro-quinoxaline for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C14H16N4, 240.31, m/z found 241.2 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.39-8.34 (m, 1H), 7.91-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.72-7.66 (m, 1H), 7.60-7.53 (m, 1H), 7.40-7.32 (m, 1H), 3.95-3.80 (m, 2H), 3.65-3.52 (m, 2H), 3.27-3.11 (m, 2H), 3.08-2.94 (m, 2H), 2.92-2.82 (m, 2H).

Intermediate 36: [4-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-6-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl]-dimethyl-amine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting (4-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-dimethyl-amine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C34H18F3N5, 301.32, m/z found 302.1 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 5.92 (s, 1H), 3.91-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.50-3.24 (m, 2H), 3.21-3.05 (m, 9H), 2.99-2.75 (m, 4H).

Intermediate 37: (Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(2-thiophen-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 16, Method B, substituting 2-thiophen-2-yl-benzoic acid for 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C17H18N2OS, 298.41, m/z found 299.1 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.55-7.50 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.31 (m, 4H), 7.22-7.11 (m, 1H), 7.08-7.03 (m, 1H), 4.06-1.63 (m, 10H).

Intermediate 38: (2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 16, Method B, substituting 2,4-dimethoxybenzoic acid for 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid and substituting EDCl for HATU in Step A.

Intermediate 39: 2-(4,6-Dimethoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 utilizing 2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine and hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester as starting materials.

Intermediate 40: 6-Chloro-2-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-benzothiazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 utilizing 2,6-dichloro-benzothiazole and hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester as starting materials.

Intermediate 41: (2,6-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 16, Method B, substituting 2,6-dimethoxybenzoic acid for 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid in Step A.

Intermediate 42: 2-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting 2-chloro-4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidine (Intermediate 56) for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H25FN6O, 232.17; m/z found 233.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 43: 6-Fluoro-2-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)quinazoline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting 2-chloro-6-fluoroquinazoline for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H25FN6O, 258.13; m/z found 259.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 44: 6,7-Difluoro-2-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting 2-chloro-6,7-difluoroquinoxaline for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H25FN6O, 276.12; m/z found 277.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 45: 2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting 2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C12H18N4O2, 250.14; m/z found 251.2 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 46: 2-(5-Nitropyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting 2-chloro-5-nitropyrimidine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C10H13N5O2, 235.11; m/z found 236.2 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 47: Methyl 2-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylate

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting methyl 2-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylate for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C13H15F3N4O2, 316.11; m/z found 317.2 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 48: (5-(4-Fluorophenyl)-2-methylthiazol-4-yl)(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 16, Method B, substituting 5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methylthiazole-4-carboxylic acid for 3-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid in the last step. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C12H18N4, 218.30, m/z found 219.2 [M+1]+.

Intermediate 49: 2-(Hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-6-methylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23 substituting methyl 2-chloro-6-methylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C12H16N6, 229.3; m/z found 230.2 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 50: 3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid

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Step A: 3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzonitrile. 2-Iodo-3-fluorobenzonitrile (2.5 g, 10.3 mmol) and 2-tributylstannane pyrimidine (3.7 g, 10.0 mmol) were combined and dissolved in degassed DME (18 ml) then purged with bubbling N2 for 5 minutes. The reaction was treated with Pd(PPh3)4 (577 mg, 0.5 mmol) and then purged with bubbling for 5 minutes in a sealed vessel and then heated in microwave at 160° C. for 90 min. The reaction was cooled and filtered through celite and concentrated to minimum volume and the ppt the formed was diluted with hexanes (40 ml) and cooled to 0° C. then filtered. The solid purified (FCC) (20-100% EA/hex) to give 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzonitrile. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.93 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.14 (dd, J=9.6, 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.86 (dd, J=8.6, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.32-7.24 (m, 1H).

Step B: 3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid. 3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzonitrile (98 mg, 0.5 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (3 mL) and 2M NaOH (aq, 1 mL). The reaction was heated at reflux for 15 h, then cooled to 23° C., acidified with 1N aq. HCl to pH=1 and extracted with EtOAc (2×). The combined organics were washed with brine and dried over sodium sulfate to give the title compound. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.89 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (dd, J=7.6, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (td, J=8.0, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 7.60-7.53 (m, 1H), 7.52 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 51: 5-Fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzoic acid

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Step A: Methyl 2-bromo-5-fluorobenzoate (1.0 g, 4.2 mmol) and (1H-pyrazol-5-yl)boronic acid (485 mg, 4.6 mmol) were combined and dissolved in degassed DME (15 ml) then treated with NaHCO3 (706 mg, 8.4 mmol) in water and the reaction purged with bubbling N2 for 5 minutes. The reaction was treated with Pd(PPh3)4 (243 mg (0.2 mmol) and then purged with bubbling for 5 minutes in a sealed vessel and then heated to reflux for 2 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to 23° C., filtered, and solid rinsed with EtOAc. The organic layers were separated, dried and concentrated. Purification via FCC (ethyl acetate/hexanes, 0-30%) afforded methyl 5-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzoate (415 mg, 44%).

Step B: A solution of methyl 5-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzoate (415 mg, 1.9 mmol) in EtOH (10 ml) was treated with 4.0 eq of LiOH and stirred and monitored for two hours until the reaction was complete. The reaction mixture was then made to pH=5, and then the solution concentrated under reduced pressure, during which time a ppt formed. The solution was concentrated to minimum volume and cooled in ice, filtered and washed with ice water to give 5-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzoic acid (172 mg, 44%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 13.03 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (dd, J=8.3, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.37 (td, J=8.6, 2.9 Hz, 2H), 6.44 (d, J=2.2 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 52: 3-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid

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Step A: 3-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzonitrile and 3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzonitrile. A mixture of 2,3-difluorobenzonitrile (4.0 g, 28.8 mmol), 2H-1,2,3-triazole (1.9 g, 28.8 mmol) in DMF (85.0 mL) and K2CO3 (7.9 g, 57.5 mmol) were heated to 125° C. for 1.5 h. After cooling to rt, water was added and the mixture extracted with EtOAc (2×). The combined organics were washed with brine and dried (Na2SO4). Purification via FCC (10-100% EtOAc in hexanes) gave two products. 3-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzonitrile (1.6 g, 29%), 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.99 (s, J=6.6 Hz, 2H), 7.67-7.63 (m, 1H), 7.61-7.53 (m, 2H), 7.26 (s, 6H) and 3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzonitrile (2.0 g, 38%) 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.97 (dd, J=4.4, 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.95 (d, J=1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (tt, J=5.7, 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (td, J=8.1, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.62-7.57 (m, 1H).

Step B: 3-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid. To 3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzonitrile (1.5 g, 8.0 mmol) in MeOH (30 mL) was added 2M aq. NaOH (10 mL). The reaction was heated at reflux for 15 h, then cooled to rt, acidified with 1N aq. HCl to pH=1 and extracted with DCM (2×). The combined organics were washed with brine and dried (Na2SO4). Purification via Agilent (Reverse-Phase HPLC, basic conditions) gave the title compound (290 mg, 18%). 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.90 (s, 2H), 7.89-7.85 (m, 1H), 7.63-7.56 (m, 1H), 7.50-7.44 (m, 1H) and 3-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid (Intermediate 53, 140 mg, 8%).

Intermediate 53: 3-Methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid

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The title compound was obtained during the synthesis of Intermediate 52, Step B. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.92-7.83 (m, 2H), 7.66 (dd, J=7.9, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.61-7.54 (m, 1H), 7.27 (dd, J=8.4, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 3.82 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 54: 4-Methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 12, substituting 2-bromo-4-methoxybenzoic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid in Step A. Upon purification, two fractions were obtained, one containing pure 4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid (1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.99-7.90 (m, 1H), 7.83 (s, 2H), 7.20 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.03 (dd, J=8.8, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 3.89 (s, J=17.6 Hz, 3H), and the other containing a mixture of 4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid and 4-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid.

Intermediate 55: 2-Chloro-5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidine

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To a solution of 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine (1.02 g, 6.08 mmol) in THF/NMP (38 mL/3 mL) was added Fe(acac)3 (215 mg, 0.61 mmol) and the mixture was cooled to 0° C. 3.0 M methylmagnesium bromide in Et2O (3.04 mL, 9.12 mmol) was added dropwise. After 30 min at 0° C., the reaction was complete and quenched with saturated aqueous NH4Cl solution. Et2O was added and the layers were separated and the aqueous layer was further extracted with several portions of Et2O. The combined organic extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography (Hexanes to 10% EtOAc/Hexanes) gave the desired product as a waxy white solid (430 mg, 48%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.35 (s, 1H), 2.55 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 3H).

Intermediate 56: 2-Chloro-4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidine

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To 4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-ol (3.69 g, 26.7 mmol) was added POCl3 (21.7 mL, 26.7 mmol) followed by Et2NPh (2.17 mL, 13.6 mmol) dropwise. The mixture was heated at reflux for 48 h and then added to ice dropwise. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (2×). Extraction was difficult due to a large amount of precipitate. The aqueous layer pH was adjusted to pH 4-5 with 28% NH4OH and was filtered through Celite®. The aqueous layer was then extracted with DCM and the combined organic extracts dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to a yellow solid. Chromatography (FCC) (0 to 30% EtOAc/Hex) afforded 2-chloro-4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidine (4.26 g, 100%).

Intermediate 57: 2-Chloro-4,5-dimethylpyrimidine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 55, substituting 2,4-dichloro-5-methylpyrimidine for 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C6H7ClN2, 142.03, m/z found 143.1 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.32-8.25 (m, 1H), 2.52-2.46 (m, 3H), 2.28-2.22 (m, 3H).

Intermediate 58: 2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-6-methylpyrimidin-4-yl trifluoromethanesulfonate

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To a solution of 2-[5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methylpyrimidin-4-ol (1.02 g, 2.5 mmol) in THF (12 mL) was added 1.0 M KOtBu in THF (5 mL, 5 mmol) followed by N-phenylbis(trifluoromethanesulfonimide) (0.893 g, 2.5 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight and then diluted with 2 M aq. K2CO3 solution and the layers separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM and the combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. Chromatography (FCC, Hexanes to 100% EtOAc) afforded the desired product (1.07 g, 79%) plus a small amount of 2-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methoxy-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (55 mg, 5%) due to residual MeOH in the pyrimidine starting material. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H19F4N7O4S, 541.12, m/z found 542.1 [M+1]+.

Intermediate 59: tert-Butyl 5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate

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To a solution of Intermediate 15 (1.0 g, 4.73 mmol) in DCM (24 mL) was added 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid (895 mg, 4.73 mmol) followed by EDCl (1.36 g, 7.09 mmol), HOBt (959 mg, 7.09 mmol) and TEA (1.97 mL, 14.19 mmol). The mixture was stirred for 14 h at room temperature and then washed 2× with saturated aqueous NH4Cl solution. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography (DCM to 8% 2M NH3 in MeOH/DCM) afforded the desired product as a pale yellow foam (1.36 g, 75%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H25N5O3, 383.45, m/z found 384.1 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 12.62 (s, 1H), 8.19-8.03 (m, 2H), 7.56-7.44 (m, 2H), 7.39-7.32 (m, 1H), 3.96-2.72 (m, 10H), 1.53-1.35 (m, 9H).

Intermediate 60: tert-Butyl 5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate

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To a heterogeneous mixture of NaH (60% dispersion in mineral oil, 80 mg, 2 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) was added Intermediate 59 (641 mg, 1.67 mmol) in DMF (4 mL). 30 min after gas evolution had ceased methyliodide (0.115 mL, 1.84 mmol) was added dropwise. The mixture was diluted with H2O and extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography (DCM to 8% 2 M NH3 in MeOH/DCM) afforded two products, tert-butyl 5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate (120 mg, 18%) and tert-butyl 5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate (454 mg, 68%) due to the tautomeric nature of the 1,2,4-triazole moiety. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H27N5O3, 397.21, m/z found 398.2 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.90 (s, 1H), 7.61-7.41 (m, 4H), 3.83 (s, 3H), 3.74-3.36 (m, 5H), 3.29-3.12 (m, 3H), 2.88-2.75 (m, 2H), 1.47 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 61: tert-Butyl 5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate

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The title compound was isolated from the synthesis of Intermediate 60. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H27N5O3, 397.21, m/z found 398.2 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.15-8.07 (m, 1H), 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.49-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.37-7.29 (m, 1H), 3.97-3.86 (m, 3H), 3.86-3.27 (m, 6H), 3.18-2.73 (m, 4H), 1.54-1.36 (m, 9H).

Intermediate 62: tert-Butyl 5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 59 substituting 2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoic acid for 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C21H26N4O4, 398.20; m/z found, 399.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.12 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (td, J=7.6 Hz, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.55 (td, J=7.7 Hz, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.97-3.86 (m, 1H), 3.76-3.61 (m, 2H), 3.56-3.33 (m, 3H), 3.29-3.15 (m, 1H), 3.08-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.90-2.82 (m, 1H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 1.51-1.41 (m, 9H).

Intermediate 63: 3-Fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoic acid

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Method A:

Step A: 2-Fluoro-6-(methoxycarbonyl)benzoic acid. 3-Fluorophthalic anhydride (377 mg, 2.27 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (6 mL) and heated to reflux for 15 h. The mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the two products (400 mg, 89%), 2-fluoro-6-(methoxycarbonyl)benzoic acid and 3-fluoro-2-(methoxycarbonyl)benzoic acid, were taken on to the next step without purification.

Step B: (Z)-Methyl 2-((((1-aminoethylidene)amino)oxy)carbonyl)-3-fluorobenzoate. To a heterogeneous mixture of the two acids from step A (400 mg, 2 mmol) at 0° C. in DCM (5 mL) was added oxalyl chloride (0.244 mL, 2.32 mmol) followed by DMF (0.05 mL). Gas evolution commenced immediately and after 5 min the ice bath was removed. When gas evolution had ceased and the mixture was homogeneous an aliquot was removed and quenched with MeOH. Formation of the methyl ester was confirmed by HPLC and the mixture was concentrated in vacuo. The viscous liquid was dissolved in fresh DCM (5 mL) and treated with solid N-hydroxyacetamidine (165 mg, 2.22 mmol) in several portions followed by TEA (0.351 mL, 2.52 mmol). After stirring for 14 h at ambient temperature the mixture was concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography (Hex to 100% EtOAc/Hex) afforded two products (477 mg, 94%), (Z)-methyl 2-((((1-aminoethylidene)amino)oxy)carbonyl)-3-fluorobenzoate and (Z)-methyl 2-((((1-aminoethylidene)amino)oxy)carbonyl)-6-fluorobenzoate, which were taken on to the next step as a mixture. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C11H11FN2O4, 254.07; m/z found, 255.0.

Step C: 3-Fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoic acid. To the mixture of products from Step B (477 mg, 1.88 mmol) in t-BuOH (9 mL) was added NaOAc (156 mg, 1.88 mmol). The mixture was heated at 90° C. for 50 h and then concentrated in vacuo. This resulted in four products. The residue was dissolved in 1M aq. K2CO3 and extracted with DCM to isolate methyl 2-fluoro-6-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoate and methyl 3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoate along with unreacted (Z)-methyl 2-((((1-aminoethylidene)amino)oxy)carbonyl)-3-fluorobenzoate. The aqueous layer was then acidified with concentrated HCl and extracted with DCM. The combined organic layers from this extraction were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The acid isomers were purified on a Prep Agilent system with a XBridge C18 OBD 50×100 mm column eluting with 5 to 99% 0.05% NH4OH in H2O/ACN over 17 min to afford the desired product (63 mg, 15%) as a white solid after acidification with 1M aq. HCl in Et2O. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C10H7FN2O3, 222.04; m/z found, 223.0.

Method B:

Step A: (Z)—N′-((2-Fluoro-6-iodobenzoyl)oxy)acetimidamide. To a heterogeneous mixture of 2-fluoro-6-iodobenzoic acid (1.51 g, 5.66 mmol) at 0° C. in DCM (28 mL) was added oxalyl chloride (0.635 mL, 7.36 mmol) followed by DMF (0.15 mL). Gas evolution commenced immediately and after 5 min the ice bath was removed. When gas evolution had ceased and the mixture was homogeneous an aliquot was removed and quenched with MeOH. Formation of the methyl ester was confirmed by HPLC and the mixture was concentrated in vacuo. The viscous liquid was dissolved in fresh DCM (28 mL) and treated with solid N-hydroxyacetamidine (503 mg, 6.79 mmol) in several portions followed by TEA (1.2 mL, 8.49 mmol) at 0° C. After stirring for 14 h at ambient temperature the mixture was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution. The combined organic extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography (Hex to 100% EtOAc/Hex) afforded the desired product as a colorless oil (1.57 g, 86%). MS (ESI) mass calculated for C9H8FIN2O2, 321.96; m/z found, 323.0. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.70-7.65 (m, 1H), 7.15-7.11 (m, 2H), 4.87 (br s, 2H), 2.06 (s, 3H).

Step B: 5-(2-Fluoro-6-iodophenyl)-3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazole. To a heterogeneous mixture of the product of Step A in t-BuOH (24 mL) was added NaOAc (603 mg, 7.27 mmol) in H2O (0.9 mL). The mixture was then heated to 110° C. for 12 days. The reaction was concentrated in vacuo and then dissolved in toluene. The toluene was then filtered to remove NaOAc and then concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography (Hex to 40% EtOAc/Hex) afforded the desired product as a colorless oil (1.21 g, 82%). MS (ESI) mass calculated for C9H6FIN2O, 303.95; m/z found, 304.9. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.82-7.77 (m, 1H), 7.29-7.20 (m, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H).

Step C: 3-Fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoic acid. To THF (15 mL) was added 2 M i-PrMgCl in THF (2.2 mL, 4.47 mmol). This mixture was cooled to −78° C. and the product of Step B (1.09 g, 3.58 mmol) was added dropwise in THF (20 mL). The mixture was stirred for 30 min at −78° C. and then CO2 from a lecture bottle was bubbled into the solution for 3 h while allowing the temperature to slowly rise. When the temperature reached −20° C. the dry ice bath was replaced with an ice bath, bubbling of CO2 was ceased and the mixture was allowed to come to room temperature overnight. The mixture was quenched by the addition of H2O and a small amount of Et2O. The organic layer was washed 2× with 2N aq. NaOH and the combined aqueous layers were then washed 3× with Et2O. The aqueous layer was then acidified with concentrated HCl and extracted with DCM. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford the desired product as a white solid (661 mg, 83%). MS (ESI) mass calculated for C10H7FN2O3, 222.04; m/z found, 223.0. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.96 (d, J=7.8, 1H), 7.72-7.64 (m, 1H), 7.50-7.44 (m, 1H), 2.56-2.48 (m, 3H).

Intermediate 64: 2-Fluoro-6-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoic acid

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The title compound was isolated from the synthesis of Intermediate 63, Method A. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C10H7FN2O3, 222.04; m/z found, 223.0. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.89 (d, J=7.7, 1H), 7.65-7.59 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.38 (m, 1H), 2.50 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 65: 2,5-Dichloro-4-methylpyrimidine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 55, substituting 2,4,5-trichloropyrimidine for 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.47 (s, 1H), 2.61 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 66: 2,5-Dichloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine

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To 5-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-ol (992 mg, 6.26 mmol) was added POCl3 (2.22 mL, 23.77 mmol) followed by Et2NPh (0.75 mL, 4.69 mmol) dropwise. The mixture was heated at 125° C. for 2 h. At approximately 2 h the reaction became homogeneous and was checked by HPLC and it showed all starting material had been consumed. The mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature and was then added dropwise to ice. After the ice had melted there was a white solid in a pink liquid. The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM and the combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography (Hex to 10% EtOAc/Hex) afforded the desired product as a white solid (915 mg, 83%). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 2.57 (s, 6H).

Intermediate 67: 2-Chloro-5-ethyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 56, substituting 5-ethyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-ol for 4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-ol. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C8H11ClN2, 170.06, m/z found 171.1 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 2.65 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.50 (s, 6H), 1.15 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H).

Intermediate 68: (3-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl)(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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Step A: tert-Butyl 5-(3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)picolinoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate. tert-Butyl 5-(3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)picolinoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 59 substituting 3-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (Intermediate 72) for 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C19H24N6O3, 384.19; m/z found, 385.1.

Step B: (3-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl)(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone. tert-Butyl 5-(3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)picolinoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate (491 mg, 1.28 mmol) in DCM (6 mL) was added TFA (3 mL). After stirring for 2 h at room temperature the reaction was complete and concentrated in vacuo. The TFA salt was purified on a Prep Agilent system with a XBridge C18 OBD 50×100 mm column eluting with 5 to 99% 0.05% NH4OH in H2O/ACN over 17 min to afford (3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl)(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone as a white solid (306 mg, 84%). MS (ESI) mass calculated for C14H16N6O, 284.14; m/z found, 285.0.

Intermediate 69: 2-Chloro-5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine

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Step A: 5-Fluoropyrimidine-2,4,6-triol. To a heterogeneous mixture of urea (641 mg, 10.67 mmol) and diethylfluoromalonate (1.96 g, 10.67 mmol) in EtOH (11 mL) was added 2.68 M NaOEt in EtOH (7.96 mL, 21.34 mmol). The mixture was heated at reflux for 60 h and then allowed to cool to room temperature. The mixture was filtered and the cake was then dissolved in warm water and the resulting solution was acidified with concentrated HCl to pH 2. The mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature and then cooled in an ice bath before filtering. The cake was washed with water and dried to afford 5-fluoropyrimidine-2,4,6-triol as a slightly off white solid (1.45 g, 93%).

Step B: 2,4,6-Trichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine. To POCl3 (4.49 mL, 48.15 mmol) was added 5-fluoropyrimidine-2,4,6-triol (1.41 g, 9.63 mmol) in several portions. There was a 2° C. increase in temperature. The N,N-dimethylaniline (1.23 mL, 9.73 mmol) was then added dropwise and the mixture heated at 110° C. for 24 h. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool only briefly and then was quenched by dropwise addition onto ice. When the ice was melted the aqueous layer was extracted several times with Et2O. The combined organic extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to a yellow solid after storing in the refrigerator overnight. This material was not purified further, but taken on to the next step without further purification.

Step C: 2-Chloro-5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 55, substituting 2,4,6-trichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine for 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 2.50 (d, J=2.7 Hz, 6H).

Intermediate 70: 6-Methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid

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6-Methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. To a 100 ml round bottom flask containing 2-chloro-6-methylnicotinic acid (3 g, 17.4 mmol), copper iodide (0.16 g, 0.5 mol %), and cesium carbonate (11.4 g, 35 mmol) was added a mixture of dioxane (20 mL) and H2O (0.1 ml, 5.25 mmol). Next triazole (2.03 mL, 35 mmol) and finally (R,R)-(−)-N,N′-dimethyl-1,2-cyclohexanediamine ligand (0.56 mL, 3.5 mmol) were added. The resulting clumpy yellow slurry was stirred until evenly dispersed. Upon heating to 100° C. the reaction mixture changed from a yellow slurry to pale green. As heating progressed the slurry became less thick and was stirred more easily. The light green slurry was stirred for 4 hr at 100° C. and left to stir at room temp overnight. At this point the reaction mixture appeared as a cobalt blue slurry which was then diluted with 20 mL ether and 20 mL H2O. The resulting solution was thoroughly stirred and transferred to a seperatory funnel then the RBF was subsequently rinsed with 20 mL ether and H2O each. The aqueous layer was separated from the organic layer and acidified to pH 1 with 6 mL conc. HCl. The now brown/lime green aqueous layer was extracted twice with EtOAc. The bright yellow organic layers were combined and dried with Na2SO4 and then conc. into a yellow powder under reduced pressure. To the yellow powder was added EtOAc to form a yellow slurry. The solids were filtered off and washed with EtOAc to give a very pale yield). The filtrate was conc. into a yellow solid and purified (FCC, 0-5% MeOH in DCM w/0.5% AcOH) to give the title product in a 20% yield. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C9H8N4O2, 204.18; m/z found 205.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.21-8.18 (m, 1H), 7.98 (s, 2H), 7.51 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 2.64 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 71: 6-Methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-nicotinic acid

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The title compound was isolated as a byproduct from the procedure used to prepare Intermediate 70 with a 25% yield. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C9H8N4O2, 204.18; m/z found 205.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.48 (d, J=1.1 Hz, 1H), 8.25 (dd, J=7.9, 3.8 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (d, J=1.1 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 2.64 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 72: 3-[1,2,3]Triazol-2-yl-pyridine-2-carboxylic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 70 substituting 3-bromo-2-pyridinecarboxylic acid for 2-chloro-6-methylnicotinic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C8H6N4O2, 190.10; m/z found 191.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.77 (d, J=4.3 Hz, 1H), 8.26 (dt, J=6.5, 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (s, 2H), 7.65 (dd, J=8.2, 4.7 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 73: 1-[1,2,3]Triazol-2-yl-naphthalene-2-carboxylic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 70 substituting 1-bromo-2-napthoic acid for 2-chloro-6-methylnicotinic acid. The title compound was obtained (484 mg, 50%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C13H9N3O2, 239.23; m/z found 240.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.19 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 8.09-8.03 (m, 4H), 7.70-7.66 (m, 1H), 7.58 (ddd, J=8.2, 6.9, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 74: 1-[1,2,3]Triazol-1-yl-naphthalene-2-carboxylic acid

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The title compound was isolated as a byproduct from the preparation of Intermediate 73 (25% yield). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C13H9N3O2, 239.23; m/z found 240.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.33 (d, J=0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.24 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H), 8.14-8.07 (m, 2H), 8.01 (d, J=0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.11 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 75: 8-[1,2,3]Triazol-2-yl-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 70 substituting 8-bromo-2-napthoic acid for 2-chloro-6-methylnicotinic acid. The desired 8-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid was obtained (474 mg, 16%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C1H9N3O2, 239.20; m/z found 240.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.13 (t, J=9.0 Hz, 2H), 7.95-7.91 (m, 3H), 7.82 (dd, J=7.4, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (dd, J=9.8, 5.8 Hz, 1H), 7.64-7.59 (m, 1H).

Intermediate 76: 5-[1,2,3]Triazol-2-yl-benzo[1,3]dioxole-4-carboxylic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 70 substituting 5-bromobenzo[1,3]dioxole-4-carboxylic acid for 2-chloro-6-methylnicotinic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C10H7N3O4, 233.18; m/z found 234.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.85 (s, 2H), 7.23 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.04 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.16 (s, 2H).

Intermediate 77: 2,3-Dimethoxy-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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To a 20 ml microwave vial containing 2-bromo-4,5-dimethoxybenzoic acid (3 g, 11.5 mmol), copper iodide (0.04 g, 0.5 mol %), cesium carbonate (7.5 g, 23 mmol), triazole (1.33 mL, 23 mmol) and finally (R,R)-(−)-N,N′-dimethyl-1,2-cyclohexanediamine ligand (0.36 mL, 2.3 mmol) was added DMF (12 mL). The resulting clumpy yellow slurry was stirred until evenly dispersed then heated to 120° C. for 10-20 min using a microwave. At this point the reaction mixture appeared as a blue slurry which was then diluted with 20 mL ether and 20 mL H2O. The resulting solution was thoroughly stirred and transferred to a separatory funnel then the RBF was subsequently rinsed with 20 mL ether and H2O each. The aqueous layer was separated from the organic layer and acidified to pH 1 with 6 mL conc. HCl. The now brown/lime green aqueous layer was extracted twice with EtOAc. The bright yellow organic layers were combined and dried with Na2SO4 and then conc. into a yellow powder under reduced pressure which was purified by FCC (0-5% MeOH in DCM w/0.5% AcOH) to afford 2,3-dimethoxy-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (60%) and 2,3-dimethoxy-6-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-benzoic acid (20%). Data for 2,3-dimethoxy-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid, MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H11N3O4, 249.23; m/z found 250.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.87 (s, 2H), 7.47 (s, 1H), 7.18 (s, 1H), 3.94 (s, 3H), 3.91 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 78: 2,3-Dimethoxy-6-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was isolated from the procedure used to prepare Intermediate 77 with a 20% yield. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H11N3O4, 249.23; m/z found 250.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.17 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (s, 1H), 7.09 (s, 1H), 3.95 (s, 3H), 3.91 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 79: 5-Acetylamino-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 70 substituting 5-acetamido-2-bromobenzoic acid for 2-bromo-4,5-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H10N4O3, 246.22; m/z found 247.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.09 (t, J=2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.92-7.86 (m, 3H), 7.66 (dd, J=8.7, 3.3 Hz, 1H), 2.17 (dd, J=2.5, 1.3 Hz, 3H).

Intermediate 80: 4-(1H-1,2,3-Triazol-1-yl)nicotinic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 70 substituting 4-chloronicotinic acid for 2-chloro-6-methylnicotinic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H10N4O3, 246.22; m/z found 247.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.09 (t, J=2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.92-7.86 (m, 3H), 7.66 (dd, J=8.7, 3.3 Hz, 1H), 2.17 (dd, J=2.5, 1.3 Hz, 3H).

Intermediate 81: 3-Methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzonitrile

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To a mixture of 2-fluoro-3-methylbenzonitrile (4.0 g, 29.6 mmol) and 2H-1,2,3-triazole (2.04 g, 29.6 mmol) in DMF (80 mL) was added potassium carbonate (8.26 g, 59.2 mmol). The resulting mixture was heated to 120° C. for 2 h. The mixture was cooled, diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layers were combined, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by FCC (SiO2, ethyl acetate/hexanes, gradient 0-50%) to yield the title compound (1.5 g, 26%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C10H8N14, 184.2; m/z found, 185.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.95 (s, 2H), 7.66 (d, J=7.7, 0.7 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (d, J=7.8, 0.6 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (dd, J=9.8, 5.7 Hz, 1H), 2.20 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 82: 3-Methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid

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To a solution of 3-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzonitrile (1.4 g, 7.82 mmol) in MeOH (15 mL) was added a 4N aqueous solution of NaOH (10 mL). The resulting mixture was heated to 90° C. After 15 h the reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature then diluted with water (50 mL). The aqueous layer was acidified to pH2 and extracted with EtOAc (50 mL) three times. The organic layers were combined, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by FCC (SiO2, gradient DCM to 10% MeOH/1% HOAc/DCM) to yield the title compound (1.3 g, 78%). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.90 (d, J=7.7, Hz, 1H), 7.83 (s, 2H), 7.57-7.53 (m, 1H), 7.49 (dd, J=9.7, 5.8 Hz, 1H), 2.10 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 83: 3-Fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzoic acid

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Method A:

Step A: 2-Bromo-3-fluorobenzonitrile (1.0 g, 5.0 mmol) and (1H-pyrazol-5-yl)boronic acid (647 mg, 4.6 mmol) were combined and dissolved in degassed DME (15 mL) then treated with NaHCO3 (1260 mg, 8.4 mmol) in water and the reaction purged with bubbling N2 for 5 minutes. The reaction was treated with Pd(PPh3)4 (288 mg, 0.2 mmol) and then purged with bubbling for 5 minutes in a sealed vessel and then heated to reflux for 2 h. The reaction was then cooled to 23° C. filtered and the solids were rinsed with EtOAc and the layers separated. The organic layers were combined, dried and concentrated under reduced pressure. Chromatography (0-30% ethyl acetate/hexanes) afforded 3-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzonitrile (178 mg, 19%).

Step B: To 3-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzonitrile in MeOH (3 mL) was added 2M aq. NaOH (1 mL). The reaction was heated at reflux for 15 h, then cooled to rt, acidified with 1N aq. HCl to pH=1 and extracted with EtOAc to give (210 mg, 99%) of 3-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzoic acid which was used crude.

Method B:

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 51, substituting methyl 2-iodo-3-fluorobenzoate for methyl 2-bromo-5-fluorobenzoate in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C10H7FN2O2, 206.05; m/z found 207.0 [M+1]+.

Intermediate 84: 2-(1H-1,2,3-Triazol-1-yl)-6-(trifluoromethyl)nicotinic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 13, substituting 2-chloro-6-(trifluoromethyl)nicotinic acid for 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid in step A, and substituting 1,4-dioxane for MeOH as the solvent, with 0.3 eq of water as an additive. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.64 (s, 1H), 8.37 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 8.11 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (s, 1H).

Intermediate 85: 5-Fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzoic acid

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Step A: Methyl-2-fluoro-bromobenzoate (1.0 gram, 4.2 mmol) and (1H-pyrazol-5-yl)boronic acid (485 mg, 4.6 mmol) were combined and dissolved in degassed DME (15 mL) then treated with NaHCO3 (706 mg, 8.4 mmol) in water and the reaction purged with bubbling N2 for 5 minutes. The reaction was treated with Pd(PPh3)4 (243 mg (0.2 mmol) and then purged with bubbling for 5 minutes in a sealed vessel and then heated to reflux for 2 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to 23° C., filtered, and the solid was rinsed with EtOAc and the layers separated. The organic layers were combined, dried and concentrated. Chromatography (ethyl acetate/hexanes, 0-30%) gave methyl 5-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzoate (415 mg, 44%).

