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Distribution of sterane maturity parameters in a lacustrine basin and their control factors: A case study from the Dongying Sag, East China

Research paper by Zhonghong Chen, Ming Zha, Qiang Jin, Yongjun Ren

Indexed on: 16 Jul '11Published on: 16 Jul '11Published in: Petroleum Science



Abstract

Fifty samples from the source rocks in Member 3 and Member 4 of the Paleogene Shahejie Formation in the Bohai Bay Basin, East China, were analyzed to investigate the distribution, evolution of the molecular maturity ratios C29ββ(ββ+αα) and C2920S/(20S+20R) and their control factors in the natural geological profile and sequence. The results showed that progressive changes in molecular maturity parameters are associated with major changes in thermal evolution of related biomarkers. Increases in the C29ββ/(ββ+αα) and C2920S/(20S+20R) ratios result from the difference in the relative rate between generation and thermal degradation of isomers involved. The samples from a hyper-saline environment below 3.5 km in which evaporitic rocks deposited shows high response of Sr/Ba, Sr/Ca, Fe/Mn, Pr/n-C17, Ph/n-C18 and gammacerane and low response of Pr/Ph. There presents negative reversal of biomarker maturity C29ββ/(ββ+αα), C2920S/(20S+20R) and Ts/(Ts+Tm) in the samples from hypersaline environment, reflecting that the gypsum- halite have negative effect on the isomerization of biomarker and thermal evolution of organic matter. The minerals in evaporites also retard the conventional thermal indicators including vitrinite reflectance (Ro) and pyrolysis peak temperature Tmax at the depth below 3.4 km (i.e. >3.4 km), and these parameters also show the inhibition from overpressure in the range of 2.4–3.4 km. This result will be helpful in the interpretation and application of molecular maturity parameters for similar saline lacustrine basins.