Step B: A solution of methyl 5-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzoate (415 mg, 1.9 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) was treated with 4.0 eq of LiOH and stirred and monitored for two hours the reaction was complete. Reaction was made to pH=5, and then the solution concentrated under reduced pressure during which time a ppt formed. The reactions was then concentrated to minimum volume and cooled in ice, then filtered and washed with ice water to give 5-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzoic acid (172 mg, 44% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 13.03 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (dd, J=8.3, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.37 (td, J=8.6, 2.9 Hz, 2H), 6.44 (d, J=2.2 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 86: 3-Methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 82, substituting 3-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzonitrile for 3-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzonitrile. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.94 (s, 1H), 7.69 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.63-7.56 (m, 1H), 2.06 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 87: 4-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid

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Step A: 2-Iodo-4-fluorobenzonitrile (2.54 g, 10.3 mmol) and 2-tributylstannane pyrimidine (3.69 g, 10.0 mmol) were dissolved in domethoxyethane (18 mL) and treated with tetrakistriphenylphosphine palladium (0) (578 mg, 0.5 mmol) and copper (I) iodide (95 mg, 0.5 mmol). The reaction was then heated to 160° C. for 90 minutes in the microwave. The reaction was cooled, concentrated under reduced pressure. Chromatography (20-100% EA in hexanes) gave the desired product. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.93 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.14 (dd, J=9.6, 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.86 (dd, J=8.6, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.32-7.23 (m, 1H).

Step: 4-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzonitrile (85 mg, 0.4 mmol) was hydrolyzed to the acid in water (1 mL) by addition of 18 M H2SO4 (1 mL). The reaction was heated at 100° C. for 10 min, then cooled to 23° C., and extracted with EtOAc (3×5 mL). The combined organics were dried (Na2SO4) and concentrated under reduced pressure. This material was used crude in subsequent reactions.

Intermediate 88: 4-Methoxy-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid

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Step A: 4-Methoxy-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzonitrile was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 87. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.93 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.14 (dd, J=9.6, 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.86 (dd, J=8.6, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.32-7.23 (m, 1H).

Step B: 4-Methoxy-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzonitrile (85 mg, 0.4 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (20 mL) was treated with 2M aq NaOH (15 mL). The reaction was heated at reflux overnight, the reaction was cooled to room temperature and filtered to remove the solids and washed with cold MeOH. The filtrate was concentrated to minimum volume and then acidified to pH=3 with 6 N aq. HCl and cooled to 0° C. then filtered and washed with cold water. This material was used crude in subsequent reactions.

Intermediate 89: 2-Chloro-4,4,4,5,6,6,6-septadeuteriopyrimidine

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Step A: 1,1,1,3,3,3,5,5-Octadeuteriopentane-2,4-dione. To a solution of acetylacetone (10 mL, 95.1 mmol) in D2O (90 mL) was added K2CO3 (1.0 g, 7.29 mmol). The mixture was heated at 120° C. overnight. The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM and the combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to an orange liquid (Frediani et. al., Catalysis Comm. 2, 2001, 125).

Step B: 2-Deuteriohydroxy-4,4,4,5,6,6,6-septadeuteriopyrimidine. To a solution of 1,1,1,3,3,3,5,5-Octadeuteriopentane-2,4-dione (product of Step A) (1.60 g, 14.82 mmol) in EtOD (7 mL) was added urea-d4 (0.95 g, 14.82 mmol) followed by 35% wt. DCl in D2O (2 mL, 23.71 mmol). The mixture was heated at 90° C. for 36 h, cooled to room temperature and then chilled in an ice bath before filtration and washing of the white solid with cold EtOD to afford the desired product as the DCl salt (1.53 g, 61%).

Step C: 2-Chloro-4,4,4,5,6,6,6-septadeuteriopyrimidine. To 2-deuteriohydroxy-4,4,4,5,6,6,6-septadeuteriopyrimidine (product of Step B) (1.53 g, 9.04 mmol) was added POCl3 (7.9 mL, 9.04 mmol) and the mixture was heated at reflux for 16 h. The mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature and then added to ice drop wise. The aqueous mixture was neutralized to pH 6 in an ice bath with 5 N NaOH. The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM and the combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford the desired product as a yellow solid (1.3 g, 96%). (ESI): mass calculated for C6D7ClN2, 149.07; m/z found, 150.1.

Intermediate 90: tert-Butyl 5-{4,6-bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate

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A mixture of Intermediate 15 (294 mg, 1.38 mmol), Intermediate 89 (207 mg, 1.38 mmol) and DIPEA (0.48 mL, 2.77 mmol) in ACN (3.5 mL) was heated in the microwave at 150° C. for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated in vacuo. The crude mixture was purified by FCC (Hex to 50% EtOAc/Hex) to afford the title compound (344 mg, 76%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C17H19D7N4O2, 325.25; m/z found 326.2 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 3.86-3.76 (m, 2H), 3.67-3.50 (m, 4H), 3.37-3.24 (m, 2H), 2.98-2.90 (m, 2H), 1.44 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 91: 5-{4,6-Bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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Intermediate 90 (325 mg, 1 mmol), DCM (5 mL) and TFA (1 mL) were stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated in vacuo and was used as is. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C12H11D7N4, 225.25; m/z found 225.2 [M+1]+.

Intermediate 92: 2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole, bis-HCl salt

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A 150 mL EasyMax reactor was fitted with a mechanical stirrer, a reflux condenser and a temperature probe and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine (7.10 g, 49.8 mmol), potassium carbonate (9.77 g, 70.7 mmol), N-boc-3,7diazabicylco[3.3.0]octane (10.03 g, 47.3 mmol) and 2-propanol (54.2 g) were added. The reaction was slurried at 20° C. for 5 minutes and then the temperature was raised to 80° C. over 30 minutes. The reaction was then stirred at 80° C. for 8 hours, cooled to 20° C. within 30 minutes and allowed to stand overnight. To the resulting mixture was added toluene (15.8 g) and the mixture was stirred at 30° C. for 30 minutes prior to removing all salts by suction filtration. The reactor and filter cake were then washed with toluene (20.2 g) and the resulting filtrates (˜115 mL) were added to a 150 mL EasyMax reactor held at a temperature of 20° C. 5-6 N HCl in 2-propanol (25.90 g) was then added dropwise over a 30 minute period. The mixture was then heated to 60° C. over 20 minutes and stirred for 4 hours. After approximately 1.5 hours crystallization of the product started and the yellowish suspension was then cooled to 0-5° C. and was then stirred for another 1.5 hours. The product was then isolated via suction filtration and washed with 2-propanol (25.0 g) in two portions. The resulting wet product cake was dried in vacuo at 50° C. overnight then at 70° C. for 4 hours to obtain the title compound (11.52 g, 77%) as an off-white crystalline solid. Purity was assessed by HPLC (99.5%, 99.7%, and 99.5 area % (at 254, 235, and 280 nm, respectively). HCl content was determined to be 25.26%.

Intermediate 93: 3-Fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoic acid

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3-Fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoic acid. To a mixture of 3-fluoro-2-iodobenzoic acid (1.4 g, 5.26 mmol), 1H-pyrazole (0.72 g, 10.5 mmol), trans-N,N′-dimethyl-cyclohexane-1,2-diamine (0.17 mL, 1.05 mmol), CuI (50.1 mg, 0.26 mmol), dioxane (50 mL) and water (0.028 mL) was added Cs2CO3 (3.43 g, 10.5 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated to 100° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature then diluted with water. The aqueous layer was acidified to pH2 and extracted with EtOAc (30 mL) three times. The organic layers were combined, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. Purification (FCC), (DCM to 10% MeOH/1% HOAC/DCM) afforded the title compound as a colorless oil (790 mg, 72%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.85-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.54-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.34 (m, 1H), 6.55 (s, 1H).

Intermediate 94: 3-Methyl-2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 93 substituting 3-methyl-2-iodobenzoic acid for 3-fluoro-2-iodobenzoic acid. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.79 (d, J=7.4 Hz, 2H), 7.48 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H), 2.07 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 95: 2-Fluoro-6-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid

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Step A: 2-Fluoro-6-iodo-benzoic acid methyl ester. To a 200 mL round-bottomed flask were added 2-fluoro-6-iodo-benzoic acid (7.5 g, 28.2 mmol), LiOH.H2O (1.42 g, 33.8 mmol), and THF (100 mL). The resulting mixture was warmed to 50° C. and stirred for 2 h. Dimethyl sulfate (4.03 mL, 42.3 mmol) was then added and the mixture was warmed to 65° C. After 2 h, the mixture was cooled to room temperature and NH4Cl(aq) (50 mL, 13 wt % solution) was added. The two resulting layers were thoroughly mixed and then separated. The organic layer was dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to a light brown oil (7.79 g, 99% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.68-7.60 (m, 1H), 7.15-7.06 (m, 2H), 3.98 (s, 3H).

Step B: 2-Fluoro-6-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)-benzoic acid methyl ester. To a 500 mL round-bottomed flask were added 2-fluoro-6-iodo-benzoic acid methyl ester (7.29, 26.0 mmol) and anhydrous THF (150 mL). This mixture was cooled to 0° C. and i-PrMgCl (13.7 mL, 2 M in THF, 27.3 mmol) was added dropwise. After 10 min, 2-isopropoxy-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (5.58 mL, 27.3 mmol) was added. The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature, and after 30 min NH4Cl(aq) (150 mL, 13 wt % solution) was added. The layers were mixed and then separated, and the aqueous layer was extracted with 100 mL of MTBE. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated to a final mass of 6.07 g (90% wt %, 75% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.47-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.17-7.11 (m, 1H), 3.92 (s, 3H), 1.36 (s, 12H).

Step C: 2-Fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid methyl ester. To a 250 mL round-bottomed flask under nitrogen were added 2-fluoro-6-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)-benzoic acid methyl ester (5.46 g, 19.5 mmol) in 2-methyl-THF (50 mL), 2-chloropyrimidine (2.68 g, 23.4 mmol), and sodium carbonate (6.2 g, 58.5 mmol) in water (17 mL). PdCl2(dppf)-dcm adduct (CAS#72287-26-4) (1.27 g, 1.56 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was warmed to 74° C. and stirred for 2.5 h. After cooling, the mixture was diluted with MTBE (50 mL) and water (80 mL). The layers were thoroughly mixed separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with additional MTBE (100 mL). The combined organics were dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, concentrated and then purified by flash chromatography (0-25% EA/hexanes) to provide the title compound (1.72 g, 72 wt %, 30% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.79 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.15 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (td, J=8.1, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.28-7.20 (m, 2H), 3.92 (s, 3H).

Step D: 2-Fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid. To a solution of 2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid methyl ester (1.36 g, 5.85 mmol) in 2-methyl-THF (20 mL) was added sodium hydroxide (2 M in water, 9.3 mL, 18.6 mmol). The mixture was heated to 72° C. and stirred for 9 h. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer acified to pH 2 by dropwise addition of 50% HCl(aq) (3.1 mL). The resulting solids were stirred for 1 h, filtered, washed with water, MTBE, and heptanes, and then dried to provide the desired product as a white solid (1.12 g, 88% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.83 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.03 (dd, J=7.9, 0.8 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (td, J=8.1, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.40 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.34 (ddd, J=9.4, 8.4, 1.0 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 96: 3-Methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzonitrile

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The title compound was a byproduct of the synthesis of Intermediate 81 (3.1 g, 56%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C10H8N4, 184.2; m/z found, 185.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.94 (d, J=2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.87 (d, J=1.1 Hz, 1H), 7.71-7.67 (m, 1H), 7.67-7.62 (m, 1H), 7.56 (dd, J=9.7, 5.8 Hz, 1H), 2.17 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 97: 5-Fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid

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5-Fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid. To a solution of 5-fluoro-2-iodo-benzoic acid (3.86 g, 14.65 mmol), 2H-[1,2,3]triazole (2.5 g, 36.2 mmol), Cs2CO3 (8.62 g, 24.5 mmol), trans-N,N′-dimethyl-cyclohexane-1,2-diamine (0.4 mL), CuI (244 mg) and DMF (13 mL) were added to a microwave ready vessel and heated to 100° C. for 10 min. The mixture was cooled, diluted with water, and extracted with EtOAc. The aqueous layer was acidified and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The residue was purified by FCC (SiO2, gradient DCM to 10% MeOH/1% HOAc/DCM) gave the product as a white powder, (2.14 g, 71%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.91 (s, 2H), 7.76 (dd, J=8.9, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (dd, J=8.5, 2.9 Hz, 1H), 7.49-7.42 (m, 1H).

Example 1

4-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methoxy-N,N-dimethylpyrimidin-2-amine

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A mixture of [4-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-6-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl]-dimethyl-amine (60.0 mg, 0.23 mmol), 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (52.0 mg, 0.25 mmol), HATU (130.0 mg, 0.34 mmol) and DIPEA (0.12 mL, 0.68 mmol) was stirred into DMF (4.0 mL) at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness to yield crude title compound (354.0 mg, 343%). The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (84.0 mg, 81.5%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H25FN8O2,452.49; m/z found 453.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.88-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.72 (d, J=6.7, 1H), 7.54-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.08 (m, 1H), 5.02-4.92 (m, 1H), 3.96-3.86 (m, 1H), 3.87-3.83 (m, 3H), 3.81-3.50 (m, 5H), 3.43-3.19 (m, 2H), 3.15-3.09 (m, 6H)), 3.09-2.91 (m, 2H).

Example 2

N,N-Dimethyl-6-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine

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A mixture of [6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl]-dimethyl-amine (50 mg, 0.17 mmol), 2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (34.5 mg, 0.18 mmol), HATU (94.6 mg, 0.25 mmol) and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.50 mmol) in DMF (4.0 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (34.0 mg, 43.4%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H23F3N8O, 472.47; m/z found 473.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.98 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.70-7.69 (m, 2H), 7.56-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.37 (m, 2H), 5.20-5.10 (m, 1H), 3.90-3.66 (m, 4H), 3.60-3.28 (m, 4H), 3.08 (s, 6H), 3.02-2.89 (m, 2H).

Example 3

6-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine

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A mixture of [6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl]-dimethyl-amine (50 mg, 0.17 mmol), 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (37.8 mg, 0.18 mmol), HATU (94.6 mg, 0.25 mmol) and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.50 mmol) in DMF (4.0 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (19.0 mg, 23.4%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22F4N8O, 490.46; m/z found [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.89-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.74 (s, 1H), 7.55-7.37 (m, 1H), 7.21-7.05 (m, 1H), 5.25-5.09 (m, 1H), 4.25-3.51 (m, 6H), 3.50-2.95 (m, 10H).

Example 4

4-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methoxy-N,N-dimethylpyrimidin-2-amine

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A mixture of [4-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-6-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl]-dimethyl-amine (60.0 mg, 0.23 mmol), 5-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (52.0 mg, 0.25 mmol), HATU (130.0 mg, 0.34 mmol) and DIPEA (0.12 mL, 0.68 mmol) was stirred into DMF (4.0 mL) at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (160.0 mg, 54%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H25FN8O2, 452.49; m/z found 453.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.95 (dd, J=9.0, 4.8, 1H), 7.73 (s, 2H), 7.25-7.17 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.10 (m, 1H), 5.00-4.90 (m, 1H), 3.92-3.78 (m, 4H), 3.76-3.25 (m, 6H), 3.18-3.07 (m, 6H), 3.05-2.86 (m, 3H).

Example 5

4-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyl-6-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo-[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]pyrimidin-2-amine

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A mixture of [4-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-6-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl]-dimethyl-amine (60.0 mg, 0.23 mmol), 2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (47.4 mg, 0.25 mmol), HATU (130.0 mg, 0.34 mmol) and DIPEA (0.12 mL, 0.68 mmol) was stirred into DMF (4.0 mL) at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (47.0 mg, 47.5%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H26N8O2, 434.5; m/z found [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.98 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.73 (s, 2H), 7.75 (s, 2H), 7.55-7.47 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.37 (m, 2H), 5.00-4.90 (m, 1H), 3.91-3.80 (m, 5H), 3.70 (dd, J=12.5, 3.9, 2H), 3.60-3.29 (m, 4H), 3.19-3.04 (m, 8H).

Example 6

6-[5-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine

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A mixture of [6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl]-dimethyl-amine (50 mg, 0.17 mmol), 4-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (37.8 mg, 0.18 mmol), HATU (94.6 mg, 0.25 mmol) and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.50 mmol) in DMF (4.0 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (42.0 mg, 51.6%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22F4N8O, 490.46; m/z found [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.90-7.65 (m, 3H), 7.57-7.35 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.02 (m, 1H), 5.23-5.05 (m, 1H), 4.02-3.20 (m, 7H), 3.16-2.84 (m, 9H).

Example 7

4-[5-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methoxy-N,N-dimethylpyrimidin-2-amine

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A mixture of [4-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-6-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl]-dimethyl-amine (60.0 mg, 0.23 mmol), 4-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (52.0 mg, 0.25 mmol), HATU (130.0 mg, 0.34 mmol) and DIPEA (0.12 mL, 0.68 mmol) was stirred into DMF (4.0 mL) at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (52.0 mg, 50.5%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H25FN8O2, 452.49; m/z found [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.83-7.66 (m, 3H), 7.42-7.36 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.08 (m, 1H), 5.00-4.89 (m, 1H), 3.90-3.78 (m, 4H), 3.77-3.19 (m, 6H), 3.17-2.82 (m, 9H).

Example 8

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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A mixture of 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (60.0 mg, 0.28 mmol), 3-pyrrol-1-yl-thiophene-2-carboxylic acid (58.4 mg, 0.30 mmol), HATU (156.8 mg, 0.41 mmol) and DIPEA (106.6 mg, 0.83 mmol) was stirred into DMF (5.0 mL) at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (79.0 mg, 73%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H23N5OS, 393.51; m/z found [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.42-7.39 (m, 1H), 7.04-7.01 (m, 1H), 6.85 (t, J=2.1, 2H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 6.14 (t, J=2.1, 2H), 3.88-3.73 (m, 2H), 3.66-3.52 (m, 2H), 3.50-3.41 (m, 1H), 3.32-3.20 (m, 1H), 3.00-2.86 (m, 2H), 2.80-2.66 (m, 1H), 2.60-2.47 (m, 1H), 2.34-2.25 (m, 6H).

Example 9

6-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine

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A mixture of [6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl]-dimethyl-amine (50 mg, 0.17 mmol), 5-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (37.8 mg, 0.18 mmol), HATU (94.6 mg, 0.25 mmol) and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.50 mmol) in DMF (4.0 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (42.0 mg, 51.6%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22F4N8O, 490.46; m/z found [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.96 (dd, J=9.0, 4.8, 1H), 7.80-7.66 (m, 2H), 7.25-7.18 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.10 (m, 1H), 5.22-5.11 (m, 1H), 3.90-3.30 (m, 8H), 3.13-3.06 (m, 7H), 3.00 (s, 6H).

Example 10

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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A mixture of 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (60.0 mg, 0.28 mmol), 2-phenyl-2H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (56.9 mg, 0.30 mmol), HATU (156.8 mg, 0.41 mmol) and DIPEA (106.6 mg, 0.83 mmol) was stirred into DMF (5.0 mL) at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (79.0 mg, 74%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H24N6O, 388.47; m/z found 389.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.67 (d, J=1.7, 1H), 7.50 (d, J=7.4, 2H), 7.37 (t, J=7.8, 2H), 7.29-7.23 (m, 1H), 6.56 (d, J=1.7, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.86-3.71 (m, 2H), 3.70-3.51 (m, 2H), 3.43-3.22 (m, 3H), 3.05-2.77 (m, 3H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 11

8-{[5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]carbonyl}-quinoline

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A mixture of 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (60.0 mg, 0.28 mmol), quinoline-8-carboxylic acid (52.4 mg, 0.30 mmol), HATU (156.8 mg, 0.41 mmol) and DIPEA (106.6 mg, 0.83 mmol) was stirred into DMF (5.0 mL) at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (68.0 mg, 66.2%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H23N5O, 373.46; m/z found 374.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.95 (s, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=7.9, 1H), 7.89-7.79 (m, 1H), 7.69 (d, J=6.8, 1H), 7.61-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.41 (s, 1H), 6.26 (d, J=19.1, 1H), 4.29-4.03 (m, 1H), 3.96-3.59 (m, 4H), 3.65-3.29 (m, 2H), 3.21-2.84 (m, 3H), 2.37-2.18 (m, 6H).

Example 12

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-phenylthiophen-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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A mixture of 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (60.0 mg, 0.28 mmol), 3-phenyl-thiophene-2-carboxylic acid (61.8 mg, 0.30 mmol), HATU (156.8 mg, 0.41 mmol) and DIPEA (107.0 mg, 0.83 mmol) was stirred into DMF (5.0 mL) at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (Basic system) to yield pure title compound (30.0 mg, 27.0%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N4OS, 404.54; m/z found 405.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.45-7.41 (m, 2H), 7.39 (d, J=5.1, 1H), 7.34-7.27 (m, 2H), 7.18-7.14 (m, 1H), 7.13 (d, J=5.0, 1H), 6.28 (s, 1H), 3.88-3.66 (m, 2H), 3.61-3.49 (m, 2H), 3.30 (dd, J=11.5, 5.1, 1H), 3.19-3.04 (m, 2H), 2.92-2.78 (m, 1H), 2.75-2.61 (m, 2H), 2.37-2.22 (m, 6H).

Example 13

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-phenylfuran-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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A mixture of 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (60.0 mg, 0.28 mmol), 3-phenyl-furan-2-carboxylic acid (61.8 mg, 0.30 mmol), HATU (156.8 mg, 0.41 mmol) and DIPEA (107.0 mg, 0.83 mmol) was stirred into DMF (5.0 mL) at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Dionex HPLC to yield pure title compound (30.0 mg, 28.0%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N4O2, 388.47; m/z found 389.2 [M+H]+1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.56-7.50 (m, 2H), 7.46 (d, J=1.8, 1H), 7.37-7.30 (m, 2H), 7.25-7.19 (m, 1H), 6.61 (d, J=1.8, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.95-3.80 (m, 2H), 3.75-3.60 (m, 3H), 3.51 (dd, J=11.6, 5.0 1H), 3.42 (dd, J=11.6, 4.1, 1H), 3.33 (dd, J=11.6, 5.4, 1H), 3.02-2.81 (m, 2H), 2.35-2.22 (m, 6H).

Example 14

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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A mixture of 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (60.0 mg, 0.28 mmol), 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid (57.2 mg, 0.30 mmol), HATU (156.8 mg, 0.41 mmol) and DIPEA (107.0 mg, 0.83 mmol) was stirred into DMF (5.0 mL) at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (60.0 mL) and washed with water (2×100 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (basic system) to yield pure title compound (60.0 mg, 56%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H23N17O, 389.46; m/z found 390.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.12 (d, J=7.5, 1H), 8.05 (s, 1H), 7.53-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.37-7.31 (m, 1H), 6.28 (s, 1H), 3.95-3.77 (m, 2H), 3.76-3.55 (m, 3H), 3.48-3.33 (m, 2H), 3.19-3.03 (m, 1H), 3.02-2.95 (m, 1H), 2.91-2.82 (m, 1H), 2.36-2.19 (m, 6H).

Example 15

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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A mixture of 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (437.3 mg, 2.0 mmol), 3-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (415 mg, 2.0 mmol), HATU (1.14 g, 3.0 mmol) and DIPEA (777 mg, 6.0 mmol) was stirred into DMF (20 mL) at room temperature for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (250 mL) and washed with water (2×500 mL). The organic phase was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (basic system) to yield pure title compound (458.0 mg, 56%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H22FN7O, 407.45; m/z found 408.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.79 (s, 2H), 7.52-7.45 (m, 1H), 7.36-7.28 (m, 1H), 7.25-7.22 (m, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.82 (dd, J=11.6, 7.5, 1H), 3.75-3.66 (m, 2H), 3.58-3.41 (m, 4H), 3.13 (dd, J=10.9, 5.2, 1H), 3.02-2.87 (m, 2H), 2.36-2.24 (m, 6H).

Examples 16-106, 108-214 were prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15.

Example 16

2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-fluoro-1,3-benzothiazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 38 and 2-chloro-6-fluoro-benzothiazole. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22FN3O3S, 427.5; m/z found, 428.2 [M+H]+.

Example 17

2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzothiazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 38 and 2-chloro-benzothiazole. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H23N3O3S, 409.51; m/z found, 410.2 [M+H]+.

Example 18

2-[5-{[2-(1H-Pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2-pyrazol-1-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H22N6O, 410.48; m/z found, 411.2 [M+H]+.

Example 19

2-{5-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2-thiophen-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H22N4OS, 426.54; m/z found, 427.2 [M+H]+.

Example 20

2-{5-[(2-Methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2-methyl-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H22N4OS, 426.54; m/z found, 427.2 [M+H]+.

Example 21

2-(2,3-Dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-5-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 2,3-dihydro-benzo[1,4]dioxine-5-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H24N4O3, 428.50; m/z found, 429.2 [M+H]+.

Example 22

2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 2-thiophen-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C27H24N4OS, 452.58; m/z found, 453.2 [M+H]+.

Example 23

2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 2-pyrazol-1-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C26H24N6, 436.52; m/z found, 437.2 [M+H]+.

Example 24

2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 2-pyrrol-1-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C27H25N5O, 435.53; m/z found, 436.3 [M+H]+.

Example 25

2-[(2-Methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 2-methyl-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C28H26N4O, 434.51; m/z found, 435.3 [M+H]+.

Example 26

2-(5-Quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carbonyl)-benzonitrile

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2-cyano-benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H19N5O, 369.43; m/z found 370.3 [M+H]+.

Example 27

2-[5-{[2-(1H-Pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2-pyrrol-1-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H23N5O, 409.49; m/z found, 410.2 [M+H]+.

Example 28

2-{5-[(4′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 4′-fluoro-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C27H23FN4O, 438.51; m/z found, 439.2 [M+H]+.

Example 29

2-{5-[(3′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 3′-fluoro-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C27H23FN4O, 438.51; m/z found, 439.2 [M+H]+.

Example 30

2-{5-[(2-Methylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2-methylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22N4O, 358.45; m/z found, 359.2 [M+H]+.

Example 31

2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-furan-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-4-furan-2-yl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C27H24N4O2, 436.52; m/z found, 437.2 [M+H]+.

Example 32

2-(4-Methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-4-methyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22N4OS, 390.51; m/z found, 391.2 [M+H]+.

Example 33

2-{5-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-quinoline. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C26H23N3OS, 425.56; m/z found, 426.2 [M+H]+.

Example 34

2-(4-Furan-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-4-furan-2-yl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C26H22N4O2S, 442.50; m/z found, 443.2 [M+H]+.

Example 35

2-{5-[(2-Ethylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2-ethylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N4O, 372.46; m/z found, 373.2 [M+H]+.

Example 36

2-[5-(1H-Indo)-7-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 1H-indole-7-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H21N5O, 383.45; m/z found, 384.2 [M+H]+.

Example 37

2-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-thiophen-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-4-thiophen-2-yl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H22N4OS2, 458.60; m/z found, 459.1 [M+H]+.

Example 38

2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-thiophen-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-4-thiophen-2-yl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C27H24N4OS, 452.57; m/z found, 453.1 [M+H]+.

Example 39

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[2-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-phenyl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H26N6O, 402.50; m/z found, 403.2 [M+H]+.

Example 40

2-[(2-Bromophenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 2-bromobenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H21BrN4O, 449.34; m/z found, 449.1, 451.1 [M+H]+.

Example 41

2-{5-[(3′-Chlorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 3′-chloro-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C27H23ClN4O, 454.95; m/z found, 455.1 [M+H]+.

Example 42

2-{5-[(2-Bromophenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2-bromobenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H19BrN4O, 423.31; m/z found, 423.0, 425.0 [M+H]+.

Example 43

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N4OS, 404.53; m/z found, 405.1 [M+H]+.

Example 44

2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26N4O, 398.5; m/z found, 399.2 [M+H]+.

Example 45

2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-4-methoxy-pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22N4O2S, 406.50; m/z found, 407.0 [M+H]+.

Example 46

6-Fluoro-2-{5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzothiazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-6-fluoro-benzothiazole. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H20FN3OS2, 449.57; m/z found, 450.0 [M+H]+.

Example 47

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to for Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-methyl-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H26N4O, 386.5; m/z found, 387.3 [M+H]+.

Example 48

2-[(3′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 27 and 3′-fluoro-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H23FN4O, 402.46; m/z found, 403.1 [M+H]+.

Example 49

2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 32 and 2-methyl-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N4O2, 388.46; m/z found, 389.1 [M+H]+.

Example 50

2-[(2-Methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing and 2-methyl-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N4O, 372.46; m/z found, 373.1 [M+H]+.

Example 51

2-[(3′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 32 and 3′-fluoro-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H23FN4O2, 418.46; m/z found, 419.1 [M+H]+.

Example 52

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3′-fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 3′-fluoro-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H25FN4O, 416.49; m/z found, 417.1 [M+H]+.

Example 53

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-fluorobenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C19H21FN4O, 340.4; m/z found, 341.2 [M+H]+.

Example 54

2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(4′-methylbiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 32 and 4′-methyl-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26N4O2, 414.50; m/z found, 415.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.06 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 7.54-7.34 (m, 6H), 7.17 (s, 2H), 6.01 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 3.90 (s, 3H), 3.82-3.66 (m, 2H), 3.65-3.35 (m, 2H), 3.25-2.55 (m, 6H), 2.33 (s, 3H).

Example 55

2-[(3′-Chlorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 32 and 3′-chloro-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H23ClN4O2, 434.92; m/z found, 435.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.06 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.55-7.33 (m, 6H), 7.32-7.14 (m, 2H), 6.03 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 3.92 (s, 3H), 3.81-3.64 (m, 2H), 3.61-3.45 (m 2H), 3.14 (br s, 3H), 2.91-2.55 (m, 3H).

Example 56

2-[(2-Ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared according to the procedure used for Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 32 and 2-ethoxy-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H26N4O3, 418.49; m/z found, 419.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): rotamers observed, 8.07 (t, J=6.3 Hz, 1H), 7.89-7.76 (m, 2H), 7.74 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 0.6H), 7.66 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 0.4H), 7.50 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 0.6H), 7.46-7.32 (m, 1.5H), 7.31-7.22 (m, 1H), 6.05-6.00 (m, 1H), 4.32-3.81 (m, 7.7H), 3.80-3.52 (m, 3.0H), 3.43-3.31 (m, 1H), 3.27 (dd, J=11.1, 5.9 Hz, 0.6H), 3.19-3.07 (m, 1H), 3.05-2.92 (m 1.5H), 1.46 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 1.3H), 1.36 (t, J=6.9 Hz, 1.8H).

Example 57

2-[(4-Fluoronaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 32 and 4-fluoro-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H21FN4O2, 392.43; m/z found, 393.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.22-8.13 (m, 1H), 8.08 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.66-7.53 (m, 2H), 7.43 (dd, J=7.8, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.17 (dd, J=10.1, 7.9 Hz, 1H), 6.04 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 4.11 (dd, J=12.8, 7.8 Hz, 1H), 4.00-3.80 (m, 5H), 3.80-3.63 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.39 m, 2H), 3.22-3.08 (m, 2H), 3.04-2.92 (m, 1H).

Example 58

2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(naphthalen-1-ylcarbonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 32 and naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22N4O2, 374.44; m/z found, 375.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.08 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 7.95-7.81 (m, 3H), 7.59-7.46 (m, 4H), 6.04 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 4.13 (dd, J=12.8, 7.9 Hz, 1H), 4.00-3.80 (m, 5H), 3.80-3.65 (m, 2H), 3.55-3.40 (m, 2H), 3.22-3.09 (m, 2H), 3.05-2.91 (m, 1H).

Example 59

2-[(2-Ethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared according to the procedure used for Example 15 utilizing 2-(4-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole and 2-ethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C20H24N4O3, 368.44; m/z found, 369.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.07 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 7.37-7.28 (m, 2H), 6.99 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 1H), 6.91 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 6.02 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 4.07 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.01-3.85 (m, 5H), 3.84-3.70 (m, 2H), 3.65-3.45 (m, 3H), 3.34-3.22 (m, 1H), 3.16-2.92 (m, 2H), 1.35 (t, J=6.8 Hz, 3H).

Example 60

2-[(2-Methoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 32 and 2-methoxy-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N4O3, 404.46; m/z found, 405.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (rotamers observed) 8.12-8.00 (m, 1H), 7.88 (d, J=9.1 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (t, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 0.6H), 7.63 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 0.4H), 7.49 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 0.6H), 7.45-7.23 (m, 3.4H), 6.06-5.97 (m, 1H), 4.16-4.02 (m, 1H), 3.99-3.79 (m, 7H), 3.80-3.62 (m, 2H), 3.61-3.47 (m, 1H), 3.41-3.28 (m, 1H), 3.25-3.06 (m, 2H), 2.98 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 2H).

Example 61

2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-[4-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-4-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C26H24N6O, 436.57; m/z found, 437.2 [M+H]+.

Example 62

2-[4-(1H-Pyrazol-4-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl]-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-4-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H22N6OS, 442.54; m/z found, 443.1 [M+H]+.

Example 63

2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 3-chloro-2,5-dimethyl-pyrazine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N4OS, 404.54; m/z found, 405.2 [M+H]+.

Example 64

2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(3,5-dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-3,5-dimethyl-pyrazine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26N4O, 398.50; m/z found, 399.2 [M+H]+.

Example 65

2-Methyl-3-{5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-3-methyl-quinoxaline. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C26H24N4OS, 440.56; m/z found, 441.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): rotamers observed 7.77 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.51-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.40-7.25 (m, 4H), 7.20-7.14 (m, 2H), 6.93 (br s, 1H), 3.86-3.74 (m, 2H), 3.70-3.60 (br m, 1.3H), 3.58-3.40 (br m, 1.6H), 3.26-3.10 (m, 1.7H), 2.95-2.82 (br m, 1.7H), 2.76 (br m, 1.5H), 2.62 (s, 3H).

Example 66

2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-3-methylquinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-3-methyl-quinoxaline. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C28H26N4O, 434.53; m/z found, 435.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.85-7.72 (m, 1H), 7.65 (br s, 1H), 7.53-7.30 (m, 9H), 7.21 (d, J=10.5 Hz, 2H), 3.80-3.54 (br m, 3.5H), 3.44-3.28 (br m, 1.5H), 3.15-2.90 broad (m, 2.5H), 2.85-2.70 (br m, 1.5H), 2.65-2.50 (m, 4H)

Example 67

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-pyrazol-1-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H24N6O, 388.47; m/z found, 389.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): rotamers observed, 7.73 (broad d, J=1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (broad d, J=7.9 Hz, 1.6H), 7.48-7.39 (m, 1.3H), 7.38-7.29 (m, 2H), 6.31 (br s, 1H), 6.22 (s, 1H), 3.75-3.64 (m, 2H), 3.46 (dd, J=12.7, 4.4 Hz, 1.4H), 3.38 broad (s, 7H), 3.27 (dd, J=11.7, 4.2 Hz, 1.3H), 3.10 (br s, 1H), 2.90-2.65 (m, 3.3H), 2.23 (s, 6H).

Example 68

2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 14 and Intermediate 39. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H23FN6O3, 450.47; m/z found, 451.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): rotamers observed, 8.75-8.65 (m, 2H), 8.12-8.01 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.38 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.12 (m, 1H), 7.05 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 5.32 (s, 1H), 3.96-3.41 (m, 12.4H), 3.32-2.27 (m, 0.7H), 3.22-3.15 (m, 0.5H), 3.06-2.86 (m, 2.4H).

Example 69

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-pyridin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-pyridin-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H25N5O, 399.49; m/z found, 400.1 [M+H]+.

Example 70

2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-pyridin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 39 and 2-pyridin-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H25N5O3, 431.49; m/z found, 432.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.49 (d, J=3.9 Hz, 1H), 7.69-7.49 (m, 3H), 7.48-7.29 (m, 3H), 7.15-7.04 (m, 1H), 5.32 (s, 1H), 3.92-3.61 (m, 8H), 3.60-3.40 (m, 2H), 3.35-3.15 (m, 3H), 2.98-2.65 (m, 3H).

Example 71

2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 39 and Intermediate 13. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H23FN6O3, 450.18; m/z found, 451.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.68 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.25 (dd, J=8.7, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 7.28-7.15 (m, 2H), 7.12 (dd, J=8.6, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 5.31 (s, 1H), 3.84-3.65 (m, 7H), 3.63-3.33 (m, 5H), 3.13-2.86 (m, 4H).

Example 72

2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 39 and Intermediate 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22FN7O3, 439.18; m/z found, 440.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.89 (dd, J=8.9, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (s, 1H), 7.25-7.01 (m, 2H), 5.32 (s, 1H), 3.77 (m, 8H), 3.67-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.52-3.26 (m, 3H), 3.01-2.78 (m, 3H).

Example 73

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and Intermediate 14. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H23FN6O, 418.47; m/z found, 419.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.75-8.65 (m, 2H), 8.10-7.96 (m, 1.2H), 7.40 (dd, J=13.8, 8.0 Hz, 1.2H), 7.24-7.08 (m, 2.7H), 7.08-7.00 (m, 0.8H), 6.22 (s, 1H), 4.00-3.39 (m, 7H), 3.34-3.14 (m, 1H), 3.01 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 2.23 (s, 6H).

Example 74

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and Intermediate 13. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H23FN6O, 418.47; m/z found, 419.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.81 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.36 (dd, J=8.8, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.44-7.14 (m, 3H), 6.44 (s, 1H), 6.44 (s, 1H), 3.98-3.75 (m, 2H), 3.76-3.48 (m, 5H), 3.24-2.97 (m, 3H), 2.32 (s, 6H).

Example 75

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and Intermediate 1. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H22FN7O, 407.45, m/z found 408.2 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3) 7.97-7.92 (m, 1H), 7.73 (s, 2H), 7.23-7.06 (m, 2H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.90-3.80 (m, Hz, 2H), 3.72-3.55 (m, 5.9 Hz, 4H), 3.53-3.46 (m, Hz, 1H), 3.39 (br s, 1H), 3.08-2.87 (m, 4H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 76

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-ethylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-ethylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H26N4O, 350.47; m/z found, 351.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.34-7.14 (m, 4H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.93 (m, 2H), 3.77 (dd, J=11.6, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.64 (m, 2H), 3.51-3.41 (m, 2H), 3.16-3.02 (m, 2H), 3.01-2.90 (m, 1H), 2.69-2.57 (m, 2H), 2.29 (s, 6H), 1.20 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H).

Example 77

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-ethoxy-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H28N4O2, 416.53; m/z found, 417.2 [M+H]+.

Example 78

2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 39 and 2-pyrazol-1-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H24N6O3, 420.46; m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.74 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.59-7.29 (m, 5H), 6.31 (br s, 1H), 5.32 (s, 1H), 3.90-3.64 (m, 7.8H), 3.61-3.41 (m, 2.2H), 3.40-3.05 (m, 3H), 2.95-2.65 (m, 3H).

Example 79

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-phenyl-1,3-oxazol-4-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 5-phenyl-oxazole-4-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H23N5O2, 389.46; m/z found, 390.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.91 (m, 2H), 7.86 (s, 1H), 7.46-7.33 (m, 3H), 6.28 (s, 1H), 4.03-3.83 (m, 3H), 3.74 (m, 2H), 3.64-3.47 (m, 3H), 3.08-2.98 (m, 2H), 2.29 (m, 6H).

Example 80

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-phenylisoxazol-4-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 5-phenyl-isoxazole-4-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H23N5O2, 389.46; m/z found, 390.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.37 (s, 1H), 7.84-7.75 (m, 2H), 7.49-7.36 (m, 3H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.00-3.80 (m, 2H), 3.73-3.62 (m, 2H), 3.59-3.42 (m, 2H), 3.36 (dd, J=11.7, 4.5 Hz, 1H), 3.16-2.85 (m, 3H), 2.37-2.22 (s, 6H).

Example 81

[5-(2-Isopropyl-6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 4-chloro-2-isopropyl-6-methyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H27N7O, 417.51, m/z found 418.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.99 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (s, 2H), 7.59-7.38 (m, 3H), 5.92 (s, 1H), 3.97-2.85 (m, 10H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 1.33-1.21 (m, 6H).

Example 82

2-[(2-Bromophenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-bromobenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C19H21BrN4O, 401.31; m/z found, 401.1, 403.1 [M+H]+.

Example 83

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and Intermediate 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H23N17O, 389.46; m/z found, 374.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.98 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (br s, 2H), 7.55-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.42 (d, J=4.1 Hz, 2H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.93-3.81 (m, 2H), 3.64 (m, 3H), 3.48 (dd, J=11.6, 4.2 Hz, 1H), 3.36 (br s, 1H), 3.08-2.86 (m, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 84

2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H23N7O3, 421.46; m/z found, 422.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.05-7.95 (m, 2H), 7.75 (br s, 1H), 7.57-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.46-7.41 (m, 2H), 5.39 (s, 1H), 3.93-3.79 (m, 5H), 3.76-3.62 (m, 2H), 3.56 (dd, J=11.8, 5.4 Hz, 1H), 3.49-3.33 (m, 2H), 2.96 (s, 3H), 2.89 (s, 3H).

Example 85

2-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H21N7O, 411.47; m/z found, 412.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.28 (s, 1H), 8.11 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 8.01 (br s, 1H), 7.89 (dd, J=8.2, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (dd, J=8.4, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (ddd, J=8.4, 7.0, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.55-7.43 (m, 2H), 7.42-7.33 (m, 2H), 3.89-4.00 (m, 2H), 3.82-3.72 (m, 2H), 3.71-3.64 (m, 1H), 3.55-3.42 (m, 2H), 3.20-2.98 (m, 3H).

Example 86

2-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)yl]-1,3-benzoxazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 28 and 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H20N6O2, 400.43; m/z found, 401.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.15-8.02 (m 2H), 7.56-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.347-7.30 (m, 2H), 7.29-7.23 (m, 1H), 7.17 (td, J=7.7, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 7.05-6.98 (m, 1H), 3.98-3.42 (m, 7H), 3.26-2.93 (m, 3H).

Example 87

2-(4-Methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 27 and 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C20H21N7O, 375.55; m/z found, 376.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.18-8.04 (m, 3H), 7.55.7.42 (m, 2H), 7.39-7.33 (m, 1H), 6.39 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 3.96-3.79 (m, 2H), 3.77-3.63 (m, 2H), 3.62-3.55 (m, 1H), 3.46-3.37 (m, 2H), 3.15-3.06 (m, 1H), 3.05-2.98 (m, 1H), 2.95-2.90 (m, 1H), 2.33 (s, 3H).

Example 88

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-ethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-ethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H26N4O2, 366.46; m/z found, 367.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.37-7.21 (m, 2H), 7.03-6.91 (m, 1H), 6.88 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 6.26 (d, J=20.0 Hz, 1H), 4.04 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.95-3.85 (m, 2H), 3.76 (dd, J=11.5, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.69-3.59 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.45 (m, 2H), 3.29-3.20 (m, 1H), 3.12-2.89 (m, 2H), 2.29 (s, 6H), 1.33 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H).

Example 89

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-trifluoromethyl-4-fluorobenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C20H20F4N4O, 408.4; m/z found, 409.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.46-7.27 (m, 3H), 6.37-6.25 (m, 1H), 4.01-3.87 (m, 2H), 3.82-3.76 (m 1H), 3.67-3.57 (m, 2H), 3.53-3.38 (m, 2H), 3.14-3.04 (m, 2H), 3.04-2.96 m, 1H), 2.31 (s 6H).

Example 90

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(4-fluoronaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 4-fluoro-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H23FN4O, 390.45; m/z found, 391.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.16-8.10 (m 1H), 7.92-7.82 (m, 1H), 7.63-7.53 (m, 2H), 7.403-7.36 (m, 1H), 7.14 (dd, J=10.2, 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.31 (s, 1H), 4.14-4.06 (m, 1H), 3.95-3.89 (m, 1H), 3.84-3.63 (m, 3H), 3.50-3.37 (m, 2H), 3.17-3.08 (m, 2H), 2.98-2.90 (m, 1H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 91

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methylethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-isopropyl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H28N4O, 364.48; m/z found, 365.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.37-7.30 (m, 2H), 7.23-7.10 (m, 2H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.00-3.86 (m, 2H), 3.79-3.73 (m, 1H), 3.71-3.58 (m, 2H), 3.51-3.40 (m, 2H), 3.19-2.89 (m, 4H), 2.30 (s, 6H), 1.29-1.17 (m, 6H).

Example 92

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-methoxy-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 3-methoxy-2-methyl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H26N4O2, 366.47; m/z found, 367.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.19 (dd, J=14.3, 6.5 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (dd, J=14.3, 7.8 Hz, 2H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.01-3.85 (m, 2H), 3.83 (s, 3H), 3.77 (dd, J=11.6, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.69-3.58 (m, 2H), 3.50-3.39 (m, 2H), 3.15-3.00 (m, 2H), 3.00-2.90 (m, 1H), 2.30 (s, 6H), 2.14 (s, 3H).

Example 93

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(naphthalen-1-ylcarbonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N4O, 372.46; m/z found, 373.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.91-7.79 (m, 3H), 7.54-7.40 (m, 4H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.11 (dd, J=12.8, 7.9 Hz, 1H), 3.92 (dd, J=11.6, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 3.80 (dd, J=12.8, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 3.75-3.64 (m, 2H), 3.49-3.36 (m, 2H), 3.17-3.06 (m, 2H), 2.97-2.87 (m, 1H), 2.31 (s, 6H).

Example 94

2-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-3-(trifluoromethyl)quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 30 and 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H20F4N7O, 479.47; m/z found, 480.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.12-7.93 (m, 3H), 7.77 (dd, J=8.5, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (ddd, J=8.4, 6.8, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.41 (m, 3H), 7.38-7.34 (m, 1H), 4.01-3.79 (m, 3H), 3.78-3.66 (m, 2H), 3.49 (dd, J=23.0, 15.0 Hz, 2H), 3.16-2.88 (m, 3H).

Example 95

2-Methyl-3-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 29 and 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H23N7O, 425.49; m/z found, 426.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.13 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 8.01 (s, 1H), 7.83 (dd, J=8.2, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (dd, J=8.3, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.59-7.35 (m, 5H), 4.00-3.65 (m, 5H), 3.47 (s, 2H), 3.22-2.89 (m, 3H), 2.70 (s, 3H).

Example 96

2-[6-Methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]-5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 31 and 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H20F3N7O, 443.43; m/z found, 444.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.11-7.99 (m, 2H), 7.55-7.42 (m, 2H), 7.37-7.29 (m, 1H), 6.17 (br s, 1H), 3.92-3.39 (m, 7H), 3.15-2.90 (m 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H).

Example 97

2-[6-Methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 31 and Intermediate 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H20F3N7O, 443.43; m/z found, 444.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.99 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (s, 2H), 7.58-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.38 (m, 2H), 6.22 (br s, 1H), 4.05-3.33 (m, 7H), 3.24-2.91 (m, 3H), 2.45 (s, 3H).

Example 98

2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 31 and Intermediate 12. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H19F4N7O, 461.42; m/z found, 462.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.91-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.72 (s, 1H), 7.54-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.10 (m, 1H), 6.30-6.20 (br m, 1H), 4.07-3.52 (m, 6H), 3.42-3.02 (m, 4H), 2.47 (d, J=19.9 Hz, 3H).

Example 99

2-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 31 and Intermediate 4. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H19F4N7O, 461.42; m/z found, 462.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.76 (br s, 3H), 7.47-7.36 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.09 (m, 1H), 6.22 (br s, 1H), 4.05-3.32 (m, 7H), 2.98 (dd, J=40.7, 34.8 Hz, 3H), 2.44 (s, 3H).

Example 100

2-(6-Methylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2 yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 8 and 2-chloro-6-methyl-pyrazine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H23N7O, 389.46; m/z found 390.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.87-7.81 (m, 1H), 7.75-7.53 (m, 4H), 7.35-7.29 (m, 1H), 7.24-7.18 (m, 1H), 3.94-3.83 (m, 1H), 3.80-3.66 (m, 2H), 3.64-3.54 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.30 (m, 3H), 3.12-2.90 (m, 3H), 2.41 (s, 2H), 2.38 (s, 3H).

Example 101

2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 34 and Intermediate 12. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H22FN7O, 407.45; m/z found 408.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.90-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.78-7.71 (m, 2H), 7.54-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.12 (m, 1H), 3.97-3.90 (m, 1H), 3.86-3.40 (m, 6H), 3.32-3.22 (m, 1H), 3.13-2.91 (m, 2H), 2.55-2.49 (m, 3H), 2.39-2.33 (m, 3H).

Example 102

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H26N6O, 414.51; m/z found 415.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.74 (d, J=4.9, 2H), 8.20 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.34-7.28 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.15 (m, 1H), 7.10-7.03 (m, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.95-3.79 (m, 2H), 3.76-3.61 (m, 3H), 3.59-3.40 (m, 2H), 3.18-3.10 (m, 1H), 3.09-2.87 (m, 2H), 2.41 (s, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 103

2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-[(5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 34 and 5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H26N6O, 414.51; m/z found 415.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.77 (d, J=4.9, 2H), 8.22 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.34-7.29 (m, 1H), 7.21-7.16 (m, 1H), 7.11 (t, J=4.8, 1H), 3.96-3.89 (m, 1H), 3.86-3.79 (m, 1H), 3.74-3.61 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.51 (m, 1H), 3.49-3.38 (m, 2H), 3.18-3.12 (m, 1H), 3.08-2.98 (m, 1H), 2.96-2.86 (m, 1H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.36 (s, 3H).

Example 104

2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 34 and Intermediate 4. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H22FN7O, 407.45; m/z found 408.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) 7.83-7.72 (m, 4H), 7.42 (dd, J=8.5, 5.8, 1H), 7.14 (ddd, J=8.5, 7.8, 2.5, 1H), 3.94-3.86 (m, 1H), 3.82-3.74 (m, 1H), 3.73-3.60 (m, 2H), 3.56-3.47 (m, 1H), 3.42-3.31 (m, 2H), 3.10-2.82 (m, 3H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 2.36 (s, 3H).

Example 105

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-iodo-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and Intermediate 12. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H22IN7O, 515.36; m/z found 516.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.87-7.80 (m, 1H), 7.79-7.67 (m, 4H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.94-3.82 (m, 2H), 3.74-3.56 (m, 3H), 3.53-3.30 (m, 2H), 3.13-2.85 (m, 3H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 106

4-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 36 and Intermediate 12. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H22F4N80, 490.47; m/z found 491.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.89-7.64 (m, 3H), 7.56-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.10 (m, 1H), 6.01-5.74 (m, 1H), 4.10-2.86 (m, 16H).

Example 107

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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Method A:

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone. To a 3-necked, 3 L, round-bottomed flask equipped with a nitrogen line, temperature probe, heating mantle, reflux condenser, mechanical stirrer, and 1 N aq. NaOH scrubber were added 2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (Intermediate 12, 120.98 g, 75 wt %, 90.74 g actual, 438 mmol) and toluene (1 L). The mixture was warmed to 50° C. for 1 h with stirring. The mixture was then cooled to 25° C. and thionyl chloride (47.9 mL, 657 mmol) was added. The mixture was warmed back to 50° C. and held for 1 h. During this time, in a separate 5 L jacketed reactor equipped with a mechanical stirrer and temperature probe were added toluene (600 mL), aqueous sodium carbonate (185.7 g, 1.75 mol in 1.6 L water), and 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole.HOAc (Intermediate 23, 122 g, 438 mmol). This biphasic mixture was cooled to 0° C. After cooling to 0° C., the original slurry was poured through a filter and over the stirring biphasic mixture of amine and aqueous sodium carbonate. The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature. After 2 h, additional 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole.HOAc (4 g, 14 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred for 30 additional minutes. At the end of this period, the layers were separated and 100 mL of methanol were added to the organic layer. The organic layer was dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated to a white solid. This solid was taken up in ethanol (1.4 L) and warmed to 77° C. The mixture was then cooled to 55° C. and seeded with previously crystallized material. (Note: The seeds were generated from slurrying the initial product in 2-propanol at room temperature [100 mg/mL]). The mixture was cooled to room temperature at a rate of 5° C. per hour. After stirring at room temperature for 14 h, the mixture was filtered and dried to provide the final product as a white crystalline solid (136.84 g, 74%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.88-7.78 (m, 1.78H), 7.75-7.69 (s, 1.22H), 7.51-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.11 (m, 1H), 6.30-6.28 (m, 1H), 4.03-3.48 (m, 7H), 3.29-3.21 (m, 1H), 3.15-2.92 (m, 2H), 2.30 (s, 6H). MS (ESI) mass calcd for C21H22FN7O, 407.19; m/z found, 408 [M+H]+. Anal. calcd. for C21H22FN7O C, 61.90; H, 5.44; N, 24.06. found C, 61.83; H, 5.42; N, 24.08.

Method B:

Step A: A one-piece EasyMax reactor was equipped with a mechanical stirred, a temperature probe, a reflux condenser and an NaOH scrubber. To the reactor was added 2-fluoro-6-triazol-2-yl benzoic acid (15.01 g, 72.5 mmol) and toluene (150.0 g), N,N dimethylformamide (0.06 g, 0.26 mmol) was then added, the reaction was held at 20° C. prior to the addition of thionyl chloride (11.31 g, 94.1 mmol) via syringe pump. The reaction mixture was then heated to 50° C. over 15 minutes and then was stirred at that temperature for 1.5 hours. The mixture was then heated to 55° C. and 20.4 g of solvent were distilled in vacuo to give 139.4 g of acid chloride solution which was used as is in Step C below.

Step B. In a 500 mL jacketed reactor equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer and reflux condenser was charged with 2-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole, bis-HCl salt (21.01 g, 72.1 mmol) and toluene (60.1 g) and the slurry was stirred at 0° C. Sodium carbonate (30.6 g, 288.7 mmol) was then separately dissolved in water (151.5 g) and then added to the slurry over 15 minutes to give the crude amine solution which was used directly in Step C.

Step C. To the crude amine solution from Step B in a 500 mL reactor held at 0° C. was added the crude acid chloride solution from Step 1 and the reaction was held at 0° C. for another 15 minutes, then heated to 30° C. over 30 minutes. During this time the product started to precipitate and the aqueous layer formed a slurry. The reaction was then cooled to 20° C. over 30 minutes and stirred at this temperature overnight. The mixture was then heated to 75° C. over 40 minutes and stirred for 35 minutes. Stirring was then stopped and after 30 minutes the aqueous layer was removed. To the organic layer was then added water (90.0 g) and the mixture was stirred for 20 minutes at 75° C., then the stirrer was again stopped. After 10 minutes the aqueous layer was removed. To the remaining organic layer was added water (90.0 g) and the mixture was again stirred at 75° C. for 15 minutes, before the stirrer was again stopped, and after 10 minutes the aqueous layer was again removed. Distillation of the remaining toluene solution was then performed (at 75° C., 350 mbar) to remove 70 mL of solvent. The remaining solution was then cooled to 50° C., and stirred for 20 minutes prior to the addition of Example 107 (0.04 g, seed crystals to start the crystallization). The reaction was then stirred at 50° C. for 1.5 hour, then the thin suspension was cooled to 30° C. over 1 hour then cooled to 0° C. over 1 hour. After 90 minutes the product was isolated by suction filtration, the filter cake was washed with cyclohexane (75 g), then washed with water (85.0 g) and the wet product cake was dried in vacuo at 55° C. overnight to give the title compound (25.21 g, 83%), Purity was assessed by HPLC (99.3%, 99.6%, and 99.3 area % (at 254, 235, and 280 nm, respectively).

Step D: The product of Step C (20.0 g, 48.9 mmol) was added to a one-piece EasyMax reactor and activated charcoal (Norit CN1, 2.00 g), ethanol (120.0 g) and 2-propanol (20.0 g) were then added. The mixture was heated to 85° C. over 30 minutes, then stirred for 45 minutes, then cooled to 75° C. over 15 minutes. The mixture was then filtered via a glass fiber filter, the filter was washed with 2-propanol (20.0 g) that was previously heated to 70° C., The filtrates were then placed into a 500 mL jacketed reactor equipped with a mechanical stirrer, reflux condenser and thermometer and heated to 85° C., stirred for 5 minutes, cooled to 55° C. over 20 minutes and after 10 minutes at 55° C. a suspension of Example 107 (0.02 g) in 2-propanol (0.20 g) was added. The resulting thin suspension was stirred at 55° C. for 1 hour, then was cooled to 45 over 1 hour and stirred for 30 minutes before it was cooled to 0° C. over 3 hours and was stirred at that temperature overnight. After 13 hours, the product was isolated by suction filtration, the filter cake was washed via the reactor with 2-propanol (40.0 g, at 10° C.) to provide the wet product cake which was dried in vacuo at 60° C. overnight to give the title compound (18.18 g, 91.3%) as a white to off-white crystalline solid. Purity was assessed by HPLC (99.7%, 99.8%, and 99.6 area % (at 254, 235, and 280 nm, respectively). Assays for residual solvents showed the following: ethanol 1089 ppm, 2-propanol 348 ppm, toluene 202 ppm, cyclohexane <20 ppm.

Example 108

N,N-Dimethyl-4-{5-[(5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 36 and 5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C25H26F3N7O, 497.53; m/z found 498.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.67 (dd, J=20.0, 4.9, 2H), 8.20 (d, J=10.1, 1H), 7.34-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.15 (m, 1H), 7.13-7.03 (m, 1H), 5.85 (br s, 1H), 3.98-2.83 (m, 16H), 2.42 (s, 3H).

Example 109

4-{5-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 36 and Intermediate 13. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H23F4N7O, 501.49; m/z found 502.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.70 (d, J=4.9, 2H), 8.38-8.31 (m, 1H), 7.24-7.17 (m, 1H), 7.14-7.02 (m, 2H), 5.86 (br s, 1H), 4.06-2.78 (m, 16H).

Example 110

4-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 36 and Intermediate 1. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H22F4N8O, 490.46; m/z found 490.9 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.00-7.92 (m, 1H), 7.78-7.64 (m, 2H), 7.26-7.20 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.11 (m, 1H), 5.87 (br s, 1H), 3.96-2.87 (m, 16H).

Example 111

[5-(2-Dimethylamino-6-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(4-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 36 and Intermediate 4. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H22F4N8O, 490.46; m/z found 490.9 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.84-7.64 (m, 3H), 7.45-7.36 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.07 (m, 1H), 5.87 (br s, 1H), 4.04-2.79 (m, 16H).

Example 112

2-[(5-Methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl) pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 31 and 5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H23F3N6O, 468.48; m/z found 469.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.80-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.27-8.13 (m, 1H), 7.35-7.29 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.03 (m, 2H), 6.31-6.04 (m, 1H), 4.15-2.80 (m, 10H), 2.56-2.30 (m, 6H).

Example 113

2-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and Intermediate 13. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C27H23FN6O, 466.52; m/z found 467.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.72-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.44-8.29 (m, 2H), 8.16-8.02 (m, 2H), 7.53-7.45 (m, 3H), 7.21-7.14 (m, 1H), 7.10-7.06 (m, 1H), 7.01-6.98 (m, 1H), 6.87 (br s, 1H), 4.05-3.50 (m, 7H), 3.31-2.98 (m, 3H).

Example 114

2-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 21 and 4-chloro-6-methyl-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H19F4N7O, 461.42; m/z found 462.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.04-7.87 (m, 1H), 7.81-7.63 (m, 1H), 7.29-7.18 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.08 (m, 1H), 6.31-6.03 (m, 1H), 4.13-2.84 (m, 10H), 2.44 (s, 3H).

Example 115

[5-(2,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 21 and 4-chloro-2,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H22FN7O, 407.45, m/z found 408.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3) 7.97 (dd, J=9.0, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (s, 2H), 7.25-7.19 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.10 (m, 1H), 5.94 (s, 1H), 3.95-2.88 (m, 10H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 2.34 (s, 3H).

Example 116

4-{5-[(2-Fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 36 and Intermediate 14. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H23F4N7O, 501.49; m/z found 502.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.86-8.63 (m, 2H), 8.22-8.05 (m, 1H), 7.56-7.40 (m, 1H), 7.29-7.18 (m, 1H), 7.12 (br s, 1H), 6.03-5.73 (m, 1H), 4.19-2.90 (m, 16H).

Example 117

2-[(2-Fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl) pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 31 and Intermediate 14. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H20F4N6O, 472.45; m/z found 473.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.81-8.72 (m, 2H), 8.21-8.01 (m, 1H), 7.54-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.27-7.20 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.10 (m, 1H), 6.36-6.04 (m, 1H), 4.19-2.93 (m, 10H), 2.60-2.29 (m, 3H).

Example 118

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and Intermediate 1. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H22FN7O, 408.45; m/z found 408.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.81-7.69 (m, 3H), 7.43-7.36 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.08 (m, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.93-3.81 (m, 2H), 3.75-3.56 (m, 3H), 3.52-3.30 (m, 2H), 3.10-2.87 (m, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 119

N,N,6-Trimethyl-2-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]pyrimidin-4-amine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and (2-chloro-6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-dimethyl-amine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H26N8O, 418.50; m/z found 419.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.02-7.94 (m, 1H), 7.75 (s, 2H), 7.56-7.46 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.36 (m, 2H), 5.69 (s, 1H), 3.92-3.81 (m, 2H), 3.76-3.62 (m, 2H), 3.60-3.52 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.42 (m, 1H), 3.40-3.29 (m, 1H), 3.04 (s, 6H), 3.01-2.80 (m, 3H), 2.24 (s, 3H).

Example 120

N,N,4-Trimethyl-6-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]pyrimidin-2-amine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and (4-chloro-6-methyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-dimethyl-amine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H26N8O, 418.50; m/z found 419.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.01-7.95 (m, 1H), 7.80-7.65 (m, 2H), 7.57-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.35 (m, 2H), 5.51-5.39 (m, 1H), 3.91-2.85 (m, 19H).

Example 121

N,N-Dimethyl-4-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and (4-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-dimethyl-amine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H23F3N8O, 472.47; m/z found 473.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3: 8.02-7.95 (m, 1H), 7.73 (s, 2H), 7.57-7.50 (m, 1H), 7.46-7.39 (m, 2H), 5.97-5.75 (m, 1H), 3.99-2.80 (m, 16H).

Example 122

2-(2,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 4-chloro-2,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H23N7O, 408.45; m/z found 389.46 [M+H]+; m/z found 390.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.01-7.95 (m, 1H), 7.74 (s, 2H), 7.56-7.37 (m, 3H), 6.01-5.85 (m, 1H), 3.99-2.86 (m, 10H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 2.34 (s, 3H).

Example 123

[5-(3,6-Dimethyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 19 and 3-chloro-2,5-dimethyl-pyrazine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H25N7O, 413.49, m/z found 404.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3) 7.85 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.78-7.70 (m, 3H), 7.35-7.29 (m, 1H), 7.25-7.21 (m, 1H), 3.92-3.85 (m, 1H), 3.80-3.72 (m, 1H), 3.70-3.59 (m, 2H), 3.53-3.47 (m, 1H), 3.45-3.23 (m, 1H), 3.04-2.78 (m, 4H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.36 (s, 3H).

Example 124

2-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N,6-trimethylpyrimidin-4-amine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 21 and (2-chloro-6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-dimethyl-amine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H25FN8O, 435.49; m/z found 437.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.99-7.93 (m, 1H), 7.73 (s, 2H), 7.23-7.18 (m, 1H), 7.15-7.12 (m, 1H), 5.69 (s, 1H), 3.88-3.80 (m, 2H), 3.71-3.62 (m, 2H), 3.59-3.52 (m, 1H), 3.49-3.32 (m, 2H), 3.15-2.83 (m, 9H), 2.24 (s, 3H).

Example 125

2-(5-Methoxypyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-5-methoxy-pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H23N3O2S, 405.52; m/z found 406.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.88 (d, J=2.7, 1H), 7.54-7.47 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.31 (m, 4H), 7.25-7.19 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.12 (m, 1H), 7.06-6.88 (m, 1H), 6.30-6.13 (m, 1H), 3.94-2.47 (m, 13H).

Example 126

2-[(2-Ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 2-ethoxy-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C29H28N4O2, 464.57; m/z found 465.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.42-8.33 (m, 1H), 8.14-7.98 (m, 2H), 7.89-7.61 (m, 3H), 7.53-7.43 (m, 3H), 7.41-7.18 (m, 3H), 7.01-6.95 (m, 1H), 4.31-2.91 (m, 12H), 1.49-1.23 (m, 3H).

Example 127

2-{[5-Methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 19 and 2-chloro-4-phenyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C26H25N7O, 451.53; m/z found 452.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.43-8.32 (m, 1H), 8.15-7.99 (m, 2H), 7.88-7.80 (m, 1H), 7.78-7.57 (m, 2H), 7.55-7.39 (m, 3H), 7.34-7.28 (m, 1H), 7.25-7.21 (m, 1H), 7.01-6.96 (m, 1H), 4.09-2.87 (m, 10H), 2.41 (s, 3H).

Example 128

(4-Chloro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 6 and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H22ClN7O, 423.91; m/z found 424.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.03 (t, J=10.1 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (s, 2H), 7.41-7.29 (m, 2H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.92-3.79 (m, 2H), 3.74-3.58 (m, 3H), 3.53-3.29 (m, 2H), 3.10-2.86 (m, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 129

2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 19 and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H25N7O3, 435.49; m/z found 436.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.85 (d, J=8.3, 1H), 7.72 (s, 2H), 7.34-7.29 (m, 1H), 7.24-7.21 (m, 1H), 5.39 (s, 1H), 3.99-3.60 (m, 10H), 3.57-3.27 (m, 3H), 3.08-2.82 (m, 3H), 2.41 (s, 3H).

Example 130

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 19 and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H25N7O, 403.49; m/z found 404.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.84 (d, J=8.3, 1H), 7.72 (br s, 2H), 7.33-7.29 (m, 1H), 7.23-7.20 (m, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.91-3.80 (m, 2H), 3.73-3.54 (m, 3H), 3.50-3.24 (m, 2H), 3.07-2.81 (m, 3H), 2.40 (s, 3H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 131

2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and Intermediate 2. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C25H23N7O, 437.50; m/z found 438.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.46-8.31 (m, 1H), 8.21-7.91 (m, 3H), 7.82-7.59 (m, 2H), 7.58-7.39 (m, 6H), 7.01-6.97 (m, 1H), 4.04-3.31 (m, 7H), 3.17-2.86 (m, 3H).

Example 132

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 18 and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H24FN5OS, 437.54; m/z found 438.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.50-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.32-7.23 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.04 (m, 2H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.93-3.80 (m, 2H), 3.76-3.67 (m, 2H), 3.61-3.54 (m, 1H), 3.51-3.37 (m, 2H), 3.29-3.22 (m, 1H), 3.03-2.87 (m, 2H), 2.73 (s, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 133

2-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H20F3N3OS, 443.49; m/z found 444.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.62-7.33 (m, 5H), 7.29-7.05 (m, 2H), 7.04-6.80 (m, 2H), 6.37 (s, 1H), 4.01-2.47 (m, 10H).

Example 134

2-(6-Methylpyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-6-methyl-pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H23N3OS, 389.52; m/z found 390.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.56-7.47 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.10 (m, 6H), 7.07-6.91 (m, 1H), 6.43 (d, J=7.2, 1H), 6.04 (s, 1H), 3.96-2.57 (m, 10H), 2.38 (s, 3H).

Example 135

2-(4-Methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-4-methyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H21N7O, 375.43; m/z found 376.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.17 (d, J=5.0, 1H), 7.98 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.75 (s, 2H), 7.56-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.40 (m, 2H), 6.40 (d, J=5.0, 1H), 3.94-3.81 (m, 2H), 3.75-3.54 (m, 3H), 3.52-3.31 (m, 2H), 3.10-2.88 (m, 3H), 2.35 (s, 3H).

Example 136

2-(4-Methylpyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-4-methyl-pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H23N3OS, 389.52; m/z found 390.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.00 (d, J=5.2, 1H), 7.56-7.47 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.31 (m, 3H), 7.25-7.11 (m, 2H), 7.09-6.90 (m, 1H), 6.42 (d, J=5.2, 1H), 6.06 (br s, 1H), 3.98-2.59 (m, 10H), 2.27 (s, 3H).

Example 137

2-(6-Methoxypyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-6-methoxy-pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H23N3O2S, 405.52; m/z found 406.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.56-7.47 (m, 1H), 7.46-7.30 (m, 4H), 7.25-7.12 (m, 2H), 7.09-6.90 (m, 1H), 6.01 (d, J=7.6, 1H), 5.77 (br s, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.71-2.59 (m, 10H).

Example 138

2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxy-pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H24N4O3S, 436.54; m/z found 437.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.52 (d, J=7.5, 1H), 7.45-7.33 (m, 3H), 7.30-7.15 (m, 2H), 7.00 (br s, 1H), 5.38 (s, 1H), 3.97-2.60 (m, 16H).

Example 139

2-{5-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzoxazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-benzooxazole. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H21N3O2S, 415.52; m/z found 416.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.83-6.68 (m, 11H), 4.20-2.47 (m, 10H).

Example 140

2-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[3-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 37 and 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl-pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H20F3N3OS, 443.49; m/z found 444.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.28 (dd, J=4.7, 1.4, 1H), 7.79 (dd, J=7.8, 1.8, 1H), 7.55-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.46-7.33 (m, 3H), 7.30-7.19 (m, 2H), 7.01 (br s, 1H), 6.71 (dd, J=7.7, 4.7, 1H), 3.98-2.54 (m, 10H).

Example 141

[5-(4-Phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-phenyl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C25H23N7O, 437.50; m/z found 438.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 12.43 (br s, 1H), 8.36 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 1H), 8.14 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 8.08-7.91 (m, 3H), 7.60-7.42 (m, 5H), 7.39-7.31 (m, 1H), 6.98 (t, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 4.01-3.87 (m, 2H), 3.85-3.65 (m, 3H), 3.61-3.40 (m, 2H), 3.28-2.89 (m, 3H).

Example 142

2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 18 and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H24FN5O3S, 469.54; m/z found 470.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.47 (td, J=7.6, 1.7, 1H), 7.32-7.24 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.11 (m, 1H), 7.10-7.03 (m, 1H), 5.39 (s, 1H), 3.94-3.78 (m, 8H), 3.75-3.65 (m, 2H), 3.61 (dd, J=12.8, 4.3, 1H), 3.45-3.35 (m, 2H), 3.24 (dd, J=11.4, 5.4, 1H), 3.02-2.85 (m, 2H), 2.72 (s, 3H).

Example 143

2-(4-Thiophen-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-4-thiophen-2-yl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H21N7OS, 443.53; m/z found 444.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.35-8.25 (m, 1H), 7.98 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.80-7.63 (m, 3H), 7.56-7.38 (m, 4H), 7.18-7.09 (m, 1H), 6.85 (d, J=5.2, 1H), 4.00-3.35 (m, 7H), 3.13-2.89 (m, 3H).

Example 144

2-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)yl]-1,3-benzoxazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-benzooxazole. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H20N6O2, 400.44; m/z found 401.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.99 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.74 (s, 2H), 7.57-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.46-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.40-7.36 (m, 1H), 7.30-7.25 (m, 1H), 7.21-7.15 (m, 1H), 7.06-7.01 (m, 1H), 4.00-3.85 (m, 2H), 3.83-3.72 (m, 2H), 3.68-3.61 (m, 1H), 3.59-3.41 (m, 2H), 3.19-2.97 (m, 3H).

Example 145

2-{5-[(2-Ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing 2-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-quinoxaline (Intermediate 35) and 2-ethoxy-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C27H26N4O2, 438.53; m/z found 439.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.32 (d, J=16.4, 1H), 7.95-7.55 (m, 6H), 7.52-7.17 (m, 4H), 4.34-2.94 (m, 12H), 1.49-1.19 (m, 3H).

Example 146

2-{5-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and Intermediate 13. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C25H21FN6O, 440.48; m/z found 441.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.71 (d, J=4.9, 2H), 8.37-8.30 (m, 2H), 7.92-7.88 (m, 1H), 7.72-7.69 (m, 1H), 7.63-7.57 (m, 1H), 7.43-7.37 (m, 1H), 7.23-7.17 (m, 1H), 7.11-7.05 (m, 2H), 4.03-3.93 (m, 2H), 3.87-3.70 (m, 3H), 3.67-3.56 (m, 2H), 3.26-3.03 (m, 3H).

Example 147

2-(6-Ethoxypyridin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-6-ethoxypyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H24N6O2, 404.47; m/z found 405.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.98 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.72 (s, 2H), 7.56-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.46-7.33 (m, 3H), 6.00 (d, J=7.7, 1H), 5.83 (d, J=7.9, 1H), 4.33-4.23 (m, 2H), 3.93-3.82 (m, 1H), 3.79-3.67 (m, 2H), 3.59-3.49 (m, 1H), 3.47-3.33 (m, 2H), 3.32-3.25 (m, 1H), 3.11-2.86 (m, 3H), 1.38 (t, J=7.1, 3H).

Example 148

2-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 33 and Intermediate 13. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H18F4N6O, 459.42; m/z found 459.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.74 (d, J=4.9, 2H), 8.60-8.28 (m, 2H), 7.23-7.04 (m, 3H), 6.84-6.75 (m, 1H), 4.03-2.97 (m, 10H).

Example 149

2-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 2-chloroquinoxaline. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H21N7O, 411.47; m/z found 412.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.31 (s, 1H), 8.01-7.95 (m, 1H), 7.92-7.88 (m, 1H), 7.79-7.65 (m, 3H), 7.62-7.32 (m, 5H), 4.01-3.35 (m, 7H), 3.22-2.98 (m, 3H).

Example 150

2-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 32 and Intermediate 13. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H21FN6O2, 420.45; m/z found 421.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.73 (d, J=4.9, 2H), 8.35 (dd, J=8.8, 5.6, 1H), 8.06 (d, J=5.7, 1H), 7.23-7.02 (m, 3H), 6.01 (d, J=5.7, 1H), 4.01-3.43 (m, 10H), 3.23-2.90 (m, 3H).

Example 151

2-(4-Furan-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-4-furan-2-yl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H21N7OS, 427.47; m/z found 428.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.37-8.30 (m, 1H), 7.98 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.80-7.37 (m, 6H), 7.20-7.11 (m, 1H), 6.89 (d, J=5.1, 1H), 6.59-6.50 (m, 1H), 3.99-3.30 (m, 7H), 3.12-2.91 (m, 3H).

Example 152

2-(5-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 2,5-difluoropyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H19FN6O, 378.41; m/z found 379.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.03 (d, J=3.0, 1H), 7.99 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.73 (br s, 2H), 7.58-7.37 (m, 3H), 7.30-7.18 (m, 1H), 6.26 (dd, J=9.1, 3.3, 1H), 3.95-3.84 (m, 1H), 3.77-3.24 (m, 6H), 3.13-2.89 (m, 3H).

Example 153

2-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-4-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H18F3N7O, 429.40; m/z found 430.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.58-8.40 (m, 1H), 7.99 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.75 (br s, 2H), 7.56-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.39 (m, 2H), 6.80 (d, J=4.9, 1H), 3.99-3.29 (m, 7H), 3.19-2.91 (m, 3H).

Example 154

2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 32 and 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H21N7O, 391.44; m/z found 392.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.16-7.92 (m, 3H), 7.55-7.44 (m, 2H), 7.39-7.34 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J=5.8, 1H), 4.02-3.33 (m, 10H), 3.20-2.83 (m, 4H).

Example 155

2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octa hydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 3-chloro-2,5-dimethyl-pyrazine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H21N7O2, 391.44; m/z found 390.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.00 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.88-7.67 (m, 3H), 7.62-7.39 (m, 3H), 3.90 (dd, J=12.6, 7.6, 1H), 3.77 (dd, J=10.7, 7.5, 1H), 3.72-3.60 (m, 2H), 3.52 (dd, J=10.8, 5.1, 1H), 3.43-3.28 (m, 2H), 3.10-2.97 (m, 2H), 2.95-2.85 (m, 1H), 2.51 (s, 3H), 2.36 (s, 3H).

Example 156

2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octa hydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-4-methoxypyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H21N7O2, 391.43; m/z found 392.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.08-8.03 (m, 1H), 7.99 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 7.75 (s, 2H), 7.57-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.41 (m, 2H), 6.00 (d, J=5.7, 1H), 3.97-3.79 (m, 5H), 3.77-3.63 (m, 2H), 3.61-3.53 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.30 (m, 2H), 3.09-2.89, (m, 3H).

Example 157

2-{[5-Chloro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and Intermediate 9. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H22ClN7O, 423.91; m/z found 424.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.95 (d, J=8.7, 1H), 7.74 (s, 2H), 7.48 (dd, J=8.7, 2.3, 1H), 7.40 (d, J=2.3, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.94-3.81 (m, 2H), 3.75-3.57 (m, 3H), 3.55-3.29 (m, 2H), 3.11-2.78 (m, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 158

2-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(6-methylpyrazin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 22 and 2-chloro-6-methyl-pyrazine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H20FN7O, 393.43; m/z found 394.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.82-7.69 (m, 4H), 7.64 (s, 1H), 7.40 (dd, J=8.5, 5.8, 1H), 7.17-7.10 (m, 1H), 3.97-3.83 (m, 1H), 3.81-3.68 (m, 2H), 3.65-3.55 (m, 1H), 3.53-3.29 (m, 3H), 3.18-2.88 (m, 3H), 2.38 (s, 3H).

Example 159

2-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 22 and 2-chloro-4-methoxypyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H20FN7O2, 409.43; m/z found 388.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.06 (d, J=5.7, 1H), 7.88-7.62 (m, 3H), 7.45-7.37 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.10 (m, 1H), 6.01 (d, J=5.7, 1H), 4.00-3.81 (m, 5H), 3.70 (dd, J=20.4, 8.4, 2H), 3.62-3.53 (m, 1H), 3.51-3.28 (m, 2H), 3.13-2.84 (m, 3H).

Example 160

2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 22 and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H22FN7O3, 439.45; m/z found 440.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.86-7.66 (m, 3H), 7.47-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.06 (m, 1H), 5.40 (s, 1H), 3.98-3.77 (m, 8H), 3.76-3.61 (m, 2H), 3.60-3.52 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.29 (m, 2H), 3.09-2.84 (m, 3H).

Example 161

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-methoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and Intermediate 10. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H25N7O2, 419.49; m/z found 420.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.85 (d, 1H), 7.74-7.64 (m, 2H), 7.07-6.99 (m, 1H), 6.94-6.88 (m, 1H), 6.27 (s, J=20.0, 1H), 3.94-3.75 (m, 5H), 3.73-3.25 (m, 5H), 3.08-2.81 (m, 3H), 2.32-2.27 (m, 6H).

Example 162

(2-Fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 12 and 2-chloro-4-methoxypyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H20FN7O2, 409.42; m/z found 410.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.10-8.01 (m, 1H), 7.92-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.53-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.06 (m, 1H), 6.03-5.97 (m, 1H), 4.02-3.46 (m, 10H), 3.33-3.20 (m, 1H), 3.16-2.88 (m, 2H).

Example 163

6-Chloro-2-{5-[(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzothiazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 40 and 2,4-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H22ClN3O3S, 443.96; m/z found 444.2 [M+H]+.

Example 164

2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C29H26N4O, 446.56; m/z found, 447.3 [M+H]+.

Example 165

2-{5-[(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2,6-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N4O3, 404.47; m/z found, 405.3 [M+H]+.

Example 166

2-[(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 2,6-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26N4O3, 430.51; m/z found, 431.2 [M+H]+.

Example 167

2-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 2,4-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C26H26N4O3, 430.51; m/z found, 431.2 [M+H]+.

Example 168

2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C27H24N4O, 420.52; m/z found, 421.3 [M+H]+.

Example 169

2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-1,3-benzothiazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-benzothiazole. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C26H23N3OS, 425.56; m/z found, 426.2 [M+H]+.

Example 170

2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-4-methylquinoline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 38 and 2-chloro-4-methyl-quinoline. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H27N3O3, 417.51; m/z found, 418.3 [M+H]+.

Example 171

2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-methoxy-1,3-benzothiazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 38 and 2-chloro-6-methoxy-benzothiazole. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H25N3O4S, 439.54; m/z found, 440.2 [M+H]+.

Example 172

2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-methyl-1,3-benzothiazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 38 and 2-chloro-6-methyl-benzothiazole. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H25N3O3S, 423.54; m/z found, 424.2 [M+H]+.

Example 173

2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-6-methyl-pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H25N43O, 383.5; m/z found, 384.3 [M+H]+.

Example 174

2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-4-methyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H24N4O, 384.49; m/z found, 385.2 [M+H]+.

Example 175

2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-quinoline. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C28H25N3O, 419.53; m/z found, 420.3 [M+H]+.

Example 176

2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-fluoro-1,3-benzothiazole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-6-fluoro-benzothiazole. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C26H22FN3OS, 443.55; m/z found, 444.2 [M+H]+.

Example 177

2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-4-methoxypyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H24N4O2, 400.48; m/z found, 401.2 [M+H]+.

Example 178

2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-4-methylquinoline

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-4-methyl-quinoline. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C29H27N3O, 433.56; m/z found, 434.3 [M+H]+.

Example 179

(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 38 and 2-chloro-4-methoxypyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H24N4O4, 384.43; m/z found 385.2 [M+H]+.

Example 180

(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(2-methoxy-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 28 and 2-methoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H21N3O3, 363.42; m/z found 364.2 [M+H]+.

Example 181

(2-Pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2-pyridin-3-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C26H23N5O, 421.51; m/z found 422.3 [M+H]+.

Example 182

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[2-(1H-imidazol-2-yl)-phenyl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-(1H-imidazol-2-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H24N6O, 388.47; m/z found, 398.2 [M+H]+.

Example 183

(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(2,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 28 and 2,4-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H23N3O4, 393.45; m/z found 394.2 [M+H]+.

Example 184

(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-biphenyl-2-yl-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-benzooxazole. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C26H23N3O2, 409.49; m/z found 410.2 [M+H]+.

Example 185

(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(6-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 38 and 2-chloro-6-methyl-pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H25N3O3, 367.45; m/z found 368.3 [M+H]+.

Example 186

(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 38 and 2-chloro-4-methylpyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H24FN4O3, 368.43; m/z found 369.3 [M+H]+.

Example 187

Biphenyl-2-yl-[5-(6-methoxy-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-6-methoxy-benzothiazole. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C27H25N3O2S, 455.57; m/z found 456.2 [M+H]+.

Example 188

Biphenyl-2-yl-[5-(6-methyl-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 17 and 2-chloro-6-methyl-benzothiazole. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C27H26N3OS, 439.57; m/z found 440.2 [M+H]+.

Example 189

[5-(6-Chloro-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2,6-dimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 40 and 2,6-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H22ClN3O3S, 443.96; m/z found 444.2 [M+H]+.

Example 190

Biphenyl-2-yl-[5-(6-chloro-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 40 and biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C26H22ClN3O3S, 459.99; m/z found 460.2 [M+H]+.

Example 191

(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 2,4-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H24N4O3, 404.47; m/z found 405.3 [M+H]+.

Example 192

(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(2,6-dimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 41 and 2-chloro-benzooxazole. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H23N3O4, 393.45; m/z found 394.2 [M+H]+.

Example 193

(4′-Methyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 4′-methyl-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C28H26N4O, 434.55; m/z found 435.3 [M+H]+.

Example 194

(5-Quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(4′-trifluoromethyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 4′-trifluoromethyl-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C28H23F3N4O, 488.50; m/z found 489.2 [M+H]+.

Example 195

(4′-Methyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-[5-(4-phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 4′-methyl-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C30H28N14O, 460.58; m/z found 461.3 [M+H]+.

Example 196

[5-(4-Phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(4′-trifluoromethyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 4′-trifluoromethyl-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C30H53F3N4O, 514.56; m/z found 515.3 [M+H]+.

Example 197

(4-Methoxy-2-methyl-phenyl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 4-methoxy-2-methyl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H24N4O2, 388.47; m/z found 389.2 [M+H]+.

Example 198

(3′-Chloro-biphenyl-2-yl)-[5-(4-phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 26 and 3′-chloro-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C29H25ClN4O, 480.99; m/z found 481.2 [M+H]+.

Example 199

(2-Methoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 32 and 2-methoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H22N4O3, 354.41; m/z found 355.2 [M+H]+.

Example 200

(2-Methoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 27 and 2-methoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H22N4O2, 338.41; m/z found 339.3 [M+H]+.

Example 201

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-methoxy-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-methoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H24N4O2, 352.44; m/z found 353.3 [M+H]+.

Example 202

2-[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carbonyl]-benzonitrile

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-cyanobenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H21N5O, 347.42; m/z found 348.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.51-8.39 (m, 2H), 7.37-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.25-7.06 (m, 3H), 6.76 (t, J=13.7 Hz, 1H), 4.18-3.96 (m, 3H), 3.48-3.33 (m, 1H), 3.05 (dd, J=12.9, 6.4 Hz, 1H), 2.69-2.27 (m, 10H), 1.68-1.50 (m, 5H), 1.50-1.37 (m, 3H).

Example 203

Cinnolin-4-yl-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and cinnoline-4-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H22N6O, 374.45; m/z found 375.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 9.26 (s, 1H), 8.61 (dd, J=8.4, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 7.96-7.85 (m, 2H), 7.83-7.74 (m, 1H), 6.33 (s, 1H), 4.13-4.07 (m, 1H), 3.92 (dd, J=11.7, 7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.84 (dd, J=13.0, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 3.78-3.68 (m, 2H), 3.54-3.42 (m, 2H), 3.20-3.09 (m, 2H), 3.04-2.98 (m, 1H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 204

(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(6-methyl-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 13 and Intermediate 31. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H20F4N6O, 472.45; m/z found 473.2 [M+H]+.

Example 205

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 3 and Intermediate 15 as starting materials. In this case Intermediate C was coupled to Intermediate 15 first then the t-butylcarboxylate was removed prior to the addition of 2-chloro-4,6-methylpyrimidine. (ESI): mass calculated for C21H23N7O, 389.46; m/z found 390.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.99 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (d, J=0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.67-7.62 (m, 1H), 7.62-7.52 (m, 2H), 7.49-7.45 (m, 1H), 7.27 (s, 1H), 3.87-3.65 (m, 3H), 3.54-3.44 (m, 2H), 3.38-3.25 (m, 2H), 3.04-2.78 (m, 3H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 206

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,4]triazol-1-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H23N7O, 389.46; m/z found, 390.2 [M+H]+.

Example 207

[5-(4,6-Dimethoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 39 and 3-phenyl-pyridine-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H25N5O3, 431.50; m/z found 432.3 [M+H]+.

Example 208

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 3-phenyl-pyridine-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H25N5O, 399.5; m/z found 400.3 [M+H]+.

Example 209

[5-(6-Methyl-2-propyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 4-chloro-6-methyl-2-propyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H27N17O, 417.51; m/z found 418.2 [M+H]+.

Example 210

[5-(2-Methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 4-chloro-2-methyl-pyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H21N7O, 375.43; m/z found 376.2 [M+H]+.

Example 211

[5-(6-Methyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-6-methyl-pyrazine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H21N7O, 375.43; m/z found 376.2 [M+H]+.

Example 212

[5-(3,6-Dimethyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 34 and Intermediate 13. MS MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H23FN6O, 418.47; m/z found 419.2 [M+H]+.

Example 213

[5-(3,6-Dimethyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[2-(2H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-phenyl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 34 and 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H23N7O, 389.46; m/z found 390.2 [M+H]+.

Example 214

[5-(2-Pyrrolidin-1-yl-6-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 20 and 4-chloro-2-pyrrolidin-1-yl-6-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H25F3N8O, 498.51; m/z found 499.2 [M+H]+.

Example 215

2-(2,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 23, substituting (5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone (Intermediate 21) for hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester and 4-chloro-2,6-dimethylpyrimidine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidine in Step A. MS (ESI) mass calcd for C21H22FN7O, 407.19; m/z found, 408.2 [M+H]+.

Prophetic Examples 216-218 may be synthesized using the general schemes provided above.

Example 216

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-nitro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H22N18O3, 434.45.

Example 217

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-furan-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N4O3, 388.46.

Example 218

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-methyl-5-phenyl-thiazol-4-yl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H25N5OS, 419.54.

Example 219

2-[(2,3-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2,3-dimethylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H26N4O, 350.47; m/z found 351.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.16-7.05 (m, 2H), 7.02 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.00-3.86 (m, 2H), 3.78 (dd, J=11.6, 7.4 Hz, 1H), 3.70-3.58 (m, 2H), 3.49-3.38 (m, 2H), 3.17-3.02 (m, 2H), 2.99-2.92 (m, 1H), 2.35-2.28 (s, 6H), 2.27 (s, 3H), 2.19 (s, 3H).

Example 220

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 3-fluoro-2-methylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H23FN4O, 354.4; m/z found 355.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.22-7.14 (m, 1H), 7.06-6.95 (m, 2H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.00-3.86 (m, 2H), 3.78 (dd, J=11.6, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.70-3.58 (m, 2H), 3.52-3.39 (m, 2H), 3.19-3.02 (m, 2H), 3.02-2.92 (m, 1H), 2.30 (s, 6H), 2.21 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 3H).

Example 221

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 5-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H20F4N4O, 408.4; m/z found 409.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.71 (dd, J=8.8, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.22-7.14 (m, 1H), 7.06 (dd, J=8.1, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.31 (s, 1H), 4.01-3.87 (m, 2H), 3.79 (dd, J=11.7, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.69-3.56 (m, 2H), 3.53-3.41 (m, 2H), 3.19-3.04 (m, 2H), 3.05-2.97 (m, 1H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 222

2-[(4-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 4-chloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H23ClN4O2, 386.9; m/z found 389.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.18 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.97 (dd, J=8.0, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.98-3.82 (m, 2H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.78-3.73 (m, 1H), 3.68-3.59 (m, 2H), 3.55-3.44 (m, 2H), 3.19 (dd, J=11.1, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 3.13-2.90 (m, 2H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 223

2-[(5-Chloro-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 5-chloro-2-methylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H23ClN4O, 370.9; m/z found 371.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.26-7.21 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.13 (m, 2H), 6.31 (s, 1H), 4.00-3.86 (m, 2H), 3.79 (dd, J=11.6, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.68-3.57 (m, 2H), 3.51-3.42 (m, 2H), 3.17-2.94 (m, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H), 2.26 (s, 3H).

Example 224

2-[(2,5-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2,5-dimethylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H26N4O, 350.5; m/z found 351.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.11-7.03 (m, 2H), 6.99 (s, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.00-3.87 (m, 2H), 3.78 (dd, J=11.5, 7.4 Hz, 1H), 3.70-3.58 (m, 2H), 3.50-3.42 (m, 2H), 3.15-2.90 (m, 3H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 2.24 (s, 3H).

Example 225

2-[(2,6-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2,6-dimethylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H26N4O, 350.5; m/z found 351.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.13 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.51-7.00 (m, 2H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.15-3.87 (m, 2H), 3.85-3.75 (m, 1H), 3.73-3.67 (m, 1H), 3.63-3.55 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.44 (m, 1H), 3.40-3.33 (m, 1H), 3.08-2.90 (m, 3H), 2.28 (s, 6H), 2.21 (s, 3H), 1.80 (s, 3H).

Example 226

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 5-fluoro-2-methylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H23FN4O, 354.4; m/z found 355.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.16 (dd, J=8.5, 5.4 Hz, 1H), 6.98-6.92 (m, 1H), 6.90 (dd, J=8.5, 2.7 Hz, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.98-3.87 (m 2H), 3.79 (dd, J=11.6, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.68-3.57 (m, 2H), 3.50-3.43 (m, 2H), 3.16-2.94 (m, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H), 2.26 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 3H).

Example 227

2-[(2,4-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2,4-dimethylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H26N4O, 350.5; m/z found 351.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.02 (s, 2H), 6.29 (s, OH), 3.92 (ddd, J=19.2, 12.2, 7.7 Hz, 2H), 3.77 (dd, J=11.6, 7.4 Hz, OH), 3.63 (ddd, J=18.1, 12.2, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 3.52-3.39 (m, 1H), 3.06 (ddd, J=50.9, 27.4, 6.2 Hz, OH), 2.30 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 3H), 2.28-2.24 (m, 3H).

Example 228

2-[(2,5-Diethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2,5-diethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H30N4O3, 410.5; m/z found 411.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 6.89-6.77 (m, 3H), 6.28 (s, 1H), 4.04-3.83 (m, 6H), 3.80-3.74 (m, 1H), 3.70-3.44 (m, 4H), 3.27 (s, 1H), 3.13-2.90 (m, 2H), 2.26 (s, 6H), 1.44-1.23 (m, 6H).

Example 229

2-[(2,6-Diethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2,6-diethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H30N4O3, 410.5; m/z found 411.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.19 (t, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.55-6.46 (m, 2H), 6.27 (s, 1H), 4.06 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.98 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.94-3.82 (m, 2H), 3.79-3.65 (m, 2H), 3.61 (dd, J=11.6, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 3.57-3.42 (m, 2H), 3.17 (dd, J=11.0, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 3.11-2.87 (m, 2H), 2.31-2.27 (m, 6H), 1.44-1.25 (m, 6H).

Example 230

2-[(2-Chloro-6-methylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-chloro-6-methylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H23ClN4O, 370.9; m/z found 371.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): (rotamers observed) 7.24-7.14 (m, 2H), 7.15-7.07 (m, 1H), 6.31-6.28 (m, 1H), 4.06-3.85 (m, 2H), 3.85-3.75 (m, 1H), 3.74-3.36 (m, 1H), 3.65-3.52 (m, 2H), 3.45-3.51 (m, 1H), 3.37-3.30 (m, 1H), 3.25-3.14 (m, 1H), 3.14-2.94 (m, 2H), 2.37-2.23 (m, 9H).

Example 231

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, substituting Intermediate 87 for 3-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H23FN6O, 418.47; m/z found, 419.2 [M+H]+.

Example 232

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-iodophenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 substituting 2-iodo-3-fluorobenzoic acid for 3-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C19H20FIN4O, 466.3; m/z found, 467.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.36 (ddd, J=8.2, 7.5, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 7.04 (ddd, J=8.5, 7.7, 1.3 Hz, 2H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.94 (ddd, J=20.9, 12.2, 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.79 (dd, J=11.7, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 3.69 (dd, J=12.8, 4.6 Hz, 1H), 3.64 (dd, J=11.7, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 3.58-3.51 (m, 1H), 3.47 (dd, J=10.8, 7.4 Hz, 1H), 3.16-2.98 (m, 3H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 233

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-(trifluoromethyl)nicotinic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H20F3N5O, 391.4; m/z found 392.9 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.77 (dd, J=4.7, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 1H), 7.55 (dd, J=12.4, 6.2 Hz, 1H), 6.31 (s, 1H), 3.99 (dd, J=12.8, 7.7 Hz, 1H), 3.90 (dd, J=11.7, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 3.80 (dd, J=11.6, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.71-3.57 (m, 2H), 3.50-3.41 (m, 2H), 3.16-3.06 (m, 2H), 3.06-2.97 (m, 1H), 2.34 (s, 5H).

Example 234

2-Bromopyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 1 utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-bromopyridine-3-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C18H20BrN5O, 401.09; m/z found 402.9 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3): 8.41 (dd, J=4.7, 1.8, 1H), 7.66-7.54 (m, 1H), 7.34 (dd, J=7.4, 4.8, 1H), 6.38-6.24 (m, 1H), 3.94 (dd, J=12.1, 7.6, 2H), 3.80 (dd, J=11.5, 7.3, 1H), 3.74-3.46 (m, 4H), 3.31-3.01 (m, 3H), 2.40-2.23 (m, 6H).

Example 235

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)methanone

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To a solution of 2-bromopyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone (Example 234) (50 mg, 0.14 mmol), 2-tributylstannylpyrimidine (50 mg, 0.14 mmol), and copper iodide (2.6 mg, 0.014 mmol) in 1,4 dioxane (1 mL) was added Pd(PPh3)4 (16 mg, 0.014 mmol). The reaction was irradiated in a microwave reactor at 160° C. for one hour. The resulting solution was filtered through Celite®, washed with DCM, and concentrated. Purification (FCC) (MeOH(NH3)/DCM) gave the title compound (35 mg, 64%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H23N7O, 401.20; m/z found 402.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.85 (s, 3H), 7.70 (d, J=6.7, 1H), 7.48-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.21 (d, J=4.4, 1H), 6.32-6.24 (m, 1H), 3.93-3.79 (m, 2H), 3.75-3.61 (m, 3H), 3.52 (s, 1H), 3.52-3.42 (m, 1H), 3.17 (dd, J=10.8, 5.0, 1H), 3.09-2.88 (m, 2H), 2.37-2.22 (m, 6H).

Example 236

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-(1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)methanone

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To a solution of 2-bromopyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone (Example 234) (50 mg, 0.12 mmol), 4-(terahydropyran-2H-yl)-1H pyrazole-5 boronic acid pinacol ester (35 mg, 0.12 mmol), TBAB (4.0 mg, 0.012 mmol), and PdCl2(dppf) (10 mg, 0.012 mmol) in toluene (0.6 mL) was added 2N aq. Na2CO3 (0.12 ml, 0.25 mmol). The reaction was irradiated in a microwave reactor at 110° C. for one hour. The resulting solution was filtered through Celite®, washed with DCM, and concentrated. Purification (FCC) (MeOH(NH3)/DCM) gave the title compound (52 mg, 88%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C26H31N7O2, 473.25; m/z found 474.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.72 (dd, J=4.7, 1.8, 1H), 7.76 (dd, J=8.0, 1.7, 1H), 7.62-7.45 (m, 1H), 7.34 (ddd, J=7.7, 4.8, 1.5, 1H), 6.56 (dd, J=18.2, 9.1, 1H), 6.33-6.23 (m, 1H), 3.91-3.71 (m, 2H), 3.72-3.53 (m, 3H), 3.53-3.36 (m, 2H), 3.36-3.06 (m, 3H), 2.98-2.70 (m, 3H), 2.65 (d, J=6.4, 1H), 2.51 (d, J=10.0, 1H), 2.28 (d, J=9.8, 6H), 2.18-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.94 (s, 3H).

Example 237

(2-(1H-Pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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To a solution of (5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-(1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)methanone (Example 236) (210 mg, 0.43 mmol) in THF (10 mL) and H2O (1 mL) was added 4 N aq. HCl (1 mL). The reaction was let stir for 2 hours, neutralized with 3 N aq. NaOH, and extracted with DCM (3×20 mL). The organics were combined, dried with Na2SO4, and concentrated. Purification (FCC) (MeOH(NH3)/DCM) gave the title compound (128 mg, 73%) (MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H23N7O, 389.20; m/z found 390.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.68-8.59 (m, 1H), 7.63 (d, J=9.1, 2H), 7.32-7.20 (m, 1H), 6.80 (d, J=2.2, 1H), 6.33-6.19 (m, 1H), 3.92-3.55 (m, 5H), 3.54-2.78 (m, 5H), 2.37-2.24 (m, 6H).

Example 238

(2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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To a solution of 2-bromopyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone (Example 234) (150 mg, 0.37 mmol), 1H-1,2,3 triazole (43 μL, 0.75 mmol), CsCO3 (247 mg, 0.75 mmol), in H2O (2 μL) and 1,4 dioxane (2 mL) was added (R,R)-(−)-N,N′-dimethyl-1,2-cyclohexyldiamine (12 μL, 0.75 mmol) and CuI (3.5 mg, 0.86 mmol). The reaction mixture was irradiated in a microwave reactor at 160° C. for 2 h. The resulting solution was filtered through Celite®, washed with DCM, and concentrated. Purification (FCC)(MeOH(NH3)/DCM) gave the title compound (8 mg, 6%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H22N8O, 390.19; m/z found 391.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.65 (dd, J=4.8, 1.8, 1H), 7.83 (dt, J=13.3, 6.6, 2H), 7.43 (dt, J=7.6, 4.5, 1H), 6.38-6.23 (m, 2H), 4.02-3.28 (m, 6H), 3.10-3.06 (m, 4H), 2.42-2.22 (m, 6H).

Example 239

(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 42 and 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H25FN6O, 432.21; m/z found 433.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3): 8.41 (dd, J=4.7, 1.8, 2H), 7.66-7.54 (m, 2H), 7.34 (dd, J=7.4, 4.8, 2H), 3.94 (dd, J=12.1, 7.6, 2H), 3.80 (dd, J=11.5, 7.3, 1H), 3.74-3.46 (m, 4H), 3.31-3.01 (m, 3H), 2.40-2.13 (m, 9H).

Example 240

(3-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 42 and 3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H24FN7O, 421.20; m/z found 422.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.82-7.77 (m, 2H), 7.51-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.31 (ddd, J=9.8, 8.4, 1.3, 1H), 7.25-7.20 (m, 1H), 3.86-3.60 (m, 3H), 3.59-3.42 (m, 4H), 3.14 (dd, J=10.9, 5.3, 1H), 2.94 (dd, J=10.9, 7.1, 2H), 2.38-2.27 (m, 6H), 2.07 (d, J=7.2, 3H).

Example 241

(5-Methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 42 and 5-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H27N7O2, 433.22; m/z found 434.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.84 (d, J=9.0, 1H), 7.69 (s, 2H), 7.01 (dd, J=9.0, 2.8, 1H), 6.91 (d, J=2.8, 1H), 3.91-3.74 (m, 5H), 3.70-3.58 (m, 2H), 3.55 (dd, J=11.4, 5.2, 1H), 3.47-3.28 (m, 2H), 3.04-2.82 (m, 3H), 2.41-2.25 (m, 5H), 2.13-2.01 (m, 4H).

Example 242

(3-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 43 and 3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H19F2N7O, 447.16; m/z found 448.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.99 (s, 1H), 7.77 (d, J=15.8, 2H), 7.61 (dd, J=11.0, 5.5, 1H), 7.53-7.43 (m, 2H), 7.37-7.29 (m, 2H), 7.24 (s, 1H), 3.93 (d, J=9.9, 1H), 3.79 (dd, J=12.3, 7.4, 2H), 3.71-3.62 (m, 1H), 3.62 (s, 3H), 3.20 (dd, J=11.0, 5.3, 1H), 3.12-2.98 (m, 2H).

Example 243

(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 43 and 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C25H20F2N6O, 458.17; m/z found 459.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.98 (d, J=8.1, 1H), 8.82-8.74 (m, 2H), 7.61 (dt, J=12.7, 6.4, 1H), 7.53-7.41 (m, 2H), 7.31 (td, J=8.0, 2.7, 1H), 7.25-7.18 (m, 2H), 7.15 (t, J=4.9, 1H), 4.00-3.88 (m, 1H), 3.89-3.69 (m, 3H), 3.68-3.52 (m, 3H), 3.36 (dd, J=10.9, 4.6, 1H), 3.14-2.97 (m, 2H).

Example 244

(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 44 and 3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H15F3N7O, 465.15; m/z found 466.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.28 (s, 1H), 7.75 (d, J=20.8, 2H), 7.65 (dd, J=10.6, 8.4, 1H), 7.50 (tt, J=9.6, 4.8, 1H), 7.43 (dd, J=11.4, 8.0, 1H), 7.39-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.25 (dd, J=12.5, 4.9, 1H), 4.00-3.86 (m, 1H), 3.81 (dd, J=10.0, 5.6, 2H), 3.66-3.49 (m, 4H), 3.32-3.16 (m, 3H).

Example 245

(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 44 and 5-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H21F2N7O2, 477.2; m/z found 478.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.25 (s, 1H), 7.84 (t, J=7.6, 1H), 7.64 (dt, J=19.7, 10.8, 3H), 7.42 (dd, J=11.4, 8.0, 1H), 7.03 (dd, J=9.0, 2.8, 1H), 6.92 (d, J=2.8, 1H), 3.97-3.84 (m, 5H), 3.64 (dd, J=18.2, 14.6, 5H), 3.12 (dd, J=19.8, 8.6, 3H).

Example 246

(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 44 and 2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H18F3N7O, 465.2; m/z found 466.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.32-8.24 (m, 1H), 7.90-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.68 (s, 1H), 7.65 (ddd, J=10.7, 8.5, 4.2, 1H), 7.55-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.22-7.10 (m, 1H), 4.13-3.48 (m, 7H), 3.40-3.05 (m, 3H).

Example 247

(2-Bromo-3-fluorophenyl)(5-(6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 43 and 2-bromo-3-fluorobenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H17BrF2N4O, 458.1; m/z found 459.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.95 (d, J=19.8, 1H), 8.01 (s, 1H), 7.59 (dt, J=13.3, 6.7, 1H), 7.52-7.40 (m, 1H), 7.40-7.28 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.05 (m, 2H), 4.01 (dt, J=12.8, 8.4, 2H), 3.95-3.85 (m, 1H), 3.80-3.48 (m, 4H), 3.27-3.04 (m, 3H).

Example 248

(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone. The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 50, Step A, substituting (5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-iodophenyl)methanone for 2-iodo-3-fluorobenzonitrile, 5-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine for 2-tributylstannane pyrimidine, dioxane for DME and heating to 130° C. for 60 minutes. The reactions were filtered through celite, rinsed with EtOAc and then concentrated and purified on RP agilent HPLC and fractions lyophilized. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.21. found 432.2 [M+H]+.

Example 249

(2-Bromopyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 1 utilizing Intermediate 42 and 2-bromopyridine-3-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H22BrN5O, 415.10; m/z found 416.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3): 8.44 (dd, J=4.7, 1.6, 1H), 7.33 (dd, J=7.6, 4.7, 1H), 6.38-6.24 (m, 1H), 3.94-3.90 (m, 2H), 3.88-3.84 (m, 1H), 3.74-3.50 (m, 4H), 3.31-3.01 (m, 3H), 2.40-2.23 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.06 (m, 3H).

Example 250

(2-(1-(Tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner similar to Example 236, utilizing Example 249 and 4-(terahydropyran-2H-yl)-1H pyrazole-5 boronic acid pinacol ester. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C27H33N7O2, 487.27; m/z found 488.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.78-8.72 (m, 1H), 7.80-7.75 (m, 1H), 7.62-7.45 (m, 1H), 7.34 (dd, J=4.8, 1.5, 1H), 6.33-6.23 (m, 1H), 3.91-3.78 (m, 2H), 3.72-3.53 (m, 3H), 3.53-3.36 (m, 2H), 3.36-3.15 (m, 3H), 2.98-2.70 (m, 3H), 2.65 (d, J=6.8, 1H), 2.38-2.27 (m, 6H), 2.10-2.06 (m, 3H), 2.18-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.94 (s, 3H).

Example 251

(2-(1H-Pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner similar to Example 237, utilizing (2-(1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone (Example 250). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H18F3N7O, 403.21; m/z found 404.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 11.90 (s, 1H), 8.65 (dd, J=4.7, 1.5, 1H), 7.65 (dd, J=7.7, 1.6, 1H), 7.50 (d, J=7.0, 1H), 7.34-7.21 (m, 1H), 6.81 (s, 1H), 3.66-3.60 (m, 6H), 3.26 (s, 4H), 2.39-2.25 (m, 6H), 2.09 (d, J=40.1, 3H).

Example 252

6-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one

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To a solution of Intermediate 16 (35.3 mg, 0.117 mmol) in n-butanol (0.5 mL) was added triethylamine (0.065 mL, 0.47 mmol) and 6-chloro-2-methylpyrimidin-4-ol (33.9 mg, 0.234 mmol). The mixture was heated to 150° C. in the microwave for 18 minutes. The reaction was concentrated and purified by reverse phase HPLC to give the title compound (21.4 mg, 45%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H20FN7O2, 409.4; m/z found [M+H]+410.2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.91-7.76 (m, 3H), 7.54-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.15 (t, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 4.07-2.94 (m, 11H), 2.37 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 3H).

Example 253

2-(2,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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To a solution of Intermediate 48 (15.8 mg, 0.048 mmol) was added DMF (0.4 mL), 4-chloro-2,6-dimethylpyrimidine (8.2 mg, 0.057 mmol) and cesium carbonate (38.8 mg, 0.119 mmol). The mixture was heated to 100° C. for 18 hours, diluted with water and extract with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC to give the title compound (12.9 mg, 62%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H24FN5OS, 437.5; m/z found [M+H]+438.2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.51-7.41 (m, 2H), 7.06-6.95 (m, 2H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.892-3.76 (m, 2H), 3.73-3.51 (m, 3H), 3.44 (dd, J=11.6, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 3.32 (dd, J=11.6, 4.5 Hz, 1H), 3.10 (dd, J=11.3, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.02-2.80 (m, 2H), 2.70 (s, 3H), 2.31 (d, J=20.0 Hz, 6H).

Example 254

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 253 substituting 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine for 4-chloro-2,6-dimethylpyrimidine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H24FN5OS, 437.5; m/z found [M+H]+438.2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.53-7.41 (m, 2H), 7.06-6.97 (m, 2H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.90-3.76 (m, 2H), 3.69-3.49 (m, 3H), 3.44 (dd, J=11.6, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 3.32 (dd, J=11.6, 4.5 Hz, 1H), 3.10 (dd, J=11.3, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.02-2.82 (m, 2H), 2.70 (s, 3H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 255

6-[5-{[5-(4-Fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 252 substituting Intermediate 48 for Intermediate 16. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H22FN5O2S, 439.5; m/z found 440.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 12.77 (s, 1H), 7.50-7.43 (m, 2H), 7.09-7.02 (m, 2H), 3.90-3.82 (m, 2H), 3.66-3.49 (m, 4H), 3.29-2.82 (m, 5H), 2.71 (s, 3H), 2.36 (s, 3H).

Example 256

6-{5-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 252, substituting (5-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone for Intermediate 16. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H21FN6O2, 420.5; m/z found 421.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 12.85 (s, 1H), 8.73 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.35 (dd, J=8.8, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.13 (m, 2H), 7.07 (dd, J=8.4, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 3.90 (dd, J=12.6, 7.7 Hz, 1H), 3.76-3.65 (m, 3H), 3.55-3.48 (m, 2H), 3.24-2.90 (m, 4H), 2.36 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 3H).

Example 257

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and Intermediate 4. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H24FN5O, 407.19; m/z found 408.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.80-7.68 (m, 3H), 7.39 (dd, J=8.4, 5.8, 1H), 7.17-7.09 (m, 1H), 6.40 (s, 1H), 6.17 (s, 2H), 3.89 (dd, J=12.7, 7.6, 2H), 3.69 (dd, J=12.8, 4.3, 2H), 3.61-3.48 (m, 2H), 3.45-3.32 (m, 2H), 3.25 (dd, J=9.5, 5.0, 2H), 1.25 (s, 6H).

Example 258

(5-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 45 and Intermediate 12. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H22FN7O3, 439.18; m/z found 440.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.89-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.53-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.15 (tdd, J=8.4, 3.7, 0.9, 1H), 5.39 (d, J=2.4, 1H), 4.02-3.48 (m, 13H), 3.31-2.89 (m, 3H).

Example 259

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-methyl-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and Intermediate 11. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H25N7O, 403.21; m/z found 404.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.84-7.75 (m, 2H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.38 (td, J=7.9, 2.4, 1H), 7.25-7.22 (m, 1H), 6.29 (d, J=3.8, 1H), 3.98-3.30 (m, 8H), 3.01 (dd, J=11.5, 6.6, 2H), 2.30 (d, J=3.6, 3H), 1.57 (s, 6H).

Example 260

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 3-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid (Intermediate 82). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H25N7O, 403.21; m/z found 404.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.76 (s, 1H), 7.44-7.34 (m, 2H), 7.25 (s, 1H), 7.24 (d, J=1.9, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.88-3.40 (m, 8H), 3.23 (dd, J=11.0, 4.9, 1H), 3.00-2.83 (m, 1H), 2.36-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.24 (d, J=16.1, 3H), 1.63 (s, 3H).

Example 261

(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(5-nitropyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 46 and Intermediate 12. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H17FN8O3, 424.14; m/z found 425.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 9.10 (ddd, J=9.9, 5.7, 3.3, 2H), 7.90-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.74 (d, J=6.6, 1H), 7.55-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.22-7.10 (m, 1H), 4.13-3.60 (m, 7H), 3.40-3.07 (m, 3H).

Example 262

Methyl 2-(5-(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylate

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A mixture of Intermediate 16 (30 mg, 0.9 mmol), methyl 2-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylate (22 mg, 0.09 mmol), Cs2CO3 (92.4 mg, 0.28 mmol), in DMA (1 mL) was heated to 100° C. for 72 hours. The mixture was cooled to rt diluted with H2O and extracted with EtOAc. The organics were combined, dried and concentrated under reduced pressure. Purification (FCC) (10% MeOH, 0.1% NH4OH in DCM/DCM) afforded the title compound (19 mg, 37%) MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H19F4N7O3, 505.15; m/z found 506.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.98-8.85 (m, 1H), 7.92-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.73 (d, J=2.8, 1H), 7.54-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.15 (td, J=8.4, 4.9, 1H), 4.15-3.45 (m, 11H), 3.41-2.95 (m, 3H). The aqueous layer was acidified with 1 N HCl and extracted with EtOAc. The organics were combined, dried and concentrated under reduced pressure. Purification (FCC) (0-100% soln of 5% MeOH, 0.5% HOAc in DCM/DCM) to afford 2-(5-(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid (22 mg, 44%).

Example 263

2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid

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The title compound was isolated from the synthesis of Example 262. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H17F4N7O3, 491.13; m/z found 492.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 8.90 (t, J=11.7, 1H), 7.97 (s, 1H), 7.94-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.69-7.58 (m, 1H), 7.29 (dt, J=25.1, 12.6, 1H), 4.05-3.50 (m, 7H), 3.18 (tdd, J=19.6, 13.8, 6.8, 3H).

Example 264

(2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-4-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H19F4N7O3, 505.15; m/z found 506.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.49 (s, 2H), 7.54 (dd, J=7.6, 1.9, 3H), 7.45-7.37 (m, 1H), 6.31 (d, J=11.3, 1H), 3.88-3.65 (m, 4H), 3.50 (dd, J=12.0, 4.4, 2H), 3.33 (dt, J=11.2, 5.6, 1H), 3.08-2.80 (m, 3H), 2.28-2.26 (m, 6H).

Example 265

2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-6-methylpyrimidine-4-carboxylic acid

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 262, substituting methyl 2-chloro-6-methylpyrimidine-4-carboxylate for methyl 2-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylate. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H20FN7O3, 437.16; m/z found 438.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): 7.96 (d, J=6.2, 1H), 7.92-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.67-7.57 (m, 1H), 7.29 (d, J=8.4, 1H), 7.09 (s, 1H), 4.01-3.53 (m, 7H), 3.28-2.99 (m, 3H), 2.40-2.36 (m, 3H).

Example 266

(4,5-Difluoro-2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 4,5-difluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H21F2N7O, 425.18; m/z found 425.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.86 (dd, J=10.8, 7.0, 1H), 7.74 (s, 2H), 7.26-7.19 (m, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.86 (dd, J=11.8, 7.6, 2H), 3.66-3.50 (m, 5H), 3.10-2.86 (m, 3H), 2.36-2.23 (m, 6H).

Example 267

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 3-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H25N7O, 403.21; m/z found 404.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.87-7.77 (m, 1H), 7.52-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.25 (d, J=4.7, 2H), 6.28 (s, 1H), 3.76 (dd, J=11.6, 7.2, 2H), 3.65-3.29 (m, 6H), 3.12 (dd, J=11.1, 4.9, 1H), 2.96-2.83 (m, 1H), 2.29 (s, 6H), 2.15 (d, J=18.1, 3H).

Example 268

2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-N,N,6-trimethylpyrimidine-4-carboxamide

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The title compound was prepared using Example 265 in a manner analogous to Example 15 substituting dimethylamine for 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole and EDCl for HATU in the last step. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H25FN8O2, 464.21; m/z found 464.4[M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.90-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.53-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.09 (m, 1H), 6.57 (d, J=9.8, 1H), 4.05-3.48 (m, 8H), 3.31-2.91 (m, 10H), 2.38 (s, 4H), 1.60 (s, 3H).

Example 269

2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-N,N-dimethyl-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide

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The title compound was prepared using Example 263 in a manner analogous to Example 15 substituting dimethylamine for 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole and EDCl for HATU in the last step. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H22F4N8O2, 518.18; m/z found 518.2 [M+H]+.

Example 270

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(mesityl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2,4,6-trimethylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H28N4O, 364.23; m/z found 365.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 6.82 (d, J=8.5, 2H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 4.03-3.29 (m, 8H), 3.11-2.89 (m, 2H), 2.35-2.11 (m, 15H).

Example 271

(2,3-Difluorophenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2,3-difluorobenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H20F2N4O, 358.16; m/z found 358.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.26-7.08 (m, 3H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.03-3.73 (m, 3H), 3.71-3.57 (m, 3H), 3.39 (dd, J=11.3, 5.0, 2H), 3.16-2.95 (m, 2H), 2.36-2.19 (m, 6H).

Example 272

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 substituting Intermediate 88 for 3-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H26N6O2, 430.5; m/z found, 431.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.78 (t, J=4.6 Hz, 2H), 7.80 (d, J=2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.33-7.27 (m, 1H), 7.16 (q, J=4.7 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (dd, J=8.4, 2.7 Hz, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.91 (d, J=3.6 Hz, 3H), 3.85 (ddd, J=11.7, 7.8, 3.4 Hz, 2H), 3.72-3.60 (m, 3H), 3.54 (dd, J=11.6, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 3.47 (dd, J=11.0, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.16 (dd, J=11.1, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 3.00-2.87 (m, 2H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 273

(2,3-Dimethoxyphenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2,3-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H26N4O3, 382.20; m/z found 383.4 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.09 (dd, J=17.8, 9.7, 1H), 6.89 (dd, J=7.9, 1.4, 2H), 6.33-6.19 (m, 1H), 4.02-3.43 (m, 13H), 3.32-2.83 (m, 3H), 2.39-2.21 (m, 6H).

Example 274

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-(trifluoromethoxy)benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H21F3N4O2, 406.16; m/z found 407.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.49-7.27 (m, 4H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.08-3.36 (m, 8H), 3.28-2.80 (m, 3H), 2.40-2.19 (m, 6H).

Example 275

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-methanone

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To a pale yellow solution of 2-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (Intermediate 23) (50 mg, 0.23 mmol) in 2 mL of DMF was added 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid (Intermediate 70) (51 mg, 0.25 mmol) followed by HATU (131 mg, 0.34 mmol) and DIPEA (0.118 mL, 0.69 mmol). The resulting solution was allowed to stir at room temp for 1 h and turned progressively more intense yellow as the reaction continued. The reaction was monitored via LCMS and quenched with H2O once starting materials we no longer observed. The resulting biphasic mixture was extracted with EtOAc three times. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried with Na2SO4 and conc. into a pale yellow oil under reduced pressure. The yellow residue was purified via FCC using 5-50% 2M NH3/MeOH in DCM. Minor impurities remained so the material was further purified via HPLC 0-99% CH3N to give the desired product. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H24N8O, 404.47; m/z found 405.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) 7.80 (s, 2H), 7.72 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.29-7.24 (m, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.90-3.80 (m, 2H), 3.73-3.63 (m, 2H), 3.59 (dd, J=11.6, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.47 (dd, J=11.6, 3.7 Hz, 1H), 3.33 (s, 1H), 3.00 (ddd, J=38.4, 21.7, 7.2 Hz, 3H), 2.68 (s, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 276

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-methoxy-4-methylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H26N4O2, 366.21; m/z found 367.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.13 (d, J=7.6, 1H), 6.77 (d, J=7.6, 1H), 6.70 (s, 1H), 6.28 (s, 1H), 4.00-3.40 (m, 11H), 3.27-2.85 (m, 3H), 2.41-2.19 (m, 9H).

Example 277

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-methylphenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 4-methoxy-2-methylbenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H26N4O2, 366.21; m/z found 367.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.11 (d, J=7.9, 1H), 6.77-6.67 (m, 2H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 4.01-3.83 (m, 2H), 3.83-3.72 (m, 4H), 3.72-3.55 (m, 2H), 3.46 (dt, J=11.9, 6.0, 2H), 3.21-2.89 (m, 3H), 2.37-2.25 (m, 9H).

Example 278

(2,6-Difluorophenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2,6-difluorobenzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H20F2N4O, 358.16; m/z found 359.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.34 (tt, J=8.4, 6.4, 1H), 6.93 (s, 2H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.12-3.76 (m, 3H), 3.75-3.45 (m, 4H), 3.36-2.88 (m, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 279

2-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 12 and Intermediate 49. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H19F2N8O, 418.44; m/z found 419.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.91-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.75 (s, 1H), 7.55-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.15 (ddd, J=8.4, 6.6, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 6.69 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 4.07-3.46 (m, 7H), 3.35-3.20 (m, 1H), 3.19-2.94 (m, 2H), 2.40 (s, 3H).

Example 280

2-[4,6-Bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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Step A: Intermediate 16 (100 mg, 0.332 mmol) was diluted with DCM (10 mL) and was treated with 1,3-di-boc-2-(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)guanidine (118.2 mg, 0.302 mmol) and triethyl amine (0.046 mL, 0.332 mmol). The reaction was stirred at room temperature overnight, then was diluted with DCM and water, extracted and concentrated to provide crude tert-butyl (((tert-butoxycarbonyl)imino)(5-(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methyl)carbamate (165 mg) which was used as is in Step B. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C26H34FN7O5, 543.60; m/z found 544.3 [M+H]+.

Step B: Crude tert-butyl (((tert-butoxycarbonyl)imino)(5-(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methyl)carbamate was dissolved in dioxin (8 mL) and TFA (3 mL) was added and the reaction was stirred at room temperature overnight to form crude 5-(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboximidamide (214 mg) as a TFA salt which was used directly in Step C.

Step C: Crude 5-(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboximidamide—TFA salt (66 mg) was diluted with n-butanol (4 mL) and treated with sodium methoxide (51.9 mg, 0.961 mmol). The reaction is heated to reflux for 1 hour, then cooled and 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoropentane-2,4-dione (400 mg, 1.92 mmol) is added prior to re-heating the reaction to reflux for 19 hours. The mixture was then cooled and concentrated, then diluted with DCM and saturated sodium bicarbonate. Extract with DCM and concentrate. Reverse phase HPLC gave the title compound (4.6 mg). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H16F7N7O, 515.39; m/z found 416.2 [M+H]+. Rotamers observed in 1H NMR.

Example 281

2-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methylpyrimidin-4-ol

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 280, substituting methyl acetoacetate for 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoropentane-2,4-dione in Step C. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H20FN7O2, 409.42; m/z found 410.2 [M+H]+. Rotamers observed in 1H NMR.

Example 282

(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4-(furan-2-yl)-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 280, substituting 1-(furan-2-yl)butane-1,3-dione for 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoropentane-2,4-dione in the Step C. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H22FN7O2, 459.49; m/z found 460.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR very broad peaks due to rotamers.

Example 283

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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To a mixture of 2-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (1.4 g, 6.5 mmol), 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid (1.4 g, 6.5 mmol), and TEA (1.3 mL, 9.7 mmol) in DMF (32.0 mL) was added HATU (2.7 g, 7.1 mmol). After 1 h, the reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc and washed with water. The aqueous layer was then extracted with EtOAc (1×). The combined organic phases were dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified using silica gel chromatography (0-5% MeOH in EtOAc) to yield pure title compound (1.2 g, 44%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C23H23FN6O, 418.48; m/z found 419.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.91-8.56 (m, 2H), 7.47-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.24-7.14 (m, 3H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.81 (dd, J=11.6, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 3.72 (ddd, J=9.0, 7.2, 2.2 Hz, 2H), 3.68-3.47 (m, 4H), 3.31 (dd, J=11.0, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 3.05-2.89 (m, 2H), 2.31 (s, 6H).

Example 284

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 283, substituting Intermediate 86 for 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H23FN6O, 406.47; m/z found 407.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 11.33 (s, 1H), 7.50 (m, 1H), 7.35-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.21-7.08 (m, 2H), 6.64 (s, 1H), 6.28 (s, 1H), 3.82-2.71 (m, 10H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 285

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 283, substituting 3-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid for 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H25N7O2, 419.49; m/z found 420.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.74 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 2H), 7.51-7.45 (m, 1H), 7.09 (dd, J=8.4, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.00 (dd, J=7.6, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.87-3.76 (m, 4H), 3.66 (ddd, J=19.8, 12.1, 7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.58-3.50 (m, 2H), 3.47-3.37 (m, 2H), 3.22 (dd, J=11.0, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 2.97-2.86 (m, 2H), 2.28 (s, J=20.1 Hz, 6H).

Example 286

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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Step A: To 3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzonitrile (2.1 g, 11.2 mmol) in MeOH (30 mL) was added 2 M aq. NaOH (10 mL). The reaction was heated at reflux until determined complete by HPLC then cooled to room temperature, acidified with 1 N aq. HCl to pH=1 and extracted with DCM (2×). The combined organics were washed with brine and dried (Na2SO4) resulting in a mixture of two products, 3-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzoic acid and 3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzoic acid, which were used without further purification in the next step.

Step B: 2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. Example 286 was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 283, utilizing a mixture of 3-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid and 3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid in place of 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid which gave 2 products, Example 286 and Example 287. For Example 286: MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H23N7O2, 419.49; m/z found 420.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.87 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.45 (m, 1H), 7.09 (dd, J=8.5, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.00 (dd, J=7.7, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, J=5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.89-3.81 (m, 4H), 3.79-3.65 (m, 3H), 3.54-3.46 (m, 2H), 3.43-3.36 (m, 1H), 3.24 (dt, J=12.4, 6.1 Hz, 1H), 3.02-2.91 (m, 2H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 287

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was isolated from Step B in Example 286. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H22FN7O, 407.45; m/z found 408.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.96-7.91 (m, 1H), 7.84-7.80 (m, 1H), 7.58-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.37-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.26-7.23 (m, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.88-3.85 (m, 1H), 3.80-3.71 (m, 2H), 3.71-3.64 (m, 1H), 3.57-3.42 (m, 3H), 3.23 (dd, J=11.0, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 3.04-2.94 (m, 2H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 288

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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Step A: (5-Benzylhexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone. To a mixture of 2-benzyloctahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (282 mg, 1.4 mmol), 4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoic acid (306 mg, 1.4 mmol), and TEA (0.21 mL, 1.5 mmol) in DMF (7.5 mL) was added HATU (583 mg, 1.5 mmol). After 1 h, the reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc and washed with water. The aqueous layer was then extracted with EtOAc (1×). The combined organics were dried (Na2SO4) and concentrated to give a residue. Purification via Agilent prep system (Basic) gave 327 mg (58%) of the title compound as a clear oil. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.79 (s, J=6.5 Hz, 2H), 7.50 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.34-7.21 (m, 5H), 6.95 (dd, J=8.5, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 3.93 (s, 3H), 3.86-3.72 (m, 1H), 3.65-3.46 (m, 3H), 3.13 (s, 1H), 2.90-2.74 (m, 2H), 2.74-2.59 (m, 2H), 2.57-2.39 (m, 2H), 2.16 (dd, J=9.2, 4.2 Hz, 1H).

Step B: (Hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone. (5-Benzylhexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone in EtOH (20 mL) and AcOH (1 mL) was continuously flowed through a 20 wt % Pd(OH)2/C cartridge at a rate of 1 mL/min for 2 h at 50° C. and 50 bar using a H-cube apparatus. Then the reaction was concentrated and neutralized with 5% Na2CO3 (aq), and extracted with CH2Cl2 (3×). Combined organics and dried (Na2SO4) to give (hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone as a clear oil that was used without further purification. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.83-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.50 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (dd, J=8.5, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 3.75-3.63 (m, 2H), 3.27 (s, 1H), 3.08 (dd, J=11.9, 8.1 Hz, 1H), 2.94 (dt, J=11.4, 5.7 Hz, 2H), 2.88-2.75 (m, 2H), 2.69 (dd, J=17.8, 14.3 Hz, 1H), 2.56 (dd, J=11.4, 3.9 Hz, 1H).

Step C: 2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. To (hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone (185 mg, 0.4 mmol) in DMF (2.2 mL) was added 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine (61 mg, 0.4 mmol). The flask was heated to 120° C. for 18 h. The flask was allowed to cool to rt, diluted with EtOAc and washed with H2O. The aq was back-extracted with EtOAc (1×). The combined organics were washed with brine and dried (Na2SO4) to give an oil. Purification via silica gel (15-75% EtOAc in hexanes) gave 175 mg (97%) of the title compound. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H25N7O2, 419.49; m/z found 420.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.73 (s, 2H), 7.49 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (dd, J=8.5, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.93-3.80 (m, 5H), 3.72-3.63 (m, 2H), 3.58 (dd, J=11.6, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.46 (dd, J=11.6, 4.3 Hz, 1H), 3.39-3.28 (m, 1H), 3.05-2.84 (m, 3H), 2.33 (s, 6H).

Example 289

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 283, utilizing a mixture of 4-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzoic acid and 4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzoic acid obtained from the synthesis of Intermediate 54. Purification of the final compounds gave the title compound as an oil. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H25N7O2, 419.49; m/z found 420.2 [M+H]+1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.98 (s, J=2.9 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (s, J=4.1 Hz, 1H), 7.42-7.36 (m, 1H), 7.18 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.06 (dd, J=8.5, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.90 (s, J=7.6 Hz, 3H), 3.83-3.66 (m, 3H), 3.50-3.42 (m, 2H), 3.30 (dd, J=11.6, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 3.22 (dd, J=11.1, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 2.99-2.76 (m, 3H), 2.28 (d, J=16.2 Hz, 6H).

Example 290

2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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A mixture of Intermediate 20 (86 mg, 0.30 mmol), Intermediate 55 (44 mg, 0.3 mmol) and DIPEA (0.16 mL, 0.91 mmol) in ACN (1 mL) was heated in the microwave at 200° C. for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated in vacuo and chromatography (Hex to 100% EtOAc/Hex) afforded the title compound (82 mg, 69%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H20FN7O, 393.17, m/z found 394.2 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.06 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.98 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (s, 2H), 7.57-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.43 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 2H), 3.93-3.77 (m, 2H), 3.74-3.60 (m, 2H), 3.59-3.51 (m, 1H), 3.46-3.33 (m, 2H), 3.09-2.88 (m, 3H), 2.37 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 3H).

Example 291

2-(2-Chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 utilizing Intermediate 20 and substituting 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C19H17ClFN7O, 413.85; m/z found, 414.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.01 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (s, 2H), 7.58-7.51 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.39 (m, 2H), 4.04-3.93 (m, 1H), 3.92-3.70 (m, 4H), 3.68-3.59 (m, 1H), 3.46 (br s, 1H), 3.13-2.88 (m, 3H).

Example 292

2-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting Intermediate 16 for Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidine for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C19H17F2N7O, 397.39; m/z found, 398.2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.26-8.17 (m, 2H), 7.89-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.53-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.10 (m, 1H), 4.02-3.45 (m, 7H), 3.30-3.23 (m, 1H), 3.17-2.97 (m, 2H).

Example 293

2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting Intermediate 16 for Intermediate 20. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C20H19F2N7O, 411.42; m/z found, 412.2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.09-8.03 (m, 1H), 7.88-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.72 (s, 1H), 7.51-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.10 (m, 1H), 4.01-3.45 (m, 7H), 3.30-3.21 (m, 1H), 3.15-2.95 (m, 2H), 2.37 (d, J=2.4 Hz, 3H).

Example 294

2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting Intermediate 16 for Intermediate 20 and Intermediate 56 for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C22H24FN7O, 421.48; m/z found, 422.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.88-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.72 (s, 1H), 7.50-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.10 (m, 1H), 3.93-3.47 (m, 7H), 3.28-3.21 (m, 1H), 3.11-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.33 (s, 6H), 2.07 (s, 3H).

Example 295

2-(4,5-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting Intermediate 16 for Intermediate 20 and Intermediate 57 for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C21H22FN7O, 407.45; m/z found, 408.2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.99 (s, 1H), 7.89-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.72 (s, 1H), 7.53-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.08 (m, 1H), 4.02-3.46 (m, 7H), 3.31-3.21 (m, 1H), 3.15-2.95 (m, 2H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 2.09 (s, 3H).

Example 296

2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methoxy-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was isolated from the synthesis of Intermediate 58. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C21H22FN7O2, 423.45; m/z found, 424.0. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.88-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.72 (s, 1H), 7.52-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.11 (m, 1H), 5.87 (d, J=4.3 Hz, 1H), 4.00-3.50 (m, 10H), 3.30-3.22 (m, 1H), 3.13-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.28 (s, 3H).

Example 297

2-(4-Ethyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 55 substituting Intermediate 58 for 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine and 1.0 M EtMgBr in THF for 3.0 M MeMgBr in Et2O. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C22H24FN7O, 421.48; m/z found, 422.0. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.88-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.51-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.11 (m, 1H), 6.29 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 4.01-3.50 (m, 7H), 3.31-3.22 (m, 1H), 3.13-2.94 (m, 2H), 2.56 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.31 (d, J=1.6 Hz, 3H), 1.27-1.21 (m, 3H).

Example 298

2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[4-methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 55 substituting Intermediate 58 for 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine and 2.0 M iPrMgBr in THF for 3.0 M MeMgBr in Et2O. Three products were formed in this reaction, 2-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[4-methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole, 2-[4-methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole and 2-{[5-(1-Methylethyl)-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[4-methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C23H26FN7O, 435.51; m/z found, 436.2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.89-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.72 (s, 1H), 7.52-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.10 (m, 1H), 6.32-6.25 (m, 1H), 4.01-3.49 (m, 7H), 3.31-3.21 (m, 1H), 3.13-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.82-2.70 (m, 1H), 2.32 (d, J=2.1 Hz, 3H), 1.27-1.20 (m, 6H).

Example 299

2-[4-Methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was isolated from the synthesis of Example 298. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C23H27N7O, 417.52; m/z found, 418.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.98 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (s, 2H), 7.55-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.39 (m, 2H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.91-3.83 (m, 2H), 3.74-3.64 (m, 2H), 3.63-3.57 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.44 (m, 1H), 3.42-3.27 (m, 1H), 3.07-2.88 (m, 3H), 2.81-2.59 (m, 1H), 2.31 (s, 3H), 1.25-1.21 (m, 6H).

Example 300

2-{[5-(1-Methylethyl)-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[4-methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was isolated from the synthesis of Example 298. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C26H33N7O, 459.6; m/z found, 460.3. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.84-7.72 (m, 2H), 7.67 (s, 1H), 7.51-7.32 (m, 2H), 6.32-6.25 (m, 1H), 3.92-3.31 (m, 7H), 3.16-2.70 (m, 5H), 2.31 (d, J=4.7 Hz, 3H), 1.28-1.14 (m, 12H).

Example 301

2-(4-tert-Butyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 55 substituting Intermediate 58 for 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine and 1.0 M tBuMgBr in THF for 3.0 M MeMgBr in Et2O. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C24H28FN7O, 449.54; m/z found, 450.3. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.93-7.72 (m, 3H), 7.54-7.45 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.11 (m, 1H), 6.66-6.59 (m, 1H), 4.23-3.60 (m, 7H), 3.38-3.06 (m, 3H), 2.67-2.43 (m, 3H), 1.29 (s, 9H).

Example 302

2-(4-Cyclopropyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 55 substituting Intermediate 58 for 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine and 0.5 M cyclopropylmagnesium bromide in THF for 3.0 M MeMgBr in Et2O. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C23H24FNO, 433.49; m/z found, 434.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.87-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.51-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.11 (m, 1H), 6.31-6.26 (m, 1H), 3.99-3.79 (m, 2H), 3.79-3.72 (m, 1H), 3.69-3.45 (m, 4H), 3.27-3.20 (m, 1H), 3.10-2.91 (m, 2H), 2.29 (s, 3H), 1.82-1.74 (m, 1H), 1.10-1.00 (m, 2H), 0.95-0.88 (m, 2H).

Example 303

2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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Step A: tert-Butyl 5-(4-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate. To a solution of 2,4-dichloro-1,3,5-triazine (150 mg, 0.953 mmol) in ACN(5 mL) was added a solution of Intermediate 15 (202 mg, 0.953 mmol) and DIPEA (0.33 mL, 1.91 mmol) in ACN (5 mL) at 0° C. dropwise. After 10 min the mixture was diluted with saturated aqueous NH4Cl solution. The aqueous layer was then extracted with DCM and the combined organic extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography (Hexanes to 80% EtOAc/Hexanes) afforded the desired product as a white solid (137 mg, 44%). MS (ESI) mass calculated for C14H20ClN5O2, 325.13; m/z found, 326.1.

Step B: tert-Butyl 5-(4-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate. tert-Butyl 5-(4-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 55 substituting the product of Step A for 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C15H23N5O2, 305.18; m/z found, 306.0.

Step C: 2-(4-Methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. tert-Butyl 5-(4-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate (43 mg, 0.142 mmol), DCM (1.4 mL) and TFA (0.71 mL) were stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated in vacuo and taken on to the next step without further purification.

Step D: 2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. Example 303 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 59 substituting the product of Step C for Intermediate 15 and Intermediate 12 for 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C19H19FN8O, 394.41; m/z found, 395.0. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.51-8.42 (m, 1H), 7.89-7.81 (m, 2H), 7.75 (d, J=3.5 Hz, 1H), 7.54-7.45 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.11 (m, 1H), 4.02-3.51 (m, 8H), 3.32-3.23 (m, 1H), 3.17-3.00 (m, 2H), 2.50-2.40 (m, 3H).

Example 304

2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methyl-6-morpholin-4-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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A mixture of Intermediate 58 (137 mg, 0.254 mmol) and morpholine (1.3 mL) was stirred 14 h at room temperature. The mixture was concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography (DCM to 8% 2 M NH3 in MeOH/DCM) afforded the desired product as a pale yellow foam (95 mg, 78%). MS (ESI) mass calculated for C24H27FN8O2, 478.53; m/z found, 479.3. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.86-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.72 (s, 1H), 7.51-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.10 (m, 1H), 5.77-5.72 (m, 1H), 3.99-3.47 (m, 13H), 3.28-3.21 (m, 1H), 3.09-2.91 (m, 2H), 2.90-2.86 (m, 2H), 2.25 (s, 3H).

Example 305

2-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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Step A: (2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl)(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone. (2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl)(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 303, substituting Intermediate 59 for the product of Example 303 in Step C. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C15H17NO, 283.14; m/z found, 284.2.

Step B: 2-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. The product of Step A (167 mg, 0.421 mmol), Intermediate 56 (66 mg, 0.421 mmol) and DIPEA (0.29 mL, 1.68 mmol) were heated for 2 h at 200° C. in ACN (1.4 mL) in the microwave. The mixture was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified using Agilent HPLC (basic system) to yield impure material. This material was subsequently purified using normal phase chromatography (DCM to 8% 2M NH3 in MeOH/DCM) to afford the title compound (49 mg, 29%). MS (ESI) mass calculated for C22H25N7O, 403.49; m/z found, 404.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.16 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 8.06 (s, 1H), 7.54-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.35 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.96-3.89 (m, 1H), 3.85-3.77 (m, 1H), 3.74-3.68 (m, 1H), 3.68-3.55 (m, 2H), 3.42 (br s, 2H), 3.16 (br s, 1H), 3.04-2.96 (m, 1H), 2.89 (br s, 1H), 2.32 (s, 6H), 2.05 (s, 3H).

Example 306

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 59 substituting Intermediate 23 for Intermediate 15 and 2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)benzoic acid for 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C22H24N6O2, 404.48; m/z found, 405.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.10 (dd, J=7.9 Hz, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (td, J=7.6 Hz, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (td, J=7.7 Hz, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (dd, J=7.6 Hz, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 6.28 (s, 1H), 3.99-3.88 (m, 2H), 3.80-3.75 (m, 1H), 3.74-3.65 (m, 2H), 3.53-3.48 (m, 1H), 3.46-3.40 (m, 1H), 3.12-3.04 (m, 2H), 3.01-2.93 (m, 1H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.28 (s, 6H).

Example 307

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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Step A: (Hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl)methanone. Intermediate 60 (100 mg, 0.252 mmol), DCM (2.5 mL), TFA (0.5 mL) were stirred at room temperature for 2 h and then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in DCM and treated with Dowex 550 A resin. After stirring for 2 h the resin was removed by filtration and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to a colorless oil which was taken on to the next step without further purification. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C16H19N5O, 297.16; m/z found, 298.0.

Step B: 2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. Example 307 was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting the product of Step A for Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C22H25N7O, 403.21; m/z found, 404.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.83 (s, 1H), 7.58-7.49 (m, 2H), 7.47-7.42 (m, 2H), 6.28 (s, 1H), 3.85-3.80 (m, 4H), 3.75-3.69 (m, 2H), 3.55-3.45 (m, 4H), 3.24-3.19 (m, 1H), 2.99-2.88 (m, 2H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 308

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 307 substituting Intermediate 61 for Intermediate 60 in Step A. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C22H25N7O, 403.21; m/z found, 404.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.12-8.06 (m, 1H), 7.93 (s, 1H), 7.49-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.37-7.29 (m, 1H), 6.27 (s, 1H), 3.95-3.83 (m, 5H), 3.78-3.60 (m, 3H), 3.47-3.38 (m, 2H), 3.08-2.98 (m, 2H), 2.95-2.86 (m, 1H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 309

2-{[2-(3-Methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 307 substituting Intermediate 62 for Intermediate 60 in Step A, and Intermediate 56 for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step B. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C23H26N6O2, 418.21; m/z found, 419.3. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.09 (dd, J=7.9 Hz, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (td, J=7.6 Hz, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (td, J=7.7 Hz, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (dd, J=7.6 Hz, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 3.98-3.93 (m, 1H), 3.90-3.84 (m, 1H), 3.79-3.73 (m, 1H), 3.70-3.61 (m, 2H), 3.50-3.44 (m, 1H), 3.44-3.38 (m, 1H), 3.10-3.02 (m, 2H), 2.98-2.91 (m, 1H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H), 2.06 (s, 3H).

Example 310

2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 307 substituting Intermediate 62 for Intermediate 60 in Step A, and Intermediate 55 for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step B. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C21H21FN6O2, 408.17; m/z found, 409.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.10 (dd, J=7.9 Hz, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.04 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.61 (td, J=7.6 Hz, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (td, J=7.7 Hz, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (dd, J=7.6 Hz, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 4.00-3.94 (m, 1H), 3.90-3.83 (m, 1H), 3.79-3.74 (m, 1H), 3.71-3.60 (m, 2H), 3.47-3.41 (m, 2H), 3.13-3.06 (m, 2H), 3.02-2.94 (m, 1H), 2.41 (s, 3H), 2.35 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 3H).

Example 311

2-{[2-(1-Methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 307 substituting Intermediate 61 for Intermediate 60 in Step A, and Intermediate 56 for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step B. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C23H27N7O, 417.23; m/z found, 418.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.11-8.04 (m, 1H), 7.93 (s, 1H), 7.47-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.34-7.30 (m, 1H), 3.94-3.79 (m, 5H), 3.75-3.69 (m, 1H), 3.66-3.56 (m, 2H), 3.43-3.36 (m, 2H), 3.07-2.97 (m, 2H), 2.92-2.85 (m, 1H), 2.32 (s, 6H), 2.06 (s, 3H).

Example 312

2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 307 substituting Intermediate 61 for Intermediate 60 in Step A, and Intermediate 55 for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step B. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C21H22FN7O, 407.19; m/z found, 408.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.09 (dd, J=7.5 Hz, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.04 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.94 (s, 1H), 7.47-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.34-7.30 (m, 1H), 3.97-3.85 (m, 4H), 3.85-3.78 (m, 1H), 3.76-3.70 (m, 1H), 3.66-3.55 (m, 2H), 3.45-3.36 (m, 2H), 3.09-3.00 (m, 2H), 2.97-2.88 (m, 1H), 2.35 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 3H).

Example 313

2-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting Intermediate 16 for Intermediate 20 and 2-chloro-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C23H24FN7O, 433.20; m/z found, 434.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.87-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.72 (s, 1H), 7.49-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.09 (m, 1H), 4.01-3.84 (m, 2H), 3.82-3.49 (m, 5H), 3.29-3.22 (m, 1H), 3.13-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.86-2.79 (m, 2H), 2.78-2.72 (m, 2H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 2.09-2.00 (m, 2H).

Example 314

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 59 substituting Intermediate 23 for Intermediate 15 and Intermediate 63 for 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C22H23FN6O2, 422.19; m/z found, 423.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.62-7.56 (m, 1H), 7.31-7.26 (m, 1H), 7.24-7.20 (m, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.93-3.86 (m, 2H), 3.77-3.62 (m, 3H), 3.57-3.47 (m, 2H), 3.21-3.16 (m, 1H), 3.10-2.96 (m, 2H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 2.28 (s, 6H).

Example 315

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 59 substituting Intermediate 23 for Intermediate 15 and Intermediate 64 for 2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C22H23FN6O2, 422.19; m/z found, 423.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.96-7.86 (m, 1H), 7.55-7.47 (m, 1H), 7.38-7.29 (m, 1H), 6.32-6.23 (m, 1H), 3.99-3.46 (m, 7H), 3.27-2.95 (m, 3H), 2.49-2.37 (m, 3H), 2.36-2.21 (m, 6H).

Example 316

2-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting Intermediate 16 for Intermediate 20 and Intermediate 65 for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C20H19ClFN7O, 427.13; m/z found, 428.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.13 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.87-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.51-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.11 (m, 1H), 4.00-3.54 (m, 7H), 3.28-3.23 (m, 1H), 3.14-2.97 (m, 2H), 2.43 (s, 3H).

Example 317

2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting Intermediate 16 for Intermediate 20 and Intermediate 66 for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C21H21ClFN7O, 441.15; m/z found, 442.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.87-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.50-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.11 (m, 1H), 4.00-3.73 (m, 3H), 3.70-3.46 (m, 4H), 3.27-3.22 (m, 1H), 3.12-2.94 (m, 2H), 2.42 (s, 6H).

Example 318

2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 307 substituting Intermediate 62 for Intermediate 60 in Step A, and Intermediate 66 for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step B. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C22H23ClN6O2, 438.16; m/z found, 439.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.11 (dd, J=7.6 Hz, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (td, J=7.6 Hz, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (td, J=7.6 Hz, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (dd, J=7.6 Hz, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 3.99-3.92 (m, 1H), 3.90-3.84 (m, 1H), 3.80-3.74 (m, 1H), 3.70-3.61 (m, 2H), 3.50-3.41 (m, 2H), 3.12-3.04 (m, 2H), 3.02-2.94 (m, 1H), 2.46-2.36 (m, 9H).

Example 319

4-Methyl-2-[5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 307 substituting Intermediate 62 for Intermediate 60 in Step A, and 2-chloro-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step B. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C24H26N6O2, 430.21; m/z found, 431.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.10 (dd, J=7.9 Hz, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.61 (td, J=7.6 Hz, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (td, J=7.6 Hz, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (dd, J=7.6 Hz, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 3.99-3.87 (m, 2H), 3.80-3.74 (m, 1H), 3.73-3.65 (m, 2H), 3.52-3.47 (m, 1H), 3.45-3.39 (m, 1H), 3.11-3.05 (m, 2H), 3.01-2.93 (m, 1H), 2.83-2.72 (m, 4H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 2.26 (s, 3H), 2.08-2.00 (m, 2H).

Example 320

2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 307 substituting Intermediate 61 for Intermediate 60 in Step A, and Intermediate 66 for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step B. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C22H24ClN7O, 437.17; m/z found, 438.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.12-8.06 (m, 1H), 7.95 (s, 1H), 7.47-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.34-7.31 (m, 1H), 3.96-3.85 (m, 4H), 3.85-3.78 (m, 1H), 3.77-3.70 (m, 1H), 3.65-3.57 (m, 2H), 3.45-3.38 (m, 2H), 3.08-3.00 (m, 2H), 2.95-2.87 (m, 1H), 2.41 (s, 6H).

Example 321

2-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 307 substituting Intermediate 61 for Intermediate 60 in Step A, and Intermediate 65 for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step B. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C21H22ClN7O, 423.16; m/z found, 424.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.15-8.06 (m, 2H), 7.96 (s, 1H), 7.48-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.36-7.30 (m, 1H), 3.96-3.80 (m, 5H), 3.79-3.70 (m, 1H), 3.67-3.55 (m, 2H), 3.47-3.37 (m, 2H), 3.10-3.01 (m, 2H), 2.99-2.90 (m, 1H), 2.41 (s, 3H).

Example 322

2-(5-Ethyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 307 substituting Intermediate 61 for Intermediate 60 in Step A, and Intermediate 67 for 2-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine in Step B. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C24H29N7O, 431.24; m/z found, 432.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.11-8.05 (m, 1H), 7.95 (s, 1H), 7.48-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.35-7.30 (m, 1H), 3.96-3.79 (m, 5H), 3.77-3.70 (m, 1H), 3.66-3.55 (m, 2H), 3.43-3.35 (m, 2H), 3.08-2.97 (m, 2H), 2.94-2.86 (m, 1H), 2.52 (q, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 2.34 (s, 6H), 1.08 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 3H).

Example 323

2-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting Intermediate 68 for Intermediate 20 and Intermediate 56 for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C21H24N8O, 404.21; m/z found, 405.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.62 (dd, J=4.7 Hz, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (dd, J=8.3 Hz, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (s, 2H), 7.48 (dd, J=8.3 Hz, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 3.96-3.84 (m, 2H), 3.78-3.63 (m, 4H), 3.60-3.54 (m, 1H), 3.29-3.23 (m, 1H), 3.12-2.98 (m, 2H), 2.33 (s, 6H), 2.07 (s, 3H).

Example 324

2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting Intermediate 68 for Intermediate 20 and Intermediate 66 for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C20H21ClN8O, 424.15; m/z found, 425.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.62 (dd, J=4.7 Hz, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (dd, J=8.3 Hz, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (s, 2H), 7.48 (dd, J=8.3 Hz, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 3.95-3.89 (m, 1H), 3.89-3.83 (m, 1H), 3.79-3.74 (m, 1H), 3.73-3.64 (m, 3H), 3.60-3.53 (m, 1H), 3.28-3.23 (m, 1H), 3.13-2.98 (m, 2H), 2.42 (s, 6H).

Example 325

2-(5-Fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting Intermediate 68 for Intermediate 20 and Intermediate 69 for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C20H21FN8O, 408.18; m/z found, 409.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.62 (dd, J=4.7 Hz, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.34 (dd, J=8.3 Hz, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (s, 2H), 7.48 (dd, J=8.3 Hz, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 3.97-3.89 (m, 1H), 3.88-3.82 (m, 1H), 3.78-3.73 (m, 1H), 3.72-3.62 (m, 3H), 3.57-3.51 (m, 1H), 3.29-3.23 (m, 1H), 3.12-2.99 (m, 2H), 2.33 (d, J=2.6 Hz, 6H).

Example 326

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(9H-fluoren-4-ylcarbonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 substituting 9H-fluorene-4-carboxylic acid for 3-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C20H21FN8O, 410.52; m/z found, 411.2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.68-7.61 (m, 1H), 7.58-7.51 (m, 2H), 7.35-7.23 (m, 4H), 6.28 (s, 1H), 4.13 (dd, J=12.8, 7.9 Hz, 1H), 3.94-3.87 (m, 3H), 3.80 (dd, J=12.8, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 3.73-3.64 (m, 2H), 3.46 (s, 2H), 3.11 (dtd, J=12.5, 7.5, 4.9 Hz, 2H), 2.97-2.86 (m, 1H), 2.28 (s, 6H).

Example 327

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzo[1,3]dioxol-4-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 5-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzo[1,3]dioxole-4-carboxylic acid (Intermediate 76) for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H23N7O3, 433.47; m/z found 434.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.75 (s, 1H), 7.64 (s, 1H), 7.42 (t, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (d, J=3.4 Hz, 1H), 6.13-5.99 (m, 2H), 3.95-3.75 (m, 3H), 3.74-3.50 (m, 5H), 3.26 (ddd, J=43.0, 10.7, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 3.09-2.92 (m, 2H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 328

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(8-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-1-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 8-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalene-1-carboxylic acid (Intermediate 75) for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C2H25N7O, 439.41; m/z found 440.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) 8.00 (m, J=11.0, 7.1, 2.7 Hz, 2H), 7.80 (m, J=51.6 Hz, 2H), 7.69-7.49 (m, 4H), 6.31 (m, J=12.7 Hz, 1H), 3.91 (m, J=11.6, 7.7 Hz, 1H), 3.85-3.62 (m, 4H), 3.57-3.47 (m, 2H), 3.38-3.28 (m, 1H), 3.18 (m, J=10.9, 5.9 Hz, 1H), 3.06-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.30 (m, J=8.3 Hz, 6H).

Example 329

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(4-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 4-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)nicotinic acid (Intermediate 81) for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C20H22N8O, 390.40; m/z found 391.4 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.83 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1H), 8.75 (s, 1H), 8.10 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J=0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1H), 6.31 (s, 1H), 3.86 (ddd, J=16.6, 12.3, 7.7 Hz, 2H), 3.75-3.67 (m, 1H), 3.56 (ddd, J=16.5, 12.3, 4.8 Hz, 2H), 3.35 (dt, J=14.9, 7.7 Hz, 2H), 3.04-2.86 (m, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 330

(5-tert-Butyl-2-methoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 5-tert-butyl-2-methoxybenzoic acid for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H32N4O2, 408.54; m/z found 409.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.34 (dd, J=8.7, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.27-7.24 (m, 1H), 6.82 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.96 (dd, J=12.7, 7.9 Hz, 1H), 3.87 (dd, J=11.6, 7.4 Hz, 1H), 3.80-3.73 (m, 4H), 3.67-3.60 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.45 (m, 2H), 3.21 (dd, J=11.0, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 3.09-3.00 (m, 1H), 2.99-2.91 (m, 1H), 2.29 (s, 6H), 1.28 (s, 9H).

Example 331

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(1-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 1-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalene-2-carboxylic acid (Intermediate 73) for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H25N7O, 439.52; m/z found 440.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.02 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.95-7.91 (m, 1H), 7.88 (s, 2H), 7.72 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (dddd, J=14.9, 8.2, 6.9, 1.3 Hz, 2H), 7.52-7.48 (m, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.83 (dd, J=11.6, 7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.72 (ddd, J=14.6, 12.2, 7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.56-3.45 (m, 4H), 3.19 (dd, J=11.0, 5.4 Hz, 1H), 3.00-2.87 (m, 3H), 2.31 (s, 6H).

Example 332

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 3-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (Intermediate 72) for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. Excess amounts of acetic acid from the purification of the acid (in previous steps) still remained and allowed the acetamide to be formed in significant quantities as a byproduct, which was isolated in addition to the title compound. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C20H22N8O, 390.44; m/z found 391.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.62 (dd, J=4.7, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (dd, J=8.3, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (s, 2H), 7.48 (dd, J=8.3, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 6.28 (s, 1H), 3.92 (td, J=12.5, 7.4 Hz, 2H), 3.80-3.57 (m, 5H), 3.26 (dd, J=10.8, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.12-2.98 (m, 2H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 333

(2-Bromo-4,5-dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 5-acetamido-2-bromobenzoic acid for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H25BrN4O3, 461.35; m/z found 463.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 6.98 (s, 1H), 6.77 (s, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.98-3.89 (m, 2H), 3.86 (d, J=9.2 Hz, 6H), 3.79 (dd, J=11.6, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 3.67-3.59 (m, 2H), 3.53 (dd, J=11.5, 4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.22 (s, 1H), 3.12-2.96 (m, 2H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 334

(3,4-Dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1,4]dioxepin-6-yl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 3,4-dihydro-2H-1,5-benzodioxepine-6-carboxylic acid for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H26N4O3, 394.47; m/z found 395.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 6.99 (dd, J=7.9, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 6.93 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.88 (dd, J=7.4, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 4.20 (s, 2H), 3.90 (ddd, J=19.1, 12.1, 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.81-3.73 (m, 1H), 3.68-3.58 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.45 (m, 2H), 3.23 (dd, J=10.9, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 3.09-2.90 (m, 2H), 2.29 (s, 6H), 2.14 (d, J=5.9 Hz, 2H).

Example 335

(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 248, substituting 6-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine for 5-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.21. found 432.2 [M+H]+.

Example 336

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-nicotinic acid (Intermediate 71) for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C21H24N8O, 404.47; m/z found 405.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.45 (d, J=0.7 Hz, 1H), 7.78 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.26 (t, J=3.9 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 4.01 (dd, J=12.6, 7.7 Hz, 1H), 3.91 (dd, J=11.6, 7.7 Hz, 1H), 3.76 (dd, J=11.6, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 3.65-3.58 (m, 2H), 3.51 (ddd, J=16.0, 11.1, 5.9 Hz, 2H), 3.15 (dt, J=10.1, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 3.12-2.95 (m, 2H), 2.61 (s, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 337

(1-Bromo-naphthalen-2-yl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 5-acetamido-2-bromobenzoic acid for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H23BrN4O, 451.36; m/z found 451.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.29 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 7.64 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 1H), 7.60-7.54 (m, 1H), 7.33 (s, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.03 (s, 1H), 3.91 (s, 1H), 3.77 (dt, J=14.9, 7.4 Hz, 2H), 3.66 (dd, J=11.6, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 3.51 (d, J=52.5 Hz, 2H), 3.18 (d, J=65.6 Hz, 2H), 2.98 (d, J=21.2 Hz, 1H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 338

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-methoxy-naphthalen-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 3-methoxy-2-naphthoic acid for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H26N4O2, 402.49; m/z found 403.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.78-7.70 (m, 3H), 7.49-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.39-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.15 (s, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.99 (dd, J=12.7, 7.9 Hz, 1H), 3.93-3.85 (m, 4H), 3.79-3.62 (m, 3H), 3.56-3.45 (m, 2H), 3.21 (dd, J=11.1, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 3.11-3.02 (m, 1H), 2.99-2.90 (m, 1H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 339

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(8-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-1-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 1-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-naphthalene-2-carboxylic acid (Intermediate 74) for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H25N7O, 439.52; m/z found 440.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.08 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 8.01 (d, J=0.8 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.92 (d, J=0.8 Hz, 1H), 7.65-7.59 (m, 1H), 7.56 (ddd, J=8.1, 7.0, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.51-7.47 (m, 1H), 7.36 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.82 (dd, J=11.6, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.76-3.63 (m, 2H), 3.56 (dd, J=11.2, 7.1 Hz, 1H), 3.49 (dd, J=11.5, 3.8 Hz, 1H), 3.45-3.36 (m, 2H), 3.14 (dd, J=11.2, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 2.96-2.84 (m, 2H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 340

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(1-methoxy-naphthalen-2-yl)-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 1-methoxy-2-naphthoic acid for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H26N4O2, 402.49; m/z found 403.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.19-8.12 (m, 1H), 7.84 (dt, J=6.2, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.56-7.49 (m, 2H), 7.36 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 4.07-3.97 (m, 4H), 3.91 (dd, J=11.5, 7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.80-3.55 (m, 4H), 3.48 (dd, J=11.5, 4.6 Hz, 1H), 3.33 (s, 1H), 3.13-3.04 (m, 1H), 3.01-2.92 (m, 1H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 341

(4,5-Dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 2,3-dimethoxy-6-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-benzoic acid (Intermediate 78) for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H27N7O3, 449.51; m/z found 450.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.93 (s, 1H), 7.77 (s, 1H), 7.17 (s, 1H), 6.92 (s, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.95 (d, J=1.6 Hz, 6H), 3.74 (ddd, J=29.3, 15.1, 7.9 Hz, 3H), 3.46 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 2H), 3.28 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.14 (d, J=7.4 Hz, 1H), 2.89 (s, 2H), 2.77 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 342

(4,5-Dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 275 substituting 2,3-dimethoxy-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid (Intermediate 77) for 6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-nicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H27N7O3, 449.51; m/z found 450.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 7.70 (s, 2H), 7.45 (s, 1H), 6.89 (s, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.97 (s, 3H), 3.93 (s, 3H), 3.84 (dt, J=11.6, 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.65 (dd, J=12.5, 4.1 Hz, 2H), 3.55 (dd, J=11.5, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.44 (dd, J=11.6, 3.8 Hz, 1H), 3.27 (s, 1H), 3.03-2.93 (m, 1H), 2.85 (d, J=24.5 Hz, 2H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 343

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 248 substituting 4-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine for 5-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.21; m/z found 432.2 [M+H]+.

Example 344

(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-propoxypyridin-2-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2-propoxynicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H27N5O2, 381.48; m/z found 382.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CD3OD): 8.47 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.37 (d, J=8.9 Hz, 1H), 8.06 (dd, J=8.9, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 6.83 (s, 1H), 4.36-4.24 (m, 2H), 4.10-3.97 (m, 3H), 3.81-3.67 (m, 4H), 3.50-3.44 (m, 1H), 3.39-3.33 (m, 1H), 3.30-3.22 (m, 1H), 2.54 (s, 6H), 1.92-1.80 (m, 2H), 1.03 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H).

The following prophetic example may be prepared using the procedures described in the previous examples.

Example 345

(3-Propoxypyridin-2-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C20H23F3N5O2, 421.17.

Example 346

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 248, substituting 3-fluoro-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine for 5-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H23F2N5O, 435.19. found 436.2 [M+H]+.

Prophetic examples 347-348 may be prepared using the procedures described in the previous examples.

Example 347

(3-Propoxypyridin-2-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4c]-pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C23H25N5O2, 403.20.

Example 348

2-(5-([1,1′-biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)quinoxaline

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The title prophetic compound may be synthesized using biphenylsulfonylchloride and Intermediate 35. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C26H24N4O2S, 456.16.

Example 349

2-[(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing 5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole and 2,6-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H22F3N3O3, 421.42; m/z found 422.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CD3OD): 8.23 (s, 1H), 8.12 (d, J=8.9 Hz, 1H), 7.34 (t, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.27 (d, J=9.2 Hz, 1H), 6.72-6.66 (m, 2H), 4.03-3.48 (m, 14H), 3.28-3.22 (m, 2H).

Example 350

(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title prophetic compound may be synthesized in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing 5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole and 2,6-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C20H21F3N4O3, 422.16.

Example 351

(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 23 and 2,6-dimethoxybenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H26N4O3, 382.47; m/z found 383.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CD3OD): 7.38 (t, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (s, 1H), 6.81-6.70 (m, 2H), 4.04-3.89 (m, 3H), 3.84 (s, 3H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.76-3.55 (m, 4H), 3.27-3.13 (m, 3H), 2.53 (s, 6H).

Example 352

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-methylfuran-2-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, substituting 3-methylfuran-2-carboxylic acid for 3-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C18H22N4O2, 326.17. m/z found 327.2 [M+H]+.

Example 353

2-[(3-Methylfuran-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-[5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing 2-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole and 3-methylfuran-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H18F3N3O2, 365.36; m/z found 366.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.39 (s, 1H), 7.62 (d, J=9.1 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.32 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 4.17 (brs, 1H), 3.94 (brs, 1H), 3.81 (brs, 3H), 3.71-3.67 (m, 1H), 3.50 (brs, 2H), 3.11 (brs, 2H), 2.37 (s, 3H).

Example 354

(3-Methylfuran-2-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title prophetic compound may be prepared analogous to Example 15, utilizing 5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole and 3-methylfuran-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C17H17F3N4O2, 366.13.

Example 355

(3-Methylfuran-2-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15 utilizing Intermediate 35 and 3-methylfuran-2-carboxylic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C20H20N4O2, 348.16; m/z found 349.0 [M+H]+.

Example 356

2-([1,1′-Biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound may be prepared using biphenylsulfonylchloride and 5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C24H22F3N3O2S, 473.14; m/z found 474.1 [M+H]+.

Example 357

2-([1,1′-Biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title prophetic compound may be prepared using biphenylsulfonylchloride and 5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C23H21F3N4O2S, 474.13.

Example 358

2-([1,1′-Biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared using biphenylsulfonylchloride and 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C24H26N4O2S, 434.18; m/z found 435.2 [M+H]+.

Example 359

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-((2-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared using 2-methoxyphenyl)sulfonylchloride and Intermediate 23. MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C19H24N4O3S, 388.16; m/z found 389.2 [M+H]+.

Example 360

2-((2-Methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title prophetic compound may be prepared using 2-methoxyphenyl)sulfonylchloride and 5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C18H19F3N4O3S, 428.11.

Example 361

2-((2-Methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared using 2-methoxyphenyl)sulfonylchloride and 5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C19H20F3N3O3S, 427.12; m/z found 428.2 [M+H]+.

Example 362

2-(54(2-Methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)quinoxaline

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The title compound was prepared using 2-methoxyphenyl)sulfonylchloride and Intermediate 35. MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C21H22N4O3S, 410.14; m/z found 411.1 [M+H]+.

Prophetic Examples 363-365 may be prepared as previously described.

Example 363

(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C27H26N6O, 450.22.

Example 364

(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C27H23F3N6O, 468.19.

Example 365

(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C25H24F3N5O, 467.19.

Example 366

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 367 substituting (5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-iodophenyl)methanone for (5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-iodophenyl)methanone, with the addition of catalytic CuI, substituting dioxane for DME, heating 130° C. in microwave for 60 min. The reaction was filtered through celite, rinsed with EtOAc and then concentrated and purified on RP agilent HPLC and fractions lyophilized. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H24FN5O, 417.20; m/z found, 418.2 [M+H]+.

Example 367

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone. (5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-iodophenyl)methanone (51 mg, 0.11 mmol) and 2-tributylstannane pyridine (57 mg, 0.13 mmol) were combined and dissolved in degassed DME then purged with bubbling N2 for 5 minutes. The reaction was treated with Pd(PPh3)4 and then purged with bubbling for 5 minutes in a sealed vessel and then heated to 160° C. in microwave for 90 min. Reaction was filtered through celite, concentrated and purified on 16 g SiO2 with 0-3.5% NH3 MeOH/CH2Cl2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H24FN5O, 417.49; m/z found, 418.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.71-7.64 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.52 (m, 1H), 7.46 (dddd, J=8.2, 5.6, 2.8, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.37 (td, J=7.9, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 7.30-7.24 (m, 2H), 7.20 (ddd, J=9.0, 2.5, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.11 (tdd, J=8.4, 2.6, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 6.31 (s, 1H), 3.97 (dd, J=12.7, 7.8 Hz, 1H), 3.89 (dd, J=11.5, 7.7 Hz, 1H), 3.82-3.70 (m, 2H), 3.70-3.60 (m, 2H), 3.50 (dd, J=11.5, 4.6 Hz, 1H), 3.40 (dd, J=10.9, 5.4 Hz, 1H), 3.07 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 3.03-2.94 (m, 1H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 368

[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title prophetic example may be synthesized according to a procedure as previously described. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C23H24N6O, 400.48

Example 369

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 248, substituting 2-(tri-N-butylstannyl)oxazole for 2-tributylstannane pyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22FN5O2, 407.18. found 408.2 [M+H]+.

Example 370

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 367, substituting 6-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine for 2-tributylstannane pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.51; m/z found, 432.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.60 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.43-7.35 (m, 2H), 7.21-7.15 (m, J=13.8, 4.5 Hz, 2H), 7.05 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.84-3.73 (m, J=20.1, 12.0, 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.67 (dd, J=11.5, 7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.63-3.53 (m, 1H), 3.40 (t, J=13.3 Hz, 2H), 3.30-3.20 (m, 1H), 3.10 (dd, J=10.8, 5.7 Hz, 1H), 2.98-2.84 (m, 2H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 371

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(3-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 367. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.51; m/z found, 432.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.37 (d, J=40.0 Hz, 1H), 7.56-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.41 (td, J=7.9, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.23-7.04 (m, J=19.5, 9.7 Hz, 3H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.96-3.45 (m, 6H), 3.46-3.19 (m, J=11.6, 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.01-2.85 (m, 2H), 2.31 (s, 6H), 2.23 (s, 3H).

Example 372

(2-(3-Chloropyridin-2-yl)-3-fluorophenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 367. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H23ClFN5O, 451.93; m/z found, 452.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.51 (d, J=3.7 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (dd, J=28.1, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (td, J=7.9, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.25-7.14 (m, J=10.6, 7.7 Hz, 3H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.77 (s, 2H), 3.72-3.59 (m, J=23.3, 9.8 Hz, 2H), 3.59-3.53 (m, 1H), 3.45 (dd, J=33.2, 12.0 Hz, 2H), 3.37-3.11 (m, J=59.6 Hz, 1H), 3.02-2.88 (m, 2H), 2.31 (s, 6H).

Example 373

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 367. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.51; m/z found, 432.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.44 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.43-7.40 (m, 1H), 7.40-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.21-7.14 (m, J=2.7, 1.1 Hz, 2H), 6.99 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.79 (dd, J=11.5, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.69 (ddd, J=8.7, 7.1, 2.1 Hz, 2H), 3.58-3.50 (m, 2H), 3.46 (dd, J=12.6, 4.3 Hz, 1H), 3.40 (dd, J=10.9, 4.2 Hz, 1H), 3.25 (dd, J=11.0, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 2.99-2.85 (m, 2H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 2.31 (s, 6H).

Example 374

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 367. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.51; m/z found, 432.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.42 (s, 1H), 7.53-7.48 (m, 2H), 7.42-7.33 (m, 1H), 7.21-7.12 (m, 2H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.81 (dd, J=11.5, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.76-3.67 (m, J=11.3, 7.2, 4.3 Hz, 2H), 3.58-3.39 (m, 4H), 3.28 (dd, J=10.9, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 3.01-2.86 (m, 2H), 2.31 (s, 9H).

Example 375

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 367 substituting 3-fluoro-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine for 2-tributylstannane pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H23F2N5O, 435.48; m/z found, 436.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.45 (dt, J=4.6, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.49-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.29-7.16 (m, 3H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 3.85-3.60 (m, 5H), 3.53-3.42 (m, 2H), 3.38 (dd, J=10.9, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 3.03-2.91 (m, 2H), 2.31 (s, 6H).

Example 376

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 367 substituting 2-(tri-N-butylstannyl)oxazole for 2-tributylstannane pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22FN5O2, 407.45; m/z found, 408.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.73 (d, J=0.6 Hz, 1H), 7.51-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.25-7.20 (m, 2H), 7.18 (dd, J=7.6, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.90-3.83 (m, 2H), 3.74-3.60 (m, 3H), 3.52 (dd, J=11.6, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 3.45 (dd, J=10.9, 7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.11 (dd, J=10.9, 5.4 Hz, 1H), 3.08-3.00 (m, 1H), 3.00-2.93 (m, 1H), 2.30 (s, 6H).

Example 377

2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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(Hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone (Example 288-step B, 33 mg, 0.10 mmol), 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidine (Intermediate 55, 15 mg, 0.10 mmol) and DIPEA (54 μL, 0.3 mmol) in ACN (1 mL) were heated in a microwave reactor for 2 h at 200° C. Then the reaction mixture was concentrated and purified via prep HPLC (Agilent, basic) gave the title compound as a clear oil. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H22FN7O2, 423.45; m/z found 424.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.06 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (s, 2H), 7.50 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (dd, J=8.5, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 3.93-3.76 (m, 5H), 3.71-3.59 (m, 2H), 3.53 (dd, J=11.4, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.44-3.30 (m, 2H), 3.07-2.87 (m, 3H), 2.37 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 3H).

Example 378

2-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 377, utilizing 2,5-dichloro-4-methylpyrimidine (Intermediate 65) in place of 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H22ClN7O2, 439.91; m/z found 440.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.13 (s, 1H), 7.74 (s, 2H), 7.51 (d, J=10.9 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 6.94 (dd, J=20.6, 10.3 Hz, 1H), 3.93-3.78 (m, 5H), 3.73-3.60 (m, 2H), 3.59-3.50 (m, 1H), 3.47-3.30 (m, 2H), 3.08-2.87 (m, 3H), 2.44 (s, J=11.6 Hz, 3H).

Example 379

2-(5-Fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 377, utilizing 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine (Intermediate 69) in place of 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H24FN7O2, 437.48; m/z found 438.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.74 (s, 2H), 7.50 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.35-7.30 (m, 1H), 6.95 (dd, J=8.5, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 3.92-3.75 (m, 5H), 3.70-3.58 (m, 2H), 3.53 (dd, J=11.5, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.43-3.29 (m, 2H), 3.04-2.84 (m, 3H), 2.32 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 6H).

Example 380

2-(4,5-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 377, utilizing 2-chloro-4,5-dimethylpyrimidine (Intermediate 57) in place of 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H25N7O2, 419.49; m/z found 420.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.99 (s, 1H), 7.74 (s, 2H), 7.49 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1H), 6.94 (dd, J=8.5, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 3.92-3.78 (m, 5H), 3.72-3.61 (m, 2H), 3.54 (dd, J=11.4, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.42 (dd, J=11.4, 4.2 Hz, 1H), 3.34 (s, 1H), 3.07-2.85 (m, 3H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 2.09 (s, 3H).

Example 381

2-[(3-Propoxypyridin-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-[5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing 5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole and 2-propoxynicotinic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H23F3N4O2, 420.40; m/z found 421.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CD3OD): 8.31 (s, 2H), 8.19 (dd, J=9.6, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.02 (s, 1H), 7.80 (s, 1H), 7.26 (d, J=9.4 Hz, 1H), 4.22-4.17 (m, 2H), 4.07-3.93 (m, 3H), 3.79-3.60 (m, 4H), 3.44-3.35 (m, 3H), 1.88-1.77 (m, 2H), 1.02 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H).

Example 382

2-{4,6-Bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl}-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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To a solution of Intermediate 91 (150 mg, 0.26 mmol) in DCM (2.6 mL) was added Intermediate 12 (55 mg, 0.26 mmol) followed by EDCl (76 mg, 0.4 mmol), HOBt (54 mg, 0.4 mmol) and TEA (0.15 mL, 1.06 mmol). The mixture was stirred for 14 h at room temperature and an additional amount of EDCl (76 mg, 0.4 mmol) and TEA (0.15 mL, 1.06 mmol) were added. After an additional 24 h at room temperature the mixture was concentrated in vacuo and chromatography (Hex to 100% EtOAc/Hex) afforded the desired product as a colorless foam (63 mg, 58%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H15D7FN7O, 414.23; m/z found 415.2 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.87-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.51-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.10 (m, 1H), 4.01-3.50 (m, 7H), 3.32-3.21 (m, 1H), 3.12-2.94 (m, 2H).

Example 383

2-{4,6-Bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl}-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 382 substituting Intermediate 63 for Intermediate 12. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H16D7FN6O2, 429.23; m/z found 430.2 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.63-7.57 (m, 1H), 7.31-7.27 (m, 1H), 7.24-7.21 (m, 1H), 3.94-3.87 (m, 2H), 3.78-3.62 (m, 3H), 3.58-3.48 (m, 2H), 3.22-3.15 (m, 1H), 3.12-2.96 (m, 2H), 2.43 (s, 3H).

Example 384

2-{4,6-Bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl}-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 382 substituting Intermediate 54 for Intermediate 12. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H18D7N7O2, 426.25; m/z found 427.3 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 7.73 (s, 2H), 7.50 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (dd, J=8.5 Hz, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 3.94-3.80 (m, 5H), 3.71-3.63 (m, 2H), 3.61-3.55 (m, 1H), 3.49-3.43 (m, 1H), 3.38-3.29 (m, 1H), 3.05-2.86 (m, 3H).

Example 385

2-(5-Ethyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 290 substituting Intermediate 68 for Intermediate 20 and Intermediate 67 for Intermediate 55. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C22H26N8O, 418.22; m/z found, 419.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.62 (dd, J=4.7 Hz, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (dd, J=8.3 Hz, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (s, 2H), 7.48 (dd, J=8.3 Hz, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 3.97-3.84 (m, 2H), 3.78-3.63 (m, 4H), 3.59-3.55 (m, 1H), 3.29-3.23 (m, 1H), 3.13-2.98 (m, 2H), 2.52 (q, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 2.38 (s, 6H), 1.08 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 3H).

Example 386

2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

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Step A: 2-(Methoxycarbonyl)nicotinic acid. 2,3-Pyridinecarboxylic anhydride (2.32 g, 15.55 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (11 mL) and heated to reflux for 14 h. The mixture was concentrated in vacuo to a white solid that was a mixture of 2-(methoxycarbonyl)nicotinic acid and 3-(methoxycarbonyl)picolinic acid. This mixture was used as is. MS (ESI) mass calculated for C8H7NO4, 181.04; m/z found, 181.9.

Step B: (E)-Methyl 3-((((1-aminoethylidene)amino)oxy)carbonyl)picolinate. To the product of Step A (250 mg, 1.38 mmol) in THF (7 mL) at 0° C. was added ethyl chloroformate (0.17 mL, 1.38 mmol) followed by TEA (0.29 mL, 2.07 mmol). After 10 min the ice bath was removed and after 2 h N-hydroxyacetamidine (102 mg, 1.38 mmol) was added in one portion. After 14 h at room temperature the mixture was concentrated in vacuo and chromatography (Hex to 100% EtOAc/Hex) afforded the desired (E)-methyl 3-((((1-aminoethylidene)amino)oxy)carbonyl)picolinate (200 mg, 70%) and (E)-methyl 2-((((1-aminoethylidene)amino)oxy)carbonyl)nicotinate (60 mg, 18%). MS (ESI) mass calculated for C10H11N3O4, 237.08; m/z found, 238.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.79 (dd, J=4.8 Hz, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 8.28 (dd, J=7.9 Hz, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.58-7.51 (m, 1H), 3.99 (s, 3H), 2.04 (s, 3H).

Step C: 3-(3-Methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)picolinic acid. To the product of Step B (180 mg, 0.76 mmol) was added t-BuOH (4 mL) followed by NaOAc (94 mg, 1.14 mmol) and the mixture was heated at 100° C. for 14 h. The mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature and filtered to afford 3-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)picolinic acid (60 mg, 39%) as a white solid.

Step D: 2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole. To a solution of the product of Step C (60 mg, 0.30 mmol) in DCM (3 mL) was added Intermediate 23 (65 mg, 0.30 mmol) followed by EDCl (85 mg, 0.44 mmol), HOBt (60 mg, 0.44 mmol) and TEA (0.08 mL, 0.59 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 14 h and then concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography (DCM to 8% 2 M NH3 in MeOH/DCM) afforded the desired compound as a colorless foam (49 mg, 41%). MS (ESI) mass calculated for C21H23N7O2, 405.19; m/z found, 406.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): 8.82-8.75 (m, 1H), 8.42-8.36 (m, 1H), 7.52-7.47 (m, 1H), 6.31-6.26 (m, 1H), 4.02-3.90 (m, 2H), 3.86-3.79 (m, 1H), 3.76-3.69 (m, 2H), 3.66-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.24-3.18 (m, 1H), 3.14-2.99 (m, 2H), 2.48-2.42 (m, 3H), 2.33-2.24 (m, 6H).

Example 387

(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 44 and Intermediate 50 in the last step MS (ESI): mass calculated for C25H19F3N6O, 476.16; m/z found 477.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) 8.74 (t, J=12.5, 2H), 8.25 (d, J=20.5, 1H), 7.65 (dd, J=10.5, 8.4, 1H), 7.52-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.26-7.12 (m, 3H), 3.97-3.74 (m, 3H), 3.73-3.52 (m, 4H), 3.38 (dd, J=11.1, 4.6, 1H), 3.22-3.02 (m, 2H).

Example 388

(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 43 and Intermediate 54 in the last step MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H22FN7O2, 459.18; m/z found 460.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) 8.97 (s, 1H), 7.71 (s, 2H), 7.59 (dd, J=9.0, 4.7, 1H), 7.47 (ddd, J=17.7, 9.5, 2.6, 2H), 7.37-7.28 (m, 2H), 6.95 (dd, J=8.5, 2.5, 1H), 4.01-3.85 (m, 5H), 3.74 (ddt, J=17.0, 11.6, 8.8, 3H), 3.64-3.33 (m, 2H), 3.12-2.93 (m, 3H).

Example 389

(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 15, utilizing Intermediate 44 and Intermediate 54 in the last step MS (ESI): mass calculated for C24H21F2N7O2, 477.17; m/z found 478.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) 8.26 (d, J=14.7, 1H), 7.71 (s, 2H), 7.63 (dd, J=10.6, 8.5, 1H), 7.49 (t, J=7.1, 1H), 7.41 (dd, J=11.4, 8.0, 1H), 7.33 (t, J=6.7, 1H), 6.95 (dt, J=8.4, 4.2, 1H), 3.99-3.85 (m, 5H), 3.83-3.69 (m, 2H), 3.70-3.57 (m, 1H), 3.52 (dd, J=11.0, 3.5, 1H), 3.44 (s, 1H), 3.19-3.09 (m, 1H), 3.09-2.97 (m, 2H).

Example 390

(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)pyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared utilizing (hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone (Example 288, product from Step B) and 6-chloro-N,N-dimethylpyrimidin-4-amine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H26N8O2, 434.49; m/z found 435.2 [M+H]+.

Example 391

(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared utilizing (hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone (Example 288, product from Step B) and 6-chloro-N,N,2-trimethylpyrimidin-4-amine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C23H28N8O2, 448.52; m/z found 449.2 [M+H]+.

Prophetic examples 392-398 may be made using the procedures described previously.

Example 392

(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title prophetic compound may be synthesized utilizing 6-chloro-N,N,2-trimethylpyrimidin-4-amine and MS (ESI) mass calcd. C24H26FN7O, 447.51

Example 393

(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)pyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title prophetic compound may be synthesized utilizing 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid and 6-chloro-N,N-dimethylpyrimidin-4-amine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C23H24FN7O, 433.48

Example 394

(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title prophetic compound may be synthesized utilizing 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid and 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C23H22F2N6O, 436.46

Example 395

(5-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title prophetic compound may be synthesized utilizing 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid and 2,5-dichloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C23H22ClFN6O2, 452.91

Example 396

(5-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title prophetic compound may be synthesized utilizing 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid and 2,5-dichloro-4-methylpyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H20ClFN6O, 438.89

Example 397

(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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The title prophetic compound may be synthesized utilizing 3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzoic acid and 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H20F2N6O, 434.49.

Example 398

(5-(4,5-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. C23H23FN6O, 418.47

Example 399

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 248, substituting (5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-iodophenyl)methanone for (5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-iodophenyl)methanone and 6-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine for 2-tributylstannane pyrimidine, with the addition of CuI. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.21; m/z found 432.2 [M+1]+.

Example 400

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 399, substituting 4-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine for 6-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.21; m/z found 432.2 [M+1]+.

Example 401

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 399, substituting 5-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine for 6-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.21; m/z found 432.2 [M+1]+.

Example 402

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 399, substituting 3-fluoro-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine for 6-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H23F2N5O, 435.19; m/z found 436.2 [M+1]+.

Example 403

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 399, substituting 2-tri-N-butylstannylpyridine for 6-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H24FN5O, 417.20; m/z found 418.2 [M+1]+.

Example 404

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 399, substituting 2-(tri-N-butylstannyl)oxazole for 6-methyl-2-(tributylstannyl)pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22FN5O2, 407.18; 1H 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.04 (dd, J=8.8, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (s, 1H), 7.20-7.13 (m, 2H), 7.07 (dd, J=8.3, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 3.95 (dd, J=12.6, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 3.88 (dd, J=11.6, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 3.78-3.63 (m, 3H), 3.51-3.45 (m, 1H), 3.41 (dd, J=10.8, 7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.11-3.02 (m, 2H), 3.00-2.90 (m, 1H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Prophetic examples 405-410 may be made using the procedures described previously.

Example 405

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.21;

Example 406

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.21;

Example 407

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C25H26FN5O, 431.21;

Example 408

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H23F2N5O, 435.19;

Example 409

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C24H24FN5O, 417.20;

Example 410

(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. for C22H22FN5O2, 407.18;

Example 411

(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone

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MS (ESI) mass calcd. For C27H26N6O, 450.22.

Example 412

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone.HCl.1.65H2O

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To a mixture of [5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone (200 mg, 0.47 mmol) and IPA (1.5 mL) at room temperature was added 6 M HCl(aq) (83 μL, 0.5 mmol). The mixture was warmed to 75° C. and then slowly cooled to 35° C. The mixture was then seeded with solids formed previously [The seeds were formed as follows: To a mixture of [5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone (200 mg, 0.47 mmol) and IPA (2 mL) at room temperature was added 5 M HCl in IPA (100 μL, 0.5 mmol). The mixture became homogeneous and was stirred at room temperature for 3 weeks. Solids formed when the solvent was allowed to evaporate under an ambient atmosphere.]. Once seeded, the mixture was cooled to room temperature and stirred for 3 days. The resulting solids were filtered and washed with IPA (0.5 mL). The solids were then dried in a vacuum oven for 2 h at 45° C. to give the title compound as a white solid (201.9 mg, 91%). 1H NMR (600 MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.16 (s, 0.8H), 8.05 (s, 1.2H), 7.83 (d, J=8.2, 0.4H), 7.79 (d, J=8.2, 0.6H), 7.70-7.64 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.41 (m, 1H), 6.71 (bs, 1H), 4.0-3.4 (m, 7H), 3.25-2.96 (m, 3H), 2.48-2.33 (m, 6H). Anal. Calcd. For C21H22FN7O.HCl.1.65H2O C, 53.25; H, 5.60; N, 20.70; Cl, 7.49; found C, 53.54; H, 5.64; N, 21.04; Cl, 7.10. Water calculated, 6.28%. found by Karl-Fisher titration, 6.32%.

Biological Assays

The in vitro affinity of the compounds for the human orexin-1 and orexin-2 receptors was determined by competitive radioligand binding using [3H]SB SB674042 (1-(5-(2-fluoro-phenyl)-2-methyl-thiazol-4-yl)-1-(((S)-2-(5-phenyl-(1,3,4)oxadiazol-2-ylmethyl)-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-methanone) (Langmead et al., British Journal of Pharmacology 2004, 141:340-346.) and [3H]EMPA (N-ethyl-2[(6-methoxy-pyridin-3-yl)-(toluene-2-sulfonyl)-amino]-N-pyridin-3-ylmethyl acetamide) (Malherbe et al., British Journal of Pharmacology, 2009, 156(8), 1326-1341), respectively.

The in vitro functional antagonism of the compounds on the human orexin-1 and orexin-2 receptors was determined using fluorometric imaging plate reader (FLIPR) based calcium assays.

Human Orexin 1 Receptor Radioligand Binding Studies

Chinese ovary cells (CHO) stably expressing human orexin 1 receptor (Genebank accession number NM001526) were grown to confluency in DMEM/F12 (Gibco, Cat #11039), 10% FBS, 1× Pen/Strep, 600 μg/mL G418 media on 150 cm2 tissue culture plates, washed with 5 mM EDTA in PBS (HyClone Dulbecco's Phoshpate Buffered Saline 1× with Calcium and Magnesium, Cat # SH30264.01, hereafter referred to simply as PBS) and scraped into 50 ml tubes. After centrifugation (2K×G, 10 min at 4° C.), the supernatant was aspirated and the pellets frozen and stored at 80° C. Cells were resuspended in PBS in the presence of 1 tablet of protease inhibitor cocktail (Roche, Cat. #11836145001) per 50 mL. Each cell pellet from a 15 cm plate was resuspended in 10 mL, stored on ice, and vortexed for 45 sec prior to addition to the reactions. Competition binding experiments in 96 well polypropylene plates were performed using [3H]-SB674042 (Moravek Corporation, specific activity=35.3 Ci/mmol), diluted to a 10 nM concentration in PBS (4 nM final). Compounds were solubilized in 100% DMSO (Acros Organics, Cat. #61042-1000) and tested over a range of 7 concentrations (from 0.1 nM to 10 μM). The final concentration of DMSO in the reactions is equal to or less than 0.1%. Total and nonspecific binding was determined in the absence and presence of 10 μM (1-(6,8-difluoro-2-methylquinolin-4-yl)-3-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]urea, CAS Registry #288150-92-5). The total volume of each reaction is 200 μL (20 μL of diluted compounds, 80 μL of [3H]-SB674042 diluted in PBS and 1004 of the cell suspension). Reactions were run for 60 min at room temperature and terminated by filtration through GF/C filter plates (PerkinElmer, Cat. #6005174) presoaked in 0.3% polyethylenimine using the cell harvester (PerkinElmer Filtermate). The plates were washed 3 times by aspirating 30 ml PBS through the plates. Plates were dried in 55° C. oven for 60 min, scintillation fluid was added, and the radioactivity was counted on a Topcount (Packard).

IC50 values (i.e. concentration of unlabelled compound required to compete for 50% of specific binding to the radioligand) were calculated using the GraphPad Prism software (GraphPad Prism Software Inc., San Diego, Calif.) with a fit to a sigmoidal dose-response curve. Apparent Ki values were calculated as Ki=IC50/(1+C/Kd), where C is concentration of radioligand and Kd=4 nM.

Human Orexin 2 Receptor Radioligand Binding Studies

HEK293 stably expressing human orexin-2 receptor (Genebank accession number NM001526) were grown to confluency in DMEM/F12 (Gibco, Cat #11039), in DMEM, 10% FBS, 1× Pen/Strep, 1× NaPyruvate, 1×HEPES, 600 ug/ml G418 media on 150 cm2 tissue culture plates, washed with 5 mM EDTA in PBS (HyClone Dulbecco's Phoshpate Buffered Saline 1× with Calcium and Magnesium, Cat # SH30264.01, hereafter referred to simply as PBS) and scraped into 50 ml tubes. After centrifugation (2K×G, 10 min at 4° C.), the supernatant was aspirated and the pellets frozen and stored at 80° C. Cells were resuspended in PBS in the presence of 1 tablet of protease inhibitor cocktail (Roche, Cat. #11836145001) per 50 mL. Each cell pellet from a 15 cm plate was resuspended in 10 mL, stored on ice, and vortexed for 45 sec just prior to addition to the reactions. Competition binding experiments in 96 well polypropylene plates were performed using [3H]-EMPA (Moravek Corporation, specific activity=27 Ci/mmol), diluted to a 20 nM concentration in PBS (5 nM final concentration). Compounds were solubilized in 100% DMSO (Acros Organics, Cat. #61042-1000) and tested over a range of 7 concentrations (from 0.1 nM to 10 μM). The final concentration of DMSO in the reactions is equal to or less than 0.1%. Total and nonspecific binding was determined in the absence and presence of 10 μM (N-[2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethyl]-N-methylnaphthalene-1-carboxamide, CAS Registry #1089563-88-1). The total volume of each reaction is 2004 (204 of diluted compounds, 80 μL of [3H]-EMPA diluted in PBS and 1004 of the cell suspension). Reactions were run for 60 min at room temperature and terminated by filtration through GF/C filter plates (PerkinElmer, Cat. #6005174) presoaked in 0.3% polyethylenimine using the cell harvester (PerkinElmer Filtermate). The plates were washed 3 times by aspirating 30 ml PBS through the plates. Plates were dried in 55° C. oven for 60 min, scintillation fluid was added, and the radioactivity was counted on a Topcount (Packard). IC50 values (i.e. concentration of unlabelled compound required to compete for 50% of specific binding to the radioligand) were calculated using the GraphPad Prism software (GraphPad Prism Software Inc., San Diego, Calif.) with a fit to a sigmoidal dose-response curve. Apparent K, values were calculated as K=IC50/(1+C/Kd), where C is concentration of radioligand and Kd=2 nM.

Human Orexin 1 Receptor Ca2+ Mobilization Assay

CHO cells stably transfected with the human orexin-1 receptor (Genebank accession number NM001526) were grown to confluency in DMEM/F12, 10% FBS, 1× Na Pyruvate, 1× pen-strep, 400 μg/ml G418. Cells were seeded on to 96-well Packard viewplates at a density of 50,000 cells/well and incubated overnight at 37° C., 5% CO2. The cells were dye-loaded with 4 μM Ca2+ dye Fluo-3AM in serum-free DMEM/F-12 with 2.5 mM probenecid and incubated at 37° C., 5% CO2 for one hour. Cells were pre-incubated with compounds (diluted in DMEM/F-12) for 30 minutes before agonist (orexin A, 10 nM) stimulation. Ligand-induced Ca2+ release was measured using a Fluorometric Imaging Plate Reader (FLIPR, Molecular Devices, Sunnyvale, Calif.). Functional responses were measured as peak fluorescence intensity minus basal. The concentration of agonist that produced a half-maximal response is represented by the EC50 value. Antagonistic potency values were converted to apparent pKB values using a modified Cheng-Prusoff correction. Apparent pKB=−log IC50/1+[conc agonist/EC50]. Data are expressed as mean±S.E.M.

Human Orexin 2 Receptor Ca2+ Mobilization Assay

PFSK cells endogenously expressing the human orexin 2 receptor were grown to confluency in RPM 11640, 10% FBS, 1× pen-strep. Cells were seeded on to 96-well Packard viewplates at a density of 50,000 cells/well and incubated overnight at 37° C., 5% CO2. The cells were dye-loaded with 4 μM Ca2+ dye Fluo-3AM in serum-free DMEM/F-12 with 2.5 mM probenecid and incubated at 37° C., 5% CO2 for one hour. Cells were pre-incubated with compounds (diluted in DMEM/F-12) for 30 minutes before agonist (orexin B, 100 nM) stimulation. Ligand-induced Ca2+ release was measured using a Fluorometric Imaging Plate Reader (FLIPR, Molecular Devices, Sunnyvale, Calif.). Functional responses were measured as peak fluorescence intensity minus basal. The concentration of agonist that produced a half-maximal response is represented by the EC50 value. Antagonistic potency values were converted to apparent pKB values using a modified Cheng-Prusoff correction. Apparent pKB=−log IC50/1+[conc agonist/EC50]. Data are expressed as mean±S.E.M, the designation of NT means not tested.

OR 2 Ki OR 2 OR 1 Ki Ex # (nM) Kb (nM) 1 37 10 100 2 33 16 189 3 42 14 127 4 65 32 447 5 14 5 63 6 67 25 154 7 42 13 139 8 542 NT 10000 9 101 56 691 10 170 NT 6708 11 1438 NT 10000 12 46 32 4378 13 89 79 10000 14 28 9 2780 15 13 2 1824 16 300 NT 10000 17 730 NT NT 18 519 NT 1264 19 24 31 77 20 92 129 263 21 352 NT 1091 22 70 158 303 23 364 NT 677 24 415 NT 1544 25 110 99 162 26 8999 NT NT 27 740 NT NT 28 575 NT 1787 29 135 NT 1009 30 790 NT NT 31 425 NT 651 32 47 32 8999 33 250 NT 488 34 79 NT 143 35 722 NT 4370 36 449 NT 1459 37 181 NT 137 38 515 NT 887 39 8999 NT 10000 40 559 NT 1433 41 356 NT 2512 42 616 NT 5000 43 7 10 422 44 142 63 10000 45 36 10 723 46 132 NT 294 47 38 32 1124 48 716 NT 10000 49 78 32 1692 50 215 NT 10000 51 644 NT 10000 52 65 50 8999 53 5000 NT 10000 54 769 NT 5000 55 744 NT 8999 56 80 40 800 57 167 NT 2323 58 227 NT 5000 59 778 NT 8999 60 173 NT 2644 61 224 NT 2272 62 42 40 689 63 44 20 2171 64 579 NT 10000 65 228 NT 207 66 449 NT 415 67 119 NT 10000 68 13 16 225 69 17 8 3082 70 52 40 2630 71 1000 NT 10000 72 318 NT 8999 73 7 5 69 74 14 10 4275 75 119 32 9226 76 237 NT 10000 77 25 16 547 78 550 NT 10000 79 480 NT 8999 80 314 NT 8999 81 1223 NT 6708 82 379 NT 10000 83 12 4 1766 84 53 25 1322 85 98 63 1162 86 256 NT 2603 87 509 NT 10000 88 75 25 8999 89 452 NT 10000 90 38 25 1734 91 541 NT 10000 92 766 NT 8999 93 64 40 5000 94 551 NT 847 95 215 NT 774 96 68 50 2429 97 25 16 354 98 28 10 275 99 15 16 180 100 238 NT 10000 101 48 25 4234 102 17 6 463 103 38 32 2280 104 42 25 3604 105 20 20 2451 106 26 20 212 107 9 2 868 108 57 25 80 109 46 25 65 110 52 32 350 111 28 16 153 112 95 20 122 113 50 63 90 114 224 NT 3061 115 5000 NT 10000 116 22 13 61 117 24 8 42 118 19 5 1843 119 51 13 3568 120 71 13 2867 121 15 13 42 122 865 NT 10000 123 44 79 10000 124 422 NT 10000 125 901 NT 8999 126 95 100 75 127 55 20 40 128 18 4 1250 129 111 100 1538 130 32 16 3438 131 75 79 131 132 125 79 7071 133 291 NT 390 134 102 12 2722 135 90 40 10000 136 104 50 8999 137 50 25 891 138 30 40 231 139 63 63 83 140 119 NT 1538 141 1034 NT 415 142 315 NT 2318 143 81 79 150 144 87 63 537 145 45 32 70 146 27 16 137 147 85 63 2946 148 129 NT 947 149 173 NT 142 150 92 40 5000 151 184 NT 504 152 125 NT 10000 153 75 40 2645 154 241 NT 9654 155 33 16 8999 156 39 16 5000 157 69 16 5000 158 55 8 5000 159 45 8 2447 160 58 20 659 161 46 7 5317 162 43 5 5000 163 380 501 NT 164 289 200 722 165 852 NT 4637 166 465 NT 752 167 411 631 2803 168 66 126 851 169 595 NT 1784 170 945 NT NT 171 780 NT NT 172 450 NT NT 173 950 NT NT 174 729 NT NT 175 669 NT 1391 176 236 158 923 177 339 NT NT 178 123 126 762 179 8999 NT NT 180 2300 NT NT 181 3564 NT 8999 182 2198 NT 10000 183 5000 NT NT 184 1037 NT 879 185 8999 NT NT 186 10000 NT NT 187 2283 NT NT 188 2608 NT NT 189 1600 NT NT 190 1300 NT 5000 191 2658 NT NT 192 1015 NT NT 193 1156 NT 814 194 10000 NT NT 195 1099 NT 646 196 10000 NT NT 197 1163 NT NT 198 1312 NT 2012 199 3777 NT NT 200 10000 NT 10000 201 1372 NT 10000 202 5000 NT 10000 203 5000 NT 10000 204 50 20 169 205 3189 NT 10000 206 1266 NT 10000 207 8999 NT 10000 208 2100 NT 10000 209 8999 NT 10000 210 3000 NT 10000 211 44 25 10000 212 33 32 5000 213 56 50 10000 214 1227 NT 1077 215 5000 NT 10000 219 404 NT 10000 220 500 NT 10000 221 2211 NT 10000 222 3621 NT 10000 223 340 NT 10000 224 635 NT 10000 225 423 NT 10000 226 836 NT 10000 227 1472 NT 10000 228 184 NT 10000 229 319 NT 10000 230 254 NT 10000 231 68 7 1613 232 52 7 2078 233 2100 NT 10000 234 10000 NT 10000 235 560 NT 10000 236 10000 NT 10000 237 69 18 8247 238 243 NT 10000 239 7 4 173 240 7 3 460 241 17 7 978 242 39 13 633 243 16 6 358 244 18 5 660 245 58 15 369 246 11 11 208 247 650 NT 4399 248 170 NT 1400 249 NT NT NT 250 NT NT NT 251 25 2 1470 252 10000 NT 10000 253 5000 NT 10000 254 2200 NT 10000 255 10000 NT 10000 256 10000 NT 10000 257 19 5 1843 258 46 25 927 259 8 3 335 260 90 16 8999 261 477 NT 10000 262 500 NT 10000 263 10000 NT 10000 264 10000 NT 10000 265 8999 NT 10000 266 127 NT 8999 267 10000 NT 10000 268 265 NT 10000 269 10000 NT 10000 270 1033 NT 10000 271 5000 NT 10000 272 33 7 598 273 5000 NT 10000 274 61 16 8999 275 487 NT 10000 276 2947 NT 10000 277 680 NT 10000 278 2274 NT 10000 279 23 10 1603 280 41 63 71 281 8999 NT 10000 282 858 NT 1436 283 10 2 978 284 8 2 587 285 1500 NT 10000 286 10000 NT 10000 287 1400 NT 10000 288 11 3 1606 289 1800 NT 10000 290 19 7 2150 291 266 NT 10000 292 428 NT 10000 293 19 79 2186 294 4 3 125 295 24 10 1100 296 9 3 235 297 6 NT 261 298 9 NT 160 299 15 NT 389 300 290 NT 2800 301 36 20 114 302 17 8 173 303 1700 NT 10000 304 3100 NT 10000 305 7 NT 775 306 39 13 2300 307 10000 NT 10000 308 26 5 1743 309 7 6 414 310 64 15 4996 311 7 3 312 312 79 11 3472 313 7 3 128 314 13 4 958 315 38 10 2837 316 10 8 306 317 3 3 34 318 5 3 89 319 18 7 537 320 4 2 54 321 29 10 816 322 10 5 378 323 25 4 2474 324 16 4 388 325 16 2 1662 326 8 4 151 327 103 50 5500 328 112 40 6345 329 10000 NT 10000 330 10000 NT 10000 331 81 32 3791 332 114 63 10000 333 10000 NT 10000 334 277 NT 10000 335 59 NT 3200 336 288 NT 10000 337 513 NT 10000 338 1604 NT 10000 339 8999 NT 10000 340 1521 NT 10000 341 10000 NT 10000 342 9486 NT 10000 343 36 NT 2900 344 1500 NT 10000 346 25 NT 1800 347 3100 NT 10000 349 10000 NT 10000 351 1200 NT 10000 352 10000 NT 3111 353 10000 NT 10000 355 10000 NT 10000 356 10000 NT 10000 358 230 NT 10000 359 180 NT 10000 361 4399 NT 10000 362 1800 NT 2700 366 23 NT 1900 367 15 3 839 369 19 NT 1200 370 84 7 7874 371 3400 NT 10000 372 109 NT 8000 373 42 5 10000 374 73 12 1049 375 21 4 3186 376 17 NT 1591 377 17 2 2186 378 10 2 508 379 9 5 202 380 15 5 2039 381 10000 NT 10000 382 14 3 854 383 13 4 920 384 10 5 1385 385 42 8 3688 386 940 NT 10000 387 16 9 437 388 30 NT 694 389 22 14 492 390 190 NT 10000 391 28 NT 1200 399 570 NT 10000 400 510 NT 10000 401 830 NT 10000 402 120 NT 10000 403 180 NT 10000 404 19 NT 1200

Powder X-Ray Diffraction

[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone

Powder X-Ray Diffraction of the reference compound was performed on a Philips X'PERT PRO with X'Celerator Cu detector equipped with a real time multiple strips X-ray detection technology to obtain the X-ray powder patterns in FIG. 1. The samples were scanned from 4° to 40° 2θ, at a step size 0.0167° 2θ and a time per step of 29.8450 seconds. The tube voltage and current were 45 kV and 40 mA, respectively. The samples were placed onto zero background holders and analyzed on a spinning stage.

Claims

1. A method of treating a subject suffering from or diagnosed with a sleep disorder selected from the group consisting of sleep-wake transition disorders, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, jet-lag, disturbed sleep, and sleep disorders secondary to neurological disorders, comprising administering to a subject in need of such treatment an effective amount of a compound of Formula (I):
embedded image
wherein:
R1 is a member selected from the group consisting of:
A) phenyl unsubstituted or substituted with one or two Ra members and substituted in the ortho position with Rb;
Ra is independently selected from the group consisting of: —H, halo, —C1-4alkyl, —C1-4alkoxy, and —NO2, wherein two adjacent Ra members may come together to form a six membered aromatic ring;
Rb is a member selected from the group consisting of:
a) 5-membered heteroaryl ring containing one oxygen or one sulfur members;
b) 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring containing one, two or three nitrogen members, optionally containing one oxygen member, unsubstituted or substituted with halo or —C1-4alkyl; and
c) phenyl unsubstituted or substituted with halo, —CH3, or —CF3;
B) pyridine unsubstituted or substituted with one or two Rc members and substituted with Rd, wherein Rd is positioned adjacent to the point of attachment by R1;
Rc is C1-4alkyl;
Rd is a member selected from the group consisting of:
a) 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: 1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl, 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, 3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl, pyridinyl, 3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl; 1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl), phenyl, and pyrimidin-2-yl; and
b) —CF3, —Br, and —C1-4alkoxy;
C) 5-membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: 2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-yl, 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, oxazole, isoxazolyl, thiophen-2-yl, and furan-2-yl, each substituted with phenyl unsubstituted or substituted with —F; and
D) 5-13 membered aryl or heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: 3-methylfuran-2-yl, 9H-fluorene, quinoline, cinnoline; 3-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl, 8-[1,2,3]-triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-1-yl, 2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-5-yl, 1H-indol-7-yl, 4-fluoronaphthalen-1-yl, and naphthalen-1-yl;
R2 is a member selected from the group consisting of:
A) 6-membered heteroaryl ring containing two nitrogen members substituted with one or more members independently selected from the group consisting of: halo, —C1-4alkyl, —CD3, -D, —C1-4alkoxy, cyclopropyl, morpholin-2-yl, —CO2C1-4alkyl, —CO2H, —CH2OH, —C(O)N(C1-4alkyl)2, —CF3, —CN, —OH, —NO2, —N(C1-4alkyl)2, phenyl, furan-2-yl, thiophen-2-yl, 1H-pyrazol-4-yl, and pyrrolidin-1-yl;
B) pyridine substituted with one or two members independently selected from the group consisting of: halo, —C1-4alkyl, —C1-4alkoxy, and —CF3;
C) 9-membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of benzooxazol-2-yl, 6-fluoro-1,3-benzothiazole, 1,3-benzothiazole, 6-methoxy-1,3-benzothiazole, 6-methyl-1,3-benzothiazole, 6-chloro-benzothiazol-2-yl, and 4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine;
D) 10-membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of quinoxalin-2-yl, 3-methylquinoxalin-2-yl, 6,7-difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl, 3-(trifluoromethyl)quinoxaline, quinoline, 4-methylquinoline, and 6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl; and
E) 4-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl or 2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one;
and pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I).
A) phenyl unsubstituted or substituted with one or two Ra members and substituted in the ortho position with Rb;
Ra is independently selected from the group consisting of: —H, halo, —C1-4alkyl, —C1-4alkoxy, and —NO2, wherein two adjacent Ra members may come together to form a six membered aromatic ring;
Rb is a member selected from the group consisting of:
a) 5-membered heteroaryl ring containing one oxygen or one sulfur members;
b) 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring containing one, two or three nitrogen members, optionally containing one oxygen member, unsubstituted or substituted with halo or —C1-4alkyl; and
c) phenyl unsubstituted or substituted with halo, —CH3, or —CF3;
B) pyridine unsubstituted or substituted with one or two Rc members and substituted with Rd, wherein Rd is positioned adjacent to the point of attachment by R1;
Rc is C1-4alkyl;
Rd is a member selected from the group consisting of:
a) 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: 1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl, 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, 3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl, pyridinyl, 3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl; 1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl), phenyl, and pyrimidin-2-yl; and
b) —CF3, —Br, and —C1-4alkoxy;
C) 5-membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: 2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-yl, 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, oxazole, isoxazolyl, thiophen-2-yl, and furan-2-yl, each substituted with phenyl unsubstituted or substituted with —F; and
D) 5-13 membered aryl or heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: 3-methylfuran-2-yl, 9H-fluorene, quinoline, cinnoline; 3-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl, 8-[1,2,3]-triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-1-yl, 2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-5-yl, 1H-indol-7-yl, 4-fluoronaphthalen-1-yl, and naphthalen-1-yl;
Ra is independently selected from the group consisting of: —H, halo, —C1-4alkyl, —C1-4alkoxy, and —NO2, wherein two adjacent Ra members may come together to form a six membered aromatic ring;
Rb is a member selected from the group consisting of:
a) 5-membered heteroaryl ring containing one oxygen or one sulfur members;
b) 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring containing one, two or three nitrogen members, optionally containing one oxygen member, unsubstituted or substituted with halo or —C1-4alkyl; and
c) phenyl unsubstituted or substituted with halo, —CH3, or —CF3;
a) 5-membered heteroaryl ring containing one oxygen or one sulfur members;
b) 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring containing one, two or three nitrogen members, optionally containing one oxygen member, unsubstituted or substituted with halo or —C1-4alkyl; and
c) phenyl unsubstituted or substituted with halo, —CH3, or —CF3;
Rc is C1-4alkyl;
Rd is a member selected from the group consisting of:
a) 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: 1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl, 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, 3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl, pyridinyl, 3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl; 1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl), phenyl, and pyrimidin-2-yl; and
b) —CF3, —Br, and —C1-4alkoxy;
a) 5-6 membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of: 1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl, 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, 3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl, pyridinyl, 3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl; 1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl), phenyl, and pyrimidin-2-yl; and
b) —CF3, —Br, and —C1-4alkoxy;
A) 6-membered heteroaryl ring containing two nitrogen members substituted with one or more members independently selected from the group consisting of: halo, —C1-4alkyl, —CD3, -D, —C1-4alkoxy, cyclopropyl, morpholin-2-yl, —CO2C1-4alkyl, —CO2H, —CH2OH, —C(O)N(C1-4alkyl)2, —CF3, —CN, —OH, —NO2, —N(C1-4alkyl)2, phenyl, furan-2-yl, thiophen-2-yl, 1H-pyrazol-4-yl, and pyrrolidin-1-yl;
B) pyridine substituted with one or two members independently selected from the group consisting of: halo, —C1-4alkyl, —C1-4alkoxy, and —CF3;
C) 9-membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of benzooxazol-2-yl, 6-fluoro-1,3-benzothiazole, 1,3-benzothiazole, 6-methoxy-1,3-benzothiazole, 6-methyl-1,3-benzothiazole, 6-chloro-benzothiazol-2-yl, and 4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine;
D) 10-membered heteroaryl ring selected from the group consisting of quinoxalin-2-yl, 3-methylquinoxalin-2-yl, 6,7-difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl, 3-(trifluoromethyl)quinoxaline, quinoline, 4-methylquinoline, and 6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl; and
E) 4-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl or 2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one;
and pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I).
2. The method of claim 1, wherein R1 is phenyl, where Ra is a member independently selected from the group consisting of —F, —I, —CI, —OCH3, —OCH2CH3, —CH3, —CH(CH3)2, —C(CH3)3 and —NO2.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein R1 is phenyl, where Rb is a member selected from the group consisting of 1H-pyrrol-1-yl, 1H-pyrazol-1-yl, 1H-pyrazol-5-yl, 1H-imidazol-2-yl, 1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl, 1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl, 2H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl, 1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl, 2H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl, 2H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl, 4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl, 4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl, 1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl, 1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl and 1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein R1 is phenyl, where Ra is halo, —C1-4alkyl, or —C1-4alkoxy, and Rb is triazole or pyrimidine unsubstituted or substituted with halo or —C1-4alkyl.
5. The method of claim 1, wherein R1 is (1-methylethyl)-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-methyl-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 3-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 3-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4,5-dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-phenyl, 4,5-dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl, 5-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzo[1,3]dioxol-4-yl, 5-chloro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-iodo-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 1-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-2-yl, 2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl, 2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl, 2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)phenyl, 2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-fluoro-6-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 4,5-difluoro-2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)phenyl), 2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, 2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl, 3-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, 4-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl, 5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, and 5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl.
6. The method of claim 1, wherein R2 is pyrimidine substituted with one or more members independently selected from the group consisting of —F, —Cl, -D, —CD3, —CH3, ethyl, isopropyl, propyl, tert-butyl, —CF3, —OCH3, —N(CH3)2, —CN, —OH, —CH2OH, —NO2, —CO2CH3, —CO2H, —C(O)N(CH3)2, phenyl, furan-2-yl, thiophen-2-yl, 1H-pyrazol-4-yl, cyclopropyl, pyrrolidin-1-yl, and morpholin-4-yl.
7. The method of claim 1, wherein R2 is 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl, 4-phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl, 4-furan-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl, 4-thiophen-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl, N,N,6-trimethyl-pyrimidin-4-amine, 4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylate, 4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid, 5-nitro-pyrimidin-2-yl, 6-methylpyrimidine-4-carboxylic acid, N,N-dimethyl-4-(triflouoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide, N,N,6-trimethylpyrimidine-carboxamide, 6-methylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile, 4,6-bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-ol, 4-(furan-2-yl)-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxy-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-ethyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-isopropyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-tertbutyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-cyclopropyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methyl-6-morpholin-4-ylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-trifluoromethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl, and 5-ethyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl.
8. The method of claim 1, wherein R2 is pyrimidine substituted with one or more members independently selected from the group consisting of —Cl, —F, —CH3, —CF3, —N(CH3)2, -D, and —CD3.
9. The method of claim 1, wherein R2 is 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl, N,N,6-trimethyl-pyrimidin-4-amine, 4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-ol, 5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxy-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-trifluoromethylpyrimidin-2-yl, and 4,6-bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl.
10. The method of claim 1, wherein R1 is a member selected from the group consisting of 2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-methyl-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 3-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 3-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 3-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4,5-dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-phenyl, 4,5-dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl, 5-chloro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)phenyl, 2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl, 2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl, 2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)phenyl, 2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 2-fluoro-6-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 4,5-difluoro-2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)phenyl), 2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, 2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl, 3-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, 4-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl, 5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl, and 5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl and R2 is a member selected from the group consisting of 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl, N,N,6-trimethyl-pyrimidin-4-amine, 4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 4,6-bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl, 6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-ol, 5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl, 4-methoxy-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-trifluoromethylpyrimidin-2-yl, and 4,6-bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl.
11. The method of claim 1, wherein R1 is a member selected from the group consisting of 3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl, 6-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, 4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl, and 3-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-pyridin-2-yl and R2 is a member selected from the group consisting of 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, 5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl, and 5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl.
12. The method of claim 1 wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of:
4-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methoxy-N,N-dimethylpyrimidin-2-amine;
N,N-Dimethyl-6-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine;
6-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine;
4-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methoxy-N,N-dimethylpyrimidin-2-amine;
4-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyl-6-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo-[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]pyrimidin-2-amine;
6-[5-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine;
4-[5-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methoxy-N,N-dimethylpyrimidin-2-amine;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
6-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
8-{[5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]carbonyl}-quinoline;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-phenylthiophen-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-phenylfuran-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-fluoro-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-[5-{[2-(1H-Pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(2-Methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-(2,3-Dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-5-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;-2-carbonyl)-benzonitrile;
2-[5-{[2-(1H-Pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(4′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(3′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(2-Methylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-furan-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoline;
2-(4-Furan-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(2-Ethylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-[5-(1H-Indol-7-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-thiophen-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-thiophen-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[2-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-phenyl]-methanone;
2-[(2-Bromophenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(3′-Chlorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(2-Bromophenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
6-Fluoro-2-{5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzothiazole 2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(3′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(3′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3′-fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-phenyl)-methanone;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(4′-methylbiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(3′-Chlorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(4-Fluoronaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(naphthalen-1-ylcarbonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Ethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Methoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-[4-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[4-(1H-Pyrazol-4-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl]-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(3,5-dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-Methyl-3-{5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-3-methylquinoxaline;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-pyridin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-pyridin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-ethylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-phenyl-1,3-oxazol-4-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-phenylisoxazol-4-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(2-Isopropyl-6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
2-[(2-Bromophenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-1,3-benzoxazole;
2-(4-Methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-ethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(4-fluoronaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methylethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-methoxy-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(naphthalen-1-ylcarbonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-3-(trifluoromethyl)quinoxaline;
2-Methyl-3-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-[6-Methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]-5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[6-Methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(6-Methylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2 yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-[(5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-iodo-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
4-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
N,N-Dimethyl-4-{5-[(5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
4-{5-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
4-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
4-[5-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
2-[(5-Methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl) pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(2,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
4-{5-[(2-Fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine
2-[(2-Fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl) pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
N,N,6-Trimethyl-2-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]pyrimidin-4-amine;
N,N,4-Trimethyl-6-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]pyrimidin-2-amine;
N,N-Dimethyl-4-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
2-(2,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(3,6-Dimethyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
2-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N,6-trimethylpyrimidin-4-amine;
2-(5-Methoxypyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[5-Methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
(4-Chloro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(6-Methylpyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methylpyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(6-Methoxypyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzoxazole;
2-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[3-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4-Phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-phenyl]-methanone;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Thiophen-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-1,3-benzoxazole;
2-{5-[(2-Ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-(6-Ethoxypyridin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline
2-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Furan-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octa hydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octa hydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[5-Chloro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(6-methylpyrazin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-methoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
(2-Fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
6-Chloro-2-{5-[(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-[(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-4-methylquinoline;
2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-methoxy-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-methyl-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoline;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-fluoro-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-4-methylquinoline;
(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(2-methoxy-phenyl)-methanone;
(2-Pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[2-(1H-imidazol-2-yl)-phenyl]-methanone;
(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(2,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone;
(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-biphenyl-2-yl-methanone;
(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(6-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
Biphenyl-2-yl-[5-(6-methoxy-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
Biphenyl-2-yl-[5-(6-methyl-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(6-Chloro-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2,6-dimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone;
Biphenyl-2-yl-[5-(6-chloro-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone;
(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(2,6-dimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone;
(4′-Methyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone;
(5-Quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(4′-trifluoromethyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-methanone;
(4′-Methyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-[5-(4-phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(4-Phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(4′-trifluoromethyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-methanone;
(4-Methoxy-2-methyl-phenyl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone;
(3′-Chloro-biphenyl-2-yl)-[5-(4-phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(2-Methoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(2-Methoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-methoxy-phenyl)-methanone;
2-[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;-2-carbonyl]-benzonitrile;
Cinnolin-4-yl-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(6-methyl-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,4]triazol-1-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-methanone;
[5-(6-Methyl-2-propyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(2-Methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(6-Methyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(3,6-Dimethyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(3,6-Dimethyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[H2-(2H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-phenyl]-methanone;
[5-(2-Pyrrolidin-1-yl-6-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
2-(2,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-nitro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-furan-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-methyl-5-phenyl-thiazol-4-yl)-methanone;
2-[(2,3-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(4-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(5-Chloro-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,5-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,6-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,4-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,5-Diethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,6-Diethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Chloro-6-methylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-iodophenyl)methanone;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-Bromopyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-(1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)methanone;
(2-(1H-Pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-Methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(2-Bromo-3-fluorophenyl)(5-(6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(2-Bromopyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(2-(1-(Tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(2-(1H-Pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
6-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one;
2-(2,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
6-[5-{[5-(4-Fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one;
6-{5-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-methyl-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(5-nitropyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
Methyl 2-(5-(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylate;
2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid;
(2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-4-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethyl pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-6-methylpyrimidine-4-carboxylic acid;
(4,5-Difluoro-2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl)methanone;
2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-N,N,6-trimethylpyrimidine-4-carboxamide;
2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-N,N-dimethyl-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(mesityl)methanone;
(2,3-Difluorophenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(2,3-Dimethoxyphenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-methylphenyl)methanone;
(2,6-Difluorophenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
2-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile;
2-[4,6-Bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methylpyrimidin-4-ol;
(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4-(furan-2-yl)-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(2-Chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,5-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methoxy-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Ethyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[4-methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[4-Methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[5-(1-Methylethyl)-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[4-methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-tert-Butyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Cyclopropyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methyl-6-morpholin-4-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-(3-Methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-(1-Methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
4-Methyl-2-[5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine;
2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Ethyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(9H-fluoren-4-ylcarbonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzo[1,3]dioxol-4-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(8-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-1-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(4-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-methanone;
(5-tert-Butyl-2-methoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(1-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-2-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-methanone;
(2-Bromo-4,5-dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(3,4-Dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1,4]dioxepin-6-yl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-methanone;
(1-Bromo-naphthalen-2-yl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-methoxy-naphthalen-2-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(8-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-1-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(1-methoxy-naphthalen-2-yl)-methanone;
(4,5-Dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(4,5-Dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-propoxypyridin-2-yl)methanone;
(3-Propoxypyridin-2-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(3-Propoxypyridin-2-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
2-(5-([1,1′-Biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)quinoxaline;
2-[(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-methylfuran-2-yl)methanone;
2-[(3-Methylfuran-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-[5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
(3-Methylfuran-2-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3-Methylfuran-2-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
2-([1,1′-Biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-([1,1′-Biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-([1,1′-Biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-((2-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-((2-Methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-((2-Methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-((2-Methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)quinoxaline;
(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
[2,3′-Bipyridin]-2′-yl(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(3-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(2-(3-Chloropyridin-2-yl)-3-fluorophenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,5-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(3-Propoxypyridin-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-[5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{4,6-Bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl}-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{4,6-Bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl}-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{4,6-Bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl}-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Ethyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)pyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)pyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,5-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone; and
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone.HCl.1.65H2O.
4-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methoxy-N,N-dimethylpyrimidin-2-amine;
N,N-Dimethyl-6-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine;
6-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine;
4-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methoxy-N,N-dimethylpyrimidin-2-amine;
4-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyl-6-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo-[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]pyrimidin-2-amine;
6-[5-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine;
4-[5-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methoxy-N,N-dimethylpyrimidin-2-amine;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
6-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
8-{[5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]carbonyl}-quinoline;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-phenylthiophen-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-phenylfuran-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-fluoro-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-[5-{[2-(1H-Pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(2-Methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-(2,3-Dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-5-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;-2-carbonyl)-benzonitrile;
2-[5-{[2-(1H-Pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(4′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(3′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(2-Methylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-furan-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoline;
2-(4-Furan-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(2-Ethylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-[5-(1H-Indol-7-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-thiophen-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-thiophen-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[2-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-phenyl]-methanone;
2-[(2-Bromophenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(3′-Chlorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(2-Bromophenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
6-Fluoro-2-{5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzothiazole 2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(3′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Methylnaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(3′-Fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3′-fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-phenyl)-methanone;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(4′-methylbiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(3′-Chlorobiphenyl-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(4-Fluoronaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(naphthalen-1-ylcarbonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Ethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Methoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-[4-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[4-(1H-Pyrazol-4-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl]-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(3,5-dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-Methyl-3-{5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-3-methylquinoxaline;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-pyridin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-pyridin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-ethylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-phenyl-1,3-oxazol-4-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-phenylisoxazol-4-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(2-Isopropyl-6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
2-[(2-Bromophenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-1,3-benzoxazole;
2-(4-Methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-ethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(4-fluoronaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methylethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-methoxy-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(naphthalen-1-ylcarbonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-3-(trifluoromethyl)quinoxaline;
2-Methyl-3-[5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-[6-Methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]-5-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[6-Methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(6-Methylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2 yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-[(5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-iodo-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
4-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
N,N-Dimethyl-4-{5-[(5-methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
4-{5-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
4-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
4-[5-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
2-[(5-Methyl-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl) pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(2,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-fluoro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
4-{5-[(2-Fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-N,N-dimethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine
2-[(2-Fluoro-6-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[6-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl) pyrimidin-4-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
N,N,6-Trimethyl-2-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]pyrimidin-4-amine;
N,N,4-Trimethyl-6-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]pyrimidin-2-amine;
N,N-Dimethyl-4-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-amine;
2-(2,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(3,6-Dimethyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
2-[5-{[5-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-N,N,6-trimethylpyrimidin-4-amine;
2-(5-Methoxypyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[5-Methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
(4-Chloro-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(6-Methylpyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methylpyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(6-Methoxypyridin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(2-thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzoxazole;
2-[(2-Thiophen-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[3-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4-Phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[2-(4H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-phenyl]-methanone;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Thiophen-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-1,3-benzoxazole;
2-{5-[(2-Ethoxynaphthalen-1-yl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-{5-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-(6-Ethoxypyridin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline
2-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Furan-2-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(3,6-Dimethylpyrazin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octa hydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octa hydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[5-Chloro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(6-methylpyrazin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[4-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-methoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
(2-Fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
6-Chloro-2-{5-[(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{5-[(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}quinoxaline;
2-[(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoxaline;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-4-methylquinoline;
2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-methoxy-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-{5-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-6-methyl-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]quinoline;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-fluoro-1,3-benzothiazole;
2-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)-5-(4-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-(Biphenyl-2-ylcarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-4-methylquinoline;
(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(2-methoxy-phenyl)-methanone;
(2-Pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[2-(1H-imidazol-2-yl)-phenyl]-methanone;
(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(2,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone;
(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-biphenyl-2-yl-methanone;
(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(6-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
Biphenyl-2-yl-[5-(6-methoxy-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
Biphenyl-2-yl-[5-(6-methyl-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(6-Chloro-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2,6-dimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone;
Biphenyl-2-yl-[5-(6-chloro-benzothiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(2,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone;
(5-Benzooxazol-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(2,6-dimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone;
(4′-Methyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone;
(5-Quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-(4′-trifluoromethyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-methanone;
(4′-Methyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-[5-(4-phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(4-Phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(4′-trifluoromethyl-biphenyl-2-yl)-methanone;
(4-Methoxy-2-methyl-phenyl)-(5-quinoxalin-2-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-methanone;
(3′-Chloro-biphenyl-2-yl)-[5-(4-phenyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(2-Methoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(2-Methoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4-methyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-methoxy-phenyl)-methanone;
2-[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;-2-carbonyl]-benzonitrile;
Cinnolin-4-yl-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(6-methyl-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,4]triazol-1-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-methanone;
[5-(6-Methyl-2-propyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(2-Methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(6-Methyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(3,6-Dimethyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(3,6-Dimethyl-pyrazin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-[H2-(2H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-phenyl]-methanone;
[5-(2-Pyrrolidin-1-yl-6-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
2-(2,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-nitro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-furan-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-methyl-5-phenyl-thiazol-4-yl)-methanone;
2-[(2,3-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(4-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(5-Chloro-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,5-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,6-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(5-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,4-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,5-Diethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2,6-Diethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(2-Chloro-6-methylphenyl)carbonyl]-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-iodophenyl)methanone;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-Bromopyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-(1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)methanone;
(2-(1H-Pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(2-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-Methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(2-Bromo-3-fluorophenyl)(5-(6-fluoroquinazolin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(2-Bromopyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(2-(1-(Tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(2-(1H-Pyrazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl)(5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
6-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one;
2-(2,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
6-[5-{[5-(4-Fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one;
6-{5-[(5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl}-2-methylpyrimidin-4(3H)-one;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-methyl-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(5-nitropyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
Methyl 2-(5-(2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylate;
2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid;
(2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-4-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethyl pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-6-methylpyrimidine-4-carboxylic acid;
(4,5-Difluoro-2-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)phenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl)methanone;
2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-N,N,6-trimethylpyrimidine-4-carboxamide;
2-(5-(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)benzoyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-N,N-dimethyl-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(mesityl)methanone;
(2,3-Difluorophenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(2,3-Dimethoxyphenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-methylphenyl)methanone;
(2,6-Difluorophenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
2-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile;
2-[4,6-Bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6-methylpyrimidin-4-ol;
(2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(4-(furan-2-yl)-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-[(3-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)carbonyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(2-Chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,5-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methoxy-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Ethyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[4-methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[4-Methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]-5-{[2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[5-(1-Methylethyl)-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-[4-methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-tert-Butyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4-Cyclopropyl-6-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4-methyl-6-morpholin-4-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-(4H-1,2,4-Triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-(3-Methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[2-(1-Methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[5-{[2-Fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
4-Methyl-2-[5-{[2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine;
2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Ethyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-Triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}-5-(4,5,6-trimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(9H-fluoren-4-ylcarbonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(5-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-benzo[1,3]dioxol-4-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(8-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-1-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(4-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-methanone;
(5-tert-Butyl-2-methoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(1-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-2-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-methanone;
(2-Bromo-4,5-dimethoxy-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(3,4-Dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1,4]dioxepin-6-yl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(6-methyl-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-methanone;
(1-Bromo-naphthalen-2-yl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(3-methoxy-naphthalen-2-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(8-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-naphthalen-1-yl)-methanone;
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(1-methoxy-naphthalen-2-yl)-methanone;
(4,5-Dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(4,5-Dimethoxy-2-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-[5-(4,6-dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-propoxypyridin-2-yl)methanone;
(3-Propoxypyridin-2-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(3-Propoxypyridin-2-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
2-(5-([1,1′-Biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)quinoxaline;
2-[(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]-5-[5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-methylfuran-2-yl)methanone;
2-[(3-Methylfuran-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-[5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
(3-Methylfuran-2-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3-Methylfuran-2-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
2-([1,1′-Biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-([1,1′-Biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-([1,1′-Biphenyl]-2-ylsulfonyl)-5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-((2-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-((2-Methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-((2-Methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-((2-Methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)quinoxaline;
(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
[2,3′-Bipyridin]-2′-yl(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(3-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(2-(3-Chloropyridin-2-yl)-3-fluorophenyl)(5-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
2-(5-Fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,5-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-[(3-Propoxypyridin-2-yl)carbonyl]-5-[5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{4,6-Bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl}-5-{[2-fluoro-6-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{4,6-Bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl}-5-{[3-fluoro-2-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-{4,6-Bis[(2H3)methyl](2H)pyrimidin-2-yl}-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(5-Ethyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[3-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6,7-Difluoroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)pyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(6-(Dimethylamino)pyrimidin-4-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(5-fluoro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(5-Chloro-4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(5-Chloro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(3-Fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)(5-(5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone;
(5-(4,5-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(3-fluoro-2-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(5-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(4-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(5-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)(6-fluoro-2-(oxazol-2-yl)phenyl)methanone;
(3,6′-Dimethyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-2′-yl)(5-(quinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)methanone; and
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone.HCl.1.65H2O.
13. The method according to claim 1, wherein the sleep disorder is insomnia.
14. A method of treating a subject suffering from or diagnosed with a sleep disorder selected from the group consisting of sleep-wake transition disorders, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, jet-lag, disturbed sleep, and sleep disorders secondary to neurological disorders, comprising administering to a subject in need of such treatment an effective amount of a compound selected from the group consisting of:
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone; and
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.
[5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone; and
2-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[4-methoxy-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]carbonyl}octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole;
and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.
15. The method according to claim 14, wherein the sleep disorder is selected from insomnia or a sleep disorder secondary to depression.
16. The method according to claim 14, wherein the sleep disorder is insomnia.
17. A method of treating a subject suffering from or diagnosed with a insomnia, comprising administering to a subject in need of such treatment an effective amount of [5-(4,6-Dimethyl-pyrimidin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl]-(2-fluoro-6-[1,2,3]triazol-2-yl-phenyl)-methanone, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